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G1 (K4) 
Jasmine anak Dadi @ Tiap (47064) 
Faizzatun Nisha Fauzan (46766) 
Argie Asun Lumberio Lim (46333) 
Ramizah Binti ...
INTRODUCTION 
BODY : 
1. Changes in the brain in the Alzheimer’s Disease 
2. What Causes Alzheimer’s 
3. Diagnosing Alzhei...
What is Alzheimer? 
Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain 
disease that slowly destroys memory and thi...
Changes in the brain in the 
Alzheimer’s Disease 
Neurons lose their ability to function 
and communicate with each other,...
Alzheimer Timeline 
Very Early Alzheimer Disease 
Memory problems are typically 
one of the first warning signs of 
cognit...
Age 
Genetic 
Gender 
Environmental / 
lifestyle factor
Age 
Between the age of 65, 74,85 and older. 
These age changes include shrinking 
of certain part of the brain. 
The prod...
Genetic 
Inheritance of genes. The patient having 
Alzheimer’s in the family is associated with 
higher risk. 
Many studie...
Gender 
Twice as many women as men 
over 65 with Alzheimer. 
Lack of the hormone estrogen 
after the menopause.
Environmental/lifestyle factor 
Medical condition such as diabetes, 
stroke and heart problem. 
Eating unhealthy diet 
Sel...
Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease 
Doctors may asked question about overall health, 
past medical problems, ability to carry ...
Treating Alzheimer’s Disease 
Maintaining mental function by using drugs in 
regulating neurotransmitter to maintain 
thin...
Conclusion 
Many scientist and physicians are now working 
together to untangle the mysteries of Alzheimer's 
including th...
Q & A SESSION
Alzheimer Disease and Mind Function
Alzheimer Disease and Mind Function
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Alzheimer Disease and Mind Function

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1. Changes in the brain in the Alzheimer’s Disease
2. What Causes Alzheimer’s
3. Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease
4. Treating Alzheimer’s Disease

Published in: Education
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Alzheimer Disease and Mind Function

  1. 1. G1 (K4) Jasmine anak Dadi @ Tiap (47064) Faizzatun Nisha Fauzan (46766) Argie Asun Lumberio Lim (46333) Ramizah Binti Rasdi (48759)
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION BODY : 1. Changes in the brain in the Alzheimer’s Disease 2. What Causes Alzheimer’s 3. Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease 4. Treating Alzheimer’s Disease CONCLUSION
  3. 3. What is Alzheimer? Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disease that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills Who found it? The Alzheimer’s disease is named after Dr. Alois Alzheimer . Features of the disease? Plaques and tangles in the brain are two of the main features of Alzheimer’s disease. The third is the loss of connections between nerve cells (neurons) in the brain.
  4. 4. Changes in the brain in the Alzheimer’s Disease Neurons lose their ability to function and communicate with each other, and eventually they die. Basically Alzheimer’s Disease have 3 stages which are the Very early Alzheimer’s, Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s and Severe Alzheimer’s. As Alzheimer’s disease progresses, neurofibrillary tangles spread throughout the brain (shown in blue). Plaques also spread throughout the brain, starting in the neocortex. By the final stage, damage is widespread, and brain tissue has shrunk significantly.
  5. 5. Alzheimer Timeline Very Early Alzheimer Disease Memory problems are typically one of the first warning signs of cognitive loss, possibly due to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Mild - Memory loss worsens, and changes in other cognitive abilities are evident. For example,getting lost, trouble handling money and paying bills. Moderate - In this stage, damage occurs in areas of the brain that control language,reasoning,sensory processing,and conscious thought.Patient may have hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia,and may behave impulsively. Severe Alzheimer’s By the final stage, plaques and tangles have spread throughout the brain. Near the end, the person may be in bed most or all of the time as the body shuts down.
  6. 6. Age Genetic Gender Environmental / lifestyle factor
  7. 7. Age Between the age of 65, 74,85 and older. These age changes include shrinking of certain part of the brain. The production of unstable molecules.
  8. 8. Genetic Inheritance of genes. The patient having Alzheimer’s in the family is associated with higher risk. Many studies have linked the apolipoprotein E(APOE) gene to late-onset Alzheimer’s.
  9. 9. Gender Twice as many women as men over 65 with Alzheimer. Lack of the hormone estrogen after the menopause.
  10. 10. Environmental/lifestyle factor Medical condition such as diabetes, stroke and heart problem. Eating unhealthy diet Seldom doing physical exercise
  11. 11. Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease Doctors may asked question about overall health, past medical problems, ability to carry out daily activities and changes in behavior and personality. Conducting the test of memory, problem solving, attention, counting and language. Perform brain scans such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to distinguish Alzheimer’s from other possible causes for symptoms like stroke or tumor.
  12. 12. Treating Alzheimer’s Disease Maintaining mental function by using drugs in regulating neurotransmitter to maintain thinking, memory and speaking skills. Managing behavioral symptoms either by drugs or non drugs. Participating in clinical trials to help the scientist learn about brain in healthy aging as well what happens in Alzheimer’s Disease.
  13. 13. Conclusion Many scientist and physicians are now working together to untangle the mysteries of Alzheimer's including the factors which are genetic, biological and environmental factors. Throughout the process in figuring out more information about the disease can bring us close to better managing and ultimately preventing the Alzheimer's disease.
  14. 14. Q & A SESSION

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