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Bandaging and Splinting & Slings; Techniques and Types (Health Subject)

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A short report about bandaging, types of bandages, bandaging techniques and even Splinting & Slings, types of splinting & slings, splinting & Splints techniques

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Bandaging and Splinting & Slings; Techniques and Types (Health Subject)

  1. 1. BANDAGING
  2. 2. A bandage can be used to: • Hold a dressing in place over an open wound • Apply direct pressure over a dressing to control bleeding • Prevent or reduce swelling • Provide support and stability for an extremity or joint * A bandage should be clean not sterile
  3. 3. Types of Bandages • Roller bandages • Self-adhering, conforming bandages • Gauze rollers • Elastic roller bandages • Triangular bandages
  4. 4. ROLLER BANDAGES Different Width Sizes • 1-inch width for fingers • 2-inch width for wrist, hands, feet • 3-inch width for ankles, elbows, arms • 4-inch width for knees. legs
  5. 5. SELF-ADHERING, CONFORMING BANDAGES
  6. 6. GAUZE ROLLERS
  7. 7. ELASTIC ROLLER BANDAGES
  8. 8. TRIANGULAR BANDAGES
  9. 9. BANDAGING How to do the basics...
  10. 10. • Bandaging the Head • Bandaging the Ears
  11. 11. THE FOLLOWING TERMS ARE USED IN ROLLER BANDAGING SIMPLE SPIRAL • A roller bandage applied spirally around the limb. FIGURE OF EIGHT (CRISS- CROSS) • A bandage with successive laps crossing over and around each other to resemble the numeric figure eight.
  12. 12. SPIRAL REVERSE • A spiral bandage that is turned and folded back on itself as necessary to make it fit the contour of the body more securely SPICA • A kind of figure eight bandage which is applied to a joint or trunk.
  13. 13. SPLINTING EXTREMITIES
  14. 14. Reasons for Splinting to stabilize an injured area are to: • Reduce pain • Prevent damage to muscle, nerves and blood vessels • Prevent a closed fracture from becoming an open fracture • Reduce bleeding and swelling
  15. 15. TYPES OF SPLINTING • Air Splint • Pillow Splint • Buddy taping or a self splint
  16. 16. AIR SPLINT Device for temporarily immobilizing fractured or otherwise injured e xtremities. It consists of an inflatable cylinder that can be closed at either end and becomes rigid when filled with air under pressure. Also called Aircast splint
  17. 17. PILLOW SPLINT Provides exceptional comfort and maximum pain relief during rest and sleep.
  18. 18. BUDDY TAPING OR SELF SPLINT
  19. 19. SLINGS • Sling support and protect the upper extremities. • Sling is not a bandage, it used as a support for any injury to the shoulder or arm.
  20. 20. ARM SLINGS • The purpose of an arm sling is to immobilize and protect an injured arm so that it can heal. Though broken arms are a common reason for wearing a sling, you don't necessarily have to have a broken bone to wear one - contusions, sprains, and dislocations can also require a sling. • Sling can be vital to your healing process because, in addition to supporting your arm as it heals, it provides a sign to others to treat your arm gently.
  21. 21. ARM SLING
  22. 22. Splinting Specific Areas 1. Shoulder it involve the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), or the head humerus (upper arm) 2. Elbow UPPER EXTREMITIES • Forearm • Wrist, hand and fingers • Pelvis and hips • Femur (Thigh)
  23. 23. 3. Knee • Knee in bent position • Knee in straight position LOWER EXTREMITIES • Lower leg (Tibia/Fibula) • Thigh (Femur) • Lower leg • Ankle and foot

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