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Human Development
Reports; A Review
Justin Joy
2013MAE004
Project Guide:
Dr. T K Sebastian
“An Uncertain Glory has incited controversy… a call to
action’’
Manjula Narayan, Hindustan Times
Concept and Measurement of HD
• What is Human Development?
• What is the need of a measurement called HDI?
• Indicators of HD: Longevity of life, Knowledge
and standard of living.
• Identifies Human Freedom as a necessary for
HD(...
Financing HD
Major hindrance for HD: Political Will
Spending of major developing countries over
defense is just double o...
Global Dimensions of HD
Open market for competition so that it will bring
completion by widening choices.
Trade between ...
People’s Participation
Observe people’s activity and channelize them
in to productive economic activity.
“You serve the ...
New Dimensions of Human Security
Human Security: Freedom from fear and want.
The HDR 1994 proposes a relationship as;“In...
Gender and HD
In the forward of HDR 1995 the status of women then lived had
explained by James Gustav Speth as;
“Women st...
Economic Growth and HD
Polarization is increasing in the world
Both Economic Growth and HD should move
together and link...
HD to Eradicate Poverty
Give focus on poverty on human development
conditions than income.
HDR 1997 defines poverty from...
Consumption for HD
Examines consumption from HD point of
view.
Pattern and effects of consumption may have
an impact on ...
Globalization with Human Face
Tried to give more human face to Globalization
by talking about ethics, inclusion, equity,
...
Human Rights and HD
Human rights and human development share a
common vision and a common purpose—to
secure the freedom, ...
Making New Technologies work for HD
Knowledge at cheap cost
Increased productivity
Advanced health care facilities and ...
Deepening Democracy in Fragmented World
‘Good Governance’ is called as the ‘missing
link’ for HD and EG in developing cou...
Millennium Dev. Goals; A Compact among
nations to end Human Poverty
The proposed Millennium Dev goals of UN
which is suppo...
Cultural Liberty in Today’s Diverse World

It’s observed that less development in more
diverse states.
Diversity will l...
International Cooperations at a crossroads;
Aid, Trade and Security in an Unequal World
International cooperation is the ...
Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and Global
Water Crisis
There are millions of people who are not
getting safe drinking wa...
Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in
Divided World
From the recognition that climate changes are
going to hit dev...
Overcoming Barriers; Human Mobility and
Dev.
 Migrants always boost economic output of the
country with least or no harm ...
The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to HD
HDR 2010, come with 3 new measurements;
1. Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI). A me...
Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future
for all
The Rise of South: Human Progress in a
Divers World
HDR 2013 suggests for more participation with
rest of the world, stron...
Bibliography:
• “Pioneering the Human
Development Revalution: an
Intellectual Biography of
Mahabub Ul Haq”
• “An Uncertain...
Thank You
Human Development Reports
Human Development Reports
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Human Development Reports

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A Review of Human Development Reports

