Topic - ADOLESCENT
Mr. Kirankumar Ghanapuram
Consultant - Healthcare Management
• Adolescence is characterized by conflicts of values, emotional stress
and readiness to extreme attitudes, which invariably leads to
several psycho-social problems of adolescents.
• Puberty is the stage of the lifespan in which a child develops
secondary sex characteristics.
• The average age for girls:- 10-12 The average age for boys 12-14.
• Adolescent : 10 – 19
• Youth : 15 - 24
• Young people : 10 -24
• Physical maturing
• Psychological maturing
• Social maturing
IMPORTANCE OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH
• Developing Countries
• Parents of next generation.
• Early menarche
• Late marriage
• Urbanization, migration
• Less family influence
• Exposure to mass media
Changes in social and sexual behavior
PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN
• Am I Normal ?
Rapid growth. . .Cause of Concern!
Adolescents have a fundamental human
right to accurate and comprehensive
reproductive and sexual health information.
• Personal and social problems.
• Problems of health and physical self-esteem.
• Sex and reproductive health problems.
• Home and family related problems.
ADOLESCENTS : SOME FACTS AND
• Adolescents between 10-19 years make up one fifth of India’s
population and also a potential group for contracting HIV.
• Adolescent girls constitute a disproportionate (25%) portion of the
5 million abortions performed annually.
• High morbidity and mortality associated with pubertal and
• Cultural practices often involve sexual abuse or exploitation, and
act as barriers to responsible sexuality.
• Boys and girls reveal a poor understanding of their sexuality and
information sources seem to be media and peers.
• Early marriage in girls --------------> Increasing Population
• STIs due to unprotected sexual activity.
• Alcohol use and Substance Abuse.
• Not aware of contraceptives.
• The fastest growth periods of a person's life.
• Nutritional health during adolescence
- important for supporting the growing body
- for preventing future health problems.
• Increased nutritional needs
Calories : boys- 2500-2800 Calories /day
girls- 2200 Calories/day
Calcium: 1200 mg/day
Iron : boys- 12 mg/day
girls- 15 mg/day
SAY YES/NO TO;
• Milk & Milk products (Curd, Paneer)
• Green vegetables, Fruits, Cereals
• Soups, Juices
• Regular meals
• Balanced Diet
NO TO AVOID Food with FAT
• Pizza ~ Burger ~ Sandwich
• Aerated drinks / Preserved Juices
• Coffee / Cocktails / Mocktails
• French Fries
• What more do you like? email@example.com
SLIM V/S FIT
• Do not starve
• NO crash diet, seek professional help for weight loss (Not to get
carried away with advertisements!)
• FITNESS is more important than looking slim!
• YOU CAN avoid nutritional deficiency by regular, balanced diet
• Poor dietary habits?
• Are you losing excess blood from your body? Cure it urgently.
• Repeated Haemoblobin measurements
• Diet rich in iron containing food
• Iron supplements to make up for deficit (as advised by your doctor)
• Iron Rich sources
HEALTHY FOOD HABITS
• Never skip meals or go for crash dieting.
• Have proper breakfast and an early dinner.
• Limit fast food intake to a minimum.
• Have at least one fruit a day.
• Have salads often and vegetables daily.
EXERCISE & PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Does it really HELP? YES,
• Improves your strength & endurance.
• Bones & muscles becomes more healthy.
• Avoids weight gain.
• Reduces anxiety & stress.
• Increases self esteem, confidence.
• Enjoy outdoor games
• Transition from childhood to adult
• Mood changes…irresponsible, stubborn
• Search for identity and sexual development
create sense of crisis
I T ' S
N AT U R A L
& N O R M A L !
• Helping hand, interdependence.
• Getting involved in humanitarian activities.
• Respecting social values & spirituality.
SMOKING, DRINKING, DRUGS
• Smoking is an evil which is best avoided
it can cause cancers, heart disease, early death.
• Avoid alcohol intake.
• Drugs are like taking poison – stay away.
Unless we develop the spiritual side of our nature, society cannot
combat the evils that plague society – wanton cruelty, corruption,
violence, poverty, injustice, oppression of the weak, sexual abuse,
terrorism and war… the list goes on.
Morality, justice, truthfulness, love, sacrifice for the common good,
peace and discipline
• An important aspect of spirituality
• Spiritual empowerment comes through prayer, self-less service to
mankind; serving one’s parents, to be loving, keeping our self and
our ego in disciplined check, courtesy and humility, firmly upholding
the principle of justice, being self-less or detached etc.
• These qualities come through the love of God.
SAY NO TO STRESS
• Often we burden ourselves with stress
• Always count your blessings in life
• Accept circumstances which you cannot change
• Effectively conquer stress before it engulfs you
• School Avoidance
• Separation Anxiety
• Coping With Chronic Illness
• Building Social Competence
• Managing Powerful Peer
• Minimizing Family Conflict
• Working Through Divorce &
• Avoiding Drug & Alcohol Use
• Transitioning - High School to
• Accepting Imperfection
• Building Friendships
HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF SEXUAL DEV.
• Reproductive tract infections
• Sexually transmitted infections
(Awareness about STI is essential
Girls- Chlamydia , Neisseria
gonorrhoeae, syphilis, HSV,
Complication : PID Infertility
HIV awareness too is needed)
• Sexual abuse
• Early sexual involvement
• Criminal abortions
• Menstrual disorders firstname.lastname@example.org