Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The impact of Indian scholarships on Afghan scholars in Gujarat

A research survey on assessing Afghan scholars' academic performance and abilities. The study has been conducted in a view to analyze the current impact of Indian scholarship on Afghan Scholars specifically in Gujarat state's major seven cities.

  • Login to see the comments

The impact of Indian scholarships on Afghan scholars in Gujarat

  1. 1. Group “A” Bachelor of Business Administration JG Institute of Business Administration Academic Year: 2015-18 Under the Supervision of Asst. Prof. Hitesh Harwani Submitted to Gujarat University Department of Management THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT Nurturing Future Generation
  2. 2.  Abstract  Introduction  Rationale of the Study  Research Context  Research Objectives  Literature Review  Research Hypothesis  ICCR Scholarship Scheme in Brief:  Research Methodology  Respondents’ Profile  Key Findings  Discussions and Findings  Problems & Recommendations  Implication of the Study  Conclusion  Scope For Future Study  Bibliography  Appendix Table of Contents: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 2
  3. 3. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 3 • The present study aims to investigate the impact of Indian scholarships on Afghan scholars specifically in Gujarat; intended to explore and assess scholars’ overall academic performance with cause-effect and to evaluate the reasons behind why scholars fail. The study is administered on 150 scholars pursuing bachelors from five major cities in Gujarat, using a judgmental sampling from three foremost streams. Analysis were carried out using both descriptive i.e., bivariate analysis and inferential statistics applying non-parametric tests using α=0.05 with 95% confidence level. The results revealed that the allocation of time for study, level of English and interest in current field were the main determinants affecting the overall academic performance of scholars. Nevertheless, satisfaction have had dramatic impact on their academic abilities, too. Results further disclosed that the correlation coefficient among the independent variables varied between rs=0.276 being the lowest positive correlation to 0.658 and a negative correlation of rs=-0.633 to rs=-0.686 with the significance value of ρ<0.05 ranging from 0.0005 to 0.004. Prior to the findings we hypothesized that scholars are not given to the stream they selected in their scholarship form, but the actual scenario was different. Abstract:
  4. 4. • At present, getting a higher education is a dream for both men and women in Afghanistan. • The HDI of Afghanistan is still 0.479 which comes under the low human development category, in Asia. • India grants 1,000 scholarships each year, becoming the number one destination for Afghan scholars. • Most of the scholars acquire scholarships not based on merit but on sprawled corruption. • Scholars show no interest in their current field of study having low level in English resulting into frequent failure in exams. Introduction: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 4
  5. 5. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 5 • The rationale behind this study is contributed to the fact that no study has been done to explain the reasons of scholars’ failure in examination in Gujarat. This study is the first qualitative and quantitative analysis attempt to identify the impact of Indian scholarship on Afghan scholars’ academics as well as career. Rationale of the Study:
  6. 6. • Students who don’t have proper understanding of English neither Hindi language are given scholarship which has led to massive impact resulting into failure in their examinations. • Prior to the selection of stream, most of the scholars are unaware and some are confused which stream to study abroad the reason is obvious inappropriate distribution in which this study is intended to study the cause-effects. Research Context: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 6
  7. 7. • The study aims to analyze the factors affecting the scholars’ overall academic performances, achievements, satisfaction and interest from their current field of study. Nevertheless, the purpose of this study is to identify the reasons of why scholars feel reluctant to return back to Afghanistan. • The study is intended predominantly to assess scholars’ following academic areas; o English proficiency Level. o Exam Results with number of Backlogs (ATKTs). o Academic Respective Abilities. o Interest in their respective fields. o Level of Satisfaction and o Time allocation for study. Research Objective(s): 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 7
  8. 8. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 8 Year Title Author(s), Editor(s) Objective(s) of the Study Variables of the Study Findings of the Study 2012 International Students’ Adjustment Problems and Behaviors Jerry G. Gebhardd, EdD Intended to study the adjustment problems that international students have while they study in university in the United States, as well as the adjustment behavior they use while faced with these problems. Academic Problems The findings probed that the main determinant problems that international students faced were difficulties in (1) academics including academic reading as a major one, academic language problems, (2) Difficulties in social interaction and (3) Difficulties in handling emotions. Literature Review:
  9. 9. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 9 Year Title Author(s), Editor(s) Objective(s) of the Study Variables of the Study Findings of the Study 2018 Exploring the relationship among international students’ English self-efficacy, using English to learn self-efficacy, and academic self-efficacy Chih-hsuan Wang, Jamie Harrison, Victoria Cardullo, & Xi Lin To examine the relationships among three aspects of self-efficacy: English self-efficacy, self- efficacy in using English to learn and academic self- efficacy for non-English native speaking international students. English Self- Efficacy for Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing, English Self-Efficacy, using English to Learn Self- Efficacy and Academic Self- Efficacy. The study probed that non- native English speaking international students’ use of English to learn self- efficacy acts as a mediator between a students’ English self-efficacy and his or her academic self- efficacy. Non-native English language speaking international students’ English self-efficacy predicts their self-efficacy in using English language to learn, and then predicts their academics their academic self-efficacy.
