When we hear the word “agriculture”
what comes to our mind..??
I think nature , greenery , farmer , etc .
Actually agriculture is a primary activity
which includes growing crops , fruits
,vegetables , etc . Farmers have to do
farming or agriculture to earn some
money for their livelihood.
In India around 70% of the population earns
its livelihood from agriculture. It still
provides livelihood to the people in our
country. It fulfills the basic need of human
beings and animals. It is an important
source of raw material for many agro based
METHODS OF AGRICULTRE
tools and more labour . Rice is the
main crop . Other examples are
wheat , maize , pulses and oilseeds
. Intensive subsistence agriculture
is prevalent in the thickly
populated areas of the monsoon
regions of south , southeast and
east Asia .
nomadic herding .
•Shifting cultivation : Shifting
cultivation is practised in thickly
forested areas of Amazon basin ,
tropical Africa , parts of
southeast Asia and northeast
India .Shifting cultivation is also
known as jhumming , milpa , roca
,ladang ,etc .
•Nomadic herding : Nomadic herding is
practised in the semi-arid and arid regions of
Sahara , Central Asia and some parts of India
like Rajasthan and Jammu Kashmir . In this type
of farming , herdsmen move from place to place
with their animals for fodder and water , along
defined routes . Sheep , camel , yaks and goats
are most commonly reared .
farming , mixed farming &
plantation agriculture .
Commercial grain farming : In it
crops are grown
for commercial purpose . Wheat
and maize are common
commercially grown grains .
Mixed Farming : In it the land is
used for growing food and fodder
crops and rearing livestock .It is
grown in Europe , Argentina .
Plantation Agriculture : Plantation
is a type of commercial farming
where single crop of tea , coffee ,
cashew , etc . Large amount of
labour and capital are required .
are grown to meet the
requirement of the growing
population . Crops also supply raw
materials for agro based
industries . Major crops are rice ,
wheat , millets , maize , cotton ,
jute , coffee , tea .
used . Due to agricultural development in
India irrigation is done by different
methods like drip irrigation , sprinkler
system ,etc .
Farm in USA : The average size of a farm
in the USA is much larger than that of an
Indian farm .They use tractors , seed
drills ,leveller , combine harvester and
thresher to perform various agricultural