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By the end of the topic you will be able to:-

 Identify key trends in marriage, divorce and
  cohabitation
 Outline the...
 Write   down what ‘divorce’ means to you…

 Decree   Nisi

 Decree   Absolute

 Separation
1. What has happened to the marriage rates since 1961?
2. What has happened to the divorce rates?
One of the most significant changes in the
family in Britain has been the increased
changes in the number of marriages and...
 In your ‘buzz groups’ create a mind map
  poster to provide explanations on why you
  think divorce rates have risen and...
 Changes  in Law
 Declining stigma and changing attitudes
 Secularisation
 Rising expectations of marriage
 Changes i...
 Divorce used to be extremely difficult to
  obtain in 19th century Britain, especially for
  women
 Gradually changes i...
 When   this happened in 1923 there was a
  sharp rise in the number of women
  petitioning for divorce
 Similarly widen...
 Desertion


 Legal   Separation

 ‘Empty   Shelf’
 Divorcees   have been stigmatised in the past

 This
     stigma has declined and divorce is now
 more socially accepta...
 The   decline of religious influence in society

 43%of people with ‘no religion’ were
 cohabiting compared with 17% of...
   Functionalists such as Fletcher (1966) argue that
    higher expectations are now placed on marriage

   ‘Romantic Lo...
 Activity


 What changes have occurred which could
 explain high divorces rate which reflect
 the above?
More likely to be
                                          in
                                     Paid work
       At wo...
Perspective


The New Right     Divorce is undesirable because it undermines
                  the traditional nuclear fam...
 As we saw earlier few        Explain….
  people are getting
  married
 But there are more
  re-marriages in 2005
  4/1...
 With the decline in marriages and increase in
  divorce rate more couples are ‘cohabiting’
 Living together in a sexual...
 One  person household
 Same sex couples
 Living with parents


 For
    each of the above explain why the
 numbers ha...
 Read
     the statistics in your booklet and
 answer the questions
 Read
     through the section on childbearing and
 answer the questions.
 Complete  and peer assess a range of short
  answer exam questions in order to recap
  changing family patterns.
 Outli...
 Explain what is meant by the term ‘serial
  monogamy.’ (2)
 Suggest 2 reasons why so few lone parent
  families are hea...
 Expand  on a point
‘for example’ ‘In addition’ ‘furthermore’
‘moreover’ ‘this is illustrated by’
 To evaluate
‘However’...
1.   Always read the question carefully, think about the verb.
     What is it actually asking you to do? In most cases fo...
Changing family patterns
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Changing family patterns Slide 1 Changing family patterns Slide 2 Changing family patterns Slide 3 Changing family patterns Slide 4 Changing family patterns Slide 5 Changing family patterns Slide 6 Changing family patterns Slide 7 Changing family patterns Slide 8 Changing family patterns Slide 9 Changing family patterns Slide 10 Changing family patterns Slide 11 Changing family patterns Slide 12 Changing family patterns Slide 13 Changing family patterns Slide 14 Changing family patterns Slide 15 Changing family patterns Slide 16 Changing family patterns Slide 17 Changing family patterns Slide 18 Changing family patterns Slide 19 Changing family patterns Slide 20 Changing family patterns Slide 21 Changing family patterns Slide 22 Changing family patterns Slide 23 Changing family patterns Slide 24 Changing family patterns Slide 25
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AQA Sociology

