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Forest land mangement system in pakistan

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Forest Resources with respect to Land Management

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Forest land mangement system in pakistan

  1. 1. FOREST LAND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN Date: 29-October-2014 By: JAVED IQBAL Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S
  2. 2. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S HEADLINES FACTS ABOUT PAKISTAN FOREST TYPES OF PAKISTAN/FOREST RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN FOREST LAND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
  3. 3. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN 14th August 1947 Independence (British) Best Canal System in Asia (1960) 4 Provience, AJK, FATA, GILGIT-BALTISTAN 7th Nuclear Power 8th Largest army Karakoram, Himalayan, HinduKush Juniper Forest Ziarat 2nd Largest of its Kind
  4. 4. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Markhor Capra falconeri wild goat Koza šrouborohá Endangered
  5. 5. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Deyar/Deodar Cedrus deodara Royal Tree Cedr himálajský
  6. 6. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Chameli Jasmine Jasminum officinale jasmín
  7. 7. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Chukar Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Chukar koroptev
  8. 8. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S K2 Koh-e-Karakoram 2nd Highest 8611m
  9. 9. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Khewra Salt Mine 300 Km 2nd Largest of the World
  10. 10. Indus river 3180 Km 21 Largest in term of Annual flow Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S
  11. 11. Forest Status in Pakistan Province/Region/Territory Landcover class Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Punjab Sindh Balochistan Gilgit - Baltistan Azad Jammu & Kashmir FATA/FRs Islamabad Total % 1. Forest Type Alpine Pasture 649,597 0 0 0 636,125 122,398 0 0 1,408,120 1.6 Sub Alpine 44,543 0 0 0 23,679 7,519 0 0 75,741 0.1 Dry Temperate 532,591 0 0 97,367 254,961 27,776 317,986 0 1,230,681 1.4 Moist Temperate 391,769 17,249 0 0 0 161,842 1,648 0 572,508 0.7 Oak Forest 83,480 0 0 0 58,851 3,484 28,588 0 174,403 0.2 Sub-tropical Chir Pine 217,752 27,283 0 0 0 111,335 5,877 0 362,247 0.4 Sub-tropical Broad- leaved Evergreen 236,019 333,246 0 294,636 0 95,757 134,044 14,124 1,107,826 1.3 Tropical Thorn 12,007 0 0 76,746 0 0 34,126 0 122,879 0.1 Plantations (including irrigated and un-irrigated) 3,970 110,805 74,867 0 0 0 9,610 4,433 203,685 0.2 Riverine 0 28,218 190,776 0 0 0 0 0 218,994 0.2 Mangroves 0 0 353,062 2,360 0 0 0 0 355,422 0.4 Sub-total (excluding Alpine Pasture) 1,522,131 516,801 618,705 471,109 337,491 407,713 531,879 18,557 4,424,386 5.0 Sub-total (including Alpine Pasture) 2,171,728 516,801 618,705 471,109 973,616 530,111 531,879 18,557 5,832,506 6.6 2. Other Landcover Shrubs and bushes 523,448 704,713 710,726 638,563 182,880 87,044 348,617 0 3,195,991 3.6 Rangeland 791,956 3,844,344 1,055,497 30,181,704 3,095,799 163,436 1,204,394 14,362 40,351,492 45.6 snow and glaciers 815,236 0 0 2,761 2,445,235 94,801 9,322 0 3,367,355 3.8 Agriculture land 2,239,006 13,252,869 6,591,111 2,779,169 115,477 247,820 282,449 40,180 25,548,081 28.9 Barren land 643,744 1,242,978 4,538,751 411,376 126,206 13,371 267,243 2,174 7,245,843 8.2 Fruit orchards 1,423 68,802 99,943 73,317 0 0 581 0 244,066 0.3 Settlements 110,577 532,753 191,531 90,895 1,396 11,263 16,463 13,965 968,843 1.1 Water bodies 151,690 377,188 457,655 545,902 40,778 30,191 72,318 713 1,676,435 1.9 Sub-total 5,277,080 20,023,648 13,645,214 34,723,687 6,007,771 647,926 2,201,387 71,394 82,598,107 93.4 Grand-total (including Alpine Pasture) 7,448,808 20,540,449 14,263,919 35,194,796 6,981,387 1,178,037 2,733,266 89,951 88,430,613 100 Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S
  12. 12. Forest resources of Pakistan Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S
