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11 levels by wadda7 fadl تعلم واتقن الانجليزية كورس مجاني

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11 levels by wadda7 fadl تعلم واتقن الانجليزية كورس مجاني
11 levels by wadda7 fadl تعلم واتقن الانجليزية كورس مجاني

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11 levels by wadda7 fadl تعلم واتقن الانجليزية كورس مجاني

  1. 1. ‫واتقن‬ ‫تعلم‬ ..‫النجليزية‬.. ‫بسهولة‬ Easily , learn and be excellent at , .. English .. ..‫الشامل‬. .Levels.. ............. ‫ل‬ ‫ومقسم‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫واضافات‬ ‫معا‬ ‫الجزءين‬ ‫يشمل‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬levels ‫من‬ ‫النجليزية‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫وتتقن‬ ‫لتتعلم‬ ‫تحتاجه‬ ‫ما‬ ‫كل‬ ‫وفيه‬ ، ‫الدارس‬ ‫مستوى‬ ‫حسب‬ ) ‫البجدية‬ ‫الحروف‬Alphabet) ‫المحادثات‬ ‫إلي‬ (Conversations‫كل‬ ‫شامل‬ ، ( ) ‫النجليزية‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫قواعد‬Grammar‫تفيد‬ ‫والتي‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫للحياة‬ ‫والهامة‬ ‫الضرورية‬ ( ‫به‬ ‫الخاصة‬ ‫المحادثات‬ ‫تكوين‬ ‫من‬ ‫يتمكن‬ ‫ولكي‬ ، ‫عمره‬ ‫أو‬ ‫مستواه‬ ‫كان‬ ‫مهما‬ ‫انسان‬ ‫كل‬ . ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫الموجودة‬ ‫للمحادثات‬ ‫بالضافة‬ ، ‫ظروفه‬ ‫يناسب‬ ‫بما‬ ‫كمال‬ ‫حشمت‬ : ‫اعداد‬ By : Heshmat Kamal .......................................................................................... 1
  2. 2. :‫ت‬ ‫كمال‬ ‫حشمت‬ : ‫اعداد‬6373468 ‫كمال‬ ‫حشمت‬ : ‫الناشر‬ ‫كمال‬ ‫حشمت‬ : ‫التصويري‬ ‫الجمع‬ : ‫المطبعة‬ ‫الولى‬ : ‫الطبعة‬ : ‫اليداع‬ ‫رقم‬18867/2003///19286/2003 : ‫الدولي‬ ‫الترقيم‬7-1140-17-977///2-1151-17-977 Author : Heshmat Kamal Tel : 6373468 Publisher : Heshmat Kamal Type setting : Heshmat Kamal Press : Edition : First Legal deposit # : 18867 /2003 /// 19286 / 2003 I.S.B.N. :977-17-1140-7 /// 977-17-1151-2 2
  3. 3. ‫الفهرست‬Contents ‫الموضوع‬level‫الصفحة‬ ‫النجليزية‬ ‫البجدية‬ ‫الحروف‬the English Alphabet16 ‫الحروف‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫نطق‬ ‫قواعد‬pronunciation of some letters6 ‫ومعانيها‬ ‫هامة‬ ‫كلمات‬important words and their meanings7 ‫ومعانيها‬ ‫هامة‬ ‫كلمات‬important words and their meanings210 ‫ومترادفات‬ ‫متشابهة‬ ‫كلمات‬Homonyms and synonyms11 ‫واللواحق‬ ‫السوابق‬prefixes and suffixes11 ‫الوقت‬time12 ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬prepositions314 ‫السماء‬ ‫جمع‬plural of nouns16 Verb do17 ‫جر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫كلمات‬420 ‫الوقت‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫استخدام‬prepositions with time21 ‫الكتابة‬ ‫قواعد‬ ‫بعض‬21 A, An and The22 Verbs "be" and "have"23 ‫ا‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫استخدام‬‫لمكان‬prepositions with place525 ‫أفغال‬verbs26 ‫جر‬ ‫وحروف‬ ‫كلمات‬27 ‫هامة‬ ‫متنوعات‬28 ‫أسئلة‬questions630 ‫الوقف‬ ‫علمات‬punctuation31 ‫للسماء‬ ‫الملكية‬ ‫علمة‬the apostrophe32 ‫لتعد‬ ‫والتي‬ ‫تعد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السماء‬countable and uncountable nouns33 ‫الصمائر‬pronouns34 gerund735 ‫متنوعات‬37 ‫والصفات‬ ‫الظروف‬adjectives and adverbs38 ‫والصفات‬ ‫الظروف‬adjectives and adverbs840 ‫صفاتها‬ ‫مع‬ ‫لسماء‬ ‫جدول‬43 ‫الزمنة‬ ‫عن‬ ‫مقدمة‬Tenses44 ‫عن‬ ‫مقدمة‬‫للمجهول‬ ‫والمبني‬ ‫للمعلوم‬ ‫المبني‬active and passive45 ‫الزمنة‬Tenses947 ‫الفعال‬ ‫تصريف‬conjugation of verbs51 ‫للمجهول‬ ‫والمبني‬ ‫للمعلوم‬ ‫المبني‬active and passive1055 ‫وصفات‬ ‫واسماء‬ ‫أفعال‬ ‫جداول‬59 (‫)الشرطية‬ ‫لو‬conditional if1162 3
  4. 4. ‫التمني‬wishes64 ‫خطابات‬letters65 Resume66 Comprehension67 ‫مباشر‬ ‫والغير‬ ‫المباشر‬ ‫الكلم‬direct and indirect speech1268 ‫ومتنوعات‬ ‫متشابهة‬ ‫كلمات‬70 Comprehension72 ‫كل‬ ‫نهاية‬ ‫في‬ ‫انه‬ ‫ولحظ‬level‫يوجد‬conversation‫من‬ ‫ابتداء‬level 3 ‫مقدمة‬ 4
  5. 5. ‫شامل‬ ‫وهو‬ ، ‫وجه‬ ‫أحسن‬ ‫على‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫اتمام‬ ‫في‬ ‫لي‬ ‫مساعدته‬ ‫على‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أشكر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫كله‬ ‫تقسيم‬ ‫ثم‬ ، ‫الخرى‬ ‫الضافات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫مع‬ ، ‫معا‬ ‫السابقين‬ ‫للجزءين‬levels. ‫وكل‬ ‫والمهجر‬ ‫مصر‬ ‫في‬ ‫النجليزي‬ ‫بدراسة‬ ‫يهتم‬ ‫من‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫اهداء‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫وأقدم‬ ‫الوقت‬ ‫نفس‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫وسهل‬ ‫مبسطا‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫أن‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫راعيت‬ ‫وقد‬ ، ‫حياته‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫يفيده‬ ‫لكي‬ ، ‫مكان‬ ‫سيكون‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وباذن‬ ، ‫مجال‬ ‫أي‬ ‫في‬ ‫كامل‬ ‫كتاب‬ ‫ليوجد‬ ‫بالطبع‬ ‫ولكن‬ ، ‫هام‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫لينقصه‬ ‫شامل‬ ‫علم‬ ‫طالب‬ ‫الدارس‬ ‫كان‬ ‫سواء‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫حياته‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫عمله‬ ‫في‬ ‫دارس‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫جدا‬ ‫نافعا‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫فهذا‬ ، ‫مدرس‬ ‫كان‬ ‫ان‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫أو‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫مجال‬ ‫أي‬ ‫في‬ ‫موظف‬ ‫أو‬ ‫معهد‬ ‫أو‬ ‫كلية‬ ‫أو‬ ‫مدرسة‬ ‫في‬ ‫مدى‬ ‫على‬ ‫النجليزية‬ ‫للغة‬ ‫دراستي‬ ‫خلصة‬ ‫فهو‬ ، ‫المستويات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫للكل‬ ‫نافع‬ ‫الكتاب‬ . ‫السنوات‬ ‫عشرات‬ ‫)أو‬ ‫فصل‬ ‫اي‬ ‫دراسة‬ ‫عند‬ ‫ويراعي‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫يدقق‬ ‫أن‬ ‫العزيز‬ ‫القارئ‬ ‫من‬ ‫وأتمنى‬ ‫واحدة‬ ‫جملة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫فربما‬ ، ‫وبالترتيب‬ ‫أوله‬ ‫من‬ ‫يقرأه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ (‫جزء‬ ‫أو‬ ‫باب‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫وهي‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫نقطة‬ ‫هذه‬ ، ‫عليه‬ ‫مبنية‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫وفصول‬ ‫بل‬ ، ‫كله‬ ‫الفصل‬ ‫دراسة‬ ‫له‬ ‫تسهل‬ ‫فصل‬ ‫فهم‬ ، ‫بعض‬ ‫على‬ ‫مبنية‬ ‫كلها‬ ، ‫أخرى‬ ‫لغة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫مثل‬ ، ‫النجليزي‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫أن‬ ‫معرفة‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يحب‬ ‫الدارس‬ ‫كان‬ ‫وإذا‬ . ‫كثيرة‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫أجزاء‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫في‬ ‫سيفيد‬ ، ‫جيدا‬ ‫معين‬ ‫جزء‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المحادثة‬ ‫في‬ ‫ممتازا‬conversation،‫كله‬ ‫النجليزي‬ ‫عن‬ ‫عبارة‬ ‫هي‬ ‫المحادثة‬ ‫أن‬ ‫فليعلم‬ ، ‫وال‬ ‫والجمل‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫فحفظ‬grammar‫لهم‬ ‫لخره‬ ‫أوله‬ ‫من‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫الموجودين‬ ، ‫والصدقاء‬ ‫المعارف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫نطق‬ ‫على‬ ‫التمرين‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫ويجب‬ . ‫المحادثات‬ ‫في‬ ‫أهمية‬ ‫قاموس‬ ‫ومن‬Longman‫أو‬Oxford. ‫بسهولة‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫لنطق‬ ‫طريقة‬ ‫فيهما‬ ‫لن‬ ، ‫الخير‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫ان‬ ‫مايرى‬ ‫بحسب‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫لهذا‬ ‫الدارسين‬ ‫جميع‬ ‫يساعد‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫أرجو‬ . ‫العالم‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الناس‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫بل‬ ‫الحبيب‬ ‫مصر‬ ‫شعب‬ ‫وخير‬ ‫لفائدة‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫وان‬ Level 1 [Meena] (H.K.) 5
  6. 6. The English Alphabet ‫النجليزية‬ ‫البجدية‬ ‫الحروف‬ Aa ‫ايه‬ , Bb ‫بي‬ , Cc ‫سي‬ , Dd ‫دي‬ , Ee ‫إي‬ , Ff ‫اف‬ , Gg ‫جي‬ , Hh ‫اتش‬ , Ii ‫آي‬ , Jj ‫جيه‬ , Kk ‫كيه‬ , Ll ‫إل‬ , Mm ‫ام‬ , Nn ‫ان‬ , Oo ‫أوه‬ , Pp ‫بي‬ , Qq ‫كيو‬ , Rr ‫آر‬ , Ss ‫اس‬ , Tt ‫تي‬ , Uu ‫يوو‬ , Vv ‫في‬ , Ww ‫دابليو‬ , Xx ‫اكس‬ , Yy ‫واي‬ , Zz ‫زد‬ ) ‫المتحركة‬ ‫الحروف‬vowels: ‫هم‬ (a e i o u) ‫ساكنة‬ ‫فهي‬ ‫الحروف‬ ‫بقية‬ ‫أما‬ ،consonants(. . ‫قاموس‬ ‫أي‬ ‫لستخدام‬ ‫بالترتيب‬ ‫الحروف‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫حفظ‬ ‫الضروري‬ ‫ومن‬ H.W 1(‫الواجب‬ ‫كراس‬ ‫)في‬ ‫والصغيرة‬ ‫الكبيرة‬ ‫بالحروف‬ ‫وبالترتيب‬ ‫غيبا‬ ‫كلها‬ ‫البجدية‬ ‫الحروف‬ ‫اكتب‬ ( 2: ‫القاموس‬ ‫من‬ ‫التالية‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫معاني‬ ‫اخراج‬ ‫على‬ ‫اتمرن‬ (box____, play____, escape,_____ )H.K.) [Meena[ Personal Pronouns [Meena] ‫الشخصية‬ ‫الضمائر‬ Singular (H.K(. I ‫أنا‬ You ‫أنت‬ ،‫انت‬ He (he, she, it = third singular) ‫هو‬ She ‫هي‬ It (‫الحيوان‬ ‫أو‬ ‫)الجماد‬ ‫العاقل‬ ‫لغير‬ ‫هي‬ ‫هوأو‬ Plural We ‫نحن‬ You ‫أنتن‬ ،‫انتم‬ ،‫انتما‬ They ‫هم‬(‫العاقل‬ ‫غير‬ ‫أو‬ /‫و‬ ‫المؤنث‬ ‫أو‬ /‫و‬ ‫المذكر‬ ‫)جمع‬ H.W. What are the personal pronouns? ‫الواجب‬ ‫كراس‬ ‫في‬ ‫معانيهم‬ ‫مع‬ ‫اكتبهم‬ ‫الشخصية؟‬ ‫الضمائر‬ ‫ماهم‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لتحفظ‬ ‫غيبا‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫مفتوح‬ ‫والكتاب‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫اكتبها‬ ، ‫تصادفك‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫احفظ‬ ‫دايما‬spelling .‫جيدا‬ ‫النطق‬ ‫وأذكر‬ ‫خطك‬ ‫وحسن‬ (‫)الستهجاء‬ Pronunciation of Some Letters [Meena] ‫الحروف‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫نطق‬ ‫قواعد‬ B(‫صامتة‬ ‫)تكون‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫أحيانا‬‫في‬ ‫كما‬lamb. (‫)حمل‬ ‫لم‬ C 1(‫س‬ ‫تنطق‬‫بعدها‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫لو‬e , i , y‫وذلك‬ ، ‫وسطها‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫أول‬ ‫في‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫سواء‬ : ‫مثل‬nice، (‫)حسن‬ ‫نايس‬centre. (‫)مركز‬ ‫سنتر‬ 2‫و‬ (‫ك‬ ‫تنطق‬‫ماعدا‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫أي‬ ‫بعدها‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫لو‬h‫مثل‬ ،cycle، (‫)دورة‬ ‫سايكل‬cat‫كات‬ ، (‫)قطة‬crime. (‫)جريمة‬ ‫كرايم‬ 3‫أما‬ (‫مزدوجة‬ ‫جاءت‬ ‫لو‬)cc: ‫مثل‬ ، ‫السابقة‬ ‫القواعد‬ ‫حسب‬ ‫والثانية‬ ‫ك‬ ‫الولى‬ ‫تنطق‬ ، (accept ، (‫)يقبل‬ ‫أكسبت‬accuse. (‫)يتهم‬ ‫أكيوز‬ 4‫أما‬ (‫بعدها‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫لو‬h: ‫مثل‬ ‫تش‬ ‫تنطق‬ (‫أ‬ :chalk:‫مثل‬ ‫ك‬ ‫وتنطق‬ (‫ب‬ . (‫)طباشير‬ ‫تشوك‬ chemistry:‫مثل‬ ‫ش‬ ‫وتنطق‬ (‫ج‬ . (‫)كيمياء‬ ‫كمستري‬machine. (‫)ماكينة‬ ‫ماشين‬ 5(‫ش‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫وأحيانا‬: ‫مثل‬ocean(‫)محيط‬ ‫أوشن‬ : ‫مثل‬ ‫صامتة‬ ‫وتكون‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وأحيانا‬muscles. (‫)عضلت‬ ‫ماصلز‬ G 1(‫ج‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫عامة‬ ‫بصفة‬‫في‬ ‫كما‬gold، (‫)ذهب‬ ‫جولد‬‫تنطق‬ ‫لكنها‬j‫بعدها‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫لو‬ e , i , y‫مثل‬Egyptian ، edge. 6
