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Design in the School Classrooms - ICoRD 2015 paper presentation

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"Design in the School Classrooms : Applying tools of Design to improve the quality of education."
It is a sincere belief that the quality of education in the schools and the change in the education system, can happen if we look at adopting and using Design tools and Methodologies from a young age. There are many values and benefits of this as well. The research paper deals with this.

Published in: Design

Design in the School Classrooms - ICoRD 2015 paper presentation

  1. 1. Design in the school classrooms – Applying Design tools to improve quality of education Kshitiz Anand* Director & Head of Operations (India Studio) Jean Haag Transcultural Design Masters Student ICoRD, 8th January 2015
  2. 2. Summary 1.  Design needs to come out of its elitist image 2.  Need to implant the value of design from a young age 3.  Quality of education has to be improved across the country 4.  Can we apply the tools of design to primary school education TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  3. 3. My story of design TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  4. 4. By luck to passion to vision Story of Design 2015 no design know design ? 2001 design student with design students in a design school heading a design school TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  5. 5. 14 years into design, around the world, 1 conclusion
  6. 6. Design to school classrooms TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  7. 7. Can Design Thinking help ? TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  8. 8. Adopt a system-based thinking approach
  9. 9. Keeping in mind each stakeholder
  10. 10. Working with constraints
  11. 11. Working with a methodology
  12. 12. Design Intervention points TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  13. 13. Existing classrooms and education environment
  14. 14. Interactions in the classrooms
  15. 15. What design tools do we use ? Designerly ways of knowing / learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  16. 16. Values and benefits •  No idea is a bad idea and it encourages everyone to participate •  Generate many ideas by promoting Divergent thinking •  Doing things with time constraints by having a deadline •  Learn to group together ideas and build onto others’ ideas •  Encourage to speak up Brainstorming Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  17. 17. Values and benefits •  Promote drawing and doodling •  Artistic communication is key towards overall child development •  Take notes by writing keywords, making doodles, illustrations, represented by arrow marks to give a sequential processing of information. •  It also allows the information to be remembered for a longer time. Visual Note Taking Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  18. 18. Values and benefits •  Make textbooks information easy to grasp. •  Understanding Visual Order and fundamentals of typography facilitate the learning process by identifying what information is important and needs to be consumed first. •  Helps in ‘revision’ of knowledge during examination Visual Order and Information Processing Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  19. 19. Values and benefits •  Building the ability to ask right questions •  The teacher assumes ignorance for a certain topic •  Help the children build the answer by themselves and extract knowledge out of it. •  Encourage children to ask questions from early age. •  Playing the ‘Why’ game Socratic Questioning Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  20. 20. Values and benefits •  It influences their language development and story comprehension at a young age •  Provide appropriate occasions to play with language, while gaining an appreciation of the sounds and meaning of words •  Enhances self confidence to be able to present to larger audience Storytelling Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  21. 21. Values and benefits •  Kids actively generate and capitalize knowledge •  Build a sense of competition to push them forward •  More likely to develop strategy elaboration, leadership and teamwork skills Gamification Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  22. 22. Values and benefits •  Learning through hands-on activity (prototyping) is more appealing for the kids •  Equip classes with broad set of stationery and other materials that would help children prototype. •  Paper and cardboard, different pens and pencils, raw materials (clay, wood, fabric, plastic), paint, scrap items (water bottles broken household items). Rapid Prototyping Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  23. 23. Values and benefits •  Avoid focuses on accumulating raw knowledge to do away with rote learning. •  The curriculum should not be the main motivator for the teacher •  This would allow knowloefge to be retained beyond its short life span as is today Critical Thinking Design Tools / Designerly ways of knowing and learning TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  24. 24. Did we try these out ? TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  25. 25. Design tool and methodologies driven work at Happy Horizons Trust Workshops in schools across India Workshops with kids at conferences and events Partner with organizations like Teach for India (Pune, Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore), Mantra for Change (Bangalore), EduGenie (Guwahati) TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  26. 26. Conclusion TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  27. 27. TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  28. 28. Question the process of learning and what is learning itself Conclusion TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  29. 29. Look at the stakeholders involved in the learning process Conclusion TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  30. 30. Rethink the space in which the learning happens and knowledge is delivered Conclusion TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  31. 31. Impart education that looks at overall development of children Conclusion •  Student’s cognitive ability: Brainstorming, Critical Thinking, Socratic Questioning •  Student’s learning skills: Rapid prototyping, Gamification, Understanding Visual order and Information Processing, Visual Note Taking •  Student’s personality development: Storytelling, Presentations TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  32. 32. Future Work TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  33. 33. Taking the paper forward Conclusion •  Design Thinking workshops in schools through the Happy Horizons Trust •  Partner with more schools across India •  Promote design thinking from a young age •  Training of teachers to be able to conduct sessions on their own and use the tools it in their teaching TCD India Studio / ICoRD/ 08 January 2015 / Kshitiz Anand, Jean Haag
  34. 34. THANK YOU Kshitiz Anand Director & Head of Operations (India Studio) k.anand@lecolededesign.com [twitter] @kshitiz [m] + 91 95 35 20 68 28 [skype] kshitiz.a
  35. 35. www.lecolededesign.com

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