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Jeanne Grunert
Heart of Virginia Master Gardener
What do you know about African violets…?
What we’ll talk about today
 How to Grow
 Encourage Blooms
 Propagation
 Problems & Solutions
 Coaxing Them to Bloom
Growing African Violets: LIGHT
 BRIGHT indirect light is best
 East or West window
 Sunny South or West window
in winte...
Growing African Violets:
TEMPERATURE
 Ideal is a night time
temperature of 65 to 70 F
 Day temperature of 70 to 90 F
 C...
Growing African Violets:
SOIL and FERTILIZER
 SOIL
 Well-drained, sterile potting
soil
 Choose brands with
vermiculite ...
Growing African Violets: WATER
 Water when soil is dry
 Let the water run through
(use dishes underneath – see
my pictur...
Growing African Violets:
PROBLEMS
 INSECTS! – check with the
Cooperative Extension office
 Spider mites
 Aphids
 Mealy...
Coaxing Them to Bloom
I need more
light!
I freeze in winter
and boil in
summer!
I sooo hate the
way this pot
looks on me…
...
Propagation
Water Method Soil & Rooting Hormone
Virginia Cooperative Extension - http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/HORT/HORT-2/HORT-2.html
Growing African Violets – University of Ge...
My gardening website and blog –
homegardenjoy.com
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African Violets

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My presentation on African violets, a wonderful house plant. Learn how to grow African violets, how to propagate African violets and more. Free from Seven Oaks (www.homegardenjoy.com) and Jeanne Grunert.

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African Violets

  1. 1. Jeanne Grunert Heart of Virginia Master Gardener
  2. 2. What do you know about African violets…?
  3. 3. What we’ll talk about today  How to Grow  Encourage Blooms  Propagation  Problems & Solutions  Coaxing Them to Bloom
  4. 4. Growing African Violets: LIGHT  BRIGHT indirect light is best  East or West window  Sunny South or West window in winter  6 to 8 hours a day of light  Fluorescent lights encourage even growth (trick used by professionals)
  5. 5. Growing African Violets: TEMPERATURE  Ideal is a night time temperature of 65 to 70 F  Day temperature of 70 to 90 F  Common household temperatures are usually fine but humidity is often too low indoors OR plants too close to heat source/windows with drafts.
  6. 6. Growing African Violets: SOIL and FERTILIZER  SOIL  Well-drained, sterile potting soil  Choose brands with vermiculite or perlite added  Commercial African violet mix is good but not required  FERTILIZER  Liquid, water soluble best  20-20-20 every month or a light 10-10-10 weekly/every 2 weeks
  7. 7. Growing African Violets: WATER  Water when soil is dry  Let the water run through (use dishes underneath – see my picture at right)  Add pebbles to dishes to increase humidity  Cold water (55 degrees F) splashed on leaves causes spots
  8. 8. Growing African Violets: PROBLEMS  INSECTS! – check with the Cooperative Extension office  Spider mites  Aphids  Mealy bugs  ROT! – too much water, poor air circulation  Crown rot  Root rot  Botrytis blight
  9. 9. Coaxing Them to Bloom I need more light! I freeze in winter and boil in summer! I sooo hate the way this pot looks on me… Pinch me! When was the last time she fed me?
  10. 10. Propagation Water Method Soil & Rooting Hormone
  11. 11. Virginia Cooperative Extension - http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/HORT/HORT-2/HORT-2.html Growing African Violets – University of Georgia http://www.caes.uga.edu/applications/publications/files/pdf/C%20660_2.PDF Why Won’t My African Violets Bloom? By Pat Addison, Alaska Cooperative Extension http://www.alaskabg.org/Education-Learn/HowTo/africanviolets.pdf Heart of Virginia Master Gardeners http://hovmg.org/
  12. 12. My gardening website and blog – homegardenjoy.com

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