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Changing family patterns

  1. 1. By the end of the topic you will be able to:-  Identify key trends in marriage, divorce and cohabitation  Outline the reasons for changes in family patterns
  2. 2.  Write down what ‘divorce’ means to you…  Decree Nisi  Decree Absolute  Separation
  3. 3. 1. What has happened to the marriage rates since 1961? 2. What has happened to the divorce rates?
  4. 4. One of the most significant changes in the family in Britain has been the increased changes in the number of marriages and divorces. The number of divorces rose from 27,000 in 1961 to around 171,000 by 1999 and by the 1970's it has almost doubled. Britain has the highest divorce rates in the European Union. About 40% of new marriages today are likely to end in divorce, and if present rates continue, more than 1 in 4 children will experience a parental divorce by the time they are 16.
  5. 5.  In your ‘buzz groups’ create a mind map poster to provide explanations on why you think divorce rates have risen and marriages have fallen.
  6. 6.  Changes in Law  Declining stigma and changing attitudes  Secularisation  Rising expectations of marriage  Changes in the position of women
  7. 7.  Divorce used to be extremely difficult to obtain in 19th century Britain, especially for women  Gradually changes in law have made divorce easier 3 changes: 1. Equalising the grounds of divorce between the sexes 2. Widening the grounds of divorce 3. Making divorce cheaper
  8. 8.  When this happened in 1923 there was a sharp rise in the number of women petitioning for divorce  Similarly widening the grounds to ‘irretrievable breakdown’ in 1971 saw a sharp rise in the number of petitions, this doubled the divorce rate almost overnight!
  9. 9.  Desertion  Legal Separation  ‘Empty Shelf’
  10. 10.  Divorcees have been stigmatised in the past  This stigma has declined and divorce is now more socially acceptable
  11. 11.  The decline of religious influence in society  43%of people with ‘no religion’ were cohabiting compared with 17% of muslims in 2001 census
  12. 12.  Functionalists such as Fletcher (1966) argue that higher expectations are now placed on marriage  ‘Romantic Love’  Functionalists are still optimistic about marriage – most people do it! People are not rejecting it as an institution  However…. Too rosy a view?  What would feminists argue about marriage?  Why did people get married pre industrialisation??
  13. 13.  Activity  What changes have occurred which could explain high divorces rate which reflect the above?
  14. 14. More likely to be in Paid work At work women feel valued, at home they feel Girls performing frustrated that better at school men still don’t do housework Hochschild (1997) More arguments Changes between spouses now that women are Narrower pay gap In paid work (feminism) Spouses have their own separate Welfare state wages
  15. 15. Perspective The New Right Divorce is undesirable because it undermines the traditional nuclear family. Creates an underclass of welfare state dependent single mothers. Feminists It’s desirable because women are ‘breaking free’ from patriarchal control! Postmodernists Gives individuals freedom to choose to end a relationship because it no longer meets their needs. Functionalists Does not necessarily prove that the institution of marriage is under threat. It is simply a result of peoples higher expectations of marriage. Interactionists Aim to understand what divorce means to the individual.
  16. 16.  As we saw earlier few  Explain…. people are getting married  But there are more re-marriages in 2005 4/10 marriages were remarriages  People marry later now  Less likely to marry in church
  17. 17.  With the decline in marriages and increase in divorce rate more couples are ‘cohabiting’  Living together in a sexual relationship but not married
  18. 18.  One person household  Same sex couples  Living with parents  For each of the above explain why the numbers have increased.
  19. 19.  Read the statistics in your booklet and answer the questions
  20. 20.  Read through the section on childbearing and answer the questions.
  21. 21.  Complete and peer assess a range of short answer exam questions in order to recap changing family patterns.  Outline a range of skills needed in order to complete essay questions successfully!
  22. 22.  Explain what is meant by the term ‘serial monogamy.’ (2)  Suggest 2 reasons why so few lone parent families are headed by fathers (4)  Identify 2 reasons why for the trend toward getting married later in life (4)  Suggest 3 reasons for the increase in the number of divorces (6)  Now peer assess….
  23. 23.  Expand on a point ‘for example’ ‘In addition’ ‘furthermore’ ‘moreover’ ‘this is illustrated by’  To evaluate ‘However’ ‘this is limited because’ ‘although’  To use a contrasting perspective to evaluate ‘On the other hand’ ‘In contrast to’
  24. 24. 1. Always read the question carefully, think about the verb. What is it actually asking you to do? In most cases for a 24 marks essay the verb will be either assess or examine. Before you start think about what the focus of the essay will be, read and use the item! 2. Start off by referring back to the question to show the examiner you are attempting to answer it. Try to this at the start of each new paragraph. 3. Use connectives to show the examiner you about to evaluate – and what does evaluate get you?! AO2!!!! 4. Try to give examples, you also gain marks for ‘interpretation’ that means how you see something!! Can you make a valid point about it? Can you give your own example? 5. Use Sociological concepts rather than everyday language, this gains you higher marks, however remember to explain them! This gets you even higher marks!
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