  10. 10. • H1: Scholars’ time allocation for studying/reading has influence on their examination results. • H2: Examination result is not independent of interest in current field (exam result and interest are related). • H3: Scholars’ interest in streams and their current field of study are not independent (are related). • H4: There is significant difference between scholars’ level of English and their academic respective abilities. • H5: There is a positive correlation between scholars’ level of English and exam result. Research Hypothesis: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 10
  11. 11. • H6: There is statistically significant difference between scholars’ backlogs (ATKTs) and the interest in their current field of study 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 11
  12. 12. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 12 • Founded by: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) • Founded in: 1950 • Indian government announced 1,000 scholarships for Afghan students each year until the end of 2020. • Sources of Granting Scholarships in Afghanistan: 1. Through Embassy 2. Kankor (entrance exam) Results 3. NGO 4. Univeristy ICCR Scholarship Scheme in Brief:
  13. 13. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 13 • Procedure for Selecting Candidate: 1. Through Embassy: a. Announcing Scholarships b. Inviting Candidates c. General Test 1 d. General English Test 2 e. Inviting Passed Candidates to fill up forms.
  14. 14. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 14 2. Kankor: a. Highest Marks Scorers 3. NGO: a. Suggesting Scholars to the Embassy 4. University a. Students who are in their first or second year having highest percentages in their academics are granted scholarships. (Without testing their English Proficiency)
  15. 15. • The research study is both qualitative and quantitative with explanatory approach; administered on 150 Afghan scholars from three foremost streams viz., Science, Arts and Commerce, including BBA, BA, B.E and BCA • The study has been conducted in Gujarat’s 7 major cities viz., Ahmedabad, Surat, Anand, Vasad, Vadodra, Rajkot and Gandhinagar. • Non-probability, judgmental sampling techniques has been used. • Both primary and secondary data collection has been used. • A collective questionnaire technique has been used as research instrument. Research Methodology: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 15
  16. 16. Variables (concepts) considered for the study: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 16 1.Dependent Variables Exam results Number of backlogs (ATKTs). Academic respective abilities. 1.Independent Variable English proficiency level. Interest in scholars’ respective fields. Controllable Variables Level of satisfaction and Time allocation for study.
