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Generating Moral Reasoning
Identify why moral dilemmas occur
Define the stages of moral reasoning
Practice a moral debate
Moral judgment competence:
“the capacity to make
decisions and judgments which
are moral (i.e., based on
internal principles) and to act
in accordance with such
Not all values are moral
a person’s happiness
inclination to “do favors”
solidarity with same-class
How can you get better results?
Mutual respect and free discourse.
the teacher must not use authority
the teacher can suggest new ideas when needed
Opposing arguments or level +1
One session every 2 or 3 weeks
it doesn’t affect any of the participants
it could cause real conflicts if it existed
not too real
Promote exploratory talk
There is a lot of disagreement and everyone just makes
their own decisions.
There are few attempts to pool resources, or to offer
There are often a lot of interactions of the 'Yes it is! – No
it's not!' kind.
The atmosphere is competitive rather than co-
Everyone simply accepts and agrees with what other
Children use talk to share knowledge, but they do so in
an uncritical way.
Children repeat and elaborate each other's ideas, but
they don't evaluate them carefully.
my turn to
my turn to
what do you
why do you
I don’t agree
I agree with
I’m in with the
I can say
Pánfilo teaches TOEFL to students in their last semester at the university. If they
pass his course, they can skip the test completely and get their title.
He has 40 students per class and is teaching 5 different courses all together. He
uses the 1st partial of 5 to notice the students that need most help. Ada is in her
last semester and does particularly badly on the exam. She confesses she
doesn’t think she can pass the TOEFL because she is blocked and, by the way,
On the second exam Pánfilo notices something funny about Sara. He stares at
her trying to figure out what is wrong. When he picks up the exam and asks her
something he figures it out. This is not Sara! He asks her to stay after the exam to
talk. The new girl is Sara’s cousin and is studying her master’s degree in the same
Pánfilo knows the university is very strict with forgery and will expel both of
them if he reports the incident but will fire him if he doesn’t report it and they
Do they deserve to be singled out and academically destroid? Especiallywhen
Sara was driven to temptation from fear of not being able to graduate?
How can I apply this?
The person who is talkig decides who is going to answer.
The teacher doesn’t intervene unless rules aren’t followed
(respect for one another and ping-pong principle)
Lind , Georg (2007) La Moral Puede Enseñarse: Manual
teórico-práctico de la formación moral y democrática,
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