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LM-Household Services Grade 9
135
Pre – test: Let’s See What You Know
A. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Direction. Read the statement car...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
136
7. It is the foundation garments for swimwear which is highly stretchable and
recovery r...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
137
B. MATCHING TYPE
Direction. Match item in Column A (Fabric Care Guides) win those in
Col...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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c. IDENTIFICATION
Direction: The following statement through arranging the jumble
letter...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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QUARTER IIII
CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF FABRIC
Learning Outcome 1:
Care of Fabric
Objective...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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Lesson 1.1
TYPES OF FABRIC
Do you know that fabric is cloth made by weaving,
knitting, o...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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bathing suit pattern will require equal two way stretch. If you choose a
fabric that onl...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
142
Cotton chintz - 100 percent cotton that has special l
fabric treatment that leaves it sh...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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B. Linen
Characteristics: Very strong, cool to wear, and
usually more expensive than cot...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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Kinds of Silk Fabric:
China silk - a very lightweight silk which is used almost
exclusiv...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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Georgette - lightweight silk and barely visible
Raw silk - rough-looking silk with a dul...
LM-Household Services Grade 9
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Kinds of Wool Fabric:
Boiled - made in similar fashion as felt, but much richer and
more...
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Worsted - lustrous wool in a variety of weights used for
tailoring jackets, skirts and p...
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C. Nylon
Characteristics: It was first developed as a
substitute for imported silk. With...
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F. Acrylic
Characteristics: Resists wrinkling; high bulking
power; wool-like texture; ve...
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Review of Lesson 1.1
A. IDENTIFICATION
Direction. Inside the box are the specific clothe...
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B. LIST IT DOWN
Direction: Complete the box with the information needed. Put
your answer...
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C. HANDS – ON ACTIVITY
Direction: With your classmate, form a small group. Bring out you...
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Evaluators Signature:____________________________
Date:________________
SCORING RUBRICS ...
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Lesson 1.2
FABRIC CARE
After knowing the type of stain, remember to read the
care labels...
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Following are types of fabric with its specific care and
maintenance
Fabric Care and Mai...
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5. Broderie anglaise
 Embroidered white cotton
with decorative oversewn
holes.
Do’s: Wa...
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11.Cheesecloth
 Very light cotton
Do’s: Hand wash and iron while
damp.
Don’t: Do not wr...
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16.Felt
 Thick, dense fabric that is
not woven but pressed by
heat. Fabric made from
wo...
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22.Lawn
 Is a soft, limp, fine-
combined cotton or
cotton/ synthetic mix
fabric.
Do’s: ...
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27. Polyester
 A synthetic fiber that is
often blended with
natural fibres for easy
car...
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32.Tweed
 Fabric that made from
wool or synthetic
materials.
Do’s: Should be dry cleane...
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Review of Lesson 1.2
A.LIST IT DOWN
Direction. : Complete the box with the information n...
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Learning Outcome 2:
Remove stains
Objectives:
At the end of the lesson, the learner is e...
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Lesson 2.1
STAIN REMOVAL PRODUCTS
Stain is a discoloration that can be clearly
distingui...
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Bread
 A slice of white bread removes dirty fingermarks from walls and fresh dirt
marks...
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Milk
 Enzymes in milk break down the proteins that turn it sour to cheese
remarkably wo...
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Washing soda
 A hydrated sodium carbonate that is an excellent substitute for chemical
...
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Colour whitener
 Sodium hydrosulphite and anhydrous sodium carbonate remove stains and ...
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Review of Lesson 2.1
A. MATCHING TYPE
Direction. Match the item in Column A with those i...
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B. CLASS DEMONSTRATION
Direction: Group the class into five. Each group is provided a
na...
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Lesson 2.2
TYPES OF FABRIC STAINS AND ITS REMOVAL
TECHNIQUE
Stain removal is the process...
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4. Grease and Oils
Kinds of fabric: Silk and Wool
Direction: Put the stained area of a t...
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7. Paint and Varnish
Kinds of fabric: Silk, Wool and rayon
Direction: Remove paint with ...
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11.Blood
Kinds of fabric:
Direction: Soak the stained garment for 15 minutes in a bucket...
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17.Perspiration
Kinds of fabric: All Fibers
Direction: Pre-treat heavy stains by blottin...
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7. Work quickly and lightly in brushing motion with using white, lint-
free cloth or a s...
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Review of Lesson 2.2
A. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Direction. Each item indicates the treatment of ...
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7. Apply turpentine or benzene immediately on the stain. If stain has
hardened, apply be...
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Evaluators Signature: _________________________
Date:__________________
SCORING RUBRICS ...
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Lesson 2.3
REPAIR OF FABRIC DAMAGES
We cannot avoid the fact that damages is one of
the ...
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2. Re-sewing Buttons
Step 1: When sewing or re-sewing buttons, start by taking one or tw...
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3. Shank Buttons
Step 1: Start by taking two small stitches at the point where you are
g...
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5. Darning
Darning is repairing a hole by weaving in new
threads. It is usually done on ...
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Review of Lesson 2.3
A. IDENTIFICATION
Direction. Identify the following statement.
Choo...
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B. CLASS DEMONSTRATION
Direction. Using the clothes and linen you have, inspect what are...
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Evaluators Signature:______________________________
Date:_____________
SCORING RUBRICS F...
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Learning Outcome 3:
Prepare washing of fabric supplies and equipment
Objectives:
At the ...
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surfactants. Some synthetic detergent contain whitening agents, color safe
bleach, enzym...
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SoapSoap is milder than detergents because they
are made of mild and natural materials. ...
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Laundry Tools and Equipment
Washing machine
A washing machine is a machine use to
wash l...
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Brush
Brush for removing dust and dirt from clothes
Laundry Working Habits
Better result...
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Review of lesson 3.1
A. PICTURE GALLERY
Direction. Name the following pictures and
give ...
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Lesson 3.2
WASHING OF FABRIC
By this time, you already have background knowledge to the ...
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sense to separate the two materials. For example,
you may want to detach a delicate lini...
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You’ll also see settings for load size, usually small, medium or large. If
your dirty la...
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- The “hardness” of your water can affect
how bleach works, so test it on some clothes y...
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a. All whites should go with only whites ( or very light colors if the
item has been was...
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Step 5.Hang your clothes and linens and let it
dry.
a. Identify clothes that can be hung...
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SERVICE PLAN
Planning is very important in every activity because this give direction to...
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Review of Lesson 3.2
A. SEQUENCING
Direction: Rewrite the laundry procedure in
chronolog...
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A. OBSERVATION
Direction. With your classmate form a group of 3 members. Visit a
laundry...
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IV. Procedure:
V. Remarks________________________________________________
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You did it! You successfully demonstrated tasks and responsibilities prepared for you in...
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Post Test
A. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Direction. Read the statement carefully and write
the lette...
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10.It is a type of wool that has a distinctive sweater-like nubby surface
created with l...
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B. IDENTIFICATION
Direction. Identify the following statement through arranging the
jumb...
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Pre – test
A. WORD HUNT
Direction: The puzzle below contains the names of
the different ...
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B. TRUE OR FALSE
Direction. Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is f...
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QUARTER IV
Ironing Clothes and Linens
Learning Outcome 4:
Iron clothes and linens
Object...
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Lesson 4.1
IRONING TOOLS, SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT FOR
CLOTHES AND LINENS
Good and proper ...
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Ironing Work Habits
Better result of ironing is determined by good working habits, it wi...
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Review of Lesson 4.1
A. IDENTIFICATION
Direction. Identify the word/s that is being
aske...
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Lesson 4.2
IRONING METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
Good personality is determined in our physical...
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Do you know that ironing is different from pressing? To iron is you
generally go over th...
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Tip. Iron lightly over the pockets to avoid creating creases with their outline.
Tip. Ha...
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Review of Lesson 4.2
A. SEQUENCING
Direction. Rewrite the Ironing general procedure in
c...
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B. QUICK REPORT
Direction: Observe you mother while ironing your clothes.
Make a short r...
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Name:_______________________________________Date:_______________
SERVICE PLAN
Direction....
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Name:_______________________________________Date:_____________
__
SERVICE PLAN
Direction...
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VI. Remarks______________________________________________
______________________________...
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Safety and
security
work habits
Highly self-
motivated
and
observes
all safety
and
secur...
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Post Test
A. WORD HUNT
Direction. The puzzle below contains the names of
the different s...
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__________ 6. Begin ironing. Do not let the iron sit still on the garment.
__________ 7....
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Diagnostic Assessment
A. MATCHING TYPE
Direction. Match the item in Column A with
those ...
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B. IDENTIFICATION
Direction. Identify the following term that is being asked. Write the
...
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C. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE
Direction. Read and analyze the statements below. Write the wo...
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D. CASE STUDY
Direction. Read the situations below and choose the letter that
correspond...
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4. Barangay North Fairview strictly implemented Clean and Green project
where every neig...
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter
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Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter

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Lm household services-grade_9_3rd and 4th quarter

  1. 1. LM-Household Services Grade 9 135 Pre – test: Let’s See What You Know A. MULTIPLE CHOICE Direction. Read the statement carefully and write the letter that best describes the statement. Put your answer in your answer sheet. 1. It is one of the most heavy-duty cottons. Great for work clothes, jeans and jackets. a. Denim b. Acetate c. Silk d. Satin 2. It is tightly woven heavy-duty cotton used for crafts and home decorating. a. Cotton pique b. Chiffon c. Wool d. Canvas 3. It is thick, absorbent cotton used for robes, towels, beachwear and home decorating. a. Chintz b. Corduroy c. Terrycloth d. Linen 4. It is a natural fiber that comes from the seedpod of the cotton plant. a. Rayon b. Polyester c. Acrylic d. Cotton 5. The washing process makes this silk creamy and soft. It is a great travel fabric. a. Chintz b. Washed Silk c. Rayon d. Cotton 6. It was first developed as a substitute for imported silk with exceptional strength and excellent elasticity a. Polyester b. Wool c. Silk d. Nylon Great! After learning types of kitchen appliance and fixture you’re qualified to move on the first lesson of Quarter 3, which is washing clothes, linens and fabrics. Time for you to explore and enjoy!
  2. 2. LM-Household Services Grade 9 136 7. It is the foundation garments for swimwear which is highly stretchable and recovery rate is high. a. Rubber b. Acetate c. Polyester d. Denim 8. It is lightweight 100-percent cotton that makes fantastic menswear shirts, pajamas and boxers. a. Broadcloth b. Chintz c. Cotton Shirting d. pique 9. It is collected from the cocoon of silk worm. This is a strong and luxurious fabric which is moderately resilient and resists wrinkling. a. Linen b. Flannel c. Silk d. Satin 10.It is a type of wool that has a distinctive sweater-like nubby surface created with little loops. Perfect for soft shaping in coats and jackets a. Challis b. Boucle c. Crepe d. Melton
  3. 3. LM-Household Services Grade 9 137 B. MATCHING TYPE Direction. Match item in Column A (Fabric Care Guides) win those in Column B (Types of Fiber/Fabric). Put your answer in your answer sheet. Column A Column B a. cotton b. silk c. wool d. flannel e. corduroy f. Linen g. Velvet h. Damask i. Chiffon J j. Satin 1. Hand wash cotton, fabric linen, silk, wool, lightweight and all heavier weight fabrics. Dry- clean silk wool and all weight fabrics. 2. Turn inside out and use warm water. Dry at normal setting. 3. Hand wash sweater and other knits in cold water with detergent. 4. Dry clean silk and nylon and polyester acetate. Wash cotton, nylon and polyester satins following fiber guidelines. 5. May be machine-washed. Dry, at low setting. Wool should be dry-cleaned. 6. Hand wash or Dry clean. 7. Hand-wash plain-silkworm, in various weights and textures. Thin, lightweight kinds in lukewarm water with mild soap or detergent or in cold water detergent. Do not use chlorine bleach. 8. Hand wash lightweight fabrics and hang to air- dry. Machine-wash light-colored and white and heavy weight cottons with warm water. Use cold water for bright colors that may bleed. Dry at low setting. Remove from dryer while still damp. Iron damp clothes with hot iron. 9. Hand wash 10. Dry clean
  4. 4. LM-Household Services Grade 9 138 c. IDENTIFICATION Direction: The following statement through arranging the jumble letters. Write your answer on the space provided after the statement. NDALEC AXW 1. This stain will be remove by scraping wax as much as possible without damaging the fabric.______________ NTPAI NAD SHAIRN 2. Remove this stain with turpentine or benzene immediately. If stain has hardened, apply benzene or turpentine to both side._______________. GRSEEA DAN SLOI 3. Put the stained area of the top clean blotter or absorbent paper towels. Spread cornstarch, French chalk, or talcum over it. GRSSA 4. Soak in an enzyme-based detergent. Launder according to fabric. PRSPRTNEIAO 5. Pre-treat heavy stain by blotting with ammonia solution ( 1 tsp. ammonia to 2 cups cold water. KSLI 6. This is a fiber obtained from cocoon. CHFFNIO 7. This is a fabric made from cotton, silk or synthetic fibers. DNMIE 8. This is a fabric that strong, durable fabric constructed in a twill weave with indigo and white yarns. PLYSTROEE 9. This fabric is strong to stretching and shrinking. Resistant to most chemicals, Quick drying, Crisp and resilient when wet or dry. FLNNLAE 10. This kind of fabric generally 100% cotton but may also be made of wool. It may be a twill or plain weave.