  7. 7. 2‫أما‬ (‫بعدها‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫لو‬n , th‫الكلمة‬ ‫نهاية‬ ‫في‬‫مثل‬ ، (‫)لتنطق‬ ‫صامتة‬ ‫فتكون‬sign‫)علمة‬ ‫ساين‬ ، (‫اشارة‬ ‫أو‬length.(‫)طول‬ ‫لنث‬ 3‫أما‬ (‫بعدها‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫لو‬h‫مثل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫تنطق‬ (‫أ‬ :enough‫مثل‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫أو‬ (‫ب‬ . (‫)يكفي‬ ‫اناف‬ high، (‫)عالي‬ ‫هاي‬straight. (‫)مستقيم‬ ‫إستريت‬ H‫ينطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫أحيانا‬‫في‬ ‫كما‬hour، (‫)ساعة‬ ‫أور‬honest.(‫)أمين‬ ‫أونست‬ K‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬‫بعدها‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫إذا‬n‫مثل‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫أول‬ ‫في‬knife. (‫)سكينة‬ ‫نايف‬ L‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬‫التركيبات‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫في‬alk , alf , ould‫مثل‬chalk‫تشوك‬ ،(‫)طباشير‬half، (‫)نصف‬ ‫هاف‬could. (‫)ممكن‬ ‫كود‬]Meena[ N‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬‫بعد‬ ‫جاءت‬ ‫إذا‬m‫مثل‬column. (‫)عمود‬ ‫كولم‬ P‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫أحيانا‬‫في‬ ‫كما‬psychology‫بعدها‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫لو‬ ‫أما‬ ، ‫سايكولوجي‬h‫مثل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫فتنطق‬ phosphor. ‫فسفور‬ S 1(‫ز‬ ‫تنطق‬‫مثل‬ ‫متحركين‬ ‫حرفين‬ ‫بين‬ ‫جاءت‬ ‫لو‬rose، (‫)وردة‬ ‫روز‬disease‫ديزيز‬ ،(‫)مرض‬‫يستثنى‬ ‫ولكن‬‫القاعدة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫من‬dis‫مثل‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫بداية‬ ‫في‬ ‫تأتي‬ ‫لما‬disappear‫أبير‬ ‫ديس‬ . (‫)يختفي‬ 2(‫تنطق‬ ‫وأحيانا‬j‫مثل‬usually. 3(‫ش‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫وأحيانا‬‫مثل‬sugar‫بعده‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫لو‬ ‫وخاصة‬ ،(‫)سكر‬ ‫شوجر‬h‫مثل‬fish.(‫)سمك‬ ‫فيش‬ 4(‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وأحيانا‬‫في‬ ‫كما‬island. (‫)جزيرة‬ ‫آيلند‬ T 1(‫ش‬ ‫تنطق‬‫بعدها‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫إذا‬ion‫مثل‬action. (‫)حركة‬ ‫أكشن‬ 2(‫تش‬ ‫تنطق‬ ‫وأحيانا‬‫مثل‬nature. (‫)طبيعة‬ ‫نيتشر‬ 3(‫تنطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وأحيانا‬‫في‬ ‫كما‬often‫و‬ (‫)مرارا‬ ‫أوفن‬listen. (‫)يستمع‬ ‫ليسن‬ 4‫بعدها‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫وإذا‬ (h‫ث‬ ‫تنطق‬‫مثل‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫أو‬mouth‫و‬ (‫)فم‬ ‫ماوس‬father. (‫)أب‬ ‫فازر‬ W‫ينطق‬ ‫ل‬‫وبعده‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫أول‬ ‫في‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫إذا‬r‫أو‬h‫مثل‬write، (‫)يكتب‬ ‫رايت‬who‫هوو‬ .(‫)من‬ X‫جز‬ ‫ينطق‬‫مثل‬ ‫متحرك‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫بعده‬ ‫أتى‬ ‫لو‬exactly. (‫)بالضبط‬ ‫اجزاكتلي‬ ‫ومعانيها‬ ‫هامة‬ ‫كلمات‬ Important words and their meanings [Meena] : ‫معا‬ ‫مجمعة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ومبوبة‬ ‫عامة‬ ‫الحياة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الستخدام‬ ‫كثيرة‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫نأخذ‬ ‫والن‬ H.W.(‫الستهجاء‬ ‫مع‬ ‫المعاني‬ ‫مع‬ ‫النطق‬ ، ‫جدا‬ ‫جيدا‬ ‫حفظهم‬ ‫)ضروري‬]Meena[ It is very important to study them by heart, their pronunciation, meanings and their spelling. (H.K.) Times of the day ‫اليوم‬ ‫أوقات‬ : dawn (day-break) ‫الفجر‬ , sunrise ‫شروق‬ ‫الشمس‬ , morning ‫الصباح‬ , noon ‫الظهر‬ , afternoon ‫الظهر‬ ‫بعد‬ , sunset ‫الشمس‬ ‫غروب‬ , evening ‫المساء‬ , night ‫الليل‬ , midnight ‫الليل‬ ‫نصف‬ // today ‫)انهاردة‬ ‫)اليوم‬ , tonight ‫الليلة‬ ‫هذه‬ , tomorrow ‫غدا‬ , tomorrow night ‫ليل‬ ‫غدا‬ Week days [Meena] ‫السبوع‬ ‫أيام‬ : Monday ‫الثنين‬ , Tuesday ‫الثلثاء‬ , Wednesday ‫الربع‬ , Thursday ‫الخميس‬ , Friday ‫الجمعة‬ , Saturday ‫السبت‬ , Sunday ‫الحد‬ 7
  8. 8. Months ‫الشهور‬ : January ‫يناير‬ , February ‫فبراير‬ , March ‫مارس‬ , April ‫أبريل‬ , May ‫مايو‬ , June ‫يونية‬ , July ‫يولية‬ , August ‫أغسطس‬ , September ‫سبتمبر‬ , October ‫أكتوبر‬ , November ‫نوفمبر‬ , December ‫ديسمبر‬ . (H.K.) ‫أن‬ ‫لحظ‬‫ب‬ ‫يكتبوا‬ ‫دايما‬ ‫الشهور‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫السبوع‬ ‫أيام‬ ‫كل‬Capital. ‫الجملة‬ ‫في‬ ‫موقعهم‬ ‫كان‬ ‫مهما‬ Seasons [Meena] ‫)الفصول‬ ‫)المواسم‬ : spring ‫الربيع‬ , summer ‫الصيف‬ , autumn (fall) ‫الخريف‬ , winter ‫الشتاء‬ Cardinal Numbers ‫الصلية‬ ‫العداد‬ : One 1 , two 2 , three 3 , four 4 , five 5 , six 6 , seven 7, eight 8 , nine 9 , ten 10 , eleven 11 , twelve 12 , thirteen 13 , fourteen 14 , fifteen 15 , sixteen 16 , seventeen 17 , eighteen 18 , nineteen 19 , twenty 20 , twenty-one 21 , twenty- two 22 .. .. twenty nine 29 , thirty 30 , forty 40 , fifty 50 , sixty 60 , seventy 70 , eighty 80 , ninety 90 , one hundred 100 , one hundred and one 101 , one hundred and two 102 , two hundred and one 201 , one thousand 1000 , one thousand and one 1001 , one million (A million) 1000000 , two millions , one billion (A billion) . Ordinal numbers [Meena] ‫الترتيبية‬ ‫العداد‬ : ‫نضع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫دائما‬ ‫لبد‬ ‫أننا‬ ‫ولحظ‬ ، ‫السابقة‬ ‫العداد‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫بنفس‬ ‫سنكتب‬ ‫وهنا‬the. ‫أول‬ The first ‫الول‬ , the second ‫الثاني‬ , --- third ‫الثالث‬ , --- fourth ‫الرابع‬ , --- fifth ‫الخامس‬ , sixth ‫السادس‬ , seventh ‫السابع‬ , eightth , ninth , tenth , eleventh , twelfth , thirteenth , fourteenth , fifteenth , sixteenth , seventeenth , eighteenth , nineteenth , twentieth , twenty- first , twenty-second , twenty-ninth , thirtieth , fortieth , fiftieth , sixtieth , seventieth , eightieth , ninetieth , hundredth , hundred and first , hundred and second , two hundred and first , thousandth , thousand and first , the millionth , the two millionth , the billionth , the last ‫الخير‬ , the last but one ‫الخير‬ ‫قبل‬ . Once ‫مرة‬ , twice = two times ‫مرتين‬ , thrice = three times ‫مرات‬ ‫ثلث‬ , four times ‫مرات‬ ‫أربع‬ , hundred times ‫مرة‬ ‫مئة‬ . Double ‫الضعف‬ , triple 3 ‫أضعاف‬ , quadruple 4 ‫أضعاف‬ , five fold 5 ‫,أضعاف‬ the centuple ‫ضعف‬ ‫مئة‬ . A quarter = one fourth ‫ربع‬ , one third ‫ثلث‬ , half ‫نصف‬ . [Meena] (H.K.) Family and kindred ‫والقارب‬ ‫العائلة‬ Father ‫أب‬ Mother ‫أم‬ Son ‫ابن‬ Girl ‫بنت‬ Daughter ‫ابنة‬ Brother ‫أخ‬ Sister ‫أخت‬ Boy ‫ولد‬ Husband ‫زوج‬ Wife ‫زوجة‬ Baby ‫رضيع‬ Man ‫رجل‬ Child ‫طفل‬ Aunt ‫خالة‬ ، ‫عمة‬ Uncle ‫خال‬ ، ‫عم‬ Woman ‫امرأة‬ [Meena] Food ‫الكل‬ Meals ‫وجبات‬ Oil ‫زيت‬ Fruits ‫فواكه‬ Barley ‫شعير‬ Grains ‫حبوب‬ Breakfast ‫فطار‬ Lunch ‫غداء‬ Potato ‫بطاطس‬ Supper ‫عشاء‬ Bread ‫خبز‬ Wheat ‫قمح‬ Flour ‫دقيق‬ 8
  9. 9. Honey ‫أبيض‬ ‫عسل‬ Olive ‫زيتون‬ Grapes ‫عنب‬ Salad ‫سلطة‬ Milk ‫لبن‬ Rice ‫أرز‬ Water ‫ماء‬ Pickles ‫مخلل‬ H.W. Translation : Write the English meaning of the following words ‫التية‬ ‫للكلمات‬ ‫النجليزي‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫اكتب‬ ‫يناير‬ ‫ربع‬ ‫اتنين‬ ‫مرات‬ ‫أربع‬ ‫زوجة‬ ‫الرابع‬ ‫أم‬ ‫الثلثاء‬ ‫زيتون‬ ‫زوج‬ ‫الصباح‬ ‫الضعف‬ ‫أخت‬ ‫اخ‬ ‫أب‬ Write the Arabic meaning of the following words ‫التية‬ ‫للكلمات‬ ‫العربي‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫اكتب‬ Honey Child Twelve The fifth Baby Wednesday Aunt Five fold Summer Pickles Twice August One third rice Autumn : ‫الواجب‬ ‫كشكول‬ ‫في‬ ---1: ‫الحروف‬ ‫نطق‬ ‫قواعد‬ ‫اكتب‬ (G, L, S, T 2. ‫والمواسم‬ ‫السنة‬ ‫وشهور‬ ‫السبوع‬ ‫أيام‬ ‫اكتب‬ ( Level 2 [Meena] (H.K.) : ‫معا‬ ‫مجمعة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ومبوبة‬ ‫عامة‬ ‫الحياة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الستخدام‬ ‫كثيرة‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫نأخذ‬ ‫الن‬ 9
  10. 10. H.W.(‫الستهجاء‬ ‫مع‬ ‫المعاني‬ ‫مع‬ ‫النطق‬ ، ‫جدا‬ ‫جيدا‬ ‫حفظهم‬ ‫)ضروري‬)H.K(. It is very important to study them by heart, pronunciation, meanings and spelling. The human body (H.K.) ‫النسان‬ ‫جسم‬ Head ‫الرأس‬ Hair ‫الشعر‬ Nose ‫النف‬ Beard ‫لحية‬ Eye ‫عين‬ Ear ‫أذن‬ Mouth ‫فم‬ Teeth ‫أسنان‬ Hand ‫يد‬ Leg ‫رجل‬ Back ‫ظهر‬ Tongue ‫لسان‬ Face ‫وجه‬ Skin ‫جلد‬ Fingers ‫أصابع‬ Jaw ‫فك‬ Soul ‫نفس‬ Blood ‫دم‬ Spirit ‫روح‬ Lips ‫شفايف‬ Traveling ‫السفر‬ Airplane ‫طائرة‬ Train ‫قطار‬ Passport ‫سفر‬ ‫جواز‬ Vacant ‫خالي‬ Ticket ‫تذكرة‬ Arrival ‫الوصول‬ Departure ‫الرحيل‬ Brake ‫فرامل‬ Direction ‫اتجاه‬ Class ‫درجة‬ Speed ‫سرعة‬ Tyre ‫كاوتش‬ Customs ‫الجمرك‬ Inquiries ‫استعلمات‬ Office ‫مكتب‬ Ship ‫سفينة‬ Occupations [Meena] ‫وظائف‬ Teacher ‫مدرس‬ Engineer ‫مهندس‬ Doctor ‫دكتور‬ Soldier ‫عسكري‬ Judge ‫قاضي‬ Actor ‫ممثل‬ Lawyer ‫محامي‬ Driver ‫سائق‬ Continents (H.K.) ‫القارات‬ Africa ‫أفريقيا‬ America ‫أمريكا‬ Europe ‫أوروبا‬ Australia ‫أستراليا‬ Asia ‫آسيا‬ Countries and nationalities ‫والجنسيات‬ ‫الدول‬ Egypt ‫مصر‬ Egyptian ‫مصري‬ America ‫أمريكا‬ American ‫أمريكاني‬ Palestine ‫فلسطين‬ Palestinian ‫فلسطيني‬ Syria ‫سوريا‬ Syrian ‫سوري‬ Jordan ‫الردن‬ Jordanian ‫أردني‬ England ‫انجلترا‬ English ‫انجليزي‬ France ‫فرنسا‬ French ‫فرنسي‬ China ‫الصين‬ Chinese ‫صيني‬ Germany ‫ألمانيا‬ German ‫ألماني‬ Greece ‫اليونان‬ Greek ‫يوناني‬ Post office ‫البريد‬ ‫مكتب‬ Letter ‫جواب‬ Stamp ‫طابع‬ Postage ‫أجرة‬ Sample ‫عينة‬ Fee ‫اجرة‬ Envelope ‫ظرف‬ Sender ‫الراسل‬ Form ‫استمارة‬ Banking (H.K.) ‫البنوك‬ ‫أعمال‬ Cheque ‫شيك‬ Account ‫حساب‬ Deposit ‫وديعة‬ Rate ‫معدل‬ Client ‫عميل‬ Loss ‫خسارة‬ Profit ‫مكسب‬ Loan ‫سلفة‬ Interest ‫فائدة‬ Capital ‫رأسمال‬ Withdraw ‫يسحب‬ Broker ‫سمسار‬ Virtues and vices ‫والرذائل‬ ‫الفضائل‬ Patience ‫صبر‬ Wisdom ‫حكمة‬ Faith ‫ايمان‬ Wise ‫حكيم‬ Fear ‫خوف‬ Lying ‫كذب‬ Envy ‫حسد‬ Fool ‫جاهل‬ Architecture ‫)عمارة‬ ‫)معمار‬ (H.K.) House ‫منزل‬ Room ‫غرفة‬ Bricks ‫طوب‬ Design ‫تصميم‬ Column ‫عمود‬ Steel ‫صلب‬ Concrete ‫خرسانة‬ Building ‫مبنى‬ Homonyms. ‫المعنى‬ ‫في‬ ‫مختلفة‬ ‫ولكنها‬ ‫والهجاء‬ ‫النطق‬ ‫في‬ ‫متشابهة‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫وهي‬ : Coarse ‫خشن‬ Course [Meena] ‫مقرر‬ ، ‫دراسات‬ Pray (H.K.) ‫يصلي‬ Prey ‫غنيمة‬ ، ‫فريسة‬ Lesson ‫درس‬ Lessen ‫يخفض‬ ، ‫يقلل‬ Quiet ‫ساكت‬ ، ‫هادئ‬ Quite ‫نهائيا‬ ، ‫تماما‬ To sail ‫يبحر‬ For sale ‫للبيع‬ Lightning ‫اضاءة‬ ، ‫برق‬ Lightening ‫تخفيف‬ 10
