Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Variants That Affect Speech

4,859 views

Published on

Prepared by: Ms. JAMAICA OLAZO

DON'T FORGET TO HIT LIKE or LEAVE A COMMENT BELOW.
Thanks :)

Aspiration of Initial
Syllabic Consonants
Vowel Length

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Login to see the comments

Variants That Affect Speech

  1. 1. REPORTER: OLAZO, JAMAICA
  2. 2. 1. The Aspiration of Initial /p/, /t/, /k/ 2. The Syllabic Consonants 3. Vowel Length Aspiration – refers to an explosive sound of breath brought about by the sudden release of air after the contact of parts of the speech mechanism. Consonant Place /p/ Bilabial /t/ Tip-alveolar /k/ back,-velar VARIANTS THAT AFFECT SPEECH ASPIRATION OF INITIAL1
  3. 3. 1. The Aspiration of Initial /p/, /t/, /k/ 2. The Syllabic Consonants 3. Vowel Length /p/, /t/ and /k/ in its initial position: Example: (initial – first letter of a name or word) till till the end of time pick pick up the pieces table table tennis power people power tree tea tree top pool pool of water cool cool morning car car key keep keep the change PLOSIVES Consonant Voice Counterparts Place /p/ /b/ Bilabial /t/ /d/ Tip-alveolar /k/ /g/ back,-velar VARIANTS THAT AFFECT SPEECH ASPIRATION OF INITIAL1
  4. 4. 1. The Aspiration of Initial /p/, /t/, /k/ 2. The Syllabic Consonants 3. Vowel Length /p/, /t/ and /k/ in the medial or final position: • Medial apart city uncle opal party cycle open testing broker apple writing banker puppet meter paper center market water basket operator PLOSIVES Consonant Voice Counterparts Place /p/ /b/ Bilabial /t/ /d/ Tip-alveolar /k/ /g/ back,-velar VARIANTS THAT AFFECT SPEECH ASPIRATION OF INITIAL1
  5. 5. VARIANTS THAT AFFECT SPEECH 1. The Aspiration of Initial /p/, /t/, /k/ 2. The Syllabic Consonants 3. Vowel Length They are not aspirated in words such as: spill, skill, still. Neither are /b/, /d/, /g/ the voiced counterparts of /p/, /t/, /k/, aspirated. tick - dick peak - beak post – boast palm – balm rope – robe take – drake come – gun route – rude kitten – gotten trip – drip tuck – duck call – gall PLOSIVES Consonant Voice Counterparts Place /p/ /b/ Bilabial /t/ /d/ Tip-alveolar /k/ /g/ back,-velar ASPIRATION OF INITIAL1
  6. 6. /t/ or /d/ in English Tip: Do not put the tongue between the teeth as you do in the vernacular. Let’s practice: tell the teacher do a dance step trick or treat grade his work get together party take a test pick up the pieces tick tack toe good old days tour the country Consonant Voice Counterparts Place /p/ /b/ Bilabial /t/ /d/ Tip-alveolar /k/ /g/ back,-velar ASPIRATION OF INITIAL1
  7. 7. Mr. Tongue Twister tried to train his tongue to twist and turn, and twit an twat, to learn the letter "T". Tongue Twister
  8. 8. Tongue Twister
  9. 9. Pete's pa Pete poked to the pea patch to pick a peck of peas for the poor pink pig in the pine hole pig-pen. Tongue Twister
  10. 10. - are those consonants which are pronounced without a vowel in an unstressed syllable. They occur only when the stressed syllable ends in /t/, /d/, or /n/ and is followed by /l/ or /n/. cotton sudden needle student gentle didn’t little final accident hospital forgotten hadn’t riddle captain curtain sentence colonel couldn’t certain written gotten mountain bitten kernel medal Britain bottle capital bridal crystal THE SYLLABIC CONSONANTS THE SYLLABIC CONSONANTS2
  11. 11. - are consonants which are pronounced without a vowel in an unstressed syllable. Drill: 1. The student was rushed to the hospital. 2. He had met an accident while climbing a mountain. 3. Certain people said that he shouldn’t have tried to do it. 4. Several sentences were written by the student on the board. 5. It was bright and early when the captain finally found the cotton field. 6. The model hadn’t forgotten to write a bread and butter letter. 7. The colonel didn’t have to sit and wait for the final curtain. THE SYLLABIC CONSONANTS2
  12. 12. - refers to the quantity or the duration of sound, not the quality or difference in vowel sounds. Length of a vowel sound - length of time needed to pronounce a vowel sound. VOWEL LENGTH3
  13. 13. The duration of time it takes to pronounce the vowel is altered by: •Stress – accompanies the length of a vowel sound. Example: Can’t he swim? No, He cant. VOWEL LENGTH3 the seat /dh siyt/ the seed /dh siyd/ the heap /dh hiyp/ the meal /dh miyl/
  14. 14. The duration of time it takes to pronounce the vowel is altered by: •Stress • Syllable Structure Words divided into their component syllables: Handkerchief = hand.ker.chief Bakery = ba.ke.ry VOWEL LENGTH3 A period is used to mark the end of a syllable.
  15. 15. Carlo: How was your vacation, Kathleen? Kathleen: Wonderful! It’s nice to be in the province once in a while and even nicer to be with relatives after sometime. Carlo: Did you have much fun? Kathleen: Lots of! Eating delicacies, swimming, dancing, meeting people, picture taking and many more. Oh, the beaches are beautiful! Carlo: So I thought. Conversation DrillExercise Kathleen: You should have waited for us. Carlo: I wanted to very much, but time just wasn’t enough for us to enjoy. We had to live earlier. You know the pressure of office work. Kathleen: I know, but maybe later we can find time together. Can’t we? Carlo: Sure! How about next summer? Kathleen: That would be just about right. I’ll look forward to that. Mom and Dad will surely be glad to hear about it. Carlo: So will everybody in the family.

×