  5. 5. LM-Household Services Grade 9 139 QUARTER IIII CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF FABRIC Learning Outcome 1: Care of Fabric Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the learner is expected to: 1. Enumerate the different types of fabric 2. List down proper care and maintenance of fabric 3. Demonstrate repair of common fabric damages according to prescribed procedures This lesson provides students with the opportunities and experience to apply the knowledge, skills and attitude with the competencies dealing with the different fabric types and maintenance of fabric and hands on activity on repair of common fabric damages following prescribed procedures and techniques.
  6. 6. LM-Household Services Grade 9 140 Lesson 1.1 TYPES OF FABRIC Do you know that fabric is cloth made by weaving, knitting, or felting fibers? We use fabric most often to make clothing, from basic coverings to high performance sportswear. Clothing is very important in our daily life, it is use to cover our body for protection, safety, sanitation, modesty, identification, uniforms, styles and color decoration. Fabric covers furniture, too. Each of us would like to be complimented of being presentable, fresh and clean not just in physical aspect but also the atmosphere at home that we would like to create. In order to do so, we must choose fabrics that suits to each uses. Below are the types of fabric with their characteristics and its uses. TYPES OF FABRIC 1. Woven fabric does not stretch except on the bias. Woven fabric is made up of fibers which run straight at ninety degree angles to each other. 2. Knit fabric has loops of fiber that allow the fabric to stretch. The amount and the direction of stretches are all variables. A knit may stretch in one direction or it may stretch in both directions. This is an important consideration when choosing fabric for a specific pattern. For example; A
  7. 7. LM-Household Services Grade 9 141 bathing suit pattern will require equal two way stretch. If you choose a fabric that only stretches in one direction, the suit is not going to fit properly and you can even get it on. KINDS OF FABRICS  Vegetable Fiber A. Cotton Characteristics: The world's most popular fabric. It is cool to wear, easy to wash and to sew. It is versatile, durable and comfortable. Inexpensive but shrinks and wrinkles easily. Uses: Good for items that need to be washed often like sheets and pillows, school clothes, and work clothes. Proper Care: Special for durable press Maybe machine laundered. Avoid risk of mildew Kinds of Cotton Fabric: Canvas - used for crafts, home decorating (curtains cushions and outdoor gear). Tightly woven heavy-duty cotton. Cotton Batiste - For elegant garments (blouses, baby dresses, and underlinings). Finely woven lightweight cotton. Broadcloth - fantastic closely woven cotton that has slight rib.
  8. 8. LM-Household Services Grade 9 142 Cotton chintz - 100 percent cotton that has special l fabric treatment that leaves it shiny and smooth. It is ideal for home decorations such as curtains and cushion. Cotton pique - medium weight cotton fabric that has raised nubby surface. Cotton shirting - lightweight 100-percent cotton that makes fantastic menswear shirts, pajamas and boxers. Cotton voile - crisp lightweight cotton that’s used for garments. Denim – It is one of the most heavy-duty cottons. Great for work clothes, jeans and jackets. Seer sucker - this falls into the category of cotton crinkles, which have surface texture. Terrycloth – it is a thick, absorbent cotton used for robes, towels, beachwear and home decorating. Velveteen - either a 100-percent cotton or cotton blend, velveteen has a duller and slightly stiffer look than velvet.
  9. 9. LM-Household Services Grade 9 143 B. Linen Characteristics: Very strong, cool to wear, and usually more expensive than cotton. It is easily wrinkled unless a special finish is applied. This is known as the oldest fiber and used by the Egyptians thousand of years ago. It comes from the stem of a very pretty plant called flax. Uses: Women’s and children’s dresses and blouses; summer dress; table linens and other household fabrics. Proper Care: Iron at high temperature. Avoid pressing in sharp creases. Avoid risk of mildew  Animal Fiber Characteristics: It is collected from the cocoon of silk worm. This is a strong and luxurious fabric which is moderately resilient and resists wrinkling. It is more expensive than manmade (filament) silky yarns. Uses: For high-end clothing and accessories, some expensive upholstery and drapery fabrics. Proper Care: Dry cleaning is preferred. Maybe hand wash in mild suds. Avoid over exposure to light. Can be attacked by insects.
  10. 10. LM-Household Services Grade 9 144 Kinds of Silk Fabric: China silk - a very lightweight silk which is used almost exclusively for lining. Brocade - textured silk with some stiffness. Chiffon - lightweight, very drapery silk .This is the fabric that goes with the flow and can be used in all sorts of garments. Charmeuse - a slinky, satiny, supple silk that works well as a 1940s redux dressing gown, dresses and blouses Crepe de Chine - a light to medium weight silk, comes in two-ply, three ply, and four ply weights which is the heaviest. Dupioni - a stiffer and crisper silk that has telltale slubs and raised yarn on the fabric ,easy-to-sew silk that adds a lot of fashion flair. It is used for making Capri pants or a fancy room divider.
  11. 11. LM-Household Services Grade 9 145 Georgette - lightweight silk and barely visible Raw silk - rough-looking silk with a dull finish; made from short silk filaments that are discarded as waste but easy to sew and has a distinctive look. Washed silk - the washing process makes this silk creamy and soft. It is a great travel fabric. Shantung - especially crisp and shiny silk for special occasion uses. Taffeta - a crisp silk that wrinkles and swishes when you move which is used for special occasion. A. Wool Characteristics: It is made from the sleets of sheep which is an outerwear medium-weight clothing that springs back into shape. It requires little pressing with great versatility in fabric and with insulating capacity. Uses: Perfect for tailoring blankets and upholstery Proper Care: Dry cleaning is preferred; will shrink and felt in presence of moisture and heat and can be attacked by insects.
  12. 12. LM-Household Services Grade 9 146 Kinds of Wool Fabric: Boiled - made in similar fashion as felt, but much richer and more supple. There’s no need to finish the seam edges. It is commonly used for blankets and jackets. Boucle - has a distinctive sweater-like nubby surface created with little loops. Perfect for soft shaping in coats and jackets Challis - Medium to lightweight. It is hand washable and doesn’t wrinkle much. Perfect for all types of garments. Crepe - can be compose of wool, silk, cotton, or synthetic. It varies in quality and it is expensive. It is a beautiful fabric that drapes well and is extremely wearable. Gabardine - a twill-weave fabric, hand washable and do not wrinkle; works well on tailored and constructed garments. Melton – thick, bulky wool with a soft napped surface and too thick to handle used for coats. Merino – a very fine, expensive, closely-woven wool made from Merino sheep’s coats.
  13. 13. LM-Household Services Grade 9 147 Worsted - lustrous wool in a variety of weights used for tailoring jackets, skirts and pants.  Synthetic/Manmade Fiber A. Rayon Characteristics: soft, cheap and comfortable fabric absorbent; lacks resilience; wrinkles easily. Not easy to sew as plain cottons. Uses: Light and medium-weight clothing; drapery and upholstery fabrics; blankets, throw rugs and table Proper Care: Hand washing to dry cleaning. Tends to shrink and stretch unless proper chemical finish is applied. B. Polyester Characteristics: Strong and durable synthetic fabric; dries quickly, with sharp pleat and crease retention .Uses: strong and durable synthetic fabric; dries quickly, with sharp pleat and crease retention. Proper Care: Can be washable or dry clean. Remove oily stains before washing. Needs little ironing or pressing. Use steam iron at warm setting.
  14. 14. LM-Household Services Grade 9 148 C. Nylon Characteristics: It was first developed as a substitute for imported silk. With exceptional strength, excellent elasticity; retains shape. Woven fabrics feel uncomfortable in contact with skin. Uses: Women's stockings were the first commercial use of nylon. Also used for clothing, upholstery and carpet, rope, tents and fishing line. Proper Care: Remove oily stains before washing. Washes easily; wash with care to maintain whiteness. Press at low temperatures. Dry clean only. D. Rubber Characteristics: Stretch and recovery rate is high. Damaged by oils and light with discoloration Uses: Foundation garments for swimwear Proper Care: Frequent washing in mild suds; avoid constant overstretch at high temperature E. Spandex Characteristics: Stretch and recovery rate is high. Resists abrasion and body oils with discoloration. Uses: Foundation garments; swimwear, surgical hose, ski pants and other sportswear Proper Care: May be machine laundered with warm water. Dry on lowest heat, shortest cycle.
  15. 15. LM-Household Services Grade 9 149 F. Acrylic Characteristics: Resists wrinkling; high bulking power; wool-like texture; very resistant to effects of sunlight Uses: Tailored outerwear; knitted wear, pile fabrics, blankets and carpets Proper Care: Remove oily stains before washing; washable or dry cleanable; medium iron temperature.
  16. 16. LM-Household Services Grade 9 150 Review of Lesson 1.1 A. IDENTIFICATION Direction. Inside the box are the specific clothes, linen and fabric. Provide each box of the appropriate fiber or fabric that can be used. Put your answer on a separate sheet of paper. Table Runner ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ _____________________________ Blouse/Polo ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ _____________________________ Under wear ____________________________ ___________________________ ____________________________ _____________________________ Curtains ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ _____________________________ Bed cover ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ _____________________________ Pants ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________________________ _____________________________
  17. 17. LM-Household Services Grade 9 151 B. LIST IT DOWN Direction: Complete the box with the information needed. Put your answer in your notebook. Fibers/Fabrics Uses Care Needed 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.`
  18. 18. LM-Household Services Grade 9 152 C. HANDS – ON ACTIVITY Direction: With your classmate, form a small group. Bring out your fabrics then create swatches, Paste it on the box and label it. Make an album then submit it to your teacher. This will be evaluated by your teacher through the use of the given rubrics. Fabric:___________________________ Fabric:___________________________ Uses:____________________________ Uses:____________________________ Fabric: ___________________________ Fabric:___________________________ Uses: ____________________________ Uses: ____________________________ Fabric:___________________________ Fabric:___________________________ Uses:____________________________ Uses:____________________________ Fabric:___________________________ Fabric:___________________________ Uses:____________________________ Uses:____________________________
  19. 19. LM-Household Services Grade 9 153 Evaluators Signature:____________________________ Date:________________ SCORING RUBRICS FOR HANDS – ON ACTIVITY Points (Rating) Criteria Score ( Excellent) 95-100 Performance output is correct. The choice of fabric materials are suited to its uses. The workmanship shows clear evidence of accepted appearance as evaluated. ( Very good) 90-95 Performance output is correct but leaves some minor details of the expected perfect appearance. (Satisfactory) 80-90 Performance output lacks particular attention on the choice of materials suited to the project and its uses. (Fair) 75-80 Performance output lacks manifestation of attention and effort of producing acceptable appearance of product and services in terms of workmanship in the application of art , rhythm and proportion of shape are observed and organization of the task. (Poor) 74 - below Performance output is incorrect, but shows evidence of effort to perform the activity, the students had not attended or had skipped several steps in the procedure. ( Very Poor) 0 Performance output shows an evidence of no understanding that the students simply comply with the requirement. No output was submitted to satisfy the course requirement. Score Congratulations! Thank you for passing this review. You may now proceed to the next topic.