  11. 11. Might ‫قوة‬ ، ‫قدرة‬ Mite ‫عثة‬ Precede ‫يسبق‬ Proceed ‫ينبثق‬ ، ‫من‬ ‫يخرج‬ Sealing ‫ختم‬ Ceiling ‫سقف‬ Stare ‫يبحلق‬ Stair ‫سلمة‬ Principal ‫ناظر‬ ، ‫رئيس‬ Principle ‫رأي‬ ، ‫مبدأ‬ Site ‫موضع‬ ، ‫موقع‬ Sight ‫مشهد‬ ، ‫منظر‬ Tail ‫ذيل‬ Tale ‫قصة‬ Synonyms. ‫متقارب‬ ‫معنى‬ ‫لها‬ ‫لكنها‬ ‫والهجاء‬ ‫النطق‬ ‫في‬ ‫مختلفة‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫وهي‬ : Current [Meena] ‫كهرباء‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ماء‬ ‫تيار‬ Draught ‫هواء‬ ‫تيار‬ Fingers ‫اليد‬ ‫أصابع‬ Toes ‫القدم‬ ‫أصابع‬ Habit ‫فردية‬ ‫عادة‬ Custom ‫جماعية‬ ‫عادة‬ Shade (‫)الشجرمثل‬ ‫ظل‬ Shadow ‫خيال‬ ، ‫ظل‬ Peel (‫)برتقالة‬ ‫يقشر‬ Pare (‫)تفاحة‬ ‫يكشط‬ Mobile ‫متنقل‬ Movable ‫متحرك‬ Childish ‫تافه‬ ، ‫صبياني‬ Childlike ‫الطفال‬ ‫زي‬ ‫بسيط‬ Make ‫يصنع‬ ، ‫يعمل‬ Do (H.K.) ‫يعمل‬ ‫قبلها‬ ‫يأتي‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫نذكر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫وجيد‬ ---make‫قبلها‬ ‫يأتي‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫وبعض‬do. Make : - a mistake ‫,خطأ‬ - a decision ‫,قرار‬ - a pizza ‫,بيتزا‬ - noise ‫,دوشة‬ - plans ‫.خطط‬ Do : - your homework ‫,واجب‬ - some shopping ‫,شراء‬ - me a favor ‫.معروف‬ Prefixes and suffixes ‫واللواحق‬ ‫السوابق‬ ‫يسمى‬ ‫البداية‬ ‫في‬ ‫جزء‬ ‫إليها‬ ‫يضاف‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫من‬ ‫وكثير‬prefix‫يسمى‬ ‫النهاية‬ ‫في‬ ‫جزء‬ ‫أو‬suffix. Prefixes---: ‫مثل‬ ‫السوابق‬ ‫أي‬]Meena[ Bi (two) ex: bicycle ‫.دراجة‬ / Re (again ‫,تاني‬ back ‫ظهر‬ ،‫)رجوع‬ ex: return ‫يرجع‬ Tele (from far away ‫بعيد‬ ‫من‬ ) ex: television ‫تليفزيون‬ , telegraph ‫.تلغراف‬ Under (insufficient ‫كافي‬ ‫)غير‬ ex: underpay ‫أقل‬ ‫يدفع‬ , underfed ‫أقل‬ ‫.يغذي‬ Over (more than ‫من‬ ‫)أكثر‬ ex: overload ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫,حمل‬ overtime ‫الضافي‬ ‫الوقت‬ Fore (before ‫)قبل‬ ex: foretell ‫حدوثه‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫بالشئ‬ ‫.يخبر‬ -- Some prefixes give the meaning of negation, like: ‫مثل‬ ‫النفي‬ ‫تعطي‬ ‫السوابق‬ ‫:بعض‬ Im ex: impossible ‫مستحيل‬ ،‫ممكن‬ ‫غير‬ / Dis ex: disconnect ‫وصلة‬ ‫يفك‬ ،‫يفصل‬ / Un ex: unbelievable ‫تصديقه‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ل‬ / Mis ex: misunderstand ‫فهم‬ ‫.يسئ‬ / Ir ex: irresistible ‫مقاومته‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ل‬ / In ex: inactive ‫نشيط‬ ‫غير‬ / Il ex: illegal ‫شرعي‬ ‫غير‬ Suffixes---‫وصفات‬ ‫اسماء‬ ‫تكوين‬ ‫في‬ ‫تستخدم‬ ‫التي‬ ‫اللواحق‬ ‫كل‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ : ‫اللواحق‬ ‫أي‬ : ‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ ،‫الكتاب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫ندرسهم‬ ‫وسوف‬ ‫وظروف‬ -an, ian ex: Egyptian, American (‫مصري‬ ،‫)أمريكي‬ / -able ex: readable (‫قرائته‬ ‫)يمكن‬ -ness (kindness) ‫طيبة‬ , -ship (friendship) ‫صداقة‬ , -hood (childhood) ‫طفولة‬ , -ry (bakery) ‫خباز‬ , -ism (socialism) ‫)اجنماعية‬ ‫)اشتراكية‬ , -ist (scientist) ‫عالم‬ , -ion (invention) ‫اختراع‬ , -ation (information) ‫معلومات‬ , -ance (ignorance) ‫جهل‬ , -ency (presidency) ‫رئاسة‬ , -r (maker) ‫صانع‬ , -er / -ar / -or (actor) ‫ممثل‬ . H.W. Translation : Write the English meaning of the following words ‫التية‬ ‫للكلمات‬ ‫النجليزي‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫اكتب‬ ‫مهندس‬ ‫أمريكا‬ ‫مصري‬ ‫معمار‬ ‫فايدة‬ ‫طابع‬ ‫يد‬ ‫للبيع‬ ‫شعر‬ ‫وجه‬ ‫قرائته‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫فرامل‬ ‫دراجة‬ ‫طيبة‬ ‫سلفة‬ 11
  12. 12. Write the Arabic meaning of the following words ‫التية‬ ‫للكلمات‬ ‫العربي‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫اكتب‬ House Tele African Profit Blood China Wisdom Direction Lawyer Unbelievable Form Fee lesson letter Europe Time ‫)الوقت‬ ‫الساعة‬) ‫ونذكرها‬ ‫الثامنة‬ ‫الساعة‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫السابعة‬ ‫الساعة‬ ‫من‬ ‫وليكن‬ ‫مثال‬ ‫في‬ ،‫الساعة‬ ‫ذكر‬ ‫طريقة‬ ‫سنأخذ‬ . ‫والمريكية‬ ‫البريطانية‬ ‫بالطريقتين‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫دقائق‬ ‫خمس‬ ‫كل‬ British [Meena] American (H.K.) In #s ‫بالمصري‬ Seven o'clock Seven o'clock 7:00 ‫السابعة‬ Five past seven Seven five 7:05 ‫سابعة‬‫وخمسة‬ Ten past seven Seven ten 7:10 ‫وعشرة‬ ‫سابعة‬ Fifteen past seven Seven fifteen 7:15 ‫وربع‬ ‫سابعة‬ Twenty past seven Seven twenty 7:20 ‫وتلت‬ ‫سابعة‬ Twenty five past seven Seven twenty five 7:25 ‫خمسة‬ ‫إل‬ ‫ونص‬ ‫سابعة‬ Half past seven Seven thirty 7:30 ‫ونص‬ ‫سابعة‬ Thirty five past seven Seven thirty five 7:35 ‫وخمسة‬ ‫ونص‬ ‫سابعة‬ Twenty to eight Seven forty (H.K.) 7:40 ‫تمانية‬‫تلت‬ ‫إل‬ Fifteen to eight Seven forty five 7:45 ‫ربع‬ ‫إل‬ ‫تمانية‬ Ten to eight Seven fifty 7:50 ‫عشرة‬ ‫إل‬ ‫تمانية‬ Five to eight Seven fifty five 7:55 ‫خمسة‬ ‫إل‬ ‫تمانية‬ Eight o'clock Eight o'clock 8:00 ‫تمانية‬ So If someone asks: ‫سأل‬ ‫حد‬ ‫لو‬ What time is it? ‫الوقت‬ ‫ما‬ / Or ‫أو‬ / What is the time now? ‫الن‬ ‫الوقت‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬ We answer saying: [Meena] ‫قائلين‬ ‫نجاوب‬ It is .. ‫هو‬ ‫الوقت‬ / Or / The time is .. ‫هو‬ ‫الوقت‬ /Or / The time now is ..‫هو‬ ‫الن‬ ‫الوقت‬ H.W.‫كل‬ ‫الساعة‬ ‫أوقات‬ ‫وبالرقام‬ ‫بالحروف‬ ‫بالنجليزي‬ ‫اكتب‬ ، ‫الواجب‬ ‫كراس‬ ‫في‬5‫من‬ ‫دقائق‬ ‫الساعة‬12‫إلي‬12:30‫ومن‬5:35‫إلي‬6:00 Write the time every 5 minutes from 12 to 12:30 and from 5:35 to 6:00 Prepositions [Meena] ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ، ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫المثلة‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫ثم‬ ، ‫معانيها‬ ‫مع‬ ‫بها‬ ‫ثابتة‬ ‫اصطلحات‬ ‫في‬ ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫سنأخذ‬ . ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫أمثلة‬ ‫وأيضا‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫فيتغير‬ ‫مختلفة‬ ‫جر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تأتي‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫سنأخذ‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫ان‬ ‫وبرجاء‬(‫)ولتنسى‬ ‫نذكر‬‫اختصار‬ ‫أن‬someone‫سيكون‬so. ‫واختصار‬something‫سيكون‬sth. At (H.K.) At present ‫الحاضر‬ ‫الوقت‬ ‫في‬ At the moment ‫اللحظة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ 12
  13. 13. At first ‫الول‬ ‫في‬ - last ‫الخر‬ ‫في‬ - least ‫القل‬ ‫على‬ - most ‫الكثر‬ ‫على‬ - once ‫حال‬ ، ‫التو‬ ‫في‬ - hand ‫اليد‬ ‫متناول‬ ‫في‬ Look at ‫إلى‬ ‫ينظر‬ Gaze (stare) at ‫في‬ ‫يبحلق‬ Surprised at ‫من‬ ‫اندهش‬ Shocked - ‫ب‬ ‫صدم‬ Amazed - ‫من‬ ‫تعجب‬ Astonished - ‫اندهش‬ ، ‫تعجب‬ Good - ‫في‬ ‫كويس‬ Bad - ‫في‬ ‫وحش‬ Excellent - (H.K.) ‫في‬ ‫ممتاز‬ Brilliant - ‫في‬ ‫لمع‬ Clever - ‫في‬ ‫ذكي‬ Slow - ‫في‬ ‫بطئ‬ Quick - ‫في‬ ‫سريع‬ Hopeless - ‫في‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫لرجاء‬ Pleased - ‫ب‬ ‫سعيد‬ Angry - ‫من‬ ‫غضبان‬ Laugh - ‫على‬ ‫يضحك‬ Smile - ‫ل‬ ‫يبتسم‬ : ‫نقول‬ ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الصطلحات‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫لوضع‬ ‫فمثل‬ Look at this [Meena] ‫هذا‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫أنظر‬ She is busy at the moment ‫اللحظة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ ‫مشغولة‬ ‫انها‬ He is good (excellent, bad, .. ..) at English ‫النجليزي‬ ‫في‬ ‫كويس‬ ‫هو‬ " ‫مثل‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫يوجد‬ ‫ثم‬ ---shout, throw‫مع‬ ‫معناهم‬ ‫يكون‬ "at‫مع‬ ‫معناهم‬ ‫عن‬ ‫مختلف‬to، : ‫مثل‬ ‫فنقول‬)H.K.) shout at so. (when being angry) / shout to so. (to hear( : ‫نقول‬ ‫وكذلك‬throw sth. at so. or sth.(to hit) / throw sth. to so. (to give it to him( ‫قلنا‬ ‫لو‬ ‫فمثل‬He shouted at them‫لهم‬ ‫زعق‬ ‫هو‬ : ‫معناها‬ ‫يكون‬ ، ‫قلنا‬ ‫ولو‬she threw it to him. ‫له‬ ‫حدفتها‬ ‫هي‬ : ‫معناها‬ ‫يمون‬ ‫الشارة‬ ‫اسماء‬: ‫هم‬1(This. ‫القريب‬ ‫للمفرد‬2(That‫البعيد‬ ‫للمفرد‬ 3(These. ‫القريب‬ ‫للجمع‬4(Those‫البعيد‬ ‫للجمع‬ H.W.‫سوابق‬ ‫سبع‬ ‫اكتب‬ ، ‫الواجب‬ ‫كراس‬ ‫في‬prefixes‫كمثال‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫ثم‬ ، ‫النفي‬ ‫معنى‬ ‫يعطوا‬ . ‫منهم‬ ‫لكل‬]Meena[ Translate into Arabic : ‫العربية‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫ترجم‬ Look at this rice ____________________________________________ He got at least two __________________________________________ Level 3 [Meena] (H.K.) Prepositions ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫في‬ ‫المثلة‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫ثم‬ ، ‫معانيها‬ ‫مع‬ ‫بها‬ ‫ثابتة‬ ‫اصطلحات‬ ‫في‬ ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫سنأخذ‬ ‫الباب‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ . ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫أمثلة‬ ‫وأيضا‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫فيتغير‬ ‫مختلفة‬ ‫جر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تأتي‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫سنأخذ‬ ‫ثم‬ ، ‫جمل‬ ‫ان‬ ‫وبرجاء‬(‫)ولننسي‬ ‫نذكر‬‫اختصار‬ ‫أن‬someone‫سيكون‬so. ‫واختصار‬something‫سيكون‬sth. ‫ال‬ ‫لتحفظ‬ ‫غيبا‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫مفتوح‬ ‫والكتاب‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫اكتبها‬ ، ‫تصادفك‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫احفظ‬ ‫دايما‬spelling 13
