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5 Intervals

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5 Intervals

  1. 1. Music Theory Unit 3 Intervals
  2. 2. Review <ul><li>Major scales always have the same pattern of tones and semitones. It is: </li></ul><ul><li>The order of Sharps is: </li></ul><ul><li>The order of Flats is: </li></ul>
  3. 3. Review <ul><li>The names of the scale degrees are: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Melodic and Harmonic Intervals <ul><li>When the notes of an interval are played one after the other, the interval is called ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>When the notes of an interval are played at the same time, the interval is called ___________ </li></ul>
  5. 5. How to count Intervals
  6. 6. Naming Intervals <ul><li>All intervals have a specific number, determined by counting the letter names from lowest to highest </li></ul>
  7. 7. Interval Quality <ul><li>In a major scale, the intervals are always major or perfect </li></ul><ul><li>The perfect intervals are: </li></ul><ul><li>The major intervals are: </li></ul>
  8. 8. The really complicated part <ul><li>If the upper note of an interval belongs to the major scale of the lower note, the interval will be either perfect (unison, 4 th , 5 th , octave) or Major (2 nd , 3 rd , 6 th , 7 th ) </li></ul><ul><li>But what if it’s not? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay tuned next week </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Minor Intervals <ul><li>A minor interval is one chromatic semitone smaller than a major interval. </li></ul><ul><li>If the top note of an interval is one semitone lower than the one that belongs to the scale of the lower note, it is a minor interval </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect intervals cannot become minor </li></ul>