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Solar & Wind Exchange
Vaasa Energy Week , Vaasa, Finland
22 March 2017
Solar power
in Finland
FinSolar Project Director &
...
Sun shines in Finland
• Cool climate is favorable for solar energy production
• Finnish solar energy industry: approx. 100...
27.3.2017
3
Grid connected solar PV capacity in
Finland - market growth over 100 %/y
during 2014-2016
3/27/2017
Karoliina Auvinen
4
20...
Source:http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/REN21_GSR2016_KeyFindings_en_10.pdf
Estimated growth
in 2016: +70 G...
Source:http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/REN21_GSR2016_KeyFindings_en_10.pdf
Germany’s 40 000 MW is 2 000 ti...
Solar PV system prices in 2016
– price reduction 5-10% from 2014-2015
Size, kW Prices €/kWp (VAT 0%)
Grid connected > 1000...
Solar PV system LCOE prices, c/kWh
(30 year lifetime)
System
price
LCOE
price
(VAT 0%)
Example
application
Subsidies &
tax...
Electricity purchase prices c/kWh
Compare: Solar PV
LCOE 11 - 3,3 c/kWh
27.3.2017
0
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.1
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.21
0.22
0....
Solar PV & Finnish energy policy
• Solar electricity self-consumption exempted from grid fees
and electricity taxes up to ...
Policy challenge: Solar PV in energy
communities
• Current legislation doesn’t
aknowledge house co-
operative grids
• FinS...
Distribution grid
Net metering service not legal now?
Kiinteistö
sähkö
Oman
sopimuksen
asukkaat
Aurinko-
sopimuksen
asukka...
Grid challenge: Will solar PV owners
save grid fees in the future?
Karoliina Auvinen
Case calculation:
If energy based
gri...
Comparison of PV capacity and
policies between Finland, Sweden and
Denmark
27.3.2017
Karoliina Auvinen
15
Support policies...
Solar energy is
already feasible in
Finland, but market
growth would
improve with
support policies
Thank you!
More information:
www.finsolar.net
www.smartenergytransition.fi
Contact:
Karoliina Auvinen
karoliina.auvinen@aa...
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Solar power in Finland 2016-2017

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Solar PV market, prices, profitability and policies in Finland
Presentation by Karoliina Auvinen in Vaasa EnergyWeek 2017

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Solar power in Finland 2016-2017