  14. 14. .‫جيدا‬ ‫النطق‬ ‫وأذكر‬ ‫خطك‬ ‫وحسن‬ (‫)الستهجاء‬ About [Meena] Excited about ‫حول‬ ‫مثار‬ Worried - ‫بشأن‬ ‫قلق‬ Troubled - ‫بسبب‬ ‫مضطرب‬ Upset - ‫أجل‬ ‫من‬ ‫غضب‬ Annoyed - ‫ل‬ ‫متضايق‬ Sorry about ‫بسبب‬ ‫آسف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫معناها‬ ‫يختلف‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫يوجد‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫وهنا‬about: ‫مثل‬ ،‫أخرى‬ ‫جر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫معناها‬ ‫عن‬ Care about so. or sth. ‫ب‬ ‫يهتم‬ / care for ‫يحب‬ Ask about ‫عن‬ ‫يسأل‬ / ask for ‫يطلب‬ Dream about (details ‫)تفاصيل‬ / dream of (being sth. or doing sth.) Hear about (details) / hear of (know that) / hear from (receive a letter or a phone call) Think about (details) (concentrate the mind on) / think of (remember) By (H.K.) Pass by ‫ب‬ ‫يمر‬ Walk by ‫ماشيا‬ ‫يمر‬ Stopped by ‫عند‬ ‫وقف‬ Drove - ‫يقود‬ ‫وهو‬ ‫مر‬ - mistake ‫بالخطأ‬ - chance ‫بالصدفة‬ A play - .. ‫كتبها‬ ‫مسرحية‬ A book - .. ‫كتبه‬ ‫كتاب‬ - all means ‫الطرق‬ ‫بكل‬ - no means ‫وسيلة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫بل‬ One - one ‫واحد‬ ‫واحد‬ - the way (H.K.) ‫بالمناسبة‬ Pay by cheque ‫بشيك‬ ‫يدفع‬ / pay in cash = pay cash ‫كاش‬ ‫يدفع‬ For For ever ‫للبد‬ - God's sake ‫ال‬ ‫أجل‬ ‫من‬ - life ‫العمر‬ ‫لطول‬ - a while ‫حين‬ ‫إلى‬ Need - ‫ل‬ ‫احتياج‬ Reason - ‫سبب‬ - a walk ‫اتمشى‬ ‫اذهب‬ - breakfast ‫للفطار‬ Famous - ‫ب‬ ‫مشهور‬ - lunch ‫للغذاء‬ --- [Meena] Blame so. or sth. for sth. / blame sth. on so. or sth. / ex: everybody blamed him for the accident ‫الحادثة‬ ‫على‬ ‫لموه‬ ‫الكل‬ / everybody blamed the accident on him ‫له‬ ‫الحادثة‬ ‫نسبوا‬ ‫الكل‬ / (H.K.) everybody said he was to blame for the accident ‫على‬ ‫يلم‬ ‫ان‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫انه‬ ‫قال‬ ‫الكل‬ ‫الحادثة‬ --- It's time for school / he is going to school / now he is at school. In Increase - ‫في‬ ‫زيادة‬ Decrease - ‫في‬ ‫نقصان‬ Rise - ‫في‬ ‫ارتفاع‬ Fall- ‫في‬ ‫نقص‬ ، ‫سقوط‬ Believe - ‫ب‬ ‫يؤمن‬ - health ‫بصحة‬ - a moment ‫لحظة‬ ‫في‬ - English ‫بالنجليزي‬ - person ‫شخصيا‬ - full ‫بالكامل‬ Into (H.K.) Look (see) - ‫يفحص‬ Break - ‫مكان‬ ‫يقتحم‬ Run - ‫ب‬ ‫اصطدم‬ Run - debt ‫استدان‬ Of 14
  15. 15. A cause - ‫سبب‬ Photograph - ‫صورة‬ Afraid - ‫من‬ ‫خايف‬ Proud - ‫ب‬ ‫فخور‬ Jealous - ‫من‬ ‫غيور‬ Capable - ‫على‬ ‫قادر‬ Careful - ‫من‬ ‫حذر‬ Tired - ‫من‬ ‫تعبان‬ Healed - ‫من‬ ‫شفاؤه‬ ‫تم‬ Repent - ‫عن‬ ‫يتوب‬ - course ‫بالطبع‬ Instead - ‫من‬ ‫بدل‬ A lot - ‫من‬ ‫كثير‬ A piece - ‫من‬ ‫قطعة‬ It was nice of you (kind of you , good - , silly - , stupid -, ..)‫منك‬ ‫كويسة‬ ‫كانت‬ To accuse so. of doing sth. / Man of his word , man of courage . A matter of fact ‫الواقع‬ ‫في‬ , a matter of opinion ‫رأي‬ ‫موضوع‬ On [Meena] - foot ‫القدام‬ ‫على‬ ‫سيرا‬ - occasion ‫مناسبة‬ ‫في‬ Congratulate - ‫علي‬ ‫يهنئ‬ From now - ‫فصاعدا‬ ‫الن‬ ‫من‬ I have spoken to her on the phone ‫التليفون‬ ‫على‬ ‫معها‬ ‫تكلمت‬ ‫لقد‬ I'm (I am) not on the phone yet , I haven't got a phone yet To watch sth. on T.V. ‫التليفزيون‬ ‫في‬ ‫حاجة‬ ‫على‬ ‫يتفرج‬ To listen to sth. on the radio [Meena] ‫الراديو‬ ‫في‬ ‫لشئ‬ ‫يستمع‬ On leave ‫أجازة‬ ‫في‬ / on holiday ‫عطلة‬ ‫/في‬on business trip ‫عمل‬ ‫رحلة‬ ‫في‬ / on a trip / on a tour ‫سياحية‬ ‫جولة‬ ‫.في‬ (H.K.) To live on money (or food) ‫)الخبز‬ ‫الفلوس‬ ‫علة‬ ‫)يغيش‬ / To spend money on sth. ‫شئ‬ ‫على‬ ‫فلوس‬ ‫يصرف‬ Keep on / go on / carry on ‫في‬ ‫يستمر‬ Out - of kindness ‫الطيبة‬ ‫باب‬ ‫من‬ - of sight ‫النظار‬ ‫عن‬ ‫اختفى‬ - of print ‫الطبعة‬ ‫نفدت‬ - doors ‫الخلء‬ ‫في‬ - of doubt ‫شك‬ ‫بدون‬ Have it - ‫الموضوع‬ ‫انهوا‬ To (H.K.) - an end ‫لنهاية‬ - no end ‫نهاية‬ ‫بل‬ Look - ‫على‬ ‫يعتمد‬ ،‫ب‬ ‫يهتم‬ According - ‫على‬ ‫بناء‬ Married - ‫من‬ ‫متزوج‬ Engaged - ‫ل‬ ‫مخطوب‬ Damage to a car ‫للعربية‬ ‫تكسير‬ / Invitation to a party (or a wedding) ‫لحفلة‬ ‫عزومة‬ Solution to a problem ‫للمشكلة‬ ‫حل‬ / answer to a question ‫للسؤال‬ ‫اجابة‬ / reply to a letter ‫الجواب‬ ‫على‬ ‫رد‬ / key to a door ‫للباب‬ ‫مفتاح‬ Complain to so. about sth. ‫شئ‬ ‫عن‬ ‫لشخص‬ ‫يشتكي‬ / (H.K.) Prefer so. or sth. to so. or sth. ‫شخص‬ ‫عن‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫يفضل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫عن‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫يفضل‬ Up [Meena] Speak - ‫عالي‬ ‫بصوت‬ ‫تكلم‬ - to ‫لغاية‬ Use - ‫ينهك‬ ، ‫يستنفذ‬ Bring - ‫يربي‬ Wake - ‫يصحى‬ Get - ‫انتصب‬ ، ‫قم‬ Give - ‫يستسلم‬ Keep - with ‫يجاري‬ ، ‫يساير‬ With Satisfied - ‫ب‬ ‫مكتفي‬ Crowded - ‫ب‬ ‫مزدحم‬ 15
  16. 16. Our relationship with God must be perfect. ‫كاملة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫ان‬ ‫لبد‬ ‫بال‬ ‫علقتنا‬ / Pleased with so. ‫بشخص‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫مع‬ ‫مسرور‬ (pleased at sth. ‫بشئ‬ ‫)مسرور‬ Charge so. with an offence (with a crime) / Provide so. with sth. (H.K.) H.W. Translate into Arabic ‫العربية‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫ترجم‬ They care about her _______________________________________ He replied to the letter _____________________________________ Write the preposition used after these words: worry _______ a lot ____ ‫السماء‬ ‫جمع‬Plural of nouns 1(‫السماء‬ ‫جمع‬ ‫عند‬ ، ‫عامة‬ ‫بصفة‬‫نضع‬s‫مثل‬ ، ‫الكلمة‬ ‫نهاية‬ ‫في‬book , books. 2(‫ولكن‬‫نضع‬es: ‫التية‬ ‫الحروف‬ ‫بأحد‬ ‫السم‬ ‫انتهى‬ ‫اذا‬ (‫أ‬ :s ss sh ch x z‫مثل‬ box , boxes‫بحرف‬ ‫السم‬ ‫انتهى‬ ‫اذا‬ (‫ب‬ .o‫مثل‬ ‫ساكن‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫قبله‬hero , heroes 3‫ونضع‬ (ies‫بحرف‬ ‫تنتهى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السماء‬ ‫في‬y‫ال‬ ‫حذف‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫وذلك‬ ، ‫ساكن‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫قبله‬y ‫مثل‬story , stories [Meena[‫ال‬ ‫لو‬ ‫ولكن‬y‫ونضع‬ ‫هي‬ ‫كما‬ ‫تظل‬ ‫متحرك‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫قبلها‬s. ‫فقط‬ 4(‫ب‬ ‫تنتهي‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السماء‬ ‫وبعض‬f‫أو‬fe‫تأخذ‬ves‫ال‬ ‫حذف‬ ‫بعد‬f, fe‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ half , halves / life , lives . (H.K(. 5(‫يوجد‬ ‫ثم‬‫لقواعد‬ ‫جمعها‬ ‫يخضع‬ ‫ل‬ ‫أسماء‬‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫ثابتة‬foot , feet / man , men / son-in-law , sons-in-law. 6(‫تتغير‬ ‫ل‬ ‫السماء‬ ‫بعض‬‫مثل‬ ‫جمعها‬ ‫عند‬Japanese. 7(‫لهم‬ ‫اسماء‬ ‫قليل‬ ‫يوجد‬ ‫وقد‬‫جمع‬ ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬‫مثل‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫اختلف‬ ‫مع‬brother،‫أخ‬brothers ، (‫)أشقاء‬ ‫أخوة‬brethren. (‫معينة‬ ‫جماعة‬ ‫)في‬ ‫أخوة‬ 8(‫السماء‬ ‫بعض‬‫جمع‬ ‫لهم‬ ‫ليس‬: ‫مثل‬hope , happiness. 9(‫يكون‬ ‫والبعض‬‫الجمع‬ ‫صيغة‬ ‫في‬ ‫دائما‬‫مثل‬contents , trousers. 10(‫يكون‬ ‫والبعض‬‫آخره‬s‫مفرد‬ ‫دائما‬ ‫لكنه‬‫مثل‬news , mathematics. 11(‫وهناك‬‫المفرد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫الجمع‬ ‫معنى‬ ‫يتغير‬ ‫اسماء‬‫مثل‬mean/ ‫سئ‬ ، ‫وحش‬means / ‫وسائل‬ ، ‫طرق‬good/ ‫حسن‬ ، ‫خير‬goods.‫بضائع‬ H.W. write the plural of the following words : (H.K.) ‫التية‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫جمع‬ ‫اكتب‬ Pen _____, dish _______, factory _________, shoe ______, knife _______, Woman ___________, Chinese ___________, sister-in-law_____________, Verb "Do"[Meena] ---‫مايلي‬‫تصريف‬ ‫هو‬verb do (to do) ‫الحاضر‬ ‫في‬ (present) ‫والماضي‬ (past( ) ‫والمستقبل‬future‫ال‬ ‫مع‬ ، (pronouns‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫به‬ ‫أسئلة‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫وكيفية‬present‫والجابة‬ ‫عليها‬(‫مساعد‬ ‫كفعل‬ ‫يعتبر‬ ‫أسئلة‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫يستعمل‬ ‫حينما‬ ‫)وهو‬: Pro- nouns (‫فقط‬ ‫النفي‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫هل‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫أي‬ ‫فقط‬ ‫مساعد‬ ‫كفعل‬) verb "Do" Pres. Past Future Verb "Do" in the present (H.K.) Questions Yes, No, I Do Did Shall do Do I eat? Yes, you eat No, you don't eat You Do Did Will do Do you eat? Yes, I eat No, I don't eat He Does Did Will do Does he eat? Yes, he eats No, he doesn't eat She Does Did Will do Does she eat? Yes, she eats No, she doesn't eat 16
  17. 17. It Does Did Will do Does it eat? Yes, it eats No, it doesn't eat We Do Did Shall do Do we eat? Yes, you eat No, you don't eat You Do Did Will do Do you eat? Yes, we eat No, we don't eat They Do Did Will do Do they eat? Yes, they eat No, they don't eat (‫الحاضر‬ ‫)في‬ ‫آكل؟‬ ‫أنا‬ ‫هل‬ : ‫هو‬ ‫الول‬ ‫السؤال‬ ‫ومعنى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫ونلحظ‬:1‫أن‬ ‫أول‬ (he, she , it‫يأخذوا‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫دائما‬s, es, ies‫ال‬ ‫في‬present. 2(Shall‫مع‬ ‫تكون‬I, we‫تأخذ‬ ‫الضمائر‬ ‫بقية‬ ‫أما‬ ‫فقط‬will. 3(I‫إلي‬ ‫تتحول‬ ‫السؤال‬ ‫في‬you‫وكذلك‬ ، ‫بالعكس‬ ‫والعكس‬ ، ‫الجابة‬ ‫في‬we‫السؤال‬ ‫في‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫تتحول‬you. ‫بالعكس‬ ‫والعكس‬ ، ‫الجابة‬ ‫في‬ (‫)الجمع‬ 4(don't) ‫اختصار‬ ‫هي‬contraction of) ، do not‫و‬ ،doesn't‫اختصار‬ ‫هي‬does not‫و‬ ،didn't‫اختصار‬did not . [Meena[ 5‫بعد‬ ‫دايما‬ (does‫ال‬ ‫الفعل‬ ‫يأتي‬ ،infinitive.‫بالنفي‬ ‫الجابة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ ‫السؤال‬ ‫في‬ ‫سواء‬ " ‫استخدام‬ ‫على‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫أمثلة‬ ‫يلي‬ ‫وفيما‬ ---do" Ex.: I do my homework. ‫الواجب‬ ‫أعمل‬ ‫أنا‬ _____ She does what is right . ‫الصح‬ ‫تعمل‬ ‫هي‬ He did what is right. ‫الصح‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫هو‬ They will do it. ‫سيعملونها‬ ‫هم‬ H.W. Answer the following questions one time with Yes, another with No : ‫بل‬ ‫ومرة‬ ‫بنعم‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫التالية‬ ‫السئلة‬ ‫على‬ ‫أجب‬)H.K(. Does he drink tea? Yes, ______________ No, ____________________ Do I need it? Yes, ________________ No, ______________________ ‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأجوبة‬ ‫أسئلة‬ ‫لعمل‬ ‫وبالنسبة‬past‫على‬ ‫بالتطبيق‬ ‫وسنكتفي‬ ، ‫الخطوات‬ ‫نفس‬ ‫فنتبع‬ ،I, he, they: ‫نقول‬ ‫فمثل‬ ، Pro- nouns Verb "do" in the past Questions Yes (H.K.) No I Did I eat bread? Yes, you ate bread No, you didn't eat bread He Did he eat bread? Yes, he ate bread No, he didn't eat bread They Did they eat bread? Yes, they ate bread No, they didn't eat bread ‫أنا‬ ‫هل‬ : ‫هو‬ ‫الول‬ ‫السؤال‬ ‫ومعنى‬‫كنت‬(‫الماضي‬ ‫)في‬ ‫خبز؟‬ ‫آكل‬ ‫التي‬ ‫ونلحظ‬:1‫ان‬ (he, she, it‫ال‬ ‫في‬past‫ال‬ ‫بقية‬ ‫مثل‬pronouns‫يأخذوا‬ ‫لنهم‬ ، ‫تماما‬ ‫ال‬s, es, ies‫ال‬ ‫في‬present‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫وليس‬ ‫فقط‬past‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫ول‬future. 2‫ال‬ ‫دايما‬ (verb‫بعد‬did‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫بيأتي‬infinitive‫ب‬ ‫الجابة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أو‬ ‫السؤال‬ ‫في‬ ‫سواء‬no H.W. Answer the following questions with Yes and No : Did she work? Yes, _____________ No, ________________________ Did they see you? Yes, _____________ No, ______________________ ‫ونلحظ‬‫ل‬ ‫شرح‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ماسبق‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ان‬verb "Do‫ل‬ ‫شرح‬ ‫هو‬ ‫مايلي‬ ‫لكن‬ ، ‫فقط‬ ‫مساعد‬ ‫كفعل‬ "verb "Do"‫يعمل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫"يفعل‬ ‫معناه‬ ‫وكفعل‬ ‫مساعد‬ ‫كفعل‬ "‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫)وذلك‬present‫ال‬ ‫وفي‬past(‫فقط‬: (‫يعمل‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫وكفعل‬ / ‫مساعد‬ ‫)كفعل‬ Verb "Do" 17
