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ApacheCon 2017: InnerSource and The Apache Way

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A in-depth, personal view on the Apache Way and how InnerSource is really based on it and the ASF's best practices.

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ApacheCon 2017: InnerSource and The Apache Way

  1. 1. Jim Jagielski InnerSource 101 and The Apache Way
  2. 2. About Me ➡ Apache Software Foundation ➡ Co-founder, Director, Member and Developer ➡ Director ➡ Outercurve, MARSEC-XL, OSSI, OSI (ex)… ➡ Developer ➡ Mega FOSS projects ➡ O’Reilly Open Source Award: 2013 ➡ European Commission: Luminary Award ➡ Sr. Director: Tech Fellows: Capital One @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  3. 3. What is “InnerSource” ➡ InnerSource is the methodology of taking the “lessons learned” from successful FOSS projects and using them internally in Enterprise IT development environments. ➡ “running your internal development as if it was an open source project” ➡ Principles and Techniques @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  4. 4. Why InnerSource? ➡ Gain efficiencies by leveraging resident talent to its fullest ➡ Develop better software faster through collaboration ➡ Reduce costs through technology standardization and reuse ➡ Bring products to market faster ➡ Increase developer engagement and innovation through social creativity ➡ Attract and retain higher quality talent @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  5. 5. What is “The Apache Way” ➡ “The Apache Way” relates to how the ASF (and its projects) work and operate ➡ Basically, the least common denominators on how PMCs operate (or are expected to operate) ➡ Basic governance principles @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  6. 6. So why focus on Apache? ➡ The ASF is a 501(c)3, non-profit foundation ➡ Membership-based ➡ Large number of success stories (and some “failures”) ➡ Recognized and acknowledged by peers and press. @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  7. 7. Origins of “The Apache Way” ➡ History of The Apache Group and the ASF ➡ Focus on community ➡ Focus on the un-aligned volunteer contributor @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  8. 8. Basic Memes ➡ Meritocracy ➡ Peer-based ➡ Consensus decision making ➡ Collaborative development ➡ Responsible oversight ➡ Individual Participation @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  9. 9. Meritocracy ➡ “Govern by Merit” ➡ Merit is based on what you do ➡ Merit never expires ➡ Those with more merit, get more responsibility ➡ Provides incentive to Do More ➡ And you CAN Do More (go up the ladder) ➡ It’s NOT a dirty word ➡ aka “do-acracy” @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  10. 10. Peer-based ➡ Developers represent themselves - individuals ➡ Mutual trust and respect ➡ All votes hold the same weight (no BDFL) ➡ Community created code ➡ Healthy communities create healthy code ➡ Poisonous communities don’t ➡ Feel as part of a community @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  11. 11. Why Community -> Code ➡ Avoid for new projects, what boot-strapped the Apache Group in the 1st place ➡ Since we are all volunteers, people’s time and interests change ➡ A healthy community is “warm and inviting” and encourages a continued influx of developers ➡ Poisonous people/communities turn people off, and the project will die ➡ Diversity ensures survivability ➡ End result - better code, long-term code @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  12. 12. Consensus decision making ➡ Key is the idea of voting ➡ +1 - yes ➡ +0 - no real comment ➡ -1 - veto ➡ Sometimes you’ll also see stuff like -0, -0.5, etc… ➡ Used to gauge consensus, not really “majority rule” @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  13. 13. Collaborative Development ➡ Transparent and Public ➡ Code is developed by the community ➡ Voting ensures at least 3 active developers ➡ Development done online and on-list ➡ If it didn’t happen on-list, it didn’t happen @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  14. 14. Responsible Oversight ➡ Ensure license compliance ➡ Track IP ➡ Quality code ➡ Quality community ➡ Community ownership @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  15. 15. How? “If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up the men to gather wood, divide the work, and give orders. Instead, teach them to yearn for the vast and endless sea.” @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag ― Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  16. 16. Principles of InnerSource ➡ Culture ➡ Communication ➡ Transparency ➡ Collaboration ➡ Community ➡ Meritocracy @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  17. 17. Principles: Culture ➡ Inner-sourcing is a cultural mind-shift ➡ Create an expected set of behaviors ➡ Must be truly engaged ➡ Must be truly accepted ➡ Techniques: ➡ Be the model and guide ➡ Embrace the model ➡ Culture ➾ Communication @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  18. 18. Principles: Communication ➡ Is core and foundational ➡ Everything builds on this ➡ Open and asynchronous ➡ Doesn’t disenfranchise anyone ➡ Archivable ➡ Maintains history and allows ebb/flow ➡ Document tribal knowledge ➡ Techniques: ➡ Mailing lists; reduce reliance on F2F; invest in infra ➡ Communication ➾ Transparency @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  19. 19. Principles: Transparency ➡ Reinforces and Enables Public and Open mindset ➡ Inclusion ➡ Reuse ➡ You can only reuse what you can see ➡ Quality/Security ➡ More eyeballs mean better quality ➡ Measurement/Metric ➡ You can only measure what you can see ➡ Transparency ➾ Collaboration @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  20. 20. Principles: Collaboration ➡ Common Vision ➡ Common Goal ➡ See connections ➡ Consensus: ➡ Encourages contribution and improves leverage ➡ Encourages feedback and dialogue ➡ Techniques: ➡ Build and Test Tools ➡ “Newbie” issues ➡ Collaboration ➾ Community @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  21. 21. Principles: Community ➡ Loyalty ➡ Community breeds loyalty ➡ Durability ➡ Communities can create durable assets, processes and culture ➡ Health ➡ Feedback and Dialogue ➡ Not-just the “regular, expected players” ➡ Community ➾ Meritocracy @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  22. 22. Principles: Meritocracy ➡ Technical decisions made by technical experts ➡ Better informed decisions ➡ Role models ➡ Merit provides examples ➡ Earned authority ➡ “Natural” leadership ➡ Known path and “rewards” ➡ Influence and Direction are possible (!(Us vs Them)) ➡ Meritocracy ➾ Communication @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  23. 23. Final Thoughts ➡ Community is not the same as team ➡ self organizing ➡ self identifying ➡ Contribution is work ➡ Community requires investment ➡ Transparency is not a threat ➡ Collaboration means compromise ➡ Driving results means driving consensus @jimjag This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag
  24. 24. Thanks This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. - Jim Jagielski - @jimjag Twitter: @jimjag Emails:
 jim@jaguNET.com
 jim@apache.org
 jim.jagielski@capitalone.com http://www.slideshare.net/jimjag/
  • leosace

    Dec. 4, 2017
  • ksobkowiak

    May. 20, 2017

A in-depth, personal view on the Apache Way and how InnerSource is really based on it and the ASF's best practices.

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