  20. 20. LM-Household Services Grade 9 154 Lesson 1.2 FABRIC CARE After knowing the type of stain, remember to read the care labels of the fabric type you have. This will greatly help to avoid any problems that can damage your clothes and linens. Dry Cleaning Dry clean only labels are usually found on garments made from the fabrics such as: Chiffon, felt, fur, gabardine, hessian, most suedes, sergeold chintz Silk and viscose, some linens, tweed, Velvets and wools,velvet brocade Garments made from combination of fabrics that have different laundering requirements will also be good for dry cleaning. After cleaning fabric should be leave out to air for few hours before putting it away. Fabric Conditioner Conditioners soften fabrics, reduce static and creasing and make ironing easier, but detergents with built –in conditioners are not as effective on stains as those without.
  21. 21. LM-Household Services Grade 9 155 Following are types of fabric with its specific care and maintenance Fabric Care and Maintenance 1. Acetate and triacetate  Made from cellulose wood extract treated with acetic acid, acetates and triacetates silky look. Do’s: Need to be dry cleaned, can be hand washed at warm 40 degree celcius or cold in the machine. Don’t: Do not use biological detergent on either and never wring out, twist, rub or spin dry. Never use pre treatment. 2. Acrylic  Washable, synthetic, wool like fabric that can be wash at a warm 40 degree celcius (105 degree farenheit). Do’s : Rinse in cold water to minimize creases Don’t: Don’t drip dry or the fabric will strech, and iron while still damp as it will become misshapen. Do not bleach too. 3. Angora  Wool made from the hair of the angora goat that sometimes blended with nylon for easier care. Do’s: Hand wash in lukewarm water with a woolens liquid soap or hair shampoo. Steam over the surface with an iron, not allowing it to touch the fabric. Don’t: Don’t wring, rub or twist the fabric while washing. 4. Brocade  Richly woven, satin like silk made on a jacquard loom. Do’s: Should be dry cleaned (traditional type) and hand wash gently (modern type). Don’t: Do not wring
  22. 22. LM-Household Services Grade 9 156 5. Broderie anglaise  Embroidered white cotton with decorative oversewn holes. Do’s: Wash it according to care wash instructions. Don’t: Do not wash with garments with zips or hooks and eyes that could get caught in the delicate holes and cause permanent damage. 6. Buckram  Heavily starched cotton Do’s: Must be dry cleaned, as it will lose it stiffness if washed. 7. Calico  Lightweight, tightly woven cotton often with tiny flowers Do’s: Wash like cotton. 8. Candlewick  A cotton or wool or synthetic mix Do’s: Wash like nylon. 9. Canvass  Tough very tightly woven fabric that is originally all cotton or linen and now with cotton / synthetic mix. Do’s : Scrub at stains with detergent and warm water. Machine wash or dry clean. 10.Challis  Very soft cotton, rayon or wool with brushed surface Do’s: Hand wash like wool.
  23. 23. LM-Household Services Grade 9 157 11.Cheesecloth  Very light cotton Do’s: Hand wash and iron while damp. Don’t: Do not wring. 12.Chiffon  Very delicate sheer silk, synthetic or silk/ synthetic mix. Do’s: Hand wash in warm water for other and iron while damp. 13.Corduroy  Tough cotton/ cotton mix Do’s: Hand or machine wash. Wash inside out to protect the pile from rubbing against other fabrics. Iron while damp on the wrong side. Don’t: Never rub the stain as it will damage. 14.Cotton  Versatile natural vegetable fibre, often mixed with other fibres. Tough, naturally absorbent and easy to clean fabric. Do’s: Machine washed at high temperatures and will take chlorine bleach (white cotton) . Wash colored and white separately. Wash colored on a cool wash Don’t: Do not use soap on flame – resistant finishes. 15.Damask  A jacquard-weave fabric that comes in linen, silk, cotton, wool or a combination. Do’s: Should be dry cleaned like silk, wool, and thicker fabrics. While thinner fabrics can be hand washed in cool water with detergent.
  24. 24. LM-Household Services Grade 9 158 16.Felt  Thick, dense fabric that is not woven but pressed by heat. Fabric made from wool. Do’s: Dry clean only. 17.Flannelette  Can be cotton or synthetic with plain or twill weave Do’s: Dry on a cool dryer setting Don’t: Allow it to dry completely in the dryer or wrinkles will set in. . 18.Gabardine  Tightly woven twill can be made from worsted wool, cotton or synthetics. Do’s: Follow care label instructions. 19.Hessian  Heavy, plain fabric usually woven from jute. Do’s: Dry clean only. 20.Jersey  Stretchy knitted fabric. It was originally made of wool, but now made of wool, cotton and synthetic fabrics. Do’s: Must be dry cleaned while synthetic will be machine washable. 21.Lace  Can be made from natural cotton, linen or synthetic fibres. Do’s: Hand wash with detergent in a water suitable for the fabric type. Don’ts: Do not wring or bleach on lace and never tumble dry.
  25. 25. LM-Household Services Grade 9 159 22.Lawn  Is a soft, limp, fine- combined cotton or cotton/ synthetic mix fabric. Do’s: Hand wash only. Iron while damp. 23.Leather  Tough, hard-wearing and versatile. Do’s: Light stains can be removed with a mild, warm solution of washing – up liquid. Don’t: Don’t use dry – cleaning spot remover on leather. 24.Linen  Strong, natural fibre that comes from the inside stem of the flax plant. It is very hard to wear and can withstand high temperature. Do’s: Should be dry cleaned. Iron while still damp. Don’t: Do not use chlorine bleach. 25.Net  Fabric made from nylon. Do’s: Hand wash with soap in warm water. 26.Nylon  Light, strong and dirt resistant needs no ironing. Practical and popular fabric. Do’s: Machine washable at 50 or 60 degree celcius. Turn nylon garments inside out before laundering to reduce pilling.
  26. 26. LM-Household Services Grade 9 160 27. Polyester  A synthetic fiber that is often blended with natural fibres for easy care. Do’s: Check the care label. Can be machine washed at 60 degree Celcius. Don’t: Washing in very hot water will cause damage. 28.Rayon  Highly absorbent fabric not as strong as wool, cotton, silk or linen. Don’t: Never use chemicals and alkaline detergents. 29. Satin  Made from silk and now with synthetic fibres. Do’s: Can be dry cleaned, hand or machine washed – but check the care label. Don’t: Never use biological detergents and never rub with wet silk. 30.Suede  Soft, brush leather. Do’s: Dry clean only. Spot clean stains with white vinegar. 31.Towelling  Cotton with a high absorbency factor Do’s: It can usually be machine washed. Wash new dark – colored towels separately for the first few times to avoid color run. Don’t: Do not use fabric conditioner as it will reduce the absorbency of the fabric.
  27. 27. LM-Household Services Grade 9 161 32.Tweed  Fabric that made from wool or synthetic materials. Do’s: Should be dry cleaned only check the label. 33.Velour  Soft, velvet like mixture of natural and synthetic fibres. Do’s: Can be machine washed at 40 – 50 degree Celcius. 34.Velvet  Comes in many densities from thick to fine textures. Do’s: Dry clean only 35.Viyella  One of the first blended fabrics ever created, manufactured blend of 80 % cotton and 20 % wool. Do’s: hand wash in warm water or machine wash on a cool minimum wash. 36.Wool  Comes in many textures and synthetic fibre blends . Highly absorbent, soft and warm and very good at repelling stains. Do’s: Machine washed at 40 degree Celcius. Check the label.
  28. 28. LM-Household Services Grade 9 162 Review of Lesson 1.2 A.LIST IT DOWN Direction. : Complete the box with the information needed. Put your answer in your notebook. Fabric Do’s Don’t 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  29. 29. LM-Household Services Grade 9 163 Learning Outcome 2: Remove stains Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the learner is expected to: 1. Enumerate different stain removal products 2. Explain the types of fabric stains 3. Demonstrate fabric stain removal technique according to prescribed procedures This lesson provides students with the opportunities and experience to apply the knowledge, skills and attitude with the competencies in checking and sorting clothes, linen and fabrics together with the various stain removal in their daily activities at home.
  30. 30. LM-Household Services Grade 9 164 Lesson 2.1 STAIN REMOVAL PRODUCTS Stain is a discoloration that can be clearly distinguished from the surface of the material. They are caused by the chemical or physical interaction of two dissimilar materials. Below are types of stain removal products with its safety guiding tips : Natural Alcohol  Is a very effective multi purpose, tough stain remover. It works as grease and tannin spot stain remover on non-washable fabrics.  It also works well on chalk, grass and ballpoint ink stains.  It can be done by diluting 1-cup alcohol in 2 cups water for use on acetates, triacetates and non-colorfast fabrics. Ammonia  Is a natural by-product of decaying animals, plants, bacteria, animal and human wastes.  Is a useful alkaline antidote to acidic vinegar, lemon and bleach stains, and also works well on tough, greasy stains.  Always wear gloves and a mask and make sure the room is well ventilated. Bicarbonate of soda  It is a cheap and very effective non – toxic abrasive stain remover that is made from soda ash.  Miracle natural stains removers with lots of uses around the home from cleaning tiles to deodorizing fridges.  Mixed with lemon juice, bicarbonate of soda makes a powerful all purpose cleaner and stain remover for sinks, baths and kitchen surfaces.
  31. 31. LM-Household Services Grade 9 165 Bread  A slice of white bread removes dirty fingermarks from walls and fresh dirt marks from non – washable fabrics.  It is also useful as an instant sponge at the dinner table.  Soak a slice of bread in soda water and place it over the stain. Cornflour  Is a natural thickening agent used in cooking, but is also a highly versatile greasy stain remover.  Both works on washable and non- washable fabrics including wool and silk.  Rub it into the stain and leave for 30 minutes and brush off. Cream of tartar  Natural by product of the wine-making process that comes from the sediment left at the bottom of the barrels after fermentation.  It makes a good, natural pre wash soak for whites like tablecloths and napkins.  Dilute 2 tablespoons cream of tartar in 1 litre warm water and soak for 30 minutes. Mix to a paste with lemon juice to make spot stain remover – leave for 30 minutes and rinse. Denture cleaning tablets  An excellent tannin stain remover for white cottons.  Dissolve as directed and apply as a spot stain remover with a soft cloth or soak for 1 hour. Eucalyptus oil  Natural antiseptic comes from eucalyptus leaves.  Remove greasy and oily stains  Apply by using a clean white cloth to tar stains after softening with glycerine.
  32. 32. LM-Household Services Grade 9 166 Milk  Enzymes in milk break down the proteins that turn it sour to cheese remarkably works on some stains.  Effective soak for ballpoint ink, red juice and newsprint stains.  Saturate the fabric and leave for 2 – 4 hours , then rinse thoroughly. Potato  Natural enzyme stain sticks.  Works as a quick spot dirt remover on non-washable fabrics.  Slice in half and rub over the dirty stain before laundering. Soap  Is a surfactant that increases the spreading and wetting properties of a liquid.  Main cleaning agent combine with water for easy removal of dirt. Soda water  Is a safe, clean way to get rid of liquid stains on clothes.  Better to work from the back of the stain  Works well on perfume stains, ointments, suntan lotion, red wine, coffee, yogurt, milk and cream. Talcum powder  Absorbing mineral useful for oil and grease stains  Rub gently into the stain and leave for 30 minutes and brush off. Lemon Juice  Natural mild bleach that works both on washable and non-washable fabrics.  Apply directly to the stain and leave it dry.  It is powerful rust remover. Wet the rust , sprinkle with salt and then with lemon juice. Leave for 1 hour and then scrub.