  18. 18. Pro- nouns Questions Yes (H.K.) No In the present I Do I do my work? Yes, you do your work No, you don't do your -- He Does he do his -- Yes, he does his -- No, he doesn't do his -- They Do they do their -- Yes, they do their -- No, they don't do their -- In the past I Did I do my work Yes, you did your -- No, you didn't do your -- He Did he do his -- Yes, he did his -- No, he didn't do his -- They Did they do their -- Yes, they did their -- No, they didn't do their -- ‫التي‬ ‫ونلحظ‬:1‫استخدامات‬ (do, does, did‫فقط‬ ‫النفي‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫السؤال‬ ‫)في‬ ‫جملة‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫مرتين‬ ‫مع‬ ‫وليس‬yes.‫يعمل‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫كفعل‬ ‫ومرة‬ ‫مساعد‬ ‫كفعل‬ ‫مرة‬ ،( 2) ‫الضمائر‬ ‫بقية‬ ‫مع‬ ‫نطبقه‬ ‫السلوب‬ ‫ونفس‬ (pronouns. ( H.W. Answer the questions with Yes and No Does he do it? Yes, _______________ No, _____________________ Did she do it? Yes, _______________ No, _____________________ ‫ال‬ ‫في‬ ‫أما‬future‫فان‬verb "Do، ‫فقط‬ "‫"يعمل‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫كفعل‬ ‫يأتي‬ ":‫التي‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫من‬ ‫يتضح‬ ‫كما‬ (‫فقط‬ ‫يعمل‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫)كفعل‬ Verb "Do" In the future (H.K.) I Shall I do my -- Yes, you will do your -- No, you'll not do your -- He Will he do his -- Yes, he'll do his -- No, he'll not do his -- They Will they do their -- Yes, they'll do their -- No, they'll not do their -- ‫هنا‬ ‫ونلحظ‬:1" ‫استخدام‬ (Do. ‫فقط‬ ‫يعمل‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫كفعل‬ " 2‫دايما‬ (not‫بعد‬ ‫بتأتي‬ ‫النفي‬ ‫في‬shall‫و‬will. H.W. Answer the questions with Yes and No (H.K.) Will you do them? Yes,__________________ No, ___________________ Shall we do them? Yes, _________________ No, ___________________ ‫هام‬‫في‬ ‫بالفعل‬ ‫نأتي‬ ‫التية‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫دائما‬ ‫أننا‬ ‫وهي‬ ‫هامة‬ ‫ملحوظة‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫لحظ‬ ‫ثم‬ : ) ‫المصدر‬infinitive: ( Shall , should , will , would , may , might , can , could , to . Conversations [Meena] ‫محادثات‬ Introducing : Hi , I'm Ahmed / hi Ahmed I'm Magdy (hi Ahmed my name is Magdy) . 18
  19. 19. --- George , this is Aly , Aly this is George / nice to meet you Aly / nice to meet u too , what do you do George ? / I'm a writer, and you? (what about you?) (and what do you do?) / I'm an accountant . / Haven't we met before? / yes, I think we have. (H.K.) H.W. (C.W.) Pair practice : Each 2 introduce yourselves to each other ‫لبعض‬ ‫أنفسهم‬ ‫يقدموا‬ ‫اثنين‬ ‫كل‬)H.K(. Then each 3 , ‫كل‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫وبعد‬3 Level 4 [Meena] (H.K.) : ‫مختلف‬ ‫معنى‬ ‫فتعطي‬ ،‫أخرى‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫أو‬ ‫والعطف‬ ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تأتي‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫بعض‬ Back [Meena] Get back ‫ارجع‬ Give back ‫رجع‬ Hold back ‫احجز‬ Throw - ‫للخلف‬ ‫ارمي‬ Fire Put out the - ‫النار‬ ‫يطفئ‬ Set - to sth. ‫في‬ ‫النار‬ ‫أشعل‬ Set on - ‫نارا‬ ‫أشعل‬ The - is out ‫اطفأت‬ ‫النار‬ Get 19
  20. 20. Get in ‫ادخل‬ - out ‫أخرج‬ - off ‫اخلع‬ ، ‫اهرب‬ - on with ‫يجاري‬ - through ‫خلل‬ ‫من‬ ‫يجتاز‬ - hold of ‫على‬ ‫يقبض‬ - advantage of ‫على‬ ‫يتفوق‬ - home ‫البيت‬ ‫روح‬ Go (H.K.) - after ‫يتبع‬ - ahead ‫ماتفعله‬ ‫كمل‬ - beyond ‫يتجاوز‬ - astray ‫يضل‬ Lay - before ‫على‬ ‫يعرض‬ - up ‫يدخر‬ - down ‫يضع‬ - out ‫يرتب‬ - hand on ‫على‬ ‫يقبض‬ - hold of ‫يمسك‬ Look - at ‫إلي‬ ‫ينظر‬ - to ‫ب‬ ‫يهتم‬ - into ‫يفحص‬ - out ‫احترس‬ - over ‫بسرعة‬ ‫يتصفح‬ - for ‫عن‬ ‫يبحث‬ - out for ‫يترقب‬ - up ‫على‬ ‫يفتش‬ - off ‫يودع‬ - about ‫حوله‬ ‫ينظر‬ - down upon ‫علي‬ ‫يتعالى‬ ، ‫يحنقر‬ - after ‫ب‬ ‫يعتني‬ Use Of - ‫مفيد‬ ، ‫نافع‬ Out of - ‫استعمال‬ ‫بطل‬ To – up ‫ينهك‬ ، ‫يستنفذ‬ he used to ‫على‬ ‫متعود‬ ‫كان‬ He is used to ‫على‬ ‫متعود‬ I used to get up early when I was a child, but now I don't. ‫ل‬ ‫الن‬ ‫ولكن‬ ‫طفل‬ ‫كنت‬ ‫لما‬ ‫مبكرا‬ ‫استيقظ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫متعود‬ ‫كنت‬ ‫أنا‬ I am used to getting (to get) up early in the morning because I've done this for so long. ‫طويلة‬ ‫فترة‬ ‫منذ‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫أفعل‬ ‫مبكرالني‬ ‫أستيقظ‬ ‫متعود‬ ‫أنا‬ Drop [Meena] Drop off ‫يسطح‬ ، ‫ينام‬ Drop in ‫يأتي‬ ، ‫يزور‬ I dropped the cup and it broke. ‫وانكسر‬ ‫مني‬ ‫سقط‬ ‫الكأس‬ We couldn't take him all the way , so we dropped him off at the station. .‫المحطة‬ ‫عند‬ ‫فنزلناه‬ ‫الطريق‬ ‫كل‬ ‫نوصله‬ ‫ان‬ ‫نستطع‬ ‫لم‬ My husband always drops off a few minutes in the afternoon. (H.K.) .‫الظهر‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫دقائق‬ (‫)يسطح‬ ‫ينام‬ ‫دائما‬ ‫زوجي‬ Why don't you drop in and see us sometimes. ‫لترانا‬ ‫أحيانا‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫لتأتي‬ ‫لماذا‬ At / on / in (time) [Meena] ‫الوقت‬ ‫مع‬ ‫جر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫استخدام‬ At : At 5:00 o'clock / at 11:45 / at midnight ‫الليل‬ ‫منتصف‬ ‫في‬ / at night ‫بالليل‬ / at lunch time ‫الغذاء‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫في‬ / at the week-end ‫السبوع‬ ‫نهاية‬ ‫في‬ / at week-ends ‫السوع‬ ‫نهايات‬ ‫في‬ / at Christmas ‫الكريسماس‬ ‫عند‬ / at public holiday seasons ‫الرسمية‬ ‫العطلت‬ ‫فترات‬ ‫في‬ /at the moment ‫اللحظة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ / at present ‫الوقت‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحاضر‬ / at the same time ‫الوقت‬ ‫نفس‬ ‫في‬ / at the proper time ‫السليم‬ ‫الوقت‬ ‫في‬ / at the age of ‫عمر‬ ‫في‬ Ex.: We shall meet at 11:45 ‫الساعة‬ ‫سنتقابل‬11:45 On : (Simply we use "on" when we mean a specific day ‫عندما‬ ‫نستخدمها‬ ‫محدد‬ ‫يوم‬ ‫عن‬ ‫:)نتكلم‬ On 12 March ‫في‬12‫مارس‬ / on Friday(s) ‫الجمع‬ ‫)أيام‬ ‫الجمعة‬ ‫)يوم‬ / on Friday morning(s) / on Sunday afternoon(s) / on Christmas day / on any public holiday / on the third day (‫الثالث‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫.)في‬ (H.K.) 20
  21. 21. Ex.: They always have meetings on Fridays. ‫الجمعة‬ ‫أيام‬ ‫في‬ ‫مقابلت‬ ‫عندهم‬ ‫دايما‬ In : (Simply we use "in" with months , years , seasons or any long period) : in the morning(s) / in the afternoon(s) / in the evening(s) / In the days of .. / In April/ in 1960 / in the winter / in the 18th century ‫القرن‬ ‫في‬18 / in the 1970s ‫من‬1970‫إلي‬1980 / in the Middle Ages ‫الوسطى‬ ‫العصور‬ ‫في‬ / In a few minutes = few minutes from now [Meena] In a week = in a week's time = a week from now Ex.: I'll finish it in a few minutes. ‫قليلة‬ ‫دقائق‬ ‫في‬ ‫سأنهيه‬ H.W.‫أدخل‬3: ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫السابقة‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫من‬Put 3 of these words in sentences Ex.: I went there on Monday morning. (H.K.) 1) _________________________________________________ 2) _________________________________________________ 3) _________________________________________________ ‫الكتابة‬ ‫قواعد‬ ‫بعض‬ Some Rules of Writing [Meena] ---: ‫كثيرا‬ ‫تساعدنا‬ ‫التي‬ ‫البسيطة‬ ‫الكتابة‬ ‫قواعد‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫نذكر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫وجيد‬ 1‫متحرك‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫قبله‬ ‫ساكن‬ ‫بحرف‬ ‫المنتهية‬ ‫الكلمة‬ (‫إذا‬ ‫الخير‬ ‫الساكن‬ ‫الحرف‬ ‫تكرار‬ ‫يتم‬ ، ‫مثل‬ ، ‫متحرك‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫أوله‬ ‫مقطع‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫في‬ ‫أضيف‬drop – dropped , big – bigger. 2‫بحرف‬ ‫المنتهية‬ ‫الكلمة‬ (e‫لينطق‬‫أول‬ ‫مقطع‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫في‬ ‫أضيف‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫إلغاءه‬ ‫يتم‬ ، ‫مثل‬ ، ‫متحرك‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫حرف‬write – writing، ‫ب‬ ‫المنتهية‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫القاعدة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫من‬ ‫يثتسنى‬ ‫ولكن‬ce , ge‫مثل‬ Peace – peaceable , courage – courageous [Meena] 3‫بالحرفين‬ ‫المنتهية‬ ‫الكلمة‬ (ie‫إلي‬ ‫ينقلبان‬ ،y‫إليها‬ ‫أضيف‬ ‫إذا‬ing: ‫مثل‬ ، lie – lying , die – dying , tie – tying، ‫بحرف‬ ‫المنتهية‬ ‫والكلمة‬y‫ساكن‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫قبله‬‫إلي‬ ‫ينقلب‬ ،I‫غير‬ ‫مقطع‬ ‫أي‬ ‫إليها‬ ‫أضيف‬ ‫إذا‬ ing: ‫مثل‬ ،Beauty – beautiful , easy – easily , carry – carrier. A , An , and The A , An‫للنكرة‬ ‫يستخدمان‬indefinite ‫أما‬The‫للمعرفة‬ ‫تستخدم‬definite. ---An) ‫متحرك‬ ‫بحرف‬ ‫تبدأ‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫تستخدم‬vowel‫وهم‬ (a e i o u، ‫حرف‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫وأيضا‬h‫مثل‬ ‫ينطق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫كان‬ ‫إذا‬an hour‫أما‬ ،A. ‫الكلمات‬ ‫بقية‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تستخدم‬ ---A , An‫معنى‬ ‫لهما‬one‫كل‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ليس‬ ‫)ولكن‬ ‫فقط‬ ‫المفرد‬ ‫مع‬ ‫يستخدمان‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ، ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫كثير‬ ‫وخاصة‬ ‫المفرد‬uncountable nouns‫نقول‬ ‫فل‬ ، ‫أخرى‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫أضفنا‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫إل‬ ، ( a bread‫نقول‬ ‫بل‬a loave of bread‫أو‬a piece of bread. ---A‫إلي‬ ‫تشير‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫مع‬ ‫بتأتي‬‫كمية‬: ‫مثل‬ ، a few weeks, a lot of people , a couple of sandwiches ‫نستخدم‬ ‫كذلك‬ ---A , The‫ال‬ ‫قبل‬singular countable nouns‫مثل‬ 21