  17. 17. Operationalization of Research Concepts: No. Concepts Indicators Variables Decision Level 1. Academic Achievements Academic Performance Certificates Ranks Awards Field Respective Within top 50 Academic 2. Average Exam Result Classes Average Exam Result Pass (regardless of ATKTs) Second Class First Class Distinction 3. Interest in Subjects Academic Subjects - Thirteen major Subjects 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 17
  18. 18. 4. Academic Respective Abilities BBA BA BCA BE Skills Accounts Interpersonal and Soft Skills Fundamentals of Computer Physics Interpersonal and Soft Skills Reading and Writing Skills Internet and HTML Mathematics & Calculus Business Plan Analytical Skills C Programing Languages Field Respective Knowledge Financial Aptitude Research Skills Object Oriented Programming using C++ Operation Research & Optimization Techniques Financial Planning Data Analysis Skills Java ERP Awareness about the Global Economy Presentation Skills Analysis and Designing Communication Skills Number Aptitude Cultural and Civic Skills Visual Basic Aptitude Skills Business Statistics Critical Thinking DBMS. Advance Technical `Problem- Solving Skills Overall Management Awareness about Political issues Data Communication and Networking Creativity Business Mathematics Awareness about Global Economy PHP Ability to Memorize Leadership Qualities Economics Mobile Apps Development Ability to Ask Whys 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 18
  19. 19. 1. Gender: 2. Age: 3. Scholars’ Current Field of study: Respondent’ Profile: 90.7% 9.3% 26% 72% 2% 0% 16-20 21-25 26-30 Above 30 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 BE BCA BBA BA 79 14 45 12 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 19
  20. 20. 4. Sources from which Scholars were Sent: 5. English Proficiency Level 6. Reasons Why Scholars left Afghanistan University 25% NGO/ Any Government Corporation 3% Based on Kankor 33% Directly Exam Taken by Embassy/Cou nsel 39% CHART TITLE 20 36 28 14 1.3 0.7 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Beginner Elementary Pre-Intermediate Intermediate Upper-Intermediate Advance Very Advance 66% 7% 13% 8% 2% 1% 3% 6% Better Education Political Instability Family Pressure Pressure from University Job Opportunity Enjoyment Not Certain 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 20
  21. 21. 7. Scholars’ Previous Stream of Study: 8. Scholars’ Interested Stream: 9. Academic Achievements: 26 11 48 65 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 No Art Commerce Science 7% 48% 45% Arts Commerce Science 120 20 2 3 5 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Academic Achievements 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 21
  22. 22. 10. Time Allocation for Study: 11. Scholars’Average Exam Results in the Previous Semesters: 12. Average Scholars’ Academic Abilities: 11% 54% 14% 16% 5% None One Hour Two Hours Three Hours More than Three Hours 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Pass Second Class First Class Distinction 77 50 16 7 FREQUENCY CLASS BASED RESULTS 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 22 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Very Poor Poor Average Good Excellent 23 105 9 12 1 Frequency Scholars' Ability Rating Average Academic Respective Abilities of Scholars Bar Chart
  23. 23. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 23 13. Scholars’ Plans for Future: 26% 18% 5%7% 35% 9% Future Plans of Scholars Pie Chart White Collar Job Start My Own Business Software Developer Academician Not Certain Further Studies
  24. 24. • Hypothesis 1: Scholars’ time allocation for studying/reading has no influence on their examination results: Spearman’s rho Correlation Key Findings: Average Exam Result in the Previous Semesters How much time have you allotted for study? Spearman's rho Average Exam Result in the Previous Semesters Correlation Coefficient 1 .658** Sig. (2-tailed) . .000 N 150 150 How much time have you allotted for study? Correlation Coefficient .658** 1 Sig. (2-tailed) .000 . N 150 150 Source: SPSS Bivariate Analysis Spearman’s rho 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 24
  25. 25. • Hypothesis 2: Exam result is independent of interest in current field (exam result and interest are not related). Chi Square Test Results Value Df Asymptotic Significance (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 13.349a 3 .004 Likelihood Ratio 14.716 3 .002 Linear-by-Linear Association 12.262 1 .000 N of Valid Cases 150 a. 2 cells (20.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 3.13. Source: SPSS Cross Tabs Chi Square Results 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 25
