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By : Dr. Jigar Mehta
Breathing ExerciseBreathing exercises are only part of atreatment program designed to improvepulmonary status & to improv...
IndicationsAcute or chronic lung diseases e.g. COPD, etc.Pain in thoracic or abdominal area because ofsurgery or trauma....
Goals Improve ventilation Increase the effectiveness of coughmechanism Prevents pulmonary complications Maintain or im...
Principles• Area of exercises• Explanation & Instruction to the patient• Patients position• Evaluate the patient• Demonstr...
Precautions• Never allow a patient to forced expiration.• Don’t allow a patient to take a very prolonged  expiration.• Don...
Types of Breathing ExerciseThree types are commonly used:• Diaphragmatic breathing exercise• Segmental breathing exercise•...
Diaphragmatic breathing exercise
Segmental breathing exercise• It is important to emphasize expansion of the  localized area of the lung while keeping othe...
Segmental breathing exercise
Segmental breathing exercise
Pursed lip breathing exercise
Breathing exercise
Breathing exercise
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Breathing exercise

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Breath is life........

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Breathing exercise

  1. 1. By : Dr. Jigar Mehta
  2. 2. Breathing ExerciseBreathing exercises are only part of atreatment program designed to improvepulmonary status & to improve a patient’soverall endurance and function in ADLs.Depending on patient’s clinical problem,breathing exercises are often combinedwith medications, postural drainage, andgraded exercise program.
  3. 3. IndicationsAcute or chronic lung diseases e.g. COPD, etc.Pain in thoracic or abdominal area because ofsurgery or trauma.Deficits in CNS that lead to muscle weaknessSevere orthopedic abnormalities e.g. ScoliosisStress management and relaxation procedure
  4. 4. Goals Improve ventilation Increase the effectiveness of coughmechanism Prevents pulmonary complications Maintain or improve chest & thoracic spinemobility Improve the strength, endurance & co-ordination of respiratory muscles. Promote relaxation Improve patient overall functional capacity
  5. 5. Principles• Area of exercises• Explanation & Instruction to the patient• Patients position• Evaluate the patient• Demonstration of exercise• Patient practice
  6. 6. Precautions• Never allow a patient to forced expiration.• Don’t allow a patient to take a very prolonged expiration.• Don’t allow a patient initiate inspiration with the accessory muscles.• Avoid hyperventilation.
  7. 7. Types of Breathing ExerciseThree types are commonly used:• Diaphragmatic breathing exercise• Segmental breathing exercise• Pursed lip breathing exercise
  8. 8. Diaphragmatic breathing exercise
  9. 9. Segmental breathing exercise• It is important to emphasize expansion of the localized area of the lung while keeping other area quiet.• Four types of segmental breathing exercise are:Lateral costal expansionPosterior basal expansionRight middle or lingula expansionApical expansion
  10. 10. Segmental breathing exercise
  11. 11. Segmental breathing exercise
  12. 12. Pursed lip breathing exercise

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