Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person - Introduction to Philosophy


Published on

This is a powerpoint presentation that discusses about one of the core subjects in the k-12 curriculum of the Senior High School: Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person. On this presentation, it discusses about the definition, history and nature of the philosophy.

Published in: Education
  • Login to see the comments

Introduction to the Philosophy of the Human Person - Introduction to Philosophy

  1. 1. Introduction to Philosophy of Human Person
  2. 2. Core Subject Description: This subject is an introduction to the activity and process of philosophical reflection as a search of synoptic vision of life. The topics to be discussed include the human experiences of embodiment, being the world with others and the environment, freedom, intersubjectivity, sociality and being upon death
  3. 3. Definition and Branches of Philosophy
  4. 4. For you, what is Philosophy?
  5. 5. Philosophy • Philos – “Love”; Sophia – “Wisdom” • Philosopher – “lover of wisdom” • “Philosophy is the knowledge of all things through their ultimate causes, acquired through the use of reason”
  6. 6. Philosophy • Material Object of Philosophy: “philosophy studies all things”; thus all aspects of reality can be the object of a philosophical study • Formal Object of Philosophy: “through their ultimate causes”; seeking the deepest explanations regarding the existence and nature of beings.
  7. 7. Philosophy • Natural Scope of Philosophy: “acquired through the use of reason; seeking the ultimate explanations that can be arrived at by applying reasoning to facts supplied by experience.
  8. 8. Branches of Philosophy • Epistemology – studies the nature of knowledge and the rationality of belief; the means of production of knowledge • Metaphysics – studies and asks questions about the essence and existence of a being • Logic – concerned with “reasoning” or truth • Ethics/Axiology – concerns the matter of “value/morality” • Aesthetics – explores the nature and appreciation of art, beauty and taste
  9. 9. History of Philosophy
  10. 10. History of Philosophy • Pythagoras • Ionian Greek Philosopher • First person to name himself a philosopher or lover of wisdom • Known for his Pythagorean Theorem in geometry
  11. 11. History of Philosophy • Thales of Miletus • First person to explain the world and universe outside mythological concepts • He explained that the world was made up of “water” • Teacher of Pythagoras
  12. 12. History of Philosophy • Heraclitus • He believed that the world originated from the fire element
  13. 13. History of Philosophy • Socrates • First moral philosopher • Known for his Socratic Method (elenchus) • Teacher of Plato • “Stresses that man must take good care of its soul” • “All human beings desire the good”
  14. 14. History of Philosophy • Plato • Student of Socrates and Teacher of Aristotle • Founder of the Academy of Athens • “the soul is immortal, even the physical ceased to exist”
  15. 15. History of Philosophy • Existence of abstract objects • “Virtue is knowledge” • The soul is the principle which explains all life
  16. 16. History of Philosophy • Aristotle • Student of Plato and Teacher of Alexander the Great • On his treatise, Peri Psyche, the soul is divided into three types and each according to each living being
  17. 17. History of Philosophy • Saint Augustine of Hippo • Bishop of Hippus region of North Africa • Combined Christian doctrine with Platonic ideology • Believed that everything is connected with God
  18. 18. History of Philosophy • Saint Thomas Aquinas • “Believed that truth is to be accepted no matter where it is found” • Followed Aristotelian philosophy • Reaffirmed the three types of soul (first written by Aristotle)
  19. 19. History of Philosophy • Ibn al-Nafis • First to describe the pulmonary circulation of the circulatory system • Believed that the soul is found throughout the entirety of the body, not just one of its organs
  20. 20. History of Philosophy • Rene Descartes • Father of Modern Western Philosophy • Father of Analytical Geometry • Cogito ergo sum (“I think therefore I am”) • Believed that the mind and body is distinct but closely joined
  21. 21. History of Philosophy • Baruch Spinoza • One of the pioneers of the Dutch Golden Age • Opposed Descartes’ mind-body dualism • Substance vs. Accidence • No one is intrinsically good or evil
  22. 22. Nature of Philosophy
  23. 23. Nature of Philosophy • Human being possesses a keen desire to know, and that leads him to seek the causes of events or happenings • His search for knowledge is induced by theoretical considerations, as well as practical reasons • He needs to find the answers to many questions about things existing around him