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CHILDHOOD
 Explain what is meant by „childhood as a
  social construct‟
 Outline the historical and cross cultural
  differences i...
 Produce a mind map of all the things you
 associate with childhood



 TheRaccoons Theme Song Run With Us Music
 Video ...
 What   is a social construct?

 Something    which is „made‟ or „constructed‟
 by society.

 Sociologistsargue that ch...
 “Childhood  is socially constructed. It is, in
 other words, what members of particular
 societies, at particular times ...
 In pairs come up with some examples of how
  you think childhood may differ across, time,
  place and culture.
 Withyour partner make a list of all the ways
 in which we distinguish adults and children in
 modern UK society
    Ruth Benedict argues that children in
     non-industrial societies are generally
     treated differently from child...
 Aries (1960) argues that in the middle ages
  childhood simply did not exist.
 Childhood as a separate stage was very s...
 Shorter (1975) also argues that parental
  attitudes were very different in the middle
  ages, he sais that high death r...
 Schools started to       By the C18th
  specialise in the         handbooks on
  education of the          childrearing...
 Activity   3           Laws  restricting
                          child labour
What changes have        Economic asse...
Suggest 3 ways in which childhood has become a „specially
protected‟ time of life. (6)



Now peer assess…


Laws come int...
 Theposition of children has been steadily
 improving and today it is better than it has
 ever been.

 Lloyd   De Mause ...
 Marxists
         and feminists dispute the view held
 by MOP Sociologists

 There are inequalities amongst children
 ...
 Come     up with examples for your given topic
     and state the impact on the child

1.    Inequalities between childr...
 Term to describe the inequalities between
  adults and children, just as the term is used
  to describe oppression of wo...
 Postman  (1994) argues that childhood is now
  disappearing
 The distinction between adults and children
  is now blurr...
Disappearance
                        of childhood
                           games




                                  ...
Iona Opie;

Believes unlike Postman, there is a strong
 existence of childhood, children create their
 own independence se...
 International
              humanitarian agencies who
 help „vulnerable‟ children

 Thewest decides that these children...
 Sue   Palmer

 Childhood   has become „toxic‟

 In   what ways has it become toxic?
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Childhood Slide 1 Childhood Slide 2 Childhood Slide 3 Childhood Slide 4 Childhood Slide 5 Childhood Slide 6 Childhood Slide 7 Childhood Slide 8 Childhood Slide 9 Childhood Slide 10 Childhood Slide 11 Childhood Slide 12 Childhood Slide 13 Childhood Slide 14 Childhood Slide 15 Childhood Slide 16 Childhood Slide 17 Childhood Slide 18 Childhood Slide 19 Childhood Slide 20 Childhood Slide 21 Childhood Slide 22
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The Sociology of the Life Course 2- childhood
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Childhood

  1. 1. CHILDHOOD
  2. 2.  Explain what is meant by „childhood as a social construct‟  Outline the historical and cross cultural differences in childhood  Evaluate the different Sociological Perspectives on Childhood
  3. 3.  Produce a mind map of all the things you associate with childhood  TheRaccoons Theme Song Run With Us Music Video - YouTube
  4. 4.  What is a social construct?  Something which is „made‟ or „constructed‟ by society.  Sociologistsargue that childhood is not fixed, it differs between, time, place and culture.
  5. 5.  “Childhood is socially constructed. It is, in other words, what members of particular societies, at particular times and in particular places say it is. There is no single universal childhood experienced by all. So childhood isn‟t “natural” and should be distinguished from mere biological immaturity.”
  6. 6.  In pairs come up with some examples of how you think childhood may differ across, time, place and culture.
  7. 7.  Withyour partner make a list of all the ways in which we distinguish adults and children in modern UK society
  8. 8.  Ruth Benedict argues that children in non-industrial societies are generally treated differently from children in the industrialised west in three key ways: 1. They take responsibility at an early age. 2. Less value placed on children showing obedience to adult authority. 3. Children‟s sexual behaviour is often viewed very differently.
  9. 9.  Aries (1960) argues that in the middle ages childhood simply did not exist.  Childhood as a separate stage was very short, soon after weaning the child was very much on the same terms as an adult, beginning to work from an early age, children were „mini adults.‟  Aries used works of art from period as evidence where children were depicted in the same way as adults – only smaller!
  10. 10.  Shorter (1975) also argues that parental attitudes were very different in the middle ages, he sais that high death rates amongst children led to indifference and neglect.  It was not uncommon for people to forget how many children they had, call a new infant the same name as a dead sibling or refer to a baby as „it.‟
  11. 11.  Schools started to  By the C18th specialise in the handbooks on education of the childrearing became young. widely available.  Growing distinction  There was increasing between children‟s child-centredness and adults clothing. amongst the middle By the C17th an upper classes. class boy would wear  Aries says that we clothes reserved for now have a modern his age group. “cult of childhood.”
  12. 12.  Activity 3  Laws restricting child labour What changes have  Economic asset to occurred in society economic liability in order for  Education childhood to become  Child Protection The a „Separate and Children‟s Act distinct‟ life stage? (1989)  Children‟s Rights – UN Convention on Rights of the Child (1989)
  13. 13. Suggest 3 ways in which childhood has become a „specially protected‟ time of life. (6) Now peer assess… Laws come into force protecting children People have children for different reasons, not economic asset any longer, nurture and care for them Children are not allowed to work they now go to school Agencies which protect children that didn‟t exist in the past
  14. 14.  Theposition of children has been steadily improving and today it is better than it has ever been.  Lloyd De Mause (1974) ‘The history of childhood from which we have only recently begun to awaken. The further back in history one goes, the lower the level of childcare and the more likely children are to be killed, beaten, terrorised and sexually abused.’
  15. 15.  Marxists and feminists dispute the view held by MOP Sociologists  There are inequalities amongst children  The inequalities between adults and children are greater than ever – they experience greater control, oppression and dependency
  16. 16.  Come up with examples for your given topic and state the impact on the child 1. Inequalities between children 2. Control over children‟s space 3. Control over children‟s time 4. Control over children‟s bodies 5. Control over children‟s access to resources
  17. 17.  Term to describe the inequalities between adults and children, just as the term is used to describe oppression of women against men.  „Ruled by the father‟
  18. 18.  Postman (1994) argues that childhood is now disappearing  The distinction between adults and children is now blurred  Activity 4 – provide examples
  19. 19. Disappearance of childhood games Growing Books, games similarity in clothing Similarities between children and adults Children Television committing culture adult crimes
  20. 20. Iona Opie; Believes unlike Postman, there is a strong existence of childhood, children create their own independence separate from adults.
  21. 21.  International humanitarian agencies who help „vulnerable‟ children  Thewest decides that these children are mal-treated
  22. 22.  Sue Palmer  Childhood has become „toxic‟  In what ways has it become toxic?
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AQA Sociology

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