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Cubism Lecture

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Stacey and Katie's Slideshow on Cubism. Mr. Read's 3rd hour

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Cubism Lecture

  1. 1. CUBISM Katie Reily Stacey Klonowski “ Girl with Mandolin” 1910 - Picasso
  2. 2. Science and Art <ul><li>Science was rapidly changing </li></ul><ul><li>Old notions of matter, time, and space are shattered </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein, Max Planck, and Neils Bohr introduced a new theory of the atom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bohr introduced Quantum theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Everything is broken down into a “quanta” of energy. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Einstein introduced Special Theory of Relativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changed three dimensional space </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Cubism? <ul><li>First abstract art style </li></ul><ul><li>Used simple shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Ignored color in beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks elements of light, atmosphere, and space </li></ul><ul><li>Gave depth and richness to painting </li></ul><ul><li>Overlapping Fragments </li></ul><ul><li>Reality of objects in space, reality of flat painted surface </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Accordionist” Picasso 1911
  5. 5. What is Cubism…? Continued <ul><li>Disregard physical laws of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial relationships without traditional perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Light and shade not used to convey depth </li></ul><ul><li>Figures broken down into jagged planes of color </li></ul><ul><li>Figures broken down into more than one location in space. </li></ul><ul><li>Two major phases: analytical and synthetic </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Violin and Pitcher” Braque 1910
  7. 7. How did Cubism get its name? <ul><li>Cubism got its name from remarks from the painter Henri Matisse and critic Louis Vauxcelles. </li></ul><ul><li>They saw Braque’s work &quot;Houses at L'Estaque&quot; and mocked it saying “everything is broken down into cubes.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cubism Influence <ul><li>Post Impressionism – Gauguin – greatly influence Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist – Cezanne – greatly influenced George Braque </li></ul><ul><li>African Influence – greatly influenced Picasso’s early works </li></ul><ul><li>Direct reaction to Fauvism </li></ul>
  9. 9. African Influence African Mask 1900 “ Three Women” Picasso 1908
  10. 10. Gauguin Influence “ Mandolina with Flowers” Gauguin 1883 “ Composition with Skull” Picasso 1907
  11. 11. Cezanne Influence “ Monte Sainte-Victoire” 1904 Cezanne “ Fishing Boats” 1909 Braque
  12. 12. Analytic Cubism (1909-1911) <ul><li>First Cubism phase </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic colors (tans, browns, grays, creams, greens, blues) </li></ul><ul><li>Based on reducing natural forms to basic geometrical parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused more on intellect than emotion </li></ul>
  13. 13. Synthetic Cubism (1912-1919) <ul><li>Grew out of analytical </li></ul><ul><li>Wider use of color </li></ul><ul><li>Wider use of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Papier Colle introduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of collage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appealing and easier to interpret </li></ul><ul><li>Less intricate </li></ul><ul><li>Added substances like sand to paint to make it appear thicker </li></ul>
  14. 14. Analytic vs. Synthetic <ul><li>Based on intellect </li></ul><ul><li>Monochromatic color palette </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce object to basic geometric shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Linear construction </li></ul><ul><li>Less intricate </li></ul><ul><li>More color </li></ul><ul><li>More appealing </li></ul><ul><li>Collage </li></ul><ul><li>Objects less recognizable </li></ul><ul><li>Less shading </li></ul><ul><li>Added substance to paint </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) <ul><li>Spanish painter and sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Took the sculpture approach which lead to creation of Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Stated forms and volumes in basic simplicity </li></ul>
  16. 16. 1907 - Picasso “ Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”
  17. 17. “ The Guitar Player” 1910 Picasso
  18. 18. “ Ma Jolie” (Woman with Zither or Guitar) 1911 Picasso
  19. 19. “ Girl with Mandolin” 1910 - Picasso
  20. 20. “ Glass and Bottle of Suze” Picasso 1912
  21. 21. “ Woman in an Arm Chair” 1913 Picasso
  22. 22. “ Still-life with Fruit-dish on a table” 1915 Picasso
  23. 23. George Braque (1882-1963) <ul><li>French painter </li></ul><ul><li>Saw solid reality of objects </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist, Fauvist, then Cubist </li></ul><ul><li>Painted mainly scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced faux bois. (The appearance of stenciling in his paintings) </li></ul>
  24. 24. “ Fruit Dish” 1909 Braque
  25. 25. “ Bottle and Fishes” 1910 Braque
  26. 26. “ Violin and Candlestick” 1910 Braque
  27. 27. “ Bottle, newspaper, pipe, and glass” 1913 Braque
  28. 28. “ Fruit Dish, Ace of Clubs” 1913 Braque
  29. 29. “ Still Life on a Table: Gillete” 1914 Braque
  30. 30. Braque and Picasso <ul><li>Worked together until end of synthetic cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Thought more about forging language of cubism than about aesthetic value of subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Common concern for accurate representation of reality </li></ul><ul><li>Always relied on intuition </li></ul><ul><li>Limited role of light </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced palette to neutral range of grays </li></ul><ul><li>Work could not be differentiated in early Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Braque and Picasso split in 1914 at the start of WWI </li></ul>
  31. 31. “ Man with Guitar” 1911 Braque “ Ma Jolie” 1911 Picasso
  32. 32. Juan Gris (1887-1927) <ul><li>Spanish painter </li></ul><ul><li>Six years younger than Braque and Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly synthetic cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Used bright colors unlike Braque and Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as a True Cubist </li></ul>
  33. 33. “ Portrait of Picasso” 1912 Gris
  34. 34. “ Guitar on a Chair” 1913 Gris
  35. 35. “ The Guitar” 1913 Gris
  36. 36. Cubism Influence on Later Art <ul><li>WWI ended </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dadaists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surrealists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All branched off of Cubism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Conclusion <ul><li>Picasso, Gris, and Braque are the three main Cubists </li></ul><ul><li>African art, Gauguin, and Cezanne are major influences </li></ul><ul><li>Simplified objects by cutting them down into geometric shapes and showing them from different angles and planes </li></ul><ul><li>Two major phases, analytic and synthetic </li></ul>
  38. 38. THE END

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