  26. 26. Value Asymptotic Standard Errora Approximate Tb Approximate Significance Nominal by Nominal Phi .298 .004 Cramer's V .298 .004 Interval by Interval Pearson's R .287 .069 3.643 .000c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .276 .075 3.497 .001c N of Valid Cases 150 a. Not assuming the null hypothesis. b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis. c. Based on normal approximation. Symmetric Measures Source: SPSS Cross Tabs Chi Square Results 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 26
  27. 27. • Hypothesis 3: Scholars’ interest in streams and their current field of study are independent (not related). Chi Square Test Results Symmetric Measures Value df Asymptotic Significance (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 44.172a 6 .000 Likelihood Ratio 30.841 6 .000 Linear-by-Linear Association 18.945 1 .000 N of Valid Cases 150 a. 3 cells (20.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .88. Value Asymptot ic Standard Errora Approxi mate Tb Approxi mate Significa nce Interval by Interval Pearson's R -.357 .080 -4.643 .000c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation -.313 .080 -4.002 .000c N of Valid Cases 150 a. Not assuming the null hypothesis. b. Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis. c. Based on normal approximation. Source: SPSS Cross Tabs Chi Square Results 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 27
  28. 28. • Hypothesis 4: There is no significant difference between scholars’ level of English and their academic respective abilities. Spearman’s rho Correlation Average Scholars' Ability Overall, How Good Are You in English? Spearman's rho Average Scholars' Ability Correlation Coefficient 1.000 .398** Sig. (2-tailed) . .000 N 150 150 Overall, How Good Are You in English? Correlation Coefficient .398** 1.000 Sig. (2-tailed) .000 . N 150 150 **. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). Source: SPSS Bivariate Analysis Spearman’s rho 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 28
  29. 29. • Hypothesis 5: There is no positive correlation between Scholars’ level of English and exam results. Spearman’s rho Correlation Overall, How Good Are You in English? Average Exam Result in the Previous Semesters Spearman's rho Overall, How Good Are You in English? Correlation Coefficient 1.000 .536** Sig. (2-tailed) . .000 N 150 150 Average Exam Result in the Previous Semesters Correlation Coefficient .536** 1.000 Sig. (2-tailed) .000 . N 150 150 **. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). Source: SPSS Bivariate Analysis Spearman’s rho 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 29
  30. 30. • Hypothesis 6: There is statistically significant difference between scholars’ backlogs (ATKTs) and the interest in their current field of study. Mann-Whitney U Test Test Statistics Whether you are interested in your current field of study? N Mean Rank Sum of Ranks How many backlogs do you have in the previous semesters? No 67 86.19 5775.00 Yes 83 66.87 5550.00 Total 150 How many backlogs do you have in the previous semesters? Mann-Whitney U 2064.000 Wilcoxon W 5550.000 Z -2.974 Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) .003 a. Grouping Variable: Whether you are interested in your current field of study? Source: SPSS Non-Parametric Tests, Mann-Whitney U Test 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 30
  31. 31. 1. Time Factor:  82 scholars consisting of 54.7% had allocated only one hour of their time for study resulting into only passing marks followed by 1-15 backlogs.  Only 4.7% of scholars were studying more than three hours a day.  H1 was tested as to find out the influence of time on exam results, the test was significant at 0.0005 probed quite a good result of rs =0.658 suggesting there exists strong positive correlation between the variables. Discussion and Findings: 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 31
  32. 32. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 32 2. English Proficiency Factor (a major threat): • Wang, Harrison, Victoria, & Xi (2018) stated English language as one of the major challenges for international students to pursue academic goals. • English is a must in academic era, especially while studying abroad. • In our study we found almost 30 and 54 scholars whose English level was Beginner and Elementary respectively. Amongst aforementioned, almost 67 scholars had 1-15 backlogs. and 80 scholars were Very Poor and poor in their academic respective abilities as tested in H4 and H5.
  33. 33. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 33 3. Interest in Current Field of Study: • H2 was tested as to find whether interest and exam results are related or independent. • From 150 scholars 67 (44.7%) were not interested in their current field of study, while among those 67 almost 43 scholars were having only “Pass” results followed by 1-15 backlogs (ATKTs). • H3 showed that, amongst 79 scholars from Engineering fields, almost 35 scholars were interest in “commerce”, astonishingly, 13 scholars from a total of 45 scholars from BBA showed interest in the “science” field.
