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Rural electrification by Lakshmi.Nidoni-seminar ppt

ABSTRACT
In India, more than 200 million people live in rural areas without access to grid-connected power. A convenient & cost-effective solution would be hybrid power systems which can reduce dependency on grid supply, improve reliability. For a typical domestic load a solar –wind hybrid system is designed with charge controller to charge a conventional battery. To optimize system efficiency, a simple algorithm is developed for system sizing. Total cost of unit is calculated using life cycle cost analysis and payback period.

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Rural electrification by Lakshmi.Nidoni-seminar ppt

  1. 1. SECAB INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, VIJAYAPUR DEPARTMENT ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING Submitted by LAKSHMI.M.NIDONI USN NO-2SA13EE401 5/3/2016 1DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR A Seminar on RURAL ELECTRIFICATION THROUGH SOLAR AND WIND HYBRID SYSTEM Under The Guidance Of Prof. MD.SUHAIB ASST.PROF, DEPT OF EEE SECAB I.E.T. Vijayapur
  2. 2.  INTRODUCTION  SOLAR WIND HYBRID SYSTEM  INTEGRATED POWER GENERATION SYSTEM  DESIGN OF A HYBRID POWER SYSTEM  LIFE CYCLE COST  CONCLUSION  REFERENCE CONTENT 5/3/2016 2DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  There are several ways by which electricity can be generated locally using renewable sources such as solar, wind, biogas, etc.  At present, standalone solar photovoltaic and wind systems have been promoted around the globe on a comparatively larger scale. These independent systems cannot provide continuous source of energy, as they are seasonal.  Therefore, suitable energy storage systems will be required for these systems in order to satisfy the power demands.  The cost effective solution would be hybrid power systems which can reduce energy storage requirements.  For villages, where we can get abundant source of sun rays and wind blow, we can use a hybrid technique employing solar and wind energy.5/3/2016 3DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR
  4. 4. SOLAR WIND HYBRID SYSTEM Renewable Energy Sources: Indian Scenario  The estimated potential of various Renewable Energy sources in India is shown in table-1  Table.1. Renewable Energy potential in India.[5] SL.NO ENERGY SOURCE POTENTIAL 01 SOLAR 20MW/SQ.KM 02 WIND 20,000MW 03 SMALL HYDRO 10,000MW 04 OCEAN THERMAL 50,000MW 05 TIDAL 10,000MW 06 BIOGAS 12 MILLION PLANTS 07 BAGAS BASED COGENERATION 3500MW 5/3/2016 4DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR
  5. 5. CONTD…..  India is potentially one of the largest markets for solar energy in the world. The estimated potential of power generation is about 20 MW / Sq.km in India.  Wind energy is the kinetic energy associated with the movement of atmospheric air. Wind energy systems convert this kinetic energy to more useful forms of power.  Seasonal variations of sun and wind is shown in fig.1. Fig.1 Seasonal Variation of sun and wind 5/3/2016 5DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR
  6. 6. SOLAR-GENERATED ELECTRICITY – PHOTOVOLTAIC  The Solar-generated electricity is called Photovoltaic (or PV). The Photovoltaic’s are solar cells that convert sunlight to D.C electricity.  These solar cells in PV module are made from semiconductor materials.  When light energy strikes the cell, electrons are emitted. The electrical conductor attached to the positive and negative scales of the material allow the electrons to be captured in the form of a D.C current.  The generated electricity can be used to power a load or can be stored in a battery. 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 6
  7. 7. SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF A HYBRID SOLAR -WIND POWER SOURCE 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 7
  8. 8. INTEGRATED POWER GENERATION SYSTEM BASED ON WIND ENERGY -PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR ENERGY- SOLAR PANEL WITH NANO- ANTENNA 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 8 Fig- Integrated Electricity Generating System
  9. 9. CONTD…  The aim of this work is design and implementation of a Hybrid power generation system using wind energy photovoltaic solar energy- solar energy with Nano-antenna for continuous (24*7) power generation.  It has some special equipment to charge the battery or the power storage (accumulator) circuit.  Control circuit provides necessary control functions such as adding or summing up electric power derived from more than one sources at a time. 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 9
  10. 10. DESIGN OF HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM For designing of the hybrid energy system we need to find the data as follows A. Data required for Solar System: 1. Annual mean daily duration of Sunshine hours 2. Daily Solar Radiation horizontal (KWH/m2/day) B. Data required for Wind System: 1. Mean Annual Hourly Wind Speed (m/sec) 2. Wind Power that can be generated from the wind turbine 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 10
  11. 11. BLOCK DIAGRAM OF ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEM 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 11 Fig. Block diagram of energy generation system
  12. 12. LIFE CYCLE COST  Life cycle cost(LCC) of a hybrid system consists of initial capital investment, the present value of operation & maintenance cost and the battery replacement cost.  Life cycle cost analysis is a tool used to compare the ultimate delivered costs of technologies with different cost structures. 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 12
  13. 13. COSTING  The cost of the system varies from Rs 2.50 lacks to Rs 3.50 lacks per kW depending on the ratio of wind and solar components.  The approximate cost of installation, including civil works, is about Rs 10,000 per kW. Repair and maintenance cost is about Rs 3000 per kW per annum 5/3/2016 13DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR
  14. 14. CONCLUSION  Under current acute power shortage scenario with increasing cost of natural gas, coal and fuel and due to their impact on environment, there is a very urgent and great need of finding alternate source of energy to generate electricity.  Solar and wind energy integrated technologies have great potential to benefit our nation.  By using solar and wind integrated system we can electrify remote area also it is applicable for metro cities in future to avoid unwanted load shedding. 5/3/2016 14DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T VIJAYPUR
  15. 15. REFERENCES [1]. Hybrid solar and wind power: An essential for information communication technology infrastructure and people in rural community. I.A. Adejumobi, S.G. Oyagbinrin, F. G. Akinboro & M.B. Olajide [2]. Hybrid Power Generation through combined solar –wind power and modified solar panel- N.Sivaramakrishna, Ch.Kasi Ramakrishna Reddy. [3]. Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind Energy and Solar Energy -Ashish S.Ingole, Prof. Bhushan S. Rakhonde 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 15
  16. 16. CONTD…. [4].Hybrid (solar and wind) energy systems for rural Electrification- M.Muralikrishna and V. Lakshminarayana [5].Rural Electrification Through Solar and Wind Hybrid System: A Self Sustained Grid Free Electric Power Source Dr.Vadirajacharya, Dr.P.K.Katti Assistant Professor, Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere(M.S.) India. 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 16
  17. 17. 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB, VIJAYPUR 17
  18. 18. 5/3/2016 DEPT OF EEE,SECAB I.E.T, VIJAYPUR 18

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