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Pauwels Schepers Eifler Choosing crime as alternative? Presentation ESC Conference, Sarajevo 2018

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This presentation demonstrates that the propensity *exposure interaction using randomized scenario data could not be reproduced in a population of adults.

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Pauwels Schepers Eifler Choosing crime as alternative? Presentation ESC Conference, Sarajevo 2018

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Lieven J.R. Pauwels t. +32 9 264 68 37 f. +32 9 264 84 94 Lieven.Pauwels @UGent.be Choosing Crime as Alternative in What Criminogenic Setting? An In-Depth Examination of Sat’S Propensity Scenario Exposure in Two Different Data Sets Lieven J.R. Pauwels, IRCP-Ghent University Debbie Schepers, Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt Stefanie Eifler, Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt
  2. 2. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be • (1) Introduction & goal • (2) Theoretical backdrop: SAT the Perception- choice process (situational mechanism) • RQ 1: similarities and differences in the relation between propensity and scenario exposure (in general) • RQ 2: Principle of moral correspondence (in general and by self-control ability) • (3) DATA & Analytical Strategy • (4) Results • (5) Implications of results Structure of the presentation 2
  3. 3. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be (2) Theoretical backdrop 3 Perception of Alternatives Choice Moral values and Emotions Executive Functions Act of Crime (Rule-breaking) Other Opportunity Friction Monitoring Moral Judgement Self-control ProvocationTemptation Deterrence INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERSITICS (Propensity) BEHAVIOUR SETTING ACT SITUATION (motivation)
  4. 4. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Prof. Dr. Lieven Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.Pauwels@UGent.be • Factorial design (see Eifler, 2007; Sauer et al, 2009; Wallander, 2009; Jasso & Opp, 1997; Beck & Opp, 2001) • Replication study inspired by Haar & Wikström, 2010; Wikström et al. 2012) • 1 vignettes per respondent: bus stop scenario (3) Data & measures (a) Belgian data and measures 4
  5. 5. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Prof. Dr. Lieven Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.Pauwels@UGent.be • Online student survey + factorial survey (data collection March 2015-June 2015 time online: 2,5 months). • E-mail link to online questionnaire (via school principals, universities and university colleges (1st bachelor year) • Incentive: iPad • 1021 students filled out the online questionnaire • Random distribution of scenarios from the scenario universe using a randomizer algorithm (Matsumoto & Nishimura, 1998) • PADS+ (Wikström, Oberwittler, Treiber & Hardy 2012) • Morality scale (moral beliefs + emotions) • Self-control ability scale (3) Data and measures (a) Belgian data and measures 5
  6. 6. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be • Study “Living Together in the City” with scenario on theft by finding • Sample Population: residents with a German Citizenship of the ages 18-65 of the German City Leipzig as of 31.08.2011 • Sampling procedure: disproportional layered (by age and gender) random sample with n=8000 of the statisitcal population register • Survey mode: mail survey with a paper and pencil questionnaire with an announcement a week before and a reminder two weeks after initial mailing of questionnaire • Data collection: October 2011 – December 2011 • Realized sample: N=2383 (3) data and measures (b) German data and measures 1 6
  7. 7. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be 4. Results Propensity * Exposure (Violence / Belgium) 7
  8. 8. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be 4. Results Propensity * Exposure (Theft/ Germany) 8
  9. 9. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be • “The higher the correspondence between a persons moral rules and the moral rules of the setting in which he or she takes part, the more likely it is the he or she will act in accordance with the moral rules of the setting.” (5) The Principle of Moral Correspondence 9
  10. 10. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be (5) The Principle of Moral Correspondence 10
  11. 11. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be (5) The Principle of Moral Correspondence 11
  12. 12. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be A critical test of The Principle of Moral Correspondence 12
  13. 13. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be (5) A critical test of The Principle of Moral Correspondence 13
  14. 14. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be 14 (5) A critical test of The Principle of Moral Correspondence (Theft/ Germany)
  15. 15. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be (5) A critical test of The Principle of Moral Correspondence (Theft/ Germany) 15
  16. 16. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be • SAT Findings could not be reproduced! Why? (6) Discussion 16
  17. 17. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be • Why? • Measurements: • Self-control ability (trait vs state) • Rules: specific vs generalized morality measures • Suggestions for future research (6) Discussion 17
  18. 18. research publications consultancy conferences www.ircp.org Lieven J.R. Pauwels +32 9 264 68 37 Lieven.PAuwels@UGent.be Thank you for your attention! Any questions? 18
  19. 19. www.ircp.org Contact Lieven J.R. Pauwels t. +32 9 264 68 37 f. +32 9 264 84 94 Lieven.Pauwels@UGent.be IRCP Ghent University Universiteitstraat 4 B – 9000 Ghent

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