  33. 33. LM-Household Services Grade 9 167 Washing soda  A hydrated sodium carbonate that is an excellent substitute for chemical solvent stain removers.  Good for greasy stains such as wax, lipstick and petroleum oil.  Use as a spot stain remover by mixing to a paste with water White Vinegar  Natural mild bleach that dissolves dirt and grease and act as a water softener.  Makes an excellent bleach substitute without the noxoius chemicals or fumes.  Dilute ½ cup to 4.5 litres water as a general soaker. Chemical Amyl acetate.  Used as a solvent and flavouring agent that is good for removing glue from non-acetate fabric. Scruch up an absorbent cloth and place the front of the stain over it while you dab on the wrong side. Bleach  Contains 3 % hydrogen peroxide, all fabric bleach and chlorine bleach  3 % hydrogen peroxide, the mildest bleach and generally safe for all fabrics, then all fabric bleach is mild which is generally safe for all fabrics and colours. While chlorine bleach is the strongest bleach and should always be diluted before use.  Always wear protective gloves Colour removers  Contain sodium hydrosulphite which works as a reductive bleach to remove dyes from fabrics.  Use it on whites, or if you intend to remove all colour. Colour retainers  These contain an organic dye – fixing agent that helps to set colours on non- colourfast cottons and polyesters.  Recommended for laundering home – dyed fabrics
  34. 34. LM-Household Services Grade 9 168 Colour whitener  Sodium hydrosulphite and anhydrous sodium carbonate remove stains and whiten fabrics you cant bleach such as net curtains and white nylon bras. Detergent  Granular for washing powder and heavy duty for liquid.  Better for cold water soaks and cool washes.
  35. 35. LM-Household Services Grade 9 169 Review of Lesson 2.1 A. MATCHING TYPE Direction. Match the item in Column A with those in Column B. Put your answer on your notebook. A B _____1. Natural thickening agent used in cooking that is also highly versatile greasy stain remover. _____2. Grease absorbing mineral useful for oil and grease stains _____3. Liquid mixture of amyl acetate and nutro cellulose _____4. Effective multi- purpose tough stain remover that works well on chalk, grease and ballpoint in stains. _____5. Natural antiseptic comes from eucalyptus leaves. a. alcohol b. amyl acetate c. talcum powder d. eucalyptus oil e. cornflour f. bleach
  36. 36. LM-Household Services Grade 9 170 B. CLASS DEMONSTRATION Direction: Group the class into five. Each group is provided a natural and chemical stain remover. The group will clean the area assign to them using the supplies given to them following safety precautions and guidelines given to them. After the activity, the group will assess their performance using the scoring rubrics below. SCORING RUBRICS FOR CLASS DEMONSTRATION Criteria Percentage Proper application of the procedure in cleaning the area 50 % Proper application of the use of cleaning solutions and materials 30 % Proper cooperation and discipline of the group 20 % TOTAL 100 %
  37. 37. LM-Household Services Grade 9 171 Lesson 2.2 TYPES OF FABRIC STAINS AND ITS REMOVAL TECHNIQUE Stain removal is the process of removing a mark or spot lift by one substance on a specific surface like a fabric. The following are the list of fabric stains with their remedial technique 1. Candle wax Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: Scrape off as much wax as possible. Avoid damaging the fibers. Place clean cloth underand sponge off remaining wax withtetrachloride. Sponge off remaining stain with a solution of 1 part denatured alcohol to 2 parts water. Rinse thoroughly 2. Chewing Gum Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: Soften gum with egg white. Wash in warm suds and rinse thoroughly.You can also sponge with carbon tetrachloride. 3. Finger nail polish Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: Damped stain with carbon tetrachloride. Absorb polish with clean soft cloth. Use a bleach to remove remaining nail polish. Moisten stainwith water; sprinkle sodium perborate on stain. Let stand for 30 minutes then rinse well.You may also commercially prepared chlorine bleach on white cottons only.You can also use acetone to remove nail polish from any material ceptacetate.
  38. 38. LM-Household Services Grade 9 172 4. Grease and Oils Kinds of fabric: Silk and Wool Direction: Put the stained area of a top clean blotter or absorbent paper towels. Spread cornstarch, French chalk, or talcum over it. Put absorbent paper on the right side the garment and press with warm iron. Brush off powder. Repeat if necessary. You can also place a paste of cornstarch and carbon tetrachloride on the stain. Repeat until stain is completely removed. Kinds of fabric: Cotton, Linen and rayon Direction: For washable, you can use synthetic detergent in hot water to remove grease and oil. For ardened grease, soften with lard before laundering. For non-washable, sponge the spot with carbon Petrachloride or benzene, or use cornstarch paste. 5. Ink Kinds of fabric: Washable Fabrics Direction: Wash out ink immediately after it has been spilled with clear water. You can use soap and warm water to remove some writing inks. You can also saturate the skin with glycerine. Rub lightly and apply glycerine until all ink has been removed. Bleach to remove remaining stain. Use sodium perborate bleach or chloride bleach (only for fabrics without permanent bleach) 6. Lipstick and Blackened car grease Kinds of fabric: All Fiber Direction: For washable. Rub lard or white Vaseline or glycerine. Damp it with absorbent cloth or tissue paper. Wash in warm suds. For non-washables. Rub lard or white Vaseline into skin. Absorb it with tissue paper. Sponge spot with carbon tetrachloride. If Soak entire garment in cool water. Roll in towel to absorb excess water until just damp enough to iron.
  39. 39. LM-Household Services Grade 9 173 7. Paint and Varnish Kinds of fabric: Silk, Wool and rayon Direction: Remove paint with turpentine or benzene immediately. If paint has hardened, apply benzene or turpentine to both sides of stain of soften paint. Rub lightly. Sponge re- maining stain with carbon tetrachloride. Kinds of fabric: linen: Direction: You may use the above method on small spots. For large and splattered stains, soak washables in equal parts of turpentine and ammonia water. Follow with warm suds. 8. Rust Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: These methods are on white fabrics. For other fabrics, test for colorfastness before using.Sprinkle stain with salt, squeeze lemon juice on it and dry under the sun.Stretch stain over pan boiling water, squeeze lemon juice on it and let stand 3 to 4 minutes Rinse.Boil white cotton or linen cloth article in solution of 4 teaspoons cream of tartar and 1 pint water. Rinse in clear water. 9. Scorch Kinds of fabric: Direction: Regular washing and bleaching under the sun can remove scorch. Commercial bleaches of the right type mat be used on white and colorfast fabrics. 10.Water Spots: Kinds of fabric: Silk, Wool and Rayon Direction:spot with a soft brush. You can also scratch ring around spot with fingernail. For remaining spots, rotate that part of garment above streaming spout of tea kettle-first covering spout with cheesecloth. Press garment while still slightly damp. If badly spotted or splattered, dry-clean them.
  40. 40. LM-Household Services Grade 9 174 11.Blood Kinds of fabric: Direction: Soak the stained garment for 15 minutes in a bucket of cold water mixed with a handful of salt. Then soak in an enzyme- based detergent. Launder according to the fabric. 12.Coffee (Black or with sugar) Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: Flush with cool water, then rub stain with a paste of powdered detergent and water. Launder according to fabric. 13.Coffee with cream Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: Flush with cool water, then sponge stain with a dry- cleaning solvent. Allow to air dry, then rub the area with detergent. Launder according to fabric. 14.Dirt and Mud Kinds of fiber: All Fibers Direction: Allow mud to dry. Brush of any hard residue, then launder to remove any remaining marks. Treat persistent mud stains with denatured alcohol. 15.Fruit Juice Kinds of fabric:All Fibers Direction: Rinse immediately under cold water. Treat any remaining stain by sponging it with denatured alcohol. 16.Grass Kinds of fabric: All Fiber Direction: Soak in an enzyme-based detergent. Launder according to fabric.
  41. 41. LM-Household Services Grade 9 175 17.Perspiration Kinds of fabric: All Fibers Direction: Pre-treat heavy stains by blotting with ammonia solution (1 teaspoon ammonia to 2 cups cold water). Launder using an all-fabric bleach. 18.Sauces (Tomato Based) Kinds of Fabric: All Fibers Direction: Place the fresh stain under cold water, rubbing it between your fingers. Saturate the area with a prewash treatment. Launder according to fabric.  General Rules for a Successful Stain Removal 1. Study the fiber content and finishing used in the cloth of garment. Stain removers that work on vegetable fibers may not be effective on animal fibers. 2. Test stain remover on the hidden part of the garment like seam allowances before you apply it to the stain. This will prevent unwanted discoloration and water spots on the fabric. 3. Remember what caused the stain: grease, oil, fruit paint, etc. Folow direction given for any of these stains. If you cannot remember, wash it first with water. 4. Prepare all equipment needed and place them within the working area. Work on a clean table. You will need a pad of clean white cloth to put under the stain while you are working on it. 5. Work from the wrong side of the garment so that the stain will not be forced all the way through the fabric from the right side. 6. Use stain remover in small amounts. Repeatedly, this is better in removing stain than one single heavy dose.
  42. 42. LM-Household Services Grade 9 176 7. Work quickly and lightly in brushing motion with using white, lint- free cloth or a sponge. Avoid spots and rings by using medicine dropper when drops are called for. 8. Wash treated area thoroughly because residues left on the cloth 9. Dry the garment immediately to prevent rings.
  43. 43. LM-Household Services Grade 9 177 Review of Lesson 2.2 A. MULTIPLE CHOICE Direction. Each item indicates the treatment of different stain. Analyze each statement and encircle the letter that corresponds to your answer. 1. This type of stain is being remove by means of brushing the spot with a soft brush. You can also scratch ring around spot with fingernails. a. Water spots b. Rust c. Paint Varnish d. Grease and oils 2. Regular washing and bleaching under the sun can remove___________. a. Lipstick b. Scorch c. Chewing gum d. Candle wax 3. Apply egg white to soften gum. Wash in warm suds and rinse thoroughly. a. Rust b. Coffee c. Wine d. Chewing Gum 4. You can flush this stain with cool water, then rub it with a paste of powdered detergent and water. Launder according to fabric. a. Coffee b. Fingernail polish c. Ink d. Wine 5. Wash the stain immediately after it has been spilled with clear water. You can use soap and warm water to remove it. a. Wine b. lipstick c. Paint and Varnish d. Ink 6. Put the stained area on top of a clear blotter or absorbent paper towels. Spread cornstarch, French chalk, or talcum over it. Put absorbent paper on the right side of the garment and press with warm iron. Brush off powder. a. Candle wax b. Blood c. Grease and Oils d. Perspiration
  44. 44. LM-Household Services Grade 9 178 7. Apply turpentine or benzene immediately on the stain. If stain has hardened, apply benzene and turpentine to both side of stain to soften it. a. Paint and Varnish b. Rust c. Perspiration c. Ink 8. Pre-treat heavy stains by blotting with ammonia solution (1 teaspoon ammonia to 2 cups cold water). Launder using an all-fabric bleach. a. Perspiration b. Blackened car grease c. Scorch d. Sauces 9. Damped stain with carbon tetrachloride. Absorb polish with clean soft cloth. Use a bleach to remove remaining stain. Moisten it with water; sprinkle sodium perborate on stain. Let stand for 30 minutes then rinse well. a. Candle wax b. Chewing Gum c. Fingernail Polish d. Rust 10.Soak the stained garment for 15 minutes in a bucket of cold water mixed with a handful of salt. Then soak in an enzyme-based detergent. Launder according to the fabric. a. Sauce b. Wine c. Blood d. Fruit juice B. HANDS-ON DEMONSTRATION Direction. Form a group with at least 5 members. Each member shall perform and discuss among the other group members 2 kinds of stain removal. Attach on the box your finished product, then make your own short report describing the result on how you removed a particular stains. Your actual performance will be evaluated by the given rubrics. _________ ______ ___________ _____________________________ _________________________________
  45. 45. LM-Household Services Grade 9 179 Evaluators Signature: _________________________ Date:__________________ SCORING RUBRICS FOR HANDS – ON DEMONSTRATION Points (Rating) Criteria Score ( Excellent) 95-100 Stain removal procedure is correctly followed. The choice of stain removal materials is suited to the stain and fabric. The workmanship shows clear evidence of accepted appearance as evaluated. ( Very good) 90-95 Performance output is correct but leaves some minor details of the expected perfect appearance. (Satisfactory) 80-90 Performance output lacks particular attention on the application of procedure and choice of stain removal materials suited to the project. (Fair) 75-80 Performance output lacks manifestation of attention and effort of producing acceptable appearance of product and services in terms of workmanship in the application of stain removal and organization of the task. (Poor) 74 - below Performance output is incorrect, but shows evidence of effort to perform the activity, the students had not attended or had skipped several steps in the procedure. ( Very Poor) 0 Performance output shows an evidence of no understanding that the students simply comply with the requirement. No output was submitted to satisfy the course requirement. Score Congratulations! Thank you for passing this review. You may now proceed to the next topic
  46. 46. LM-Household Services Grade 9 180 Lesson 2.3 REPAIR OF FABRIC DAMAGES We cannot avoid the fact that damages is one of the common problems in clothes and linen especially if it is frequently used, therefore it is necessary to be equipped with knowledge and skills to treat such clothes and linen damages with or without the use of sewing machine which definitely can save money and its functionality. Below are some of the common clothes and linen damages with their procedural treatment. 1. Torn Seam Step 3. Over stitch. From the point where you finished your running stitch, insert the threaded needle into one side of the seam and directly out the other side. Then pull the cotton over the top to repeat the stitch, entering from the same side as before. Continue back along the length of the tear. This secures the running stitches and prevents the seam from fraying. Step 1. Locate the torn seam. Turn the clothing item inside out and pull gently at the seam to locate the hole. Step 2. Stitch up. Push the needle through the seam just below the tear weave it through to the other side of the seam and back again. Continue the stich along the length of the tear.
