The teacher tells or shows
directly what he/she wants to
teach. This is also referred to
as direct instruction.
According to Bob Adamson, “The
deductive method is often criticized
a) it teaches grammar in an isolated way;
b) little attention is paid to meaning;
c) practice is often mechanical.”
Instruction makes use of student
“noticing”. Instead of explaining a
given concept and following this
explanation with examples, the
teacher presents students with many
examples showing how the concept is
used. The intent is for students to
“notice”, by way of the examples, how
the concept works.
How personalized should the learning be?
Students will usually be more involved in
the learning experience and tend to
participate more actively when an
inductive approach is used. If a deductive
approach is chosen, it is important to
structure the learning experience in
order to draw on students' prior
experiences and learning, and to provide
for their active involvement.
predictable? The deductive approach is
more predictable because the teacher
selects the information and the sequence
What depth of understanding and rate of
retention is desired? Students tend to
understand and remember more when
learning occurs inductively.
How much time is available to teach the
material? The deductive approach is
faster and can be an efficient way to
teach large numbers of facts and
1. It does not give any new
1. It gives new knowledge
2. It is a method of verification.
2. It is a method of discovery.
3. It is the method of instruction. 3. It is a method of teaching.
4. Child gets ready made
information and makes use of it.
4.Child acquires first hand
knowledge and information by
5. It is quick process.
5. It is a slow process.
6. It encourages dependence on
6. It trains the mind and gives
self confidence and initiative.
7. There is less scope of activity
7. It is full of activity.
8. It is a downward process of
thought and leads to useful
8. It is an upward process of
thought and leads to principles.
1. Blended Learning
Learning that is facilitated by
the effective combination of
different modes of delivery, models
of teaching and styles of learning,
and is based on transparent
communication amongst all parties
involved with a course. Heinze, A.; C.
2. Reflective Teaching
through an analysis and
Jhun Ar Ar R. Ramos
Dr. Cecilia G. Salazar