  22. 22. I've got a headache. Be careful of the dog. The [Meena[. ‫وللسامع‬ ‫لنا‬ ‫معروفة‬ ‫أشياء‬ ‫عن‬ ‫نتكلم‬ ‫حينما‬ ، ‫باختصار‬ ، ‫تستخدم‬ ‫وهي‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫للكل‬ ‫معروف‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫عن‬ ‫نتكلم‬ ‫كنا‬ ‫اذا‬ ، ‫فمثل‬ --- The police , the sky , the sun , the sea . (H.K.) ‫شئ‬ ‫عن‬ ‫ونتكلم‬ ‫مكان‬ ‫أي‬ ‫أو‬ ‫حديقة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫مدرسة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫فصل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫منزل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫غرفة‬ ‫في‬ ‫كنا‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫وأيضا‬ --- . ‫المكان‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫معين‬ : ‫مثل‬ ‫الجنسيات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫وايضا‬ ---The Egyptian man , The American woman ---‫أما‬‫الجمع‬ ‫في‬ ‫اسماء‬ ‫عن‬ ‫عامة‬ ‫بصفة‬ ‫نتكلم‬ ‫حينما‬‫ل‬‫نستخدم‬The‫مثل‬ I love bananas. He likes flowers. ‫أيضا‬ ---the: ‫الجملة‬ ‫فمثل‬ ، ‫أكثر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫عن‬ ‫نتكلم‬ ‫كنا‬ ‫مااذا‬ ‫أحيانا‬ ‫لنا‬ ‫توضح‬ ‫قد‬ The owner and manager has come : ‫الجملة‬ ‫أما‬ ، ‫واحد‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫المقصود‬ ‫يكون‬ The owner and the manager have come . ‫شخصين‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫المقصود‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫نجد‬ : ‫عامة‬ ‫بصفة‬ ‫الحياة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الستخدام‬ ‫وفي‬ ---the‫مثل‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تأتي‬ ‫دائما‬ The cinema , the theatre , the radio ‫مثل‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تتواجد‬ ‫نجدها‬ ‫ل‬ ‫حين‬ ‫في‬ Television / (all meals like) : breakfast , lunch , dinner , supper. H.W.: Put the right article and /or word in the blanks, or leave it blank : :‫هو‬ ‫كما‬ ‫الفراغ‬ ‫اترك‬ ‫أو‬ ، ‫الفراغات‬ ‫مكان‬ ‫المناسبة‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫و/أو‬ ‫الداة‬ ‫ضع‬]Meena[ We ate _____ breakfast together. ‫معا‬ ‫الفطار‬ ‫أكلنا‬ They like _____grapes. ‫العنب‬ ‫يحبون‬ ‫هم‬ We went to _____cinema. ‫للسينما‬ ‫ذهبنا‬ His father and _____teacher will go together. ‫معا‬ ‫سيذهبون‬ ‫والمدرس‬ ‫أبوه‬ ____lot of trees. ‫الشجار‬ ‫من‬ ‫كثير‬ (H.K.) Be careful of _____ bad cat in this garden. ‫الحديقة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ ‫الشرسة‬ ‫القطة‬ ‫احذر‬ Verbs "Be" and "Have" ---‫يلي‬ ‫ما‬‫المساعدة‬ ‫الفعال‬ ‫تصريف‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫جدول‬ ‫هو‬be , have‫البسيط‬ ‫الحاضر‬ ‫في‬present simple‫البسيط‬ ‫والماضي‬ ،past simple‫البسيط‬ ‫والمستقبل‬ ،simple future Pronouns Be [Meena] Have Present Past Future Present Past Future I (H.K.) Am Was Shall be Have Had Shall have You Are Were Will be Have Had Will have He, she, it Is Was Will be Has Had Will have We Are Were Shall be Have Had Shall have You Are Were Will be Have Had Will have They Are Were Will be Have Had Will have 22
  23. 23. ‫وتوجد‬) ‫اختصارات‬contractions(: ‫وهي‬ ‫السايق‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫يحتويه‬ ‫لما‬ Pronouns Be Have [Meena] Present Past Future Present Past Future I I'm --- I'll be I've I'd I'll have You You're --- You'll be You've You'd You'll have He (H.K.) He's --- He'll be He's He'd He'll have She She's --- She'll be She's She'd She'll have It It's --- It'll be It's It'll have We We're --- We'll be We've We'd We'll have You You're --- You'll be You've You'd You'll have They They're --- They'll be They've They'd They'll have ‫اختصار‬ ‫ان‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫لحظ‬he is‫اختصار‬ ‫نفسه‬ ‫هو‬he has‫)وكذلك‬she, it‫بينهم‬ ‫التمييز‬ ‫ويتم‬ ،( : ‫المثلة‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫نعطي‬ ، ‫عليهما‬ ‫والتمرين‬ ‫الجدولن‬ ‫هذان‬ ‫ولفهم‬ . ‫الكلم‬ ‫سياق‬ ‫حسب‬ ‫بسهولة‬ I am a teacher ‫أنا‬‫أكون‬‫مدرس‬ ‫)أنا‬ ‫مدرس‬ ) I was a teacher ‫أنا‬‫كنت‬‫مدرس‬ I shall be a teacher ‫أنا‬‫سأكون‬‫مدرس‬ They were students ‫تلميذ‬ ‫كانوا‬ ‫هم‬ She will be a doctor ‫دكتورة‬ ‫ستكون‬ ‫هي‬ He has a car [Meena] ‫هو‬‫عنده‬‫عربية‬ He had a car ‫هو‬‫عنده‬ ‫كان‬‫عربية‬ He will have a car ‫هو‬‫عنده‬ ‫سيكون‬‫عربية‬ We had books ‫كتب‬ ‫عندنا‬ ‫كان‬ ‫نحن‬ You will have books ‫كتب‬ ‫عندكم‬ ‫سيكون‬ (‫)أنت‬ ‫أنتم‬ H.W.: ‫النجليزية‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫ترجم‬Translate into English [Meena[ 1___________________________________________ ‫سكرتيرة‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫هي‬ ( 2_________________________________________________ ‫طبيبة‬ ‫هي‬ ( 3‫مهندسين‬ ‫كانوا‬ ‫هم‬ ()H.K(._________________________________________ 4_____________________________________________ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫ستكتب‬ ‫أنت‬ ( 5________________________________________________ ‫عربة‬ ‫عنده‬ ‫هو‬ ( 6________________________________________ ‫غدا‬ ‫كتب‬ ‫عندهم‬ ‫سيكون‬ ‫هم‬ ( 7________________________________________________ ‫طلبة‬ ‫كنتم‬ ‫أنتم‬ ( ‫بال‬ ‫نأتي‬ ، ‫أسئلة‬ ‫ولعمل‬verb‫ال‬ ‫قبل‬pronoun‫جداول‬ ‫في‬ ‫فعلنا‬ ‫كما‬ ‫السلوب‬ ‫نفس‬ ‫ونتبع‬ ، verb "Do: ‫فنقول‬ " 1) Am I a teacher ? / Yes, you are a teacher. / No, you aren't a teacher. 2) Were they students ? / Yes, they were . / No, they weren't students. 3) Will she be a doctor ? / Yes, she will / No, she will not . 4) Has he a car? (Does he have a car ?) / Yes, he has a car / yes, he does / no, he hasn't a car / no, he doesn't have a car. (H.K.) 5) Had we books ? (Did we have books ?) / yes you had books / Yes, you did / no, you didn't have books / No, you hadn't . 6) Will you have books ? / Yes, we shall have books / No, we shall not . ‫ب‬ ‫السئلة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أي‬ ‫والخامس‬ ‫الرابع‬ ‫السؤالين‬ ‫في‬ ‫أننا‬ ‫لحظ‬verb have‫السؤال‬ ‫نسأل‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ، ‫استخدمنا‬ ‫الثانية‬ ‫في‬ ‫حيث‬ ، ‫بطريقتين‬verb do. 23
  24. 24. H.W.: ‫بل‬ ‫ومرة‬ ‫بنعم‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫التالية‬ ‫السئلة‬ ‫على‬ ‫جاوب‬)H.K(. Answer the following questions , one time with Yes, another with No : Are you a doctor? Yes, ______________ , No, _____________________ Are you doctors? Yes, _______________, No, _____________________ Will they be drivers? Yes, _______________, No, ___________________ Shall I do it? Yes, _________________, No, _______________________ Conversation [Meena] Meeting : Formal : Good morning (good ..) / good morning (good ..) / How are you ? / I'm fine , thank you . Informal : Hi , how are you today ? / fine thanks , what about you / ok. (not bad) (feel tired) (H.K.) --- Hi Sheriff / Hi Zaki / where is Roushdy / he is at home, he has some things to do and won't be able to meet us / ok. let us go and help him / that is a good idea . --- Hello John / oh , hi Ann / how is it going ? (how are you ?) (how are you doing ?) / great (fine thanks) (ok.) , John , this is Sue my sister / hi Sue / hi / and this is Mona her friend / hi Mona / hi John . H.W. (C.W.) : Pair practice (each 2) / then each 3 (the last paragraph) ‫كل‬ ‫ثم‬ ، ‫معا‬ ‫يتمرنوا‬ ‫اتنين‬ ‫كل‬3(‫الخير‬ ‫)للجزء‬ Level 5 [Meena] (H.K.) In / At / on (position / place) [Meena] ‫المكان‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الجر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫استخدام‬ In : In a (in the) : room ‫,غرفة‬ building ‫مبنى‬ , shop ‫محل‬ , garden ‫,حديقة‬ park ‫,مركن‬ town ‫قرية‬ -‫مدينة‬ , country ‫دولة‬ , water ‫ماء‬ , sea ‫بحر‬ , river ‫نهر‬ , row ‫,صف‬ line ‫خط‬ -‫,طابور‬ armchair ‫بذراع‬ ‫,كرسي‬ mirror ‫مرآة‬ , photograph ‫فوتوغرافية‬ ‫,صورة‬ picture ‫,صورة‬ street ‫,شارع‬ sky ‫,سماء‬ book ‫.كتاب‬ (H.K.) Ex: there is no one in the room. / I prefer to sit in the front row. In : bed ‫,سرير‬ prison ‫سجن‬ , the hospital ‫.مستشفى‬ At : at a (at the) : bus stop(s) ‫اتوبيس‬ ‫,محطة‬ traffic light ‫مرور‬ ‫,اشارة‬ door ‫,باب‬ window ‫,شباك‬ top of the page ‫الصفحة‬ ‫,أعلى‬ bottom of the page ‫أسفل‬ ‫الصفحة‬ , end of the street ‫الشارع‬ ‫نهاية‬ , beginning of the street ‫الشارع‬ ‫بداية‬ , 24
  25. 25. back (front) of a group of people (of a building) ‫من‬ ‫مجموعة‬ ‫مؤخرة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫مقدمة‬ ‫مبنى‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الناس‬ // party ‫,حفلة‬ concert ‫موسيقية‬ ‫,حفلة‬ conference ‫,مؤتمر‬ meeting ‫,مقابلة‬ football match ‫كورة‬ ‫ماتش‬ [Meena] Ex: Were there many people at the meeting? at : home (the house) ‫,منزل‬ work ‫,شغل‬ school ‫,مدرسة‬ university ‫,جامعة‬ a station ‫,محطة‬ an airport ‫.مطار‬ Ex.: He is at home ‫البيت‬ ‫في‬ ‫هو‬ On : on a (on the) : ceiling ‫,سقف‬ wall ‫,حائط‬ floor ‫أرضية‬ , notice board ‫العلنات‬ ‫,لوحة‬ grass ‫,نجيلة‬ top shelf ‫العلوي‬ ‫,الرف‬ table ‫,ترابيزة‬ chair ‫,كرسي‬ left ‫,يسار‬ right ‫يمين‬ , left (right) hand side ‫)اليمن‬ ‫اليسر‬ ‫)الجانب‬ / on her nose ‫على‬ ‫/أنفها‬ on a page ‫صفحة‬ ‫على‬ // --- A place is : on the coast ‫الساحل‬ ‫على‬ (on a river ‫نهر‬ ‫على‬ , on a road ‫على‬ ‫)الشارع‬ , or ‫أو‬ , on the way to another place ‫آخر‬ ‫لمكان‬ ‫الطريق‬ ‫على‬ // His house is on the river. ‫النهر‬ ‫على‬ ‫يقع‬ ‫بيته‬ --- Corner : 1) In the corner of a room ‫غرفة‬ ‫من‬ ‫ركن‬ ‫في‬ 2) At / on the corner of a street ‫شارع‬ ‫ناصية‬ ‫على‬ . --- front / back : 1) In the front / back of a car (or taxi) 2) At the front / back of a group of people (building ‫مبنى‬ / cinema ‫)سينما‬ 3) On the front / back of a letter (piece of paper) ‫)ورقة‬ ‫جواب‬ ‫وش/ظهر‬ ‫)على‬ --- Arrive : 1) In a country or town. 2) At other places (school , work , the hotel , the party) 3) Arrive home. ‫للمنزل‬ ‫يوصل‬ (H.K.) --- The end (the beginning) : 1) At the end of (at the beginning of) a place or sth. . Ex: At the end of the street / At the beginning of a book. 2) In the end (in the beginning) so. did sth. , or , sth. was done , Ex: In the end we decided to do it ‫نعمله‬ ‫قررنا‬ ‫الخر‬ ‫/في‬ In the beginning I thought I would be able to do it , but I couldn't. ‫أتمكن‬ ‫لم‬ ‫لكني‬ ، ‫عمله‬ ‫من‬ ‫ساتمكن‬ ‫اني‬ ‫افتكرت‬ ‫الول‬ ‫في‬]Meena[ --- To (places) : Go to Egypt , travel to America , go to the bank , return to Europe , fly to Moscow , walk to work , drive to the airport , sent to prison , taken to the hospital , go to bed , go to a meeting. --- Home : go home , at home , come home , get home , arrive home . --- Go : on foot ‫قدميك‬ ‫على‬ / by: car ‫,عربة‬ taxi ‫,تاكسي‬ train ‫قطار‬ , plane ‫,طائرة‬ boat ‫,مركب‬ ship ‫,باخرة‬ bus ‫,أوتوبيس‬ bicycle ‫,دراجة‬ underground ‫النفاق‬ ‫مترو‬ . --- Get : get in (get out of) a car , taxi . [Meena] Get on (get off) a train , plane , boat , ship , bus , bicycle , underground. H.W. Put 4 of the previous words in sentences. Ex.: He got in her car. 1) ________________________ 2) _________________________ 3) ________________________ 4) _________________________ Verbs [Meena] ‫الفعال‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫يتم‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫حركة‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫أي‬ ‫هي‬ ‫الفعال‬ ‫بالطبع‬ 25
