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Personality development
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Personality

  1. 1. welcome
  2. 2. DefinitionAccording to Fred Luthans” Personality means how a person affectsothers & how he understands & viewshimself as well as the pattern of inner& outer measurable traits and theperson-situation interaction”.
  3. 3. Bonner provides 6 propositionsto classify the nature ofpersonality within the contextof change & development .
  4. 4. Human behaviour is composed of acts.Personality visualized as a whole actualises itself in a particular environment.It is distinguished by self consistency.It forms a time-integrating structure.It is a goal oriented behaviour.It is a process of becoming.
  5. 5. Determinants of personalityheredity personalityenvironment
  6. 6. HeredityHeredity plays an important role indetermining an individual’s personality.We generally refer to the traits likephysique , intelligence etc...the importanceof heredity varies from one personality traitto another. if all personality traits aredetermined by heredity , they would not bechanged through out the life.
  7. 7. EnvironmentEnvironment also plays a veryimportant role in the development ofpersonality of a person .Environmentcomprises Culture Family SocialSituational Factors
  8. 8. CultureIt is a unique system of perceptions ,beliefs ,values ,norms andcode of conduct the influences the behaviour of individuals ina given society.FamilyFamily Influence the behaviour of a person in the earlystages. The nature of such influence will depend uponthe factors like family size , race , religion ,parent’seducational level etc..
  9. 9. SocialContacts with the others of the family and social groupsinfluence his socialisation process. It includes school mates,friends ,colleagues etc..SituationalEvery individual goes through different type of experiences& events in his life. some events and experiences can serveas important determinants of his personality.
  10. 10. Types of personalities • Introvert & Extrovert • Type A & Type B • Judging & Perspective
  11. 11. IntrovertPersons with introvert orientation areprimarily oriented to the subjective world.such people look inward & experience &process their thoughts & ideas withinthemselves. they also avoid social contacts &initiating interactions with others
  12. 12. ExtrovertExtroverts are just contrary to introverts.Extroverts are friendly ,lively , sociable ,aggressive and express their feeling andideas open .They are more suitable andsuccessful for the positions that requireconsiderable interaction with others ..
  13. 13. Extrovert Introvert• Like variety and action. • Like quite for• Like to have people concentration. around. • Work contentedly alone.• Usually communicate • Problems in freely. communicating.• Often act quickly • Think a lot before they sometimes without act something. thinking.
  14. 14. Type A & Type BType AThey are characterised by hardworking,aggressive high achievement oriented ,impatient have a sense of time urgency withcompetitive drive etc… They tend to be veryhard working and productive. They are workholics.
  15. 15. Type BEasy going , sociable , free from urgency oftime & non competitive are thecharacteristics of type B. such people dobetter on tasks involving judgments ,accuracy rather than speed and teamwork.
  16. 16. Judging & perspectiveJudgingPeople with judging personality types like tofollow a plan, make decisions & need onlythat what is essential for their work.PerspectiveThey are people who adopt were to change,want to know all about a job and at timemay get over committed.
  17. 17. Judging vs perceptive judging perceptive• May decide things too • May have trouble quickly. making decision.• Want only essential • Want to know all things needed to begin about their work. their work.• Work best when they • Adopt well to can plan & follow the changing situations. plan.
  18. 18. Conclusionit is clear that personality is a complexconcept that reflects many influences bothfrom within and outside the individual.

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