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Adolescent health

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Adolescent health

  1. 1. Topic - ADOLESCENT HEALTH Mr. Kirankumar Ghanapuram Consultant - Healthcare Management kiranghanapuram@gmail.com +91 9011017501
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Adolescence is characterized by conflicts of values, emotional stress and readiness to extreme attitudes, which invariably leads to several psycho-social problems of adolescents. • Puberty is the stage of the lifespan in which a child develops secondary sex characteristics. • The average age for girls:- 10-12 The average age for boys 12-14. • Adolescent : 10 – 19 • Youth : 15 - 24 • Young people : 10 -24 • Physical maturing • Psychological maturing • Social maturing kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  3. 3. IMPORTANCE OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH • Developing Countries • Parents of next generation. • Early menarche • Late marriage • Urbanization, migration • Less family influence • Exposure to mass media Changes in social and sexual behavior kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  4. 4. PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN ADOLESCENTS • Am I Normal ? Rapid growth. . .Cause of Concern! Adolescents have a fundamental human right to accurate and comprehensive reproductive and sexual health information. • Personal and social problems. • Problems of health and physical self-esteem. • Sex and reproductive health problems. • Home and family related problems. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  5. 5. ADOLESCENTS : SOME FACTS AND PERCEPTIONS • Adolescents between 10-19 years make up one fifth of India’s population and also a potential group for contracting HIV. • Adolescent girls constitute a disproportionate (25%) portion of the 5 million abortions performed annually. • High morbidity and mortality associated with pubertal and adolescent pregnancy. • Cultural practices often involve sexual abuse or exploitation, and act as barriers to responsible sexuality. • Boys and girls reveal a poor understanding of their sexuality and information sources seem to be media and peers. • Early marriage in girls --------------> Increasing Population • STIs due to unprotected sexual activity. • Alcohol use and Substance Abuse. • Not aware of contraceptives. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  6. 6. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH • Organs • Changes developing • Proper Hygienic practices kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  7. 7. NUTRITIONAL HEALTH • The fastest growth periods of a person's life. • Nutritional health during adolescence - important for supporting the growing body - for preventing future health problems. • Increased nutritional needs Calories : boys- 2500-2800 Calories /day girls- 2200 Calories/day Protein: 45-60g Calcium: 1200 mg/day Iron : boys- 12 mg/day girls- 15 mg/day kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  8. 8. SAY YES/NO TO; YES TO • Milk & Milk products (Curd, Paneer) • Green vegetables, Fruits, Cereals • Soups, Juices • Regular meals • Balanced Diet NO TO AVOID Food with FAT • Pizza ~ Burger ~ Sandwich • Aerated drinks / Preserved Juices • Coffee / Cocktails / Mocktails • French Fries • Vada-pav • What more do you like? kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  9. 9. SLIM V/S FIT • Do not starve • NO crash diet, seek professional help for weight loss (Not to get carried away with advertisements!) • FITNESS is more important than looking slim! • YOU CAN avoid nutritional deficiency by regular, balanced diet intake kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  10. 10. ANEMIA • Poor dietary habits? • Are you losing excess blood from your body? Cure it urgently. • Repeated Haemoblobin measurements • Diet rich in iron containing food • Iron supplements to make up for deficit (as advised by your doctor) • Iron Rich sources kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  11. 11. HEALTHY FOOD HABITS • Never skip meals or go for crash dieting. • Have proper breakfast and an early dinner. • Limit fast food intake to a minimum. • Have at least one fruit a day. • Have salads often and vegetables daily. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  12. 12. EXERCISE & PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Does it really HELP? YES, • Improves your strength & endurance. • Bones & muscles becomes more healthy. • Avoids weight gain. • Reduces anxiety & stress. • Increases self esteem, confidence. • Enjoy outdoor games kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  13. 13. EMOTIONAL CHANGES • Transition from childhood to adult • Attraction • Fantasies • Mood changes…irresponsible, stubborn • Search for identity and sexual development create sense of crisis I T ' S N AT U R A L & N O R M A L ! kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  14. 14. LIFE STYLE • Regular. • Simple. • Optimistic. • Helping hand, interdependence. • Getting involved in humanitarian activities. • Respecting social values & spirituality. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  15. 15. SMOKING, DRINKING, DRUGS • Smoking is an evil which is best avoided it can cause cancers, heart disease, early death. • Avoid alcohol intake. • Drugs are like taking poison – stay away. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  16. 16. SPIRITUALITY Unless we develop the spiritual side of our nature, society cannot combat the evils that plague society – wanton cruelty, corruption, violence, poverty, injustice, oppression of the weak, sexual abuse, terrorism and war… the list goes on. Morality, justice, truthfulness, love, sacrifice for the common good, peace and discipline kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  17. 17. MORAL DECISION-MAKING • An important aspect of spirituality • Spiritual empowerment comes through prayer, self-less service to mankind; serving one’s parents, to be loving, keeping our self and our ego in disciplined check, courtesy and humility, firmly upholding the principle of justice, being self-less or detached etc. • These qualities come through the love of God. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  18. 18. SAY NO TO STRESS • Often we burden ourselves with stress • Always count your blessings in life • Accept circumstances which you cannot change • Effectively conquer stress before it engulfs you kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  19. 19. MENTAL DISORDERS • Conduct and behavioral disorders • Learning disorders • Anxiety disorders • Teen depression • Juvenile delinquency • Adjustment problems kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  20. 20. ADOLESCENT COUNSELING • School Avoidance • Separation Anxiety • Coping With Chronic Illness • Building Social Competence • Managing Powerful Peer Personalities • Minimizing Family Conflict • Working Through Divorce & Separation • Avoiding Drug & Alcohol Use • Transitioning - High School to College • Accepting Imperfection • Building Friendships kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  21. 21. HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF SEXUAL DEV. • Reproductive tract infections • Sexually transmitted infections (Awareness about STI is essential Girls- Chlamydia , Neisseria gonorrhoeae, syphilis, HSV, Trichomonas, vaginalis Complication : PID Infertility Boys Urethritis HIV awareness too is needed) • Pregnancy • Sexual abuse • Early sexual involvement • Criminal abortions • Menstrual disorders kiranghanapuram@gmail.com
  22. 22. kiranghanapuram@gmail.com

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