  34. 34. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 34  Accommodation Facilities:  No Reciprocal Relation | No Appreciation  No proper Guidance:  Low financial Support with too much Delays from ICCR:  Difficulties in Languages:  Exam Structure of Indian Educational System: Scholars’ Major Problems being Observed during Survey:
  35. 35. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 35  English Proficiency Test:  Saying No to Recommendation:  Training Scholars Regarding the Selection of Streams  Pre-Guidance to Scholars on Indian Education System:  Reciprocal Relations with Scholars from both the Governments:  Pre-Assessment of Scholars’ Interest: Suggestion and Recommendations:
  36. 36. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 36 Recommended Procedure: Inviting Applicants General Test English Proficiency Test Field Respective Aptitude Test Workshop on Guiding Selected Scholars
  37. 37. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 37 • There exists a large gap to be filled by bright scholars having boosted required academic abilities, which makes them eligible for the scholarship through the emergence of prolific transparent process of scholarships being suggested in the study or any supplementary result- oriented process by the government. Conclusion:
  38. 38. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 38 • The findings will be helpful for the Ministry of Education (MoE) and Embassy to identify how the current distribution of scholarship has impacted scholars. Furthermore, to bring necessary amendments in their scholarship granting procedures. • The study will explore how to reduce the percentage of scholars being failed. Implication of the Study:
  39. 39. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 39 • An error may have been due to the samples taken not conforming to the actual population; this is because the sample is a judgmental sample. • The study has been conducted in Gujarat state, from which we (researchers) have taken those scholars, which, we assumed would be best for our study. The findings of our study may not be applied to all other states’ scholars. • The study has been carried out in two and a half months and we couldn’t able to stretch the findings further. Scope For Future Study:
  40. 40. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 40 • The variables in the study have been chosen by researchers’ own observations which may vary. Nevertheless, we have conducted a focus group interview for finding the variables and then, used our own observations to bring selective variables under the study. • The major focus of the study was on academics of the scholars in which we come up short to include other important factors. • We have only kept those scholars under study who were pursuing, BA (political Science and economics), BBA, BCA and B.E (aeronautical, civil and mechanical).
  41. 41. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 41 • Same research model with appropriate modifications can be expanded to major population centers of India to get more reliable and viable results and findings. • A detailed study can be conducted taking into account not only academics but more variables and overall problems and cause-effects of scholarship. Recommendations for future study:
  42. 42. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 42 Bibliography: • Agresti, A. (2002). Categorical Data Analysis (2nd Edition ed.). New York: Wiley. • Application Procedure. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Indian Council For Cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/application-procedure • Association of Indian Universities. (n.d.). Retrieved 01 05, 2018, from http://www.aiu.ac.in/index.asp • Baig, M. K., Raza, H., & Farooq, U. (2011). E-Commerce Adoption . Linkoping. • Chawla, D., & Sondhi, D. N. (2011). Research Methodology Concepts and Cases. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd. • Commonwealth Scholarship Scheme. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Indian Council For
  43. 43. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 43 • Cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/commonwealth-scholarships • constitution. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Idian Council For Cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/constitution • Creswell, J. W. (2011). Research Design (Third Edition ed.). SAGE Publication India Pvt. Ltd. • Cunningham, J. B., & Aldrich, J. O. (2012). Using SPSS An Interactive Hands-On Approach. New Delhi: SAGE Publications India Pvt. Ltd. • Dance/Music Institutions. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Indian Council For Cutural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/dancemusic-institutions • Douches, M. (2014, 11 12). The Critical Situation of Education in Afghanistan. Retrieved 01 30, 2018, from Borgen Magazine: http://www.borgenmagazine.com/critical-situation-education-afghanistan/ • During The Life. (n.d.). Retrieved 01 25, 2018, from Middlebury: http://sites.middlebury.edu/wtabasum/education-problems-in-afghanistan/
  44. 44. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 44 • Effect Size. (n.d.). Retrieved 02 10, 2018, from Real Statistics Using Excel: http://www.real-statistics.com/hypothesis- testing/effect-size/ • Exhibitions. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018`, from Indian Council For Cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/exhibitions • Founder. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Indian Council For cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/founder • Gaur, A. S., & Gaur, S. S. (2006). Statistical Methods for Practice and Research. New Delhi: SAGE Publications India Pvt. Ltd. • General Scholarships Scheme—GSS. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Indian Council For Cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/general-scholarships-scheme-gss • Gupta, D. S., & Gupta, H. (2011). Research Methodology Text and Cases with SPSS Application (2nd Edition ed.). New Delhi: International Book House P.Ltd. • Gupta, D. S., & Gupta, H. (2011). SPSS 17.0 for Researchers (2nd Edition ed.). New Delhi: International Book House Pvt. Ltd.
