Question………• Define skill and ability• State the link between them• Define Learning and performance• State the link between them
Learning Objectives• Describe Learning curves and explain strategies to ensure learning continues• Describe Social Learning theorists theory on how we learn• State the three stages of learning and illustrate these with sporting examples• Give examples of how feedback and guidance changes at the different stages
Learning CurvesWhy do these different shapesoccur?
Reinforcers• Reinforcers strengthen the S-R bond and increase the probability of the response occurring again, ensuring that correct action are repeated therefore future behaviour is shaped• Positive reinforcement given for a correct response to ensure that action is repeated e.g. praise, reward• Positive-giving a stimulus to strengthen the S-R bond e.g. success, praise, rewards• Negative reinforcements are: – a positive stimulus that is withdrawn when the performance is not good• or – a negative stimulus that is withdrawn when the correct performance is shown• In other words:• Eg: Coach does not give praise when performance is not good enough• or• A coach who is constantly shouting at the team does not shout if things are going well