Reason of increase in ewaste generation:Rising quality of life and high rate of resource consumptionEwaste is hard to handle because of its composition as it is made of multiple component.Technology change, software compatability and Lack of efficient recovery, reuse technologies
E waste: waste of electronics / electrical goods that use or have reached their end of lifeContains valuable material like copper, silver, gold that can be recovered
Guiyu of shintou region in china, is world ewaste capitalUncontrolled burning, disassembling and disposal causes varity of environmental pblms in chinaIn guiyu 82% of kids have high lead in blood more than 100 in some cases about 149, which causes impact on IQ and ill development on nervous systemHeavy metal in road in this region have lead 300times than normal and Cu 100 times more.In india, Supreme court has given directives to build facilities for treatment of ewaste but only 23 are present in country.75% state bodies are not following the directives
Convert (waste) into reusable material
E waste management
Strategy of E-
E-Waste: Waste of electronics / electrical goods that
have reached their end of life
Electronic products often contain hazardous and toxic
materials and should not be dumped with other wastes.
Along with China, India is largest importer of E-waste
from developed countries like US, UK and Japan.
In India 90% of mobile equipment are imported.
The rate of e-waste generation is increasing by 10%
every year. 3
0.8 million ton is contributed by India
40 Million ton E-waste produced globally
• Mobile phones
• Telephone exchanges Wireless Equipment cables and related scrap material
• PC andTV
• Connectors and related Scrap Material.
• Electronic – metal waste
• Printed Circuit Boards
• E – Equipment and Machinery
• Sockets Connectors.
• Pre Insulated Copper and Aluminum Cable waste.
140 gm of
1 Metric Ton of
contains more gold
17 Ton of Gold
from gold ore
1.5 tons of
items are also
kept in waste)
• Increase life span of
• Leaching problem
(70% of Heavy metals
in landfills are because
• Fumes of Heavy
metals released in
• Municipal incinerators
are giving dioxins
Receipt of E-
Captive Use Packing
Flow Sheet of
Takes useful COMPONENTS.
Ferrous metals sold to metal dealers.
Precious metals are recovered in a very dangerous and
Rest goes to land filling / water filling- disturbs ecological
Recycling of CRT
workers manually dismantle
most electronic equipment and
sort out valuable commodities
that are sold to various
CRTs ready to be
"crushed" for recycling.
The CRT crusher is completely
self-contained in a
Crushed CRT glass, coated
with lead, ready for
processing by a lead
Other components from
electronics are separated and
sold as commodities to various
How to Dispose E-waste
to schools colleges
entities in need.
If PC are out of
order then return
it to the
(HCL andWipro in
India has best take
Need for stringent health standards and environmental protection laws in India,
Extended producer responsibility,
Import of waste under license,
Awareness program, following safer and efficient methods
Choosing safer technology and cleaner substitute,
Monitoring of compliance rules,
Reduction of waste at source,
Investment opportunity in waste management sector and
Recognition to the unorganised sector in India.
Recycling and reprocessing units in
• Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana ,Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra,
Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh
• M/s Ramky E-waste Recycling Facility (Ramky Enviro Engineers Ltd.)
• Attero Electronic Asset Management Company. Unit: Roorkee. Owner: IIT
• M/s E-R3 Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Peenya Bangalore – 560 058
• A report on “Managing Electronics Waste (2007). Dumping old TV, First read the
rule”, The Hindustan Times, New Delhi Edition, , 15 October, p.1
• S. Chatterjee and Krishna Kumar (2009). “Effective electronic waste management
and recycling process involving formal and non-formal sectors”.
• LARRDIS (Research Unit), (2011) E-Waste In India, Rajya Sabha Secretariat.
• Gao Z, Li J, Zhang HC (2004). Electronics and the Environment, IEEE
international Symposium pp.234-241.
• http://www.attero.in/ E-wasteTreatment In Ghana: A Case Study
• Informal electronic waste recycling: A sector review with special focus on China
Xinwen Chi a,⇑, Martin Streicher-Porte b, Mark Y.L. Wang a, Markus A. Reuter c
• Contribution to resource conservation by reuse of electrical and electronic
household appliances Nina Truttm nn, Helmut Rechberger .
• Science direct