  1. 1. Solar & Wind Exchange Vaasa Energy Week , Vaasa, Finland 22 March 2017 Solar power in Finland FinSolar Project Director & Researcher, M. Sc. (Eng.) Karoliina Auvinen
  2. 2. Sun shines in Finland • Cool climate is favorable for solar energy production • Finnish solar energy industry: approx. 100 companies! 27.3.2017 Karoliina Auvinen 2
  3. 3. 27.3.2017 3
  4. 4. Grid connected solar PV capacity in Finland - market growth over 100 %/y during 2014-2016 3/27/2017 Karoliina Auvinen 4 2016 20 MW 2015 8-10 MW 2014 4 MW
  5. 5. Source:http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/REN21_GSR2016_KeyFindings_en_10.pdf Estimated growth in 2016: +70 GW Global 300 000 MW 15 000 times more than Finland’s 20 MW solar PV capacity
  6. 6. Source:http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/REN21_GSR2016_KeyFindings_en_10.pdf Germany’s 40 000 MW is 2 000 times more than Finland’s 20 MW solar PV capacity
  7. 7. Solar PV system prices in 2016 – price reduction 5-10% from 2014-2015 Size, kW Prices €/kWp (VAT 0%) Grid connected > 1000 kW (1 MW) 1 200 – 1 000 €/kWp Grid connected > 250 kW rooftop 1 300 – 950 €/kWp Grid connected 10 – 250 kW rooftop 1 350 – 1 050 €/kWp Grid connected < 10 kW 2 000 – 1 300 €/kWp Offgrid > 1 kW PV + battery 3 500 €/kWp Offgrid < 1 kW PV + battery 5 000 €/kWp 27.3.2017 Karoliina Auvinen 7 Source: http://www.finsolar.net/aurinkoenergian- hankintaohjeita/aurinkosahkon-hinnat-ja-kannattavuus/
  8. 8. Solar PV system LCOE prices, c/kWh (30 year lifetime) System price LCOE price (VAT 0%) Example application Subsidies & taxes Application LCOE price Cheapest 950 €/kWp 4,2 c/kWh Rooftop 900 kW PV system in industrial site 25 % investment grant, VAT 0% 3,3 c/kWh Most expensive 2000 €/kWp 8,6 c/kWh Small 3 kW rooftop in house cooperative No subsidies, VAT 24% 11 c/kWh 27.3.2017 Karoliina Auvinen 8
  9. 9. Electricity purchase prices c/kWh Compare: Solar PV LCOE 11 - 3,3 c/kWh
  10. 10. 27.3.2017 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.1 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.2 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2 Priceofretailelectricity[e/kWh](VAT0%) Investment cost of solar PV system eur/Wp (VAT 0%) 9% ROI 7% ROI 5% ROI 3% ROI Price of electricity in investigated investment cases in 2014 by FinSolar project Return on investment (ROI) 1-8% Price of PV system eur/Wp without investment aid Price of PV system eur/Wp with 30% investment aid
  11. 11. Solar PV & Finnish energy policy • Solar electricity self-consumption exempted from grid fees and electricity taxes up to 100 kVA system size or 800 MWh/year production limit • 25-40% investment grants available for municipalities and companies - housing sector & state properties are excluded • Single houses can get household tax deduction from solar system installation work (approx. 5-10% from the whole investment price) • House co-operatives are excluded from all incentives! • Government doesn’t have solar energy targets, strong focus in bio energy • Solar PV is excluded from the current feed-in tariff system • Next support scheme based on auctioning - solar PV is not likely to be competitive with wind power Karoliina Auvinen
  12. 12. Policy challenge: Solar PV in energy communities • Current legislation doesn’t aknowledge house co- operative grids • FinSolar experiment project • Piloting virtual metering and micro-grid solutions • Goal to unlock the solar PV market for the house co- operatives: 2 million people live in 80 000 apartment buildings in Finland Karoliina Auvinen Photo: Janne Käpylehto
  13. 13. Distribution grid Net metering service not legal now? Kiinteistö sähkö Oman sopimuksen asukkaat Aurinko- sopimuksen asukkaat Aurinkosähkö- tuotanto Lisämittari As.Oyn Aurinkoenergia ”osuuskunta” Sähkö- pää- keskus Challenge: Now every apartment meter calculates taxes & grid fees Solution: taxes & grid fees for solar calculated at the grid connection point by net metering service provider
  14. 14. Grid challenge: Will solar PV owners save grid fees in the future? Karoliina Auvinen Case calculation: If energy based grid fees change to power-based or fixed tariffs, the payback time of municipality’s solar PV investment changes from 13 to 23 years
  15. 15. Comparison of PV capacity and policies between Finland, Sweden and Denmark 27.3.2017 Karoliina Auvinen 15 Support policies Installed capacity Finland Investment grant, no grid fees and taxes up to 100 kVA or 800 MWh Approx. 20 MW (2016) Denmark Premium tariffs, net-metering 791 MW (2015) Sweden Investment grants, subsidy for residential battery storage costs, tax returns 85 MW (2015) Sources: https://cleantechnica.com/2016/11/22/sweden-will-offer-60-subsidy-residential-battery-storage-costs/, https://www.worldenergy.org/data/resources/region/europe/solar/, http://www.res-legal.eu/search-by- country/denmark/single/s/res-e/t/promotion/aid/premium-tariff-law-on-the-promotion-of-renewable-energy/lastp/96/
  16. 16. Solar energy is already feasible in Finland, but market growth would improve with support policies
  17. 17. Thank you! More information: www.finsolar.net www.smartenergytransition.fi Contact: Karoliina Auvinen karoliina.auvinen@aalto.fi +358 50 462 4727 Aalto University, Helsinki
  • MicheleFortunato

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    Apr. 24, 2017
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    Mar. 23, 2017

Solar PV market, prices, profitability and policies in Finland Presentation by Karoliina Auvinen in Vaasa EnergyWeek 2017

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