  45. 45. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 45 • ICCR Scholarships. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2018, from Embassy Of India Kabul, Afghanistan: http://eoi.gov.in/kabul/?0359?000 • IIM Ahmedabad. (2017). Abstracts; Sustainable Development of Human Capital: Exploring Perspectives from Grassroots to Global Research and Practice . Ahmedabad: Academy of Human Resource Development . • Incoming Troupes. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2018, from Indian Council For Cultural Relations: http://www.iccr.gov.in/content/incoming-troupes • Indian Council for Cultural Relations . (n.d.). Retrieved 01 29-30, 2018, from http://www.iccr.gov.in/ • Interpretation of post hoc chi square test results. (n.d.). Retrieved 01 27, 2018, from Cross Validated: https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/190215/interpretation-of-post-hoc-chi-square-test-results • Kothari, C. (2004). Reasearch Methodology Methods and Techniques (Second Revised Edition ed.). New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers. Retrieved 11 01, 2017
  46. 46. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 46 • Kruskal-Wallis H Test using SPSS Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved 02 10, 2018, from Laerd Statistics: https://statistics.laerd.com/spss-tutorials/kruskal-wallis-h-test-using-spss-statistics.php • Kumar, R. (2014). Research Methodology A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners (4th Edition ed.). New Delhi: SAGE Publications India Pvt. Ltd. • Pandya, K., Bulsari, S., & Sinha, S. (2012). SPSS in Simple Steps. New Delhi: DreamTech Press. • Putz, C. (2016, 01 13). Measuring Afghanistan’s Education Problem. Retrieved 01 29, 2018, from The Diplomat: https://thediplomat.com/2016/01/measuring-afghanistans-education-problem/ • Raza, S. I. (Ed.). (2017, 02 09). Govt grants scholarships to 3,000 Afghan students. Retrieved 02 07, 2018, from DAWN: https://www.dawn.com/news/1313661 • Sarangi, D. P. (2010). Research Methodology. New Delhi: Taxmann Publications (P.) Ltd.
  47. 47. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 47 • Singh, Y. K. (2006). Fundamental of Research Methodology and Statistics. New Age International Publishers. Retrieved 11 02, 2017 • Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation using SPSS Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved 02 10, 2018, from Laerd Statistics: https://statistics.laerd.com/spss-tutorials/spearmans-rank-order-correlation-using-spss- statistics.php • Stephanie (Ed.). (2014, 12 08). Cronbach’s Alpha: Simple Definition, Use and Interpretation. Retrieved 02 08, 2018, from Statistics How To: http://www.statisticshowto.com/cronbachs-alpha- spss/ • University Grants Commission. (n.d.). Retrieved 11 20, 2017, from https://www.ugc.ac.in/ • What Is Explanatory Research? Research Methodology. (n.d.). Retrieved 12 15, 2017, from T 4 Tutorials : http://www.t4tutorials.com/what-is-explanatory-research-research-methodology/
  48. 48. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 48 • Top Five Bright Afghan Scholars in Gujarat (AY 2015-19)  Sidiqullah Nazari TY. B.E (Aeronotical)  Kalimullah Sayedi TY. BBA  Qais Ahmad Samadi TY. B.E (Civil)  Khalil Ahmad Sahil TY. BBA  Javid Amin Ramaky TY. BBA Appendix B1:
  49. 49. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 49
  50. 50. 3/25/2018THE IMPACT OF INDIAN SCHOLARSHIPS ON AFGHAN SCHOLARS IN GUJARAT 50 Samiullah Irfan Khalil Ahmad Sahil Tahsinullah Kamawal Dost Mohammad Rokhan Muna Akkiswala Fariha Sultanzada Razia Majidi Rafiullah Sahak Ahmad Shah Saadat Qudratullah Sherani Saad Khan Pathan Kalimullah Sayedi Group Members:
  51. 51. Thank You!

×