  26. 26. walk , run , speak , eat , write , drink. ‫تكون‬ "‫معين‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫فعل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫"عمل‬ ‫معناها‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫ان‬ ‫نقول‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫باسلوب‬ ‫أو‬verb‫ان‬ ‫حين‬ ‫في‬ . .. .. ‫مادي‬ ‫أو‬ ‫محسوس‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫أي‬ ‫أو‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫لي‬ ‫اسم‬ ‫مجرد‬ ‫كان‬ ‫السم‬ :‫نوعان‬ ‫والفعال‬1(transitive‫متعدي‬‫له‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫وهو‬ :‫به‬ ‫مفعول‬:‫مثل‬ ،He drank water. 2(intransitive‫لزم‬:‫مثل‬ ، ‫به‬ ‫مفعول‬ ‫له‬ ‫ليس‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫وهو‬ :The water drops. ‫ويوجد‬ ---‫مساعدة‬ ‫أفعال‬Auxiliary verbs: ‫في‬ ‫تساعدنا‬ ‫التي‬ ‫وهي‬ ،1.‫أسئلة‬ ‫عمل‬ (2( .‫النفي‬ ‫في‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫أسئلة‬ ‫على‬ ‫الجابة‬3) ‫أزمنة‬ ‫تكوين‬ ‫وفي‬ (tenses). 4‫تصريف‬ ‫وفي‬ ( : ‫وهي‬ ، ‫الفعال‬ Be, have, do, can (could), may (might), shall (should), will (would), must : ‫تستخدم‬ ‫وهي‬1.‫مستقل‬ ‫كفعل‬ ‫بمعناها‬ (2.‫خاص‬ ‫معنى‬ ‫له‬ ‫ليس‬ ‫مساعد‬ ‫وكفعل‬ ( Let us take verb "Work" , with the pronouns, in the present, past and future Pronouns Present Past [Meena] Future I Work Worked Shall work You Work Worked Will work He Works Worked Will work She Works Worked Will work It Works Worked Will work We Work Worked Shall work You Work Worked Will work They Work Worked Will work H.W. fill the following table in a similar way to this table with verb "eat" "‫"يأكل‬ ‫الفعل‬ ‫مستخدما‬ ‫السابق‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫اسلوب‬ ‫بتفس‬ ‫التالي‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫امل‬)H.K(. Pronouns Present Past Future I (H.K.) Ate You Eat He, She, It We ‫مع‬ ، (‫ثابتة‬ ‫)اصطلحات‬ ‫متنوعة‬ ‫جر‬ ‫حروف‬ ‫مع‬ ‫المتنوعة‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫من‬ ‫كثير‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ومايلي‬ : ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫وادخالها‬ ،‫معانيها‬ ‫الصطلح‬ ‫بالعربي‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫جملة‬ ‫في‬ ‫مثال‬)H.K(. Back up ‫يأيد‬ ،‫يسند‬ I backed up him (him up) in what he said Blow up ‫يفجر‬ They want to blow up the car Break down ‫يعطل‬ ،‫يبوظ‬ The car broke down yesterday Break in ‫بقوة‬ ‫يدخل‬ ،‫يقتحم‬ A gang broke in the bank this morning Break out ‫بقوة‬ ‫يهرب‬ A prisoner tried to break out of jail Break up ‫بشدة‬ ‫يوقف‬ ‫أو‬ ‫يكسر‬ They broke up all what he had Bring up ‫يربي‬ She brought up her children well Close down ‫يتوقف‬ ،‫خالص‬ ‫يقفل‬ His factory closed down Come in ‫يدخل‬ May I come in? [Meena] Come down ‫ينزل‬ After he had come down of the mountain, he went home 26
  27. 27. Come up ‫يطلع‬ ،‫يصعد‬ (‫ب)فكرة‬ He came up with a good idea Count on ‫على‬ ‫يعتمد‬ I count on your promise Cry out ‫يصيح‬ ،‫يصرخ‬ ‫عالي‬ ‫بصوت‬ He cried out saying "help us" Cross off ‫يمحو‬ ،‫يشطب‬ They crossed off his name Cut down ‫يقلل‬ She tried to cut down swimming Cut off ‫ويفصل‬ ‫يقطع‬ He cut off the book into pieces Drive off ‫لبعيد‬ ‫يسوق‬ Drive off this place quickly Figure out ‫يتخيل‬ ،‫يفهم‬ Try to figure out what she means Fill in ‫يمل‬ Fill in this form please (H.K.) Find out ‫يعرف‬ ،‫يكتشف‬ I can't find out what the cause is Get in ‫أدخل‬ Get in the house and bring it to me Get out ‫أخرج‬ Get out of my house Get back ‫ارجع‬ Get back home and do your homework Get through ‫خلل‬ ‫يمر‬ ،‫يجتاز‬ Can you get through this narrow door? Go by ‫ب‬ ‫يمر‬ When you go him, see what he does Get up ‫يقوم‬ ،‫ينهض‬ Sometimes I get up before 6:00 o'clock Give away ‫من‬ ‫يتخلص‬ ،‫يعطي‬ It is good to give away your old clothes to the poor Give up ‫يتوقف‬ ،‫يستسلم‬ You must have hope , don't give up Grow up ‫ينمو‬ I grew up in the country Hang up ‫السكة‬ ‫يقفل‬ He hung up on me Hold on ‫ينتظر‬ Hold on I'll call him Lay before ‫أمام‬ ‫يعرض‬ Lay it before him Lay up ‫يدخر‬ lay up treasures in heaven Let down ‫يخجل‬ He let her down in front of her friends Look at ‫إلي‬ ‫ينظر‬ Look at me Look to ‫ب‬ ‫يهتم‬ He looked to the reward Look into ‫يفحص‬ He looked into family matters Look out ‫يراقب‬ ،‫يحترس‬ Look out , it's dangerous Look for ‫عن‬ ‫يبحث‬ look for my pen , I can't find it Look up ‫يجد‬ ،‫على‬ ‫يفتش‬ Loop up this word in the dictionary Look off ‫يودع‬ I want to look him off before he leaves Look about ‫حوله‬ ‫ينظر‬ Look about try to find something Look after ‫ب‬ ‫يهتم‬ She looked after her father when he was sick Pass away ‫يموت‬ They passed away in a bad accident Put off (put out) ‫يطفئ‬ Put off the fire [Meena] Send for ‫طلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫يرسل‬ We send for a doctor right after he had fainted Speak up ‫عالي‬ ‫بصوت‬ ‫يتكلم‬ Speak up that we may hear Take upon oneself ‫عاتقه‬ ‫على‬ ‫يأخذ‬ He takes upon himself to save her Wait at ‫يخدم‬ She waits at that table (H.K.) Wait for ‫ينتظر‬ I've been waiting for you for 2 hours Wait on ‫يخدم‬ He waits on the Lord (‫أداة‬ ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫)أو‬ ‫جر‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫مع‬ ‫وكلمات‬ ‫أفعال‬ ‫ثم‬Phrasal verbs with two Particles ‫الصطلح‬ ‫بالعربي‬ ‫المعنى‬ ‫جملة‬ ‫في‬ ‫مثال‬]Meena[ 27
  28. 28. Come up with (‫ب)فكرة‬ ‫يطلع‬ He came up with a good idea Keep up with ‫يجاري‬ ،‫يلحق‬ She couldn't keep up with him when he was running fast Look down upon (on) ‫علي‬ ‫يتعالى‬ ،‫يحتقر‬ He looks down on some poor people Cut down on ‫يقلل‬ She cut down on smoking H.W. Write the Arabic meanings of any 6 of the previous sentences : 1__________________________ (2___________________________ ( 3__________________________ (4___________________________ ( 5__________________________ (6___________________________ ( ___ ‫هامة‬ ‫متنوعات‬ 1‫استخدام‬ ‫يمكن‬ (shall‫بدل‬will: ‫هي‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫حالت‬ ‫في‬ ‫والعكس‬ --- We put shall instead of will when : (H.K.) Promise ‫وعد‬ : You shall have the money very soon.‫جدا‬ ‫قريبا‬ ‫النقود‬ ‫ستأخذ‬ Threat ‫:تهديد‬ If you do that again you shall be punished ‫ثانيا‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫فعلت‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫ستعاقب‬ Order (command) ‫وصية‬ ،‫أمر‬ : You shall not steal ‫تسرق‬ ‫ل‬ Determination ‫تحديد‬ : The enemy shall not pass. ‫يمر‬ ‫ان‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫العدو‬ --- We put will instead of shall when : Promise : We will send them a present. ‫هدية‬ ‫لهم‬ ‫سنرسل‬ Willingness ‫مشيئة‬ ،‫تمني‬ : I will pay at the rate you ask.‫تريده‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫بالمعدل‬ ‫سأدفع‬ --- Shall I? (Shall we?) , has often the meaning of "Would you like me to ..?" ex: Shall I open the window? --- Will you? , has often the meaning of "Would you like to .. ?" ex : Will you help me to carry this bag? 2‫استخدامات‬ (do (does , did: ‫هي‬ ( ‫اسئلة‬ ‫لعمل‬ (‫ا‬questions : do you like it? ‫للنفي‬ (‫ب‬negative [Meena] : no, I do not like it ‫للتأكيد‬ (‫ج‬for emphasis : yes, I do like it ‫التكرار‬ ‫لتجنب‬ (‫د‬to avoid repetition : he likes it and so do I ‫والذوق‬ ‫الدب‬ ‫من‬ ‫كنوع‬ (‫ه‬for politeness : please do come ‫فيهم‬ ‫أسئلة‬ ‫بثلث‬ ‫نأتي‬ ‫أكثر‬ (‫)ج‬ ‫النقطة‬ ‫ولشرح‬do , does , did‫ثم‬ ‫عنهم‬ ‫العادية‬ ‫والجابة‬ : ‫تأكيد‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الجابة‬)H.K(. ‫السؤال‬]Meena[ ‫العادية‬ ‫الجابة‬ ‫تأكيد‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الجابة‬ Do you like it? Yes, I like it Yes, I do like it (Yes, I do. ) Does he like it? Yes, he likes it (H.K.) Yes, he does like it Did they like it? Yes, they liked it Yes, they did like it 28
  29. 29. Level 6 [Meena] (H.K.) Questions ‫السئلة‬ : ‫أسئلة‬ ‫لعمل‬1‫الفعال‬ ‫نستخدم‬ (be, have, do.‫شرحناه‬ ‫وهذا‬ 2: ‫وهي‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫من‬ ‫كثير‬ ‫ونستخدم‬ ( ‫الكلمة‬ ‫معناها‬ ‫مثال‬]Meena[ 1) Why ‫لماذا‬ Why did you do this? 2) How ‫كيف‬ How can this be? 3) Who (H.K.) ‫للعاقل‬ ‫من‬ Who are you? 4) What ‫العاقل‬ ‫لغير‬ ‫ماذا‬ What is this? 5) Where ‫للمكان‬ ‫أين‬ Where is my book? 6) When ‫للزمان‬ ‫متى‬ When is he coming? 7) Whose ‫هذا‬ ‫لمن‬ Whose pen is this? 8) Whom [Meena] ‫المفعول‬ ‫للعاقل‬ ‫لمن‬ Whom did you give it to? 9) How much ‫تعد‬ ‫ل‬ ‫التى‬ ‫للشياء‬ ‫كم‬ How much does it cost? 29