  13. 13. Alpine Pasture Elevation : >12000 feet Temperature: -20- +10 0 C Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  14. 14. Sub-Alpine Pasture Elevation : 10000-12000 feet Temperature: -10- +15 0 C MAR: 26 inches (650mm) Pinus walichiana ( Blue pine), Juniperous macropoda (Snober), Betula utilis (Birch) Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  15. 15. Moist Temperate Forest Elevation : 5500-8500 feet Temperature: MAT 13 0 C Humidity: 50-70 % MAR: 50-70 inches (1250mm-1750mm) , Topography & Soil: Mostly hilly tract. Typical temperate soil profiles have build up and acidic humus may accumulate to considerable depth. Pinus walichiana (Blue pine), Cedrus deodara (deodar), Abies pindrow (Fir), Picea smithiana (Spruce) Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  16. 16. Dry Temperate Forest Elevation : 8000-10000 feet Temperature:5-15 0 C MAR: less than 30 inches Topography & Soil: Mostly shallow soil, Rocky and not too developed, Pinus walichiana ( Blue pine), Pinus gerardiana ( Chilgosa), Pinus helipens ( Quetta pine), Juniperous macropoda (Snober) Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  17. 17. Sub-tropical Chir Pine Forest Elevation : 3000-5500 feet Temperature: Max 32 0 C Min 12 0 C , Humidity: 70% & above MAR: 30-50 inches (750mm-1250mm), Topography & Soil: The lower and the outer part of geographical ranges lies on Siwalik rocks maily sandstones and conglomerates. . The soil tends to be light sandy and of only moderate fertility. Much erosion on top. Soil well drained. Pinus roxburghii (Chir pine), Quercus incana (oak, Rin), Berbaris, Rosa mushcata, Carica spinarum Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  18. 18. Sub-tropical broad leaved evergreen Forest Elevation : 1500-3500 feet , Temperature: Max 38 0 C Min 10 0 C , Humidity: 50% and more , Topography & Soil: These forests cover low slopes of the hills generally extending from 1500ft to 3000ft, Soils are usually shallow and dry and may cover the great variety of geological formations from limestone , shales, and quartzite. These forests covers 1,91,000 ha area. Acacia modesta (Phulai) , Olea ferruginea (Kahu), Dedonia vescosa (Sanatha), Pheasants. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  19. 19. Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest Forest resources of Pakistan Elevation : 1500-3000 feet , MAT: 21-27 0 C , Humidity: 50-60% Wind : wind is not present but occurs in summer, Topography & Soil: Small hills and undulating planes and soil is light sandy, Spp: Acacia catechu, Bombax ceiba, Adhatoda vesica Fauna: Goral, Chinkara Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S
  20. 20. Tropical thorn Forest Area: 1,73000 ha Elevation : 20-1200 feet MAR: 30 inches or 750 mm ( vary year to year) MAT: 420C ( 50o C in Summer) Wind : Hot wind blows during April- July each year Spp: Acacia niltotica, (Kikar), Prosopis cineraria (Jhand), Zizyphus mauritiana (Ber) Fauna: Ibex, Lizards, Snakes, Falcons, Hobara Baster etc Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  21. 21. Mangrove Forest/Tropical Swamp Forest Elevation : 10-20 feet. MAT: 35 0 C Humidity: 75% or More Soil: Entirely river borne silt, a very fine mud, being loamy where the water is fresh. and stiff clay where there is saltish water. Area: 207,000ha Arabian sea i-e the coast of Karachi and Pasni in Baluchistan Spp: Casuarina equisetifolia, Avicennia marina 99%, Rhizopora stricta Migratory birds from Russia Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  22. 22. Irrigated Plantation /Riverain Forest Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  23. 23. RangeLands Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest resources of Pakistan
  24. 24. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest Land Management System Protected Forest Individual, Community, tribe etc Reserved Forest Public Property/ State Owned Forest Guzara Forest Individual Village Forest Belong to inhabitant of the village Communal Land Belonging to the tribe
  25. 25. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest Land Management System Waste Land Classified & Unclassified National Parks Public / State Property Bio Sphere Reserved Public / State Property Game/ Wildlife Sanctuaries Public / State Property Game/ Wildlife Reserves Public / State Property, Private
  26. 26. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S Forest Land Management System Watershed Areas Improvement activities Water Harvesting Techniques Soil Conservation Practices Integrated Land management System Afforestation/Refforestation Social Forestry Practices Trophy Hunting for Wildlife Conservation Rangeland Improvement Techniques Forest Act /Policy
  27. 27. Thank you for your attention Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sc, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague FORESTER’S

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