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Basics in Indian Polity
Syllabus and Terminology
Prelims – Polity Syllabus
Indian Polity and Governance
• Constitution
• Political System,
• Panchayati Raj
• Public Policy...
• Constitution
• Governance
• Polity
• Social Justice
• International Relations
Mains – Polity Syllabus
Mains Syllabus - Constitution
1. Indian Constitution- historical
underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significa...
Mains Syllabus - Polity
• Structure, organization and functioning of the
Executive and the Judiciary - Ministries and
Depa...
Mains Syllabus - Social Justice
• Development processes and the development
industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various grou...
Mains syllabus - Governance
• Important aspects of governance
• Transparency and accountability
• e-governance- applicatio...
Mains Syllabus –
International Relations
• India and its neighborhood- relations.
• Bilateral, regional and global groupin...
Polity Politics Political
Science
1.A geographic
area with a
corresponding
Government
2. Thomas
Hobbes considered
bodies p...
Leviathan
It is a book written
by Thomas Hobbes in
1651
The work concerns the
structure of society and
legitimate governme...
Government
1. Government is the
means by which state
policy is enforced, as well
as the mechanism for
determining the poli...
Legislature
• It is the law making
body
• Examples –
1. India – Parliament
2. States – Assembly
3. US – Congress
4. UK – P...
Executive
• Law enforcing /
Implementing agency
• It includes –
1. President
2. Prime Minister
3. Council of Ministers
4. ...
Standard of the President of India
1st quarter: state emblem
(the lions of Sarnath) to
represent national unity;
2nd quart...
Judiciary
• Law interpretative
Agency
• Examples –
1. India – Supreme Court
2. US – Federal Court
3. UK – Supreme court
Governance
• It is the act of
governing.
• A networked
Government
• Government working
with -
a. Market
b. Civil Society
G...
Panchayat Raj
• It is an "assembly"
(ayat) of five
(panch) wise and
respected elders
chosen and
accepted by the
local comm...
Panchayat Raj Structure
Gram Panchayat
Panchayat Samiti
• Intermediate
Panchayat
• Block level
Panchayat
• Tehsil
• Mandal Parishat
• Kshetra Panchayat
Taluka
Zilla Parishat
• District level
local body
• District council
• District
Panchayat
• Zilla Panchayat
Public Policy
• PP is what ever the
government
chooses to do or
not to do
• Most Powerful
Policy making body
– The Cabinet
Rights
• Rights are the privileges
offered by the state
• Rights are not optional
• They are not Charity
• They are the
en...
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basics of Indian Polity By Krishna Pradeep's 21st century IAS study circle

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basics of Indian Polity by Krishna Pradeep.Details of the syllabus for the Civils prelims

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basics of Indian Polity By Krishna Pradeep's 21st century IAS study circle

  1. 1. Basics in Indian Polity Syllabus and Terminology
  2. 2. Prelims – Polity Syllabus Indian Polity and Governance • Constitution • Political System, • Panchayati Raj • Public Policy • Rights Issues
  3. 3. • Constitution • Governance • Polity • Social Justice • International Relations Mains – Polity Syllabus
  4. 4. Mains Syllabus - Constitution 1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significan t provisions and basic structure. 2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. 3. Separation of powers between various organs - dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. 4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries 5. Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  5. 5. Mains Syllabus - Polity • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary - Ministries and Departments of the Government; • Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  6. 6. Mains Syllabus - Social Justice • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/ Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  7. 7. Mains syllabus - Governance • Important aspects of governance • Transparency and accountability • e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; • Citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  8. 8. Mains Syllabus – International Relations • India and its neighborhood- relations. • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests • Indian diaspora. • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
  9. 9. Polity Politics Political Science 1.A geographic area with a corresponding Government 2. Thomas Hobbes considered bodies politic in this sense in Leviathan 1. Achieving and exercising positions of governance 2. It is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a civic or individual level. 1.A study of the state, nation, government, and politics and policies of government 2. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state
  10. 10. Leviathan It is a book written by Thomas Hobbes in 1651 The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory
  11. 11. Government 1. Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state. 2. Government in a democracy consists of - legislature, executive and Judiciary
  12. 12. Legislature • It is the law making body • Examples – 1. India – Parliament 2. States – Assembly 3. US – Congress 4. UK – Parliament 5. Pakistan- Majlis-e- Shoora 6. Japan - Diet
  13. 13. Executive • Law enforcing / Implementing agency • It includes – 1. President 2. Prime Minister 3. Council of Ministers 4. Chief Minister 5. Governor 6. King / Queen 7. Dictator
  14. 14. Standard of the President of India 1st quarter: state emblem (the lions of Sarnath) to represent national unity; 2nd quarter: elephant from Ajanta Caves to represent patience and strength 3rd quarter: scales from the Red Fort, Old Delhi to represent justice 4th quarter: lotus vase from Sarnath to represent prosperity
  15. 15. Judiciary • Law interpretative Agency • Examples – 1. India – Supreme Court 2. US – Federal Court 3. UK – Supreme court
  16. 16. Governance • It is the act of governing. • A networked Government • Government working with - a. Market b. Civil Society Govt Civil Society Market
  17. 17. Panchayat Raj • It is an "assembly" (ayat) of five (panch) wise and respected elders chosen and accepted by the local community.
  18. 18. Panchayat Raj Structure
  19. 19. Gram Panchayat
  20. 20. Panchayat Samiti • Intermediate Panchayat • Block level Panchayat • Tehsil • Mandal Parishat • Kshetra Panchayat Taluka
  21. 21. Zilla Parishat • District level local body • District council • District Panchayat • Zilla Panchayat
  22. 22. Public Policy • PP is what ever the government chooses to do or not to do • Most Powerful Policy making body – The Cabinet
  23. 23. Rights • Rights are the privileges offered by the state • Rights are not optional • They are not Charity • They are the entitlements of the citizens • If you ignore them they ignore you • Every Human has rights

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