  30. 30. 10) How many ‫تعد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫للشياء‬ ‫كم‬ How many pens do we have? 11) How long ‫الوقت‬ ‫من‬ ‫كم‬ How long will it take to do it? 12) Can ‫أقدر‬ ‫هل‬ Can I lift this up? 13) May ‫ممكن‬ ‫هل‬ May I go out? (H.K.) 14) Should ‫المفروض‬ ‫من‬ ‫هل‬ Should we wait for him? : (‫السئلة‬ ‫ترتيب‬ ‫)بنفس‬ ‫كالتي‬ ‫ستكون‬ ‫والجابات‬ 1) We did this to save his life (because we had to) 2) That is what happened . 3) I'm Medhat , the manager . 4) This is the report . (H.K.) 5) It is on the desk . 6) He is coming next Friday . 7) It is yours (It is your pen) . 8) I gave it to her . 9) It costs three dollars . 10) We have seven pens . 11) It takes two days to be done . 12) Yes, you can if you are strong enough . / No, you can't . 13) Yes, you may if you have finished your homework . / No, you may not 14) Yes, I think we better wait for him . / No, I think we better go. H.W. [ 1] Answer the following questions: 1) How many books does she have? ______________________________ 2) What time is it now? _______________________________________ 3) Whom are you talking about? ________________________________ 4) What is in your hand? ______________________________________ 5) Where are the bags? _______________________________________ [2] In your h.w. copy book , write 14 questions, using each question word in each one of them and answer them with every possible answer. (H.K.) ‫اكتب‬ ‫الواجب‬ ‫كراسة‬ ‫في‬14‫وجاوب‬ ، ‫مختلف‬ ‫سؤال‬ ‫في‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫في‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫كل‬ ‫مستخدما‬ ‫سؤال‬ . ‫ممكنة‬ ‫اجابة‬ ‫بكل‬ ‫عليهم‬ Punctuation [Meena] ‫الوقف‬ ‫علمات‬ 1(‫ال‬ ‫معها‬ ‫ونأخذ‬capitalization‫نستعمل‬ ‫متى‬ ‫أي‬capital letters‫أهم‬ ‫ومن‬ ، ‫ال‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫نستخدم‬ ‫التي‬ ‫والحالت‬ ‫الكلمات‬capitals: ‫ثم‬ ، ‫والجنسيات‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫الشخاص‬ ‫اسماء‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫العياد‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫الشهور‬ ‫وكل‬ ‫السبوع‬ ‫أيام‬ ‫كل‬ ) ‫النقطة‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫الجديدة‬ ‫الجملة‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫الفقرة‬ ‫في‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫أول‬ ‫كل‬ ‫دايما‬Full stop‫الذي‬ ‫الكلم‬ ‫بداية‬ ‫وفي‬ ( . ‫صغيرة‬ ‫أقواس‬ ‫بين‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ذكرت‬ ‫اذا‬ ‫والرتب‬ ‫واللقاب‬ ‫والجامعات‬ ‫والهيئات‬ ‫والنوادي‬ ‫والفنادق‬ ‫الشوارع‬ ‫اسماء‬ ‫ثم‬ --- : ‫مثل‬ ، ‫المسمى‬ ‫مع‬ ‫أو‬ ‫صاحبها‬ ‫اسم‬ The Sheraton Hotel / but / we went to the hotel ‫من‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫أي‬ ، ‫العناوين‬ ‫في‬ ‫ثم‬ ---3‫فيها‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫أول‬ ‫يكون‬ ، ‫حروف‬capital‫بالضافة‬ " ‫مثل‬ ، ‫كلمة‬ ‫لول‬The Plural of Nouns." 2(] (،) ‫الفصلة‬Comma[‫أو‬ ‫متوافقة‬ ‫قصيرة‬ ‫جمل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫كلمات‬ ‫بين‬ ‫لتفصل‬ ‫أساسا‬ ‫وتوضع‬ ، ‫مثل‬ ‫عطف‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫يصلها‬ ‫أو‬ ‫متسلسلة‬ I bought bread , milk , honey and grapes. (H.K.) If you are right , I'm wrong . [Meena] 30
  31. 31. 3() ‫النقطة‬.] (Full stop , or , Period[‫عند‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الجمل‬ ‫نهاية‬ ‫في‬ ‫أساسا‬ ‫وتستعمل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مع‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫تستعمل‬ ‫و‬ ، ‫معين‬ ‫معنى‬ ‫انتهاء‬initials‫الكلمات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اسم‬ ‫من‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫أول‬ ‫)أي‬ ‫وال‬ (‫الخرى‬abbreviations: ‫مثل‬ ،The Y.M.C.A. is a good association. 4(] ( ‫)؟‬ ‫الستفهام‬ ‫علمة‬Question mark , or , Interrogation mark[ . ‫السئلة‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫وتستخدم‬ 5(] ( !) ‫والتعجب‬ ‫النداء‬Exclamation mark، ‫التعجب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫النداء‬ ‫حالة‬ ‫في‬ ‫وتستخدم‬ [ ‫تكون‬ ‫الكلم‬ ‫صيغة‬ ‫لن‬ ‫السئلة‬ ‫في‬ ‫عنه‬ ، ‫الكلم‬ ‫من‬ ‫المقصود‬ ‫نميز‬ ‫تجعلنا‬ ‫التعجب‬ ‫حالة‬ ‫في‬ ‫وهي‬ ‫مثل‬ ، ‫بالسئلة‬ ‫شبيهة‬ ‫أصل‬ What a beautiful watch ! 6(] (( )) ‫قوسان‬Brackets , or , Parantheses‫حصر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫لتحديد‬ ‫ويستخدمان‬ [ . ‫المقصود‬ ‫الكلم‬ 7(] ( :) ‫النقطتان‬The Colon‫قبل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شرح‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫لقائمة‬ ‫سرد‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫ويوضعان‬ [ . ‫شئ‬ ‫لتوضيح‬ ‫أمثلة‬ ‫اعطاء‬ H.W. In your h.w. copy book, write a paragraph of at least 3 lines using all possible punctuation. ‫من‬ ‫فقرة‬ ‫اكتب‬ ‫الواجب‬ ‫كراس‬ ‫في‬3.‫ممكنة‬ ‫وقف‬ ‫علمات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫مستخدما‬ ‫أكثر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫سطور‬ ‫للسماء‬ ‫الملكية‬ ‫علمة‬The Apostrophe ‫ال‬ ‫علمة‬ ‫استخدام‬ ‫أي‬apostrophe‫مثل‬ ‫اشخاص‬ ‫أو‬ ‫لشخص‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫لملكية‬the boy's book. "‫الولد‬ ‫"كتاب‬ ‫أي‬]Meena[ ‫آخره‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الجمع‬ ‫حالة‬ ‫في‬s‫ال‬ ‫علمة‬ ‫نضع‬apostrophe‫ال‬ ‫بعد‬s‫مثل‬the girls' food. "‫البنات‬ ‫"أكل‬ ‫أي‬ ---‫شخصين‬ ‫ملك‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫لو‬‫مثل‬ ، ‫الخر‬ ‫في‬ ‫واحدة‬ ‫مرة‬ ‫العلمة‬ ‫نضع‬ ، ‫بعض‬ ‫مع‬ ‫أكتر‬ ‫أو‬ Mary and Magdy's car‫أما‬ .‫أشخاص‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫ملك‬ ‫متشابهة‬ ‫أشياء‬ ‫مجموعة‬ ‫لو‬‫نضع‬ ، ‫مثل‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫كل‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫العلمة‬Mary's and Magdy's cars. ‫ولكن‬ ---‫لشئ‬ ‫تابع‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫لو‬‫ال‬ ‫علمة‬ ‫نستخدم‬ ‫ل‬apostrophe‫نستخدم‬ ‫بل‬of :‫مثل‬the leg of the chair: ‫مثل‬ ‫قليلة‬ ‫استثناءات‬ ‫هناك‬ ‫ولكن‬ ، ‫الكرسي‬ ‫رجل‬ ‫أي‬ (a) Some places. (b) some expressions of time , take 's ex : (a) Egypt's largest city is Cairo. / The city's old cinema was renewed last month. (b) A night's rest. / Three hour's travel. / a week's vacation. N.B.: With some common nouns like "class , school , farm .. " , we don't use 's nor "of" (H.K.) [Meena] ex : The class teacher / A farm girl. 31
  32. 32. ‫ال‬ ‫لعلمة‬ ‫أخرى‬ ‫استخدامات‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫ويوجد‬ ---apostrophe‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ ، ‫الملكية‬ ‫غير‬ ‫اختصارات‬ ‫في‬ ‫استخدامها‬verb be‫ال‬ ‫مع‬pronouns‫بالنجليزي‬ ‫تسمى‬ ‫الختصارات‬ ‫)هذه‬ contractions‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ (I'm‫اختصار‬I am. H.W.: ‫النجليزية‬ ‫إلي‬ ‫ترجم‬ 1_______________________________________________ ‫مريم‬ ‫كتب‬ ‫هذه‬ ( 2____________________________________________ ‫ومنى‬ ‫ذكي‬ ‫بيت‬ ‫هذا‬ ( 3_______________________________________________ ‫الترابيزة‬ ‫رجل‬ ( ‫ال‬ ‫حرف‬S، ‫ونطقه‬‫حالت‬ ‫في‬‫الجمع‬ (‫أ‬ :plural‫للفعل‬ ‫الغائب‬ ‫والمفرد‬ (‫ب‬ . ‫المضارع‬third singular‫الملكية‬ ‫وصيغة‬ (‫ج‬ .apostrophe:‫س‬ ‫تنطق‬‫الكلمات‬ ‫مع‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫التي‬P T K F H S(‫أ‬ : ‫مثل‬cats(‫ب‬ . (‫)قطط‬ ‫كاتس‬ he works(‫ج‬ . (‫يعمل‬ ‫)هو‬ ‫ووركس‬ ‫هي‬Medhat's book‫)كتاب‬ ‫بووك‬ ‫مدحتس‬ . (‫مدحت‬‫ز‬ ‫وتنطق‬(‫أ‬ : ‫مثل‬ ‫السابقة‬ ‫الحروف‬ ‫غير‬ ‫حرف‬ ‫بأي‬ ‫تنتهي‬ ‫كلمة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫مع‬beds‫بدز‬ (‫ب‬ . (‫)سراير‬he says(‫ج‬ . (‫يقول‬ ‫)هو‬ ‫سييز‬ ‫هي‬Magdy's pen. (‫مجدي‬ ‫)قلم‬ ‫بن‬ ‫ماجديز‬ Countable and Uncountable Nouns ‫لتعد‬ ‫والتي‬ ‫تعد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السماء‬ Countable nouns [Meena] Uncountable nouns Job ‫وظيفة‬ Girl ‫بنت‬ Blood ‫دم‬ Silver ‫فضة‬ House ‫بيت‬ Animal ‫حيوان‬ Gold (H.K.) ‫ذهب‬ Music ‫موسيقى‬ Group ‫مجموعة‬ Company ‫شركة‬ Engineering ‫هندسة‬ Air ‫هواء‬ Computer ‫كمبيوتر‬ Project ‫مشروع‬ Information ‫معلومات‬ Smoke ‫دخان‬ Apple ‫تفاحة‬ Book ‫كتاب‬ Advice ‫نصيحة‬ Bread ‫خبز‬ Orange ‫برتقالة‬ Bottle ‫زجاجة‬ Milk ‫لبن‬ Water ‫ماء‬ ‫مع‬ ‫جمل‬ ‫في‬ ‫استخداماتهم‬there is , there are‫ومع‬here is , here are: There is an apple (orange). There is some milk (water). There are some apples (oranges). There are some bottles of milk (of water). ‫تأخذ‬ ‫تعد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السماء‬ ‫ان‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫نلحظ‬there is‫وتأخذ‬ ‫المفرد‬ ‫في‬there are‫أما‬ ، ‫الجمع‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تأخذ‬ ‫دائما‬ ‫لتعد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السماء‬there is‫مثل‬ ‫يعدها‬ ‫اسم‬ ‫أضفنا‬ ‫لو‬ ‫إل‬bottles. ‫كلمة‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تأتي‬ ‫التي‬ ‫للشياء‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫أما‬pair‫مثل‬glasses:‫كالتي‬ ‫الجمل‬ ‫فتكون‬ 32
  33. 33. There is a pair of glasses (trousers , shoes , socks). There are some pairs of glasses (trousers , shoes , socks). [Meena] ‫نضع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ماسبق‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الممكن‬ ‫ومن‬here is‫بدل‬there is‫ونضع‬ ،here are‫بدل‬ there are. ‫هو‬ ‫كما‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ويكون‬ H.W. Fill in the blanks with suitable words: ‫مناسبة‬ ‫بكلمات‬ ‫الفراغات‬ ‫مكان‬ ‫امل‬ 1) ______________ some pens. 2) _____________ a ruler. (H.K.) 3) There is ____________socks. 4) Here are _______________trousers. ‫السماء‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫ويوجد‬ ---‫تستخدم‬ ‫قد‬ ‫التي‬countable‫وأيضا‬uncountable‫مثل‬ ‫وذلك‬ hair‫نقول‬ ‫أن‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ،a hair‫مثل‬ ‫أو‬beautiful hair. ‫السماء‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫ويوجد‬ ---‫لتعد‬ ‫التي‬uncountable‫بعض‬ ‫في‬ ‫تعد‬ ‫ولكنها‬ ‫النجليزي‬ ‫في‬ : ‫مثل‬ ، ‫الخرى‬ ‫اللغات‬ Advice , furniture , news , bread , behavior , trouble , traffic , work , luggage , baggage, weather , information , permission ‫الجزء‬ ‫في‬ ‫الصفحة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫أعلى‬ ‫الموجود‬ ‫الجدول‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫السابقة‬ ‫الكلمات‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫اضافة‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫أي‬ ‫بال‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫منه‬ ‫اليمين‬uncountable nouns‫جمع‬ ‫عند‬ ، ‫المثال‬ ‫سبيل‬ ‫وعلى‬ ،advice‫أو‬ bread‫نقول‬pieces of advice‫نقول‬ ‫أو‬loaves of bread. Saying good bye : Formal : Good bye / good bye , it was nice to meet (see) you . --- I wish you the best of luck . / same for you . Informal : Bye (bye bye) (see you) / bye (see you) . --- Keep in touch . / I will . (H.K.) --- Have a good day (have a nice one) / you too . At work : Excuse me , are you busy / oh, hi Mary I'm not working right now , I'm just reading the newspaper , come in . Pronouns ‫الضمائر‬ :‫وهو‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫جدول‬ ‫في‬ ‫نضعهم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المهمة‬ ‫الضمائر‬ ‫لحفظ‬ ‫أسلوب‬ ‫وأسهل‬ ‫أفضل‬ Personal pronouns ‫الشخصية‬ ‫الضمائر‬ Possessive pronouns ‫الملكية‬ ‫ضمائر‬ Reflexive and intensive pronouns ‫والتأكيد‬ ‫النعكاس‬ Before the verb [Meena] After the verb With nouns Without a noun I ‫أنا‬ Me My Mine Myself You ‫أنت‬ You Your Yours Yourself He ‫هو‬ Him His (H.K.) His Himself She ‫هي‬ Her Her Hers Herself It ‫العاقل‬ ‫لغير‬ It Its Itself We ‫نحن‬ Us Our Ours Ourselves You ‫انتم‬ You Your Yours Yourselves They ‫هم‬ Them Their Theirs Themselves 33

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