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English phonology

ENGLISH PHONOLOGY

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English phonology

  1. 1. SUCI CHAIRUNISSA 201212501140 LIA NURJANAH 201212501170
  2. 2. ENGLISH PHONOLOGY SUPRASEGMENTALS STRESS DEFINITION DERIVITIONAL SUFFIXIES
  3. 3. WHAT IS STRESS
  4. 4. IS THE DEGREE OF LOUDNESS GIVEN TO SOME SYLLABLESIN RELATION TO OTHER
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF • LOUDER IN VOLUME • LONGER IN DURATION • HIGHER IN PITCH WHEN A SYLLABLE IS STRESSED, IT IS
  6. 6. LEVEL OF STRE Unstressed : having no recognizable amount of prominence. Primary Stress (‘) : stress which the most prominence Secondary stress (,) : stronger than unstressed but weaker than the
  7. 7. EXAMPLE OF WORD STRESS
  8. 8. SUPRASEGMENTAL S
  9. 9. SUPRASEGMENTAL IS A VOCAL EFFECT THE EXTENDS RE THAN ONE SOUND SEGMENT IN AN UT SUCH AS : • STRESS • PICTH • INTONATION • TONE • TEMPO
  10. 10. DEFINITION DERIVATIONAL THE PROCESS OF FORMING A NEW WORD ON THE BASIS OF AN EXISTING WORD
  11. 11. SUFFIXES Is a group of letters placed at the end of a word to make a newword. A suffix can make a new word in one of two ways: • Inflectional (grammatical) • Derivational (the new word has a new meaning, "derived" from the original word)
  12. 12. AFFECT STRESS  A word is normally stressed on the first syllable, unless there is a reason to put the stress somewhere else.  Stressing the wrong syllable in a word can make the word very difficult to hear and understand  Mistakes in word stress are a common cause of misunderstanding in English  Some derivational suffixes do not affect the stress while others do
  13. 13. EXAMPLE WORDS SUFFIX AFTER ADDING SUFFIX ‘comfort ‘-able’ ‘comfortable’ ‘wonder ‘-ful’ ‘wonderful’ ‘amaze ‘-ing’ ‘amazing’ ‘person ‘-age’ ‘personage’ ‘refuse ‘-al’ ‘refusal’ derivational suffixes do not affect the stress

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