  47. 47. LM-Household Services Grade 9 181 2. Re-sewing Buttons Step 1: When sewing or re-sewing buttons, start by taking one or two small stitches at the point where you are going to sew the buttons. Step 2: Pull the thread through the fabric and through one hole of the button and place the button on top of the stitches. Step 3: Make a thread shank that will allow easy buttoning by sliding a pin or needle between the button and the thread. Sew through by pushing and pulling the needle through each set of holes at least five times or until the threads are thick enough to form a shank. Step 4: Remove the pin or needle. Pull up the button and wind the thread around threads under the button. Make several small back stitches under the button (back of the cloth) to secure the stitches. Knot and Cut excess thread. Step 4. Cast off. Tie 2 or 3 simple knots at the end of the stitches. Step 5. Turn the item back around the right way. Admire your hand work. As good as new!
  48. 48. LM-Household Services Grade 9 182 3. Shank Buttons Step 1: Start by taking two small stitches at the point where you are going to attach the button. Make about four stitches through the button shank and the fabric together. Step 2:.Finish by making few backstitches through the button to secure the stitches. Knot and cut excess thread. Rip A rip is an opening along a seam. You can easily repair it by machine or by hand. Work on the wrong side of the garment. Sew running stiches along the original stiches about an inch seamline. Make additional stiches about an inch on both sides of the opening to reinforce it and to prevent the rip from reopening. 4. Patching Patching is cutting a piece of cloth of the same material to cover a hole or a tear on garment. Step 2: With fabric inside out, put patch on the top of hole; match grain if necessary. Turn right side out, and pin patch in place. Slip-baste all around the patch. Remove pins Step 1: To make the hole easier to repair, cut around it with small scissors to make a neat square or rectangle; trim loose threads found on each corner of the hole, cut a ¼ inch notch at a 45-degree angle. Turn materials inside out. Fold square’s ¼-inch edges onto materials wrong side out, and iron flat. Measure mark, and cut out a square from a matching piece of fabric. Make sure the patch is ½-inch bigger than the hole you’re repairing. Step3: Turn shirt inside out. Fold back 1/2-inch excess of fabric so it's flush with folded edge of hole, folding corners over each other. Insert needle through folded edge of patch; stitch up through folded edge of shirt, joining the two fabrics. Continue all around square. Remove basting thread.
  49. 49. LM-Household Services Grade 9 183 5. Darning Darning is repairing a hole by weaving in new threads. It is usually done on sock heels or sweater elbows of cotton and wool fabrics. The darning treads should be of the same material as the fabric of the garment. The thread should also be of the same thickness of the garment thread. Step 4: Use a cross-stitch to finish edges of patch inside shirt. Cut off tips of patch's corners at 45-degree angles. Fold back each edge 1/4-inch. Cross-stitch the edges to the shirt, picking up only one or two threads with each stitch. Once the hole has been patched, iron patch in place before turning shirt right side out. Iron patch in place again if necessary. Step 1: Make stiches that are closed and parallel with one another across the hole, creating a thread “ladder”. Make the stiches close to one another as in the stitches of the original fabric . Step 2: Weave across, also weave back and forth passing over and under the thread as you keep the stiches loose but tight enough to cover the hole completely. Secure the thread end by slipping the needle on the wrong side and by making several back stitches. Knot and cut excess thread.
  50. 50. LM-Household Services Grade 9 184 Review of Lesson 2.3 A. IDENTIFICATION Direction. Identify the following statement. Choose the correct words from the box below. Write your answer on the space provided. _____1. It is an opening along a seam which you can repair easily by the use of machine or hand. You usually work on the wrong side of the garment. _____2. It is a hole by weaving in new threads. It is usually done on sock heels or sweater elbows of cotton and wool fabrics. _____3. It is cutting a piece of cloth of the same material to cover a hole or tear on a garment. It is done initially on the wrong side of the garment. _____4. These are the basic stitching lines where parts are joined together. This where the seam are not stitched correctly. _____5. These is an opening of a garment sometimes accidentally detached from the garments. Usually comes in a round shape and can be found in front of the blouse or polo. Rip Patching Darning Re-sewing of Buttons Torn Seam
  51. 51. LM-Household Services Grade 9 185 B. CLASS DEMONSTRATION Direction. Using the clothes and linen you have, inspect what are the defects then apply proper mending procedure suited to the defects. Attach on the box your finished products. Your actual performance will be evaluated by the given Scoring Rubrics. Torn Re-sewing Button Patching Darning
  52. 52. LM-Household Services Grade 9 186 Evaluators Signature:______________________________ Date:_____________ SCORING RUBRICS FOR CLASS DEMONSTRATION Points (Rating) Criteria Score ( Excellent) 95-100 Mending procedure is strictly followed. The workmanship shows clear evidence of accepted appearance as evaluated. ( Very good) 90-95 Mending procedure is correctly followed but leaves some minor details of the expected perfect appearance. (Satisfactory) 80-90 Performance output lacks particular attention on the application of procedure and choice of materials suited to the project. (Fair) 75-80 Performance output lacks manifestation of attention and effort of producing acceptable appearance of product and services in terms of workmanship in the application of art , rhythm and proportion of shape are observed and organization of the task. (Poor) 74 - below Performance output is incorrect, but shows evidence of effort to perform the activity; the students had not attended or had skipped several steps in the procedure. ( Very Poor) 0 Performance output shows an evidence of no understanding that the students simply comply with the requirement. No output was submitted to satisfy the course requirement. Score Congratulations! Thank you for passing this Lesson. You may now proceed to the next topic.
  53. 53. LM-Household Services Grade 9 187 Learning Outcome 3: Prepare washing of fabric supplies and equipment Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the learner is expected to: 1. Check and prepare laundry supplies and equipment according to standard operating procedures 2. Demonstrate washing in accordance with standard operating procedures. This lesson provides students with the opportunities and experience to apply the knowledge, skills and attitude with the competencies in checking and sorting clothes, linen and fabrics together with the proper selection of laundry supplies and equipment in their daily activities at home. Lesson 3.1 LAUNDRY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT These are primarily use to remove soil. There are different kinds of detergents from mild to heavy-duty depending on the kinds of linen and fabrics you are about to wash. Therefore, one must be knowledgeable in choosing the detergent so as not to damage the clothes and fabrics. Synthetic detergent contain surfactants which increase the water’s wetting ability, loosen and remove soil and suspend it in the washing solution. They are heavy-duty also contain one or more “builders”. These are used to increase the cleaning capacity of
  54. 54. LM-Household Services Grade 9 188 surfactants. Some synthetic detergent contain whitening agents, color safe bleach, enzymes and borax. These are all used to increase the basic cleaning power of the detergent. Some detergents also contains fabric softeners, which eliminates the need to add fabric softeners in the wash water. Heavy-duty detergents are used for very dirty clothes and linen and can be used for all fabrics that are washable. Light-duty detergents, on the other hand, are used for laundering delicate fabrics and baby clothes. Ultra detergents are compact and highly concentrated. They are the latest development in laundry products. They are available in both granular and liquid form. They should be used in small amounts. The more common detergent forms in the market are powder, granular, and bar. Bleaches These are very powerful chemicals. Avoid using them directly on the fabric. Use them only on white and colorfast fabrics. There are two kinds of bleach:  Chlorine – it is strong, fast acting and very effective for cotton, linen, and synthetic fabrics. Use it sparingly and properly because it weakens the fiber and causes integration or produces holes. Read accompanying instructions before use.  All- fabric/oxygen – This kind of bleach is milder than chlorine bleach It is used for delicate fabrics that require extra care. It acts on stain much slower and less effective than chlorine bleach. It comes in dry and liquid forms and it can be used in most washable silks and wools. Use liquid oxygen bleach to treat stains. Add it to the wash water together with the detergent, before clothes are immersed. Some garment manufactures indicate a “no bleach” sign on the garment and must be strictly followed.
  55. 55. LM-Household Services Grade 9 189 SoapSoap is milder than detergents because they are made of mild and natural materials. They are very good for baby’s clothes and other delicate garments. Do’s on Bleaching Dont’s on Bleaching 1. Wear rubber gloves when hand washing with bleach. 2. Read accompanying instructions and labels before use. 3. Test bleach before use. Follow the procedure given below. Chlorine bleach: Mix 1 tbsp. bleach with ¼ cup cold water. Place a drop of a hidden area. Let stand for 1 minute. Blot with towel or cotton ball to check if there is any change in color. All-fabric oxygen bleach: Mix 1 tbsp. bleach with 1-cup hot water. Place a drop on a hidden area. Let stand for few minutes. Blot and natural with towel or cotton ball to check if there is any change in color. 4. Rinse out the bleach thoroughly . 5. Keep bleach away from children. 1. Do not let chlorine bleach come in direct contact with fabrics. 2. Do not put all-fabrics/oxygen bleach directly on wet fabrics without first testing the color fastness. 3. Do not use chlorine bleach if your household water supply has high iron content. The bleach can draw out the iron and deposit it on the garment as spots. 4. Do not mix bleach and ammonia. The combination can create toxic fumes. 5. Do not use more than the recommended amount on the package or label. Strictly follow accompanying instructions. 6. Rinse out the bleach thoroughly. 7. Keep bleach away from children.
  56. 56. LM-Household Services Grade 9 190 Laundry Tools and Equipment Washing machine A washing machine is a machine use to wash laundry, such as clothing and linens. The term is mostly applied only to machines that use water as opposed to dry cleaning. Washing entails immersing, dipping, rubbing, or scrubbing in water usually accompanied by detergents, or bleach. The simplest machines may simply agitate clothes in water while switched on; automatic machines may fill, empty, wash, spin, and heat a cycle. Basin An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids while washing clothes and linens. Water A liquid used for washing clothes and linens. It is also known as the universal solvent. Washboard A washboard is a tool designed for hand washing clothing.
