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Basics of the Constitution

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The Goals of the Preamble, Principles of the Articles, and Description of what Amendments are.

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Basics of the Constitution

  1. 1. Framework of the U.S. Constitution: The Articles, Principles, and Goals of the Constitution
  2. 2. Articles of the Constitution <ul><li>Preamble – Not an article, but introduces them </li></ul><ul><li>I – Gives Powers to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>II – Gives Powers to President/Executive </li></ul><ul><li>III – Gives Powers to Judicial </li></ul><ul><li>IV – Relations between states </li></ul><ul><li>V- Amending the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>VI – Constitution is Supreme </li></ul><ul><li>VII – Ratifying the Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>No, Not Mr. Windsor! </li></ul><ul><li>That’s a Principal, as in princi pal </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Something – a rule or saying – that you live by. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat people the way you want to be treated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Win, or die trying. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winners never quit, and quitters never win. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R-E-S-P-E-C-T – find out what it means to me! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Principles of our Government (carried out throughout the 7 Articles of the Constitution)‏ 1 - Popular Sovereignty – the idea that a government gets control from the people . 2 - Limited Government – the idea that the government only has the powers listed in the Constitution, and all must obey. 3 - Federalism – power is divided and shared between the states and a national government.
  6. 6. More principles… <ul><li>4 - Separation of Powers – the government is divided into 3 branches: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative: writes the laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive: enforces the laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial: interprets the laws/makes sure they are fair. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5 - Checks and Balances – each branch has the power to “check” or limit the others. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Last principles: 6 - Republic – instead of taking part in the government directly (direct democracy), the people elect representatives to carry out their will (through a representative democracy ). 7 - Individual Rights – the government promises to protect our natural rights , such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, trial by jury, right to protect yourself, and protection from unlawful police action.
  8. 8. <ul><li>It’s a statement introducing an important document. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets the tone, describes what the doc is all about </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Think of our school – what would the “mission statement” of Lakeview Junior High be? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What would that statement tell you about our school? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Constitution’s lists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form a more Perfect Union. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Justice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure Domestic Tranquility. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide for the Common Defense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote the General Welfare. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure the Blessings of Liberty. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What do these tell you about our Constitution, and therefore our government? </li></ul>

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