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Human Development Reports

  1. 1. Human Development Reports; A Review Justin Joy 2013MAE004 Project Guide: Dr. T K Sebastian
  2. 2. “An Uncertain Glory has incited controversy… a call to action’’ Manjula Narayan, Hindustan Times
  3. 3. Concept and Measurement of HD • What is Human Development? • What is the need of a measurement called HDI?
  4. 4. • Indicators of HD: Longevity of life, Knowledge and standard of living. • Identifies Human Freedom as a necessary for HD(Freedom to exercise human choices)
  5. 5. Financing HD Major hindrance for HD: Political Will Spending of major developing countries over defense is just double of spending over education and health care services Targets to restructure country budget by allocating atleast 2% of budget on social priority sectors HFI Social, political and economical freedom to choose the right one.
  6. 6. Global Dimensions of HD Open market for competition so that it will bring completion by widening choices. Trade between countries will minimize the disparities between them Under the prevailing conditions 20% of rich earns 3 times more income than 20% of poor.
  7. 7. People’s Participation Observe people’s activity and channelize them in to productive economic activity. “You serve the market and market will serve you” Boost market to generate additional employment and make people capable to take up the employment, HD may be achieved automatically. Security of to people rather security to land. Reduce number of army and engage army in some economically productive activity
  8. 8. New Dimensions of Human Security Human Security: Freedom from fear and want. The HDR 1994 proposes a relationship as;“In such a design, economic partnership would be based on mutual interests, not charity; cooperation, not confrontation; equitable sharing of market opportunities, not protectionism; far- sighted internationalism, not stubborn nationalism” New dimensions of human security also propounds a mutual relationship and assistance between the countries to support education, health, job etc
  9. 9. Gender and HD In the forward of HDR 1995 the status of women then lived had explained by James Gustav Speth as; “Women still constitute 70% of the world's poor and two thirds of the world's illiterates. They occupy only 14% of managerial and administrative jobs, 10% of parliamentary seats and 6% of cabinet positions.”  Introduced GDI
  10. 10. Economic Growth and HD Polarization is increasing in the world Both Economic Growth and HD should move together and linked strongly.
  11. 11. HD to Eradicate Poverty Give focus on poverty on human development conditions than income. HDR 1997 defines poverty from the perspective of human development as; “..denial of choices and opportunities for tolerable life” Poverty is inevitable, but absolute poverty can be. Three dimensions of poverty identified are; short life, lack of basic education and lack of accessibility to public and private resources HPI
  12. 12. Consumption for HD Examines consumption from HD point of view. Pattern and effects of consumption may have an impact on HD of a country. According to HDR 1998 the consumption should be shared, strengthening, socially responsible and sustainable.
  13. 13. Globalization with Human Face Tried to give more human face to Globalization by talking about ethics, inclusion, equity, Human Security, sustainability and development
  14. 14. Human Rights and HD Human rights and human development share a common vision and a common purpose—to secure the freedom, well-being and dignity of all people everywhere While human development is essential for realizing human rights, human rights are essential for human development. Human Rights can be assured only by strengthening law and administration.
  15. 15. Making New Technologies work for HD Knowledge at cheap cost Increased productivity Advanced health care facilities and improved life expectancy More employment opportunities.  More people’s participation in governance. However technology is not developed for poor but according to market demand
  16. 16. Deepening Democracy in Fragmented World ‘Good Governance’ is called as the ‘missing link’ for HD and EG in developing countries Even though democracy and economic growth has strong correlation, it’s not automatic, rights and political freedom should be used consciously to achieve HD and EG. More participation of NGOs and Civil Societies are also recommended by the report.
  17. 17. Millennium Dev. Goals; A Compact among nations to end Human Poverty The proposed Millennium Dev goals of UN which is supposed to achieve by 2015 were; Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Achieve universal primary education Promote gender equality and women empowerment Reduce child mortality Improve maternal health Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Ensure environmental sustainability Develop a global partnership for development
  18. 18. Cultural Liberty in Today’s Diverse World  It’s observed that less development in more diverse states. Diversity will lead to conflicts until and unless mutual respect and liberty should not be established
  19. 19. International Cooperations at a crossroads; Aid, Trade and Security in an Unequal World International cooperation is the best weapon to prevent poverty and that is the tool which is underused According to 2000 statistics they were spending around $10 on defence for all $1 aid to poor countries. HDR 2005 aims to smoothen trade between poor nations and industrial countries by removing all hindrances like domestic conflicts and all.
  20. 20. Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and Global Water Crisis There are millions of people who are not getting safe drinking water not because of scarcity but because they are locked by poverty and failure of government Water is a feasible investment area for government for HD, since it will wash out communicable diseases like diarrhea.
  21. 21. Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in Divided World From the recognition that climate changes are going to hit development prospects of world seriously, the HDR 2007-2008 concentrates on ‘fight against climate change’. HDR 2007-2008 identifies ‘carbon market’ as suggested by Kyoto protocol is not an efficient method to tackle carbon emission, it suggests to coordinate an international cooperation to fight against climate change in post Kyoto protocol period after 2012, since the agreement expires by 2012.
  22. 22. Overcoming Barriers; Human Mobility and Dev.  Migrants always boost economic output of the country with least or no harm to the locals. Thus migration is an important tool for HD since it improves the living standards of migrants and having least impact to locals More migration may increase violence against migrants from locals on a fear of domination. But lowering the barriers for mobilization can do much in HD.
  23. 23. The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to HD HDR 2010, come with 3 new measurements; 1. Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI). A measure of the average level of human development of people in a society once inequality is taken into account. Under perfect equality the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality. 2. Gender Inequality Index (GII). A measure that captures the loss in achievements due to gender disparities in the dimensions of reproductive health, empowerment and labour force participation. Values range from 0 (perfect equality) to 1 (total inequality). 3. Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). A measure of serious deprivations in the dimensions of health, education and living standards that combines the number of deprived and the intensity of their deprivation.
  24. 24. Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for all
  25. 25. The Rise of South: Human Progress in a Divers World HDR 2013 suggests for more participation with rest of the world, strong policy framing for better tomorrow and changing principles by focusing on human development
  26. 26. Bibliography: • “Pioneering the Human Development Revalution: an Intellectual Biography of Mahabub Ul Haq” • “An Uncertain Glory- India and its contradictions”- Jean Dreze & Amartya Sen • Human Development Reports 1990-
  27. 27. Thank You

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