  57. 57. LM-Household Services Grade 9 191 Brush Brush for removing dust and dirt from clothes Laundry Working Habits Better result of laundry is determined by good working habits, it will also save time, money and energy, while poor working habits tend to waste resources and time. Therefore, it is necessary to practice good working habits to be successful in washing clothes, linens and fabrics. 1. Provide yourself with the enough space for washing. 2. Provide yourself with complete tools and equipment for washing. 3. Always work in a well-lighted place 4. Always use basin while rinsing to save water consumption. 5. Strictly follow laundry procedure.
  58. 58. LM-Household Services Grade 9 192 Review of lesson 3.1 A. PICTURE GALLERY Direction. Name the following pictures and give their uses Name Uses ___________________ ___________________ __________________ __________________ ________________ __________________ ________________ __________________ ___________________ ___________________ Congratulations! Thank you for passing this self-check. You may now proceed to the next topic
  59. 59. LM-Household Services Grade 9 193 Lesson 3.2 WASHING OF FABRIC By this time, you already have background knowledge to the kinds of fabrics your garments are made of and the care you should give attention to. You are also familiar with the different stains, defects and its remedies. You are now ready to wash your clothes! Here are the steps. Step 1: Collect all your soiled items such as clothes and linens. Step 2: Sort clothes and linen and create piles of items based on color and fabric type. In sorting always remember to make these important checks before every wash:  Empty out pockets. One tissue can leave fluff on an entire wash load.  Do up zips. Left undone, they may snag other clothes.  Take out items that need sewing attention. A small rip is likely to become larger through washing and a small, loose button could disappear.  Turn T- shirts with a pattern inside out.  Put small delicate items, such as sheer tights (nylons), into a mesh wash bag to protect them from snagging.  Load the drum (basket) loosely, alternating big and small items.  Follow instructions for the most delicate part of an item with two or more materials. It may make
  60. 60. LM-Household Services Grade 9 194 sense to separate the two materials. For example, you may want to detach a delicate lining from strong but dirty curtains or remove a non washable ribbon from child’s outfit.  Be on the lookout for stains. Some may need pre- treating. This is especially important for blood emulsion (latex) paint, ink, rust, and grass which becomes harder to shift if it sits in hot water.  Separate light colored clothes from dark ones. All white fabric should go together; light colored fabric can join the pile. To avoid “painting” your light clothes, separate your dirty laundry into white or light (pale pastel shades) clothing and dark clothing.  Separate laundry by fabric or texture. Heavy fabrics like denim jeans and towels require a different washing –machine cycle than delicate items (like bras and lingerie) or medium-weight ones like sheets. Women’s lingerie, like bras, can be damaged in machines. These items should be done apart using the delicate cycle, though if you don’t have the time to do an extra load, you can put them in a special mesh bag that will protect them if you throw them in the regular wash. Step 3: Read the care label on clothing before washing Some clothing can only be dry cleaned while other clothing, like that made of wool, needs to be hand washed with a special soap and dried by placing over a towel or rack. Step 4: Choose the right setting Washing machines have settings for water temperature. Use hot water for light –colored items that are especially dirty or smelly. Use cold water for dark clothes (especially new ones) whose colors are more likely to bleed. Cotton items also require cold water to avoid shrinkage.
  61. 61. LM-Household Services Grade 9 195 You’ll also see settings for load size, usually small, medium or large. If your dirty laundry fills the machine to one third , then select small ; half way full is medium; and three quarters full is large. Never stuff the machine, because you need room for the water. Step 5: Figure out laundry detergent, bleach, fabric softener to be used When you’re ready to wash your (separated) clothes, don’t just shove them into the machine, dump in some detergent and turn on the machine. There’s a process: First, fill your washing machine with water to about one- third full, and then add the bleach if you’re using it. Next, add the detergent, swish it around in the water to make sure it’s dissolved, and then add your clothes.  Detergent How much laundry detergent you need will depend on the size of your load. Always read the instructions on the laundry detergent container so that you know how much to put in. Some detergents are more concentrated so require less detergent.  To bleach or not? If you have clothes that are especially dirty or if you like your whites to be as white as possible, you can add bleach. But be careful –all bleaches aren’t made the same, so be sure to read the product labels carefully. Chlorine bleach – is great for making white clothes whiter, especially cotton and linen. Never use chlorine – based bleaches on colored fabric, because it’ll take the color right out. All fabric bleach – is made just for colors and chlorine –sensitive fabrics. -If you’re washing machine doesn’t have a bleach dispenser, then always dilute the bleach with water before it touches your clothes.
  62. 62. LM-Household Services Grade 9 196 - The “hardness” of your water can affect how bleach works, so test it on some clothes you don’t care about it.  Using fabric softener If you like your towels to be soft and fluffy, add liquid fabric softener to the rinse cycle. (Many washing machines have special dispenser for liquid fabric softener. You fill this dispenser at the beginning of the wash cycle, and the machine automatically releases it at the proper time.) Step 6: Put the dirty items in machine. Don’t overload the machine. If you pack it too tightly, there’s less room for the machine to agitate the dirt out of your washing. The best way to get a correct load is to weight it to fit in with your machine capacity. As a very rough guide, if you have more than 15 items, you’ve put in too much. Steps in washing clothes, linens, and Fabrics (hand washing procedure) Step 1. Collect all your soiled clothes and linens from the rooms, or wherever you keep them. Keep in mind to look under your bed. Make sure you find everything. Step 2. Sort clothes and linens into piles. There are two important consideration here: What kind of fabric is it (as in sheets, towels, bathrobes, napkin, and rags) and what color.
  63. 63. LM-Household Services Grade 9 197 a. All whites should go with only whites ( or very light colors if the item has been washed many times); b. Then put all the reds, pinks, and oranges in separate pile ( Never keep this close to the white pile as you will be wearing pink shirts for a long time); c. Then, depending on how much more you have left, put the other colors together, possibly into a lighther (e.g. grays, yellows, light blues) and darker pile (blacks, dark blues, brown, green, purples). Step 3. Washing time: - Fill your basin with water. - Add ¼ cup of detergent to the water and mix it around. Soak clothes and linens inthe water for a while if there are any stains. This will minimize your work for washing. Start washing clothes after the other. Knead the clothes and linen in the water and twist them. Step 4. Rinse each clothing and linen until the detergent is gone. You may also use fabric softener.
  64. 64. LM-Household Services Grade 9 198 Step 5.Hang your clothes and linens and let it dry. a. Identify clothes that can be hung on the clothes line or hunger. b. Pin up the clothes (use a plastic clothes hanger to dry delicate fabrics.) c. Fold the clothes as you take them of the clothes line. Remember: You may also use drying machine as alternative especially during rainy season. Use dying machine in accordance with standard drying procedure. Remember: Washing with the use of washing machine – performs washing in accordance with standard washing procedures.
  65. 65. LM-Household Services Grade 9 199 SERVICE PLAN Planning is very important in every activity because this give direction to achieve goal. Below is the typical format and content of project plan. Each component has its description. However, your teacher will elaborate and supply other information for you to understand it better. Happy planning! Activity No. ________________ Total Hours Spent: ___________ Time started:_____________ Time Finish: _______________ II. Objectives: (This state the clear goal of the service. This should be discuss by the student and the teacher It should focus on the three domains of learning: cognitive, psychomotor, and affective. It includes the principles, skills, and values that should be learned as the service is completed.) III. Material, Supplies and Equipment: (Enumerate the tools, materials and equipment you will be using.) IV. Procedure: (Write down the step by step procedure in making your product/article. Make sure to sequence it in order) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. V. Remarks: (Leave this blank. Your teacher will be the one to give the remarks. You will find in this section the things to be improved in your product based on the evaluation) I. Name of Service: (State the kind of service in a manner that it would give clear description of service)
  66. 66. LM-Household Services Grade 9 200 Review of Lesson 3.2 A. SEQUENCING Direction: Rewrite the laundry procedure in chronological order inside the shirt. 1. Hang your clothes and linens and let it dry. 2. Sort clothes and linens into piles. 3. Rinse each clothing and linen 4. Collect all your soiled clothes and linens from the rooms. 5. Washing time c 21 3 4 5
  67. 67. LM-Household Services Grade 9 201 A. OBSERVATION Direction. With your classmate form a group of 3 members. Visit a laundry shop and observe how they perform laundry. Prepare questions regarding laundry procedure, stain removal method. B. ACTUAL DEMONSTRATION Direction. With your classmate form a group consist of 3 members. Perform laundry at home, with documentation, after which make a photo folio per group be sure to have captions describing each picture. Name:_______________________________________Date:_____________ SERVICE PLAN Direction: Based on the discussion, perform the laundry procedure. But you have to accomplish first the form below by giving the information being ask. As you launder, make sure to follow what you have written in this form because it will be the basis of you performance evaluation. You may also refer to the given rubrics. Activity No. ________________ Total Hours Spent: ___________ Time started:_____________ Time Finish: _______________ I. Name of Service:___________________________________________ II. Objectives:____________________________________________ ____ III. Material, Supplies and Equipment: 1. ____________________ 6. ____________________ 2. ____________________ 7. ____________________ 3. ____________________ 8. ____________________ 4. ____________________ 9. ____________________ 5. ____________________ 10.____________________
  68. 68. LM-Household Services Grade 9 202 IV. Procedure: V. Remarks________________________________________________
  69. 69. LM-Household Services Grade 9 203 You did it! You successfully demonstrated tasks and responsibilities prepared for you in the previous sessions. It’s time for you to answer Post Assessment that will evaluate you further. Let’s begin! SCORING RUBRICS FOR ACTUAL DEMONSTRATION 30% Highly Skilled (30-29) Skilled (28-27) Moderately Skilled (26-25) Unskilled (24-23) No attempt (22-21) Proper and effective use of tools, equipment, and materials Appropriate and effective selection, preparation and use of materials and tools /equipment all the time. Appropriate and effective selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment most of the time. Appropriate and effective selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/equipment some of the time. Never selects, prepares and use appropriate materials and tools/ equipment No attempt to use tools/ equipment to task given 30% (30-29) (28-27) (26-25) (24-23) (22-21) Work Application Procedure Systematic application of all work procedure all the time even without proper supervision Systematic application of work procedure most of the time with minimum supervision Systematic application of work procedure some of the time with constant supervision Never follows systematic application of procedure and highly development on supervision No attempt to apply procedure to the task given 25% (25-24) (23-22) (21-20) (19-18) (17-16) Safety and security work habits Highly self- motivated and observes all safety and security precautions all the time Self- motivated and observes most safety and security precautions most of the time in work Self- motivated and observes sometimes some of the safety and security precautions in work Needs to be motivated and does not observe safety and security precaution in work Not motivated and totally disregards safety and security precautions in work 15% (15-14) (13-12) (11-10) (9-8) (7-6) Speed/Time Finished the work ahead of time Finished the work on time Finished the work close to given time Finished the work beyond the given time. No work at all TOTAL
  70. 70. LM-Household Services Grade 9 204 Post Test A. MULTIPLE CHOICE Direction. Read the statement carefully and write the letter that best describes the statement. Put your answer in your answer sheet. 1. It is one of the most heavy-duty cottons. Great for work clothes, jeans and jackets. a. Denim b. Acetate c. Silk d. Satin 2. It is tightly woven heavy-duty cotton used for crafts and home decorating. a. Cotton pique b. Chiffon c. Wool d. Canvas 3. It is thick, absorbent cotton used for robes, towels, beachwear and home decorating. a. Chintz b. Corduroy c. Terrycloth d. Linen 4. It is a natural fiber that comes from the seedpod of the cotton plant. a. Rayon b. Polyester c. Acrylic d. Cotton 5. The washing process makes this silk creamy and soft. It is a great travel fabric. a. Chintz b. Washed Silk c. Rayon d. Cotton 6. It was first developed as a substitute for imported silk with exceptional strength and excellent elasticity a. Polyester b. Wool c. Silk d. Nylon 7. It is the foundation garments for swimwear which is highly stretchable and recovery rate is high. a. Rubber b. Acetate c. Polyester d. Denim 8. It is a lightweight 100-percent cotton that makes fantastic menswear shirts, pajamas and boxers. a. Broadcloth b. Chintz c. Cotton Shirting d. Pique 9. It is collected from the cocoon of silk worm. This is a strong and luxurious fabric which is moderately resilient and resists wrinkling. a. Linen b. Flannel c. Silk d. Satin
  71. 71. LM-Household Services Grade 9 205 10.It is a type of wool that has a distinctive sweater-like nubby surface created with little loops. Perfect for soft shaping in coats and jackets a. Challis b. Boucle c. Crepe d. Melton A. Matching Type Direction: Match Column A with those in Column B. Write your answer in your notebook. Column A Column B Fabric Care Guides Types of Fiber/Fabric a. Cotton b. Silk c. Wool d. Flannel e. Corduroy f. Linen g. Velvet h. Damask i. Velvet j. Satin 1. Hand wash cotton, fabric linen, silk, wool, lightweight and all heavier weight fabris. Dry-clean silk wool and all weight fabrics. 2. Turn inside out and use warm water. Dry at normal setting. 3. Hand wash sweater and other knits in cold water with cold detergent. 4. Dry clean silk and nylon and polyester acetate. Wash cotton, nylon and polyester satins following fiber guidelines. 5. May be machine-washed. Dry, at low setting. Wool should be dry-cleaned. 6. Hand wash or Dry clean. 7. Hand-wash plain-silkworm, in various weights and textures. Thin, lightweight kinds in lukewarm water with mild soap or detergent or in cold water detergent. Do not use chlorine bleach. 8. Hand wash lightweight fabrics and hang to air-dry. Machine-wash light-colored and white memdium and heavy weight cottons with warm water. Use cold water for bright colors that may bleed. Dry at low setting. Remove from dryer while still damp. Iron damp clothes with hot iron. 9. Hand wash 10. Dry clean
  72. 72. LM-Household Services Grade 9 206 B. IDENTIFICATION Direction. Identify the following statement through arranging the jumbled letters. Write your answer on the space provided after the statement. NDALEC AXW 1. This stain will be removed by scraping wax as much as possible without damaging the fabric.______________ NTPAI NAD SHAIRV 2. Remove this stain with turpentine or benzene immediately. If stain has hardened, apply benzene or turpentine to both side._______________. GRSEEA DAN SLOI 3. Put the stained area of the top clean blotter or absorbent paper towels. Spread cornstarch, French chalk, or talcum over it. GRSSA 4. Soak in an enzyme-based detergent. Launder according to fabric. PRSPRTNEIAO 5. Pre-treat heavy stain by blotting with ammonia solution (1 tsp. ammonia to 2 cups cold water). CSHMRAEE 6. This is a fiber obtained from goat. CHFFNIO 7. This is a fabric made from cotton, silk or synthetic fibers. DNMIE 8. This is a fabric that strong, durable fabric constructed in a twill weave with indigo and white yarns. PLYSTROEE 9. This fabric is strong to stretching and shrinking. Resistant to most chemicals, Quick drying, Crisp and resilient when wet or dry. FLNNLAE 10. This kind of fabric generally 100% cotton but may also be made of wool. It may be a twill or plain weave. Congratulations! You’ve made it….keep it up..!
  73. 73. LM-Household Services Grade 9 207 Pre – test A. WORD HUNT Direction: The puzzle below contains the names of the different bathroom supplies, equipment used in ironing etc. Look for the word. Encircle the words, this may be arranged vertically or horizontally. (10 points) S R Y J K S L X X P C B V N R F L A T I O N A G L H M S A F Z X Q H G J N L O S C S P R A Y E R V C T B U P W F G Y T H U I S D S X S G A G P P Q W D T R C B V E X L T S O G H A N G E R Y O F I F D L H T R U W Q D T U D N D X O J Y E S D A G R G R E I R O N B O A R D J W L Y N A. SEQUENCING Direction. Arrange the steps in ironing in chronological order. Write numbers A-H before the number. __________ 1. Set up the ironing area. Use a sturdy table or ironing board. __________ 2. Check if the clothing can be iron. Look at the tags if they provide ironing instructions. If they don’t tell you what setting to put your iron, then look at indicator what material the fabric is made of; some irons have setting based on type material. __________ 3. Set the iron on the appropriate setting and let it heat up. __________ 4. Hang the clothing on a hanger immediately to prevent re- wrinkling. __________ 5. Begin ironing by laying your garment on the board. Make sure there are no wrinkles. __________ 6. Begin ironing. Do not let the iron sit still on the garment. __________ 7. Fill the iron’s water reservoir, if it has one. Make sure that you use filter water to avoid calcium build-up in your iron, which could end up clogging the iron’s steam spouts. __________ 8. Turn the clothing over and iron the other side.
  74. 74. LM-Household Services Grade 9 208 B. TRUE OR FALSE Direction. Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false. ________1. It is necessary to provide yourself with enough space for ironing. ________ 2. You can start ironing even the clothes is still damped. ________ 3. Pressing is just the same with ironing. ________ 4. There is no prescribed place for ironing clothes. ________ 5. Iron has its prescribed heat setting for a particular type of fabric. ________ 6. It is necessary hang immediately the fabric after ironing. ________ 7. Each clothes has its proper way of ironing. ________ 8. Be sure to have a well- lighted place of ironing. ________9. You can use sprayer to damped clothes before ironing to save time. ________10. It is necessary to follow strictly the procedure ironing a particular clothes enable to save the consumption of electricity.
  75. 75. LM-Household Services Grade 9 209 QUARTER IV Ironing Clothes and Linens Learning Outcome 4: Iron clothes and linens Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the learner is expected to: 1. Ironing tools, supplies and equipment 2. Ironing methods and techniques 3. Sorting of clothes This lesson provides students with the opportunities and experience to apply the knowledge, skills and attitude with the competencies ironing clothes, linens and fabrics in their daily activities at home.
  76. 76. LM-Household Services Grade 9 210 Lesson 4.1 IRONING TOOLS, SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT FOR CLOTHES AND LINENS Good and proper supplies, materials and equipment in ironing is important because we know that this makes our work easier. This lesson will discuss the supplies, materials and equipment in ironing. Ironing board- A long, narrow padded board, often with collapsible supporting legs, used as a working surface for ironing. Flat Iron - Home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth. Sprayer - A fine jet of liquid discharged from a pressurized container. To damp clothes. Clothes hanger- is a device in the shape of human shoulders designed to facilitate the hanging of a coat, jacket, sweater, shirt, blouse or dress in a manner that prevents wrinkles, with a lower bar for the hanging of trousers or skirts.
  77. 77. LM-Household Services Grade 9 211 Ironing Work Habits Better result of ironing is determined by good working habits, it will also save time, money and energy while poor working habits tend to waste resources and time. Therefore, it is necessary to practice good working habits to be successful in ironing clothes, linens and fabrics. 1. Provide yourself with the enough space for ironing. 2. Provide yourself with complete tools and equipment for ironing. 3. Always work in a well-lighted place 4. Damped crease clothes before setting your iron. 5. Strictly follow ironing procedure.
  78. 78. LM-Household Services Grade 9 212 Review of Lesson 4.1 A. IDENTIFICATION Direction. Identify the word/s that is being asked. Write your answer in your notebook. _______1. Device that is designed to facilitate the hanging of a coat, jacket, sweater shirt , blouse and dress to prevents from wrinkles. _______2. Long, narrow padded board, often with collapsible supporting legs that is used as a working surface ironing. . _______3. Fine jet of liquid discharged from a pressurized container to damp clothes _______4. Home appliance consisting of flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth the cloth.
  79. 79. LM-Household Services Grade 9 213 Lesson 4.2 IRONING METHODS AND TECHNIQUES Good personality is determined in our physical appearance on how you present yourselves in front of others. It includes your choice of fabric. The same way on how you present your home to others. Using clean and well-ironed linens can add beauty and good aura in our home that’s why we should know how to take good care of our clothes and part of it is ironing. It is good that in this early stage you will learn and experience how to iron clothes correctly. Proper ironing give a lot of benefits, this could save money, time and effort. This lesson will provide you knowledge and skills in ironing clothes, linen and fabrics. General Procedure of Ironing Step 1. Check if the clothing can be iron. Look at the tags if they provide ironing instructions. If they don’t tell you what setting to put your iron, look at indicators that tell what material the fabric is made of; some irons have setting based on type of material. Step 2. Set up the ironing area. Use a sturdy table or ironing board. Step 3. Fill the iron’s water reservoir, if it has one. Make sure that you use filter water to avoid calcium build-up in your iron, which could end up clogging the iron’s steam spouts. Step 4. Set the iron on the appropriate setting and let it heat up. Step 5. Begin ironing by laying your garment on the board. Make sure there are no wrinkles. Step 6. Begin ironing. Do not let the iron sit still on the garment. Step 7. Turn the clothing over and iron the other side. Step 8. Hang the clothing on a hanger immediately to prevent re- wrinkling.
  80. 80. LM-Household Services Grade 9 214 Do you know that ironing is different from pressing? To iron is you generally go over the entire garment with long, smooth stokes, while pressing involves lifting and lowering motions just where there are wrinkles. So, it’s important to know the specific procedures on ironing different clothes. Specific Procedure of Ironing Shirt/Polo Step 1 Unbutton the shirt all the way; don't forget the sleeves and collar. Step 2 Lay the shirt flat on the ironing board. Step 3 Start by ironing the back of the shirt; lay it "face down". Step 4 Move the iron up and down, working your way along the shirt. Don't keep the surface of the iron on the fabric for more than a few seconds, or else your shirt will burn. Step 5 Once you're done ironing the back, work your way along each side of the article, by gradually rotating the shirt to each side of the ironing board. Step 6 Now on to the sleeves. Lay the shirt on the ironing board so that the sleeve you are ironing is parallel to the ironing board. Reminder: If you are ironing more than one item. Begin with one that uses the lowest setting on the iron.
  81. 81. LM-Household Services Grade 9 215 Tip. Iron lightly over the pockets to avoid creating creases with their outline. Tip. Hang pants right away- and don’t forget to unplug your iron. Step 7 Press the back and front of each sleeve, and make sure to maintain the shirt's creases. Don't forget to iron the opened cuff of each sleeve. Step 8 Last but not least, iron both sides of the shirt collar, then iron the folded collar to maintain its creases. Pants Step 1 Iron pockets. Turn pants inside out. Iron pockets first, laying the flag against the board. Step 2 Iron the fly of the pants, then the seam and hem of the first leg. Go back and forth for a nice, flat finish. Repeat on opposite leg. Then turn the pants right-side out. Step 3 Iron the waistband. Slip the waistband around the board’s narrow end, with the fly facing the floor. Iron waistband, rotating pants around the board as you go. Step 4 Iron legs. Fold the pants lengthwise to line up the legs, then lay pants on the board. Flip one leg up to iron the inside of the bottom leg, working in sections all the way to the crotch. Then flip pants over to iron the outside of that leg. Repeat this step on the other pant leg. Step 5 Set creases with steam. To create a front crease on your legs, align inseam and lay pants on board. Iron directly over the edges of the legs or give pants a burst of steam along the edge while holding the iron a few inches above the fabric. Tip. To avoid a side crease, iron just out to (but not directly over) the edge of the leg. When you’re done with the shirt, hang it up on hanger, where it’ll be ready until the next time you wear it again
  82. 82. LM-Household Services Grade 9 216 Review of Lesson 4.2 A. SEQUENCING Direction. Rewrite the Ironing general procedure in chronological order inside the box. 1. Hang the clothing on a hanger immediately to prevent re-wrinkling 2. Set up the ironing area. 3. Set the iron on the appropriate setting and let it heat up. 4. Turn the clothing over and iron the other side. 5. Fill the iron’s water reservoir 6. Begin ironing by laying your garment on the board. 7. Check care label if the clothing can be iron. A. QUICK REPORT 1 3 2 4 5 6 7
  83. 83. LM-Household Services Grade 9 217 B. QUICK REPORT Direction: Observe you mother while ironing your clothes. Make a short report; compare ways on how she perform ironing in different clothes. B. ACTUAL DEMONSTRATION Direction. With your classmate form a group consist of 3 members. Perform ironing at home, with documentation, after which make a photo folio per group be sure to have captions describing each picture. a. Polo/blouse b. Pants c. Linen C. OBSERVATION Direction. With your classmate form a group of 3 members. Visit a laundry shop and observe how they perform Ironing. Prepare questions regarding ironing procedure: a. Polo/blouse b. Pants c. Linen
  84. 84. LM-Household Services Grade 9 218 Name:_______________________________________Date:_______________ SERVICE PLAN Direction. Based on the discussion, perform the ironing procedure. But you have to accomplish first the form below by giving the information being ask. As you iron, make sure to follow what you have written in this form because it will be the basis of you performance evaluation. You may also refer to the given rubrics. Activity No. 1 (Blouse/Polo) Total Hours Spent: ___________ Time started:_____________ Time Finish: _______________ I. Name of Service:__________________________________________ II. Objectives:_______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ III. Material, Supplies and Equipment: 1. ____________________ 6. ____________________ 2. ____________________ 7. ____________________ 3. ____________________ 8. ____________________ 4. ____________________ 9. ____________________ 5. ____________________ 10.____________________ IV. Procedure: V. Remarks______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________
  85. 85. LM-Household Services Grade 9 219 Name:_______________________________________Date:_____________ __ SERVICE PLAN Direction. Based on the discussion, perform the ironing procedure. But you have to accomplish first the form below by giving the information being ask. As you launder, make sure to follow what you have written in this form because it will be the basis of you performance evaluation. You may also refer to the rubrics on long with the rubrics as given. Activity No. 2 (Pants) Total Hours Spent: ___________ Time started:_____________ Time Finish: ________________ I. Name of Service:_________________________________________ II. Objectives:____________________________________________ _____ _____________________________________________________ ___ III. Material, Supplies and Equipment: 1. ____________________ 6. ____________________ 2. ____________________ 7. ____________________ 3. ____________________ 8. ____________________ 4. ____________________ 9. ____________________ 5. ____________________ 10.____________________ IV. Procedure:
  86. 86. LM-Household Services Grade 9 220 VI. Remarks______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ SCORING RUBRICS FOR IRONING POLO AND PANTS 30% Highly Skilled (30-29) Skilled (28-27) Moderately Skilled (26-25) Unskilled (24-23) No attempt (22-21) Proper and effective use of tools, equipment, and materials Appropriate and effective selection, preparation and use of materials and tools /equipment all the time. Appropriate and effective selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/ equipment most of the time. Appropriate and effective selection, preparation and use of materials and tools/equipment some of the time. Never selects, prepares and use appropriate materials and tools/ equipment No attempt to use tools/ equipment to task given 30% (30-29) (28-27) (26-25) (24-23) (22-21) Work Application Procedure Systematic application of all work procedure all the time even without proper supervision Systematic application of work procedure most of the time with minimum supervision Systematic application of work procedure some of the time with constant supervision Never follows systematic application of procedure and highly development on supervision No attempt to apply procedure to the task given 25% (25-24) (23-22) (21-20) (19-18) (17-16)
  87. 87. LM-Household Services Grade 9 221 Safety and security work habits Highly self- motivated and observes all safety and security precautions all the time Self- motivated and observes most safety and security precautions most of the time in work Self- motivated and observes sometimes some of the safety and security precautions in work Needs to be motivated and does not observe safety and security precaution in work Not motivated and totally disregards safety and security precautions in work 15% (15-14) (13-12) (11-10) (9-8) (7-6) Speed/Time Finished the work ahead of time Finished the work on time Finished the work close to given time Finished the work beyond the given time. No work at all TOTAL
  88. 88. LM-Household Services Grade 9 222 Post Test A. WORD HUNT Direction. The puzzle below contains the names of the different supplies, equipment used in ironing etc. Look for the word. Encircle the words, this may be arranged vertically or horizontally. (10 pts.) S R Y J K S L X X P C B V N R F L A T I O N A G L H M S A F Z X Q H G J N L O S C S P R A Y E R V C T B U P W F G Y T H U I S D S X S G A G P P Q W D T R C B V E X L T S O G H A N G E R Y O F I F D L H T R U W Q D T U D N D X O J Y E S D A G R G R E I R O N B O A R D J W L Y N A.SEQUENCING Direction. Arrange the steps in ironing in chronological order. Write numbers A-H before the number. __________ 1. Set up the ironing area. Use a sturdy table or ironing board. __________ 2. Check if the clothing can be iron. Look at the tags if they provide ironing instructions. If they don’t tell you what setting to put your iron, then look at indicator what material the fabric is made of; some irons have setting based on the type of material. __________ 3. Set the iron on the appropriate setting and let it heat up. __________ 4. Hang the clothing on a hanger immediately to prevent re- wrinkling. __________ 5. Begin ironing by laying your garment on the board. Make sure there are no wrinkles.
  89. 89. LM-Household Services Grade 9 223 __________ 6. Begin ironing. Do not let the iron sit still on the garment. __________ 7. Fill the iron’s water reservoir, if it has one. Make sure that you use filter water to avoid calcium build-up in your iron, which could end up clogging the iron’s steam spouts. __________ 8. Turn the clothing over and iron the other side. B.TRUE OR FALSE Direction. Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false. ___________ 1. It is necessary to provide yourself with enough space for Ironing __________ 2. You can start ironing even the clothes is still damped. __________ 3. Pressing is just the same with ironing. __________ 4. There is no prescribed place for ironing clothes. __________ 5. Iron has its prescribed heat setting for a particular type of fabric. __________ 6. It is necessary hang immediately the fabric after ironing. __________ 7. Each clothes has its proper way of ironing. __________ 8. Be sure to have a well- lighted place of ironing. __________ 9. You can use sprayer to damped clothes before ironing to save time. __________10. In ironing clothes, it is important to follow the strict ironing. . Congratulations! You’ve made it….keep it up..!
  90. 90. LM-Household Services Grade 9 224 Diagnostic Assessment A. MATCHING TYPE Direction. Match the item in Column A with those in Column B. Write the correct letter in your answer sheet. A B ______1. Resilient floors which is commonly used in household ______2. A collectible piece of furniture that is very expensive because of its considerable age ______3. Removing stains through friction ______4. A large piece of woollen or similar material used as a bed covering for warmth. ______5. Solid waste materials that are non compostable and non – recyclable ______6. It is repairing a hole by weaving in new threads. It is usually done on sock heels or sweater elbows of cotton and wool fabrics. ______7. This is basic stitching lines where parts are joined together. This is where the seams are not stitched correctly. ______8. This soil remover is milder than detergents because they are made of mild and natural materials. ______9.This soil remover is a strong, fast acting and very effective for cotton, linen, and synthetic fabrics. ______10. It is the process of removing mark or spot eradicate by one substance on a specific surface like fabric a. antique b. blanket c. bedcover d. chemical method e. residual waste f. special waste g. soft floor h. physical method i. torn seam j. darning k. soap l. chlorine m. stain
  91. 91. LM-Household Services Grade 9 225 B. IDENTIFICATION Direction. Identify the following term that is being asked. Write the correct word/term in your answer sheet. __________ 1. Type of floors that is durable, versatile and not easily pierced floor. __________ 2. The application of coats of wax to the floor to make it appear glossy and appealing __________ 3. Spots and stains removal process with the use and application of chemical solutions __________ 4. A thick bed covering that is filled with soft light material. __________ 5. Hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of waste. __________ 6.This is a long, narrow padded board, often with collapsible supporting legs, used as a working surface for ironing. __________ 7. A home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth. __________ 8. Cutting a piece of cloth of the same material to cover a hole or tear. __________ 9. It is a device in the shape of human shoulders designed to facilitate the hanging of a coat, jacket, sweater, shirt, blouse or dress in a manner that prevents wrinkles, with a lower bar for the hanging of trousers or skirts __________ 10. This is a kind of stain that can be treated by brushing spot with a soft brush. You can also scratch ring around with fingernail. For remaining spots, rotate that part of garment above streaming spout of tea kettle-first covering spout with cheesecloth.
  92. 92. LM-Household Services Grade 9 226 C. MODIFIED TRUE OR FALSE Direction. Read and analyze the statements below. Write the word true if the statement is correct, if not change the underline word/s that will make the statement correct. __________ 1. Granite is the most expensive and very attractive type of floor. __________ 2. Clearing is the final step in floor cleaning, which involves removal of tucked in dirt through the use of cleaners. __________ 3.Armchair, bed, coffee table and cabinets are some examples of fixture and fittings __________ 4. Placemat is a protective table pad that is usually made of paper, plastic, or cloth for restaurants and household used which is otherwise known as tablecloth __________ 5. Papers, plastics and metals are classified as compostable waste. __________ 6. Pressing involves lifting and lowering motion. __________ 7. There is no prescribed place for ironing clothes. __________ 8. Iron has its prescribed heat setting for a particular type of fabric. __________ 9. To save time money and effort it is not important to keep in mind the safety work habits. __________ 10. Use bleaches directly on the fabric. This will remove stain immediately.
  93. 93. LM-Household Services Grade 9 227 D. CASE STUDY Direction. Read the situations below and choose the letter that corresponds to your answer. Justify your answer by completing the statement below. 1. One Saturday morning your mother asked you to clean your house especially the floor. Since you have vinyl type floor, what will be the best cleaning procedures you will do to perform your task effectively? a. Use mild detergent, rinse and dry it with vacuum. b. Use strong detergent, rinse and remove water promptly. c. Use neutral detergent solution, rinse and dry it with vacuum. d. Use neutral detergent; damp it with mop and air dry. My answer is _____ because_____________________________ 2. After class hours your teacher asked you and your friend to clean the floor of the corridor using floor mop. What other cleaning tool you will get with your partner to make your work easier and faster. a. cleaning cloth b. mop wringer c. scrubbing pads d. vacuum cleaner My answer is _____ because_____________________________ 3. While doing your school homework the candle you used for your experiment drip and mark in your dining table. What will be the best way to remove the stains and spots caused by the candle? a. Table surface will be wiped immediately b. Use clean cloth to wipe the affected area immediately then put clean cloth and press it with an iron c. Place a white blotter soaked in lighter fluid over the spot and let it dry. d. Use spatula, cloth with liquid wax and wipe it with a clean cloth My answer is _____ because_____________________________
  94. 94. LM-Household Services Grade 9 228 4. Barangay North Fairview strictly implemented Clean and Green project where every neighbor will clean their area and follow proper waste segregation. With these activity barangay North Fairview greatly supports to: a. Beautification project b. Global warming c. Recycling d. Waste Management My answer is _____ because_____________________________ 5. In HE class, your group is task to prepare and cook pasta following the correct procedures. All members are assigned different responsibility for the cooking activity. You are assigned to bring tools that will strain the pasta after boiling. What will you bring? a. colander b. peller c. spatula d. steamer My answer is _____ because______________________________ 6. Jessica will be attending a Junior-Senior high school prom and she will sew her own gown. What particular type of fabric she will be using? a. Velvet b. Wool c. Curdoroy d. Satin My answer is _____ because_____________________________ 7. Enzo was given an assignment by his teacher in TLE. He was told to sew a long-sleeve polo shirt to be worn for the upcoming Annual Fashion Show. What type of fabric will he buy to sew a long sleeve? a. Cotton b. Velvet c. Silk d. Satin My answer is _____ because_____________________________

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