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Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 1 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 2 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 3 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 4 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 5 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 6 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 7 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 8 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 9 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 10 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 11 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 12 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 13 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 14 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 15 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 16 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 17 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 18 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 19 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 20 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 21 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 22 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 23 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 24 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 25 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 26 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 27 Couples/ Division of Labour Slide 28
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division of labour AQA SCLY1

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Couples/ Division of Labour

  1. 1.  Know about gender roles and the domestic division of labour  Know about power relationships between couples including decision making, control of resources and domestic violence  Be able to analyse how far these roles and relationships have changed over time  Be able to evaluate different Sociological views on couples, roles and relationships.
  2. 2.  Define the meaning of ‘domestic division of labour’  Identify the different roles men and women take on within the household  Outline how these roles have changed since industrialisation  Apply your knowledge of sociological perspectives to the understanding of roles and relationships between couples
  3. 3.  Refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to housework.
  4. 4.  In2 minutes list as many roles and jobs as you can that are fulfilled by couples within a family  tammy wynette stand by your man - YouTube
  5. 5. Agriculture (pre Men Women industrialisation) Industrialisation and the development of the nuclear family Postmodern urban society Activity 2: Using the diagram record your ideas of how the roles you identified have changed over time
  6. 6.  Functionalist Sociologist Parsons (1955) that in the traditional Nuclear family roles are segregated.  Activity 3 – What are the separate roles that each spouse will play? Husband Wife Instrumental Role Expressive Role Working Primary Socialisation Being the breadwinner Meeting emotional needs Achieving success Housewife Providing money for the family
  7. 7.  Women are naturally more caring and nurturing and are therefore suited to these roles  Why are women more suited to these roles?  Record examples in your booklet.
  8. 8.  In your activities so far, you have described the functionalist view of gender roles (AO1)  Activity 4  Now using your own knowledge come up with 3 examples of the reasons why other sociologists may disagree (AO2)
  9. 9.  Bott (1957) distinguishes between 2 types of conjugal roles within a marriage: 1. Segregated Conjugal Roles or an Asymmetrical Family – The couple have separate roles as in Parson’s view 2. Joint Conjugal Roles – The couple share tasks such as childcare and spend their leisure time together
  10. 10.  MOP Sociologists Wilmott and Young claim the family has been through several stages Pre Industrial Early Industrial Symmetrical Nuclear Family
  11. 11.  Theroles of husbands and wives are not identical but now similar  Activity 5  Can you think of some examples?  Why do you think this type of family is more common amongst the young and better off?
  12. 12.  Found that wives who worked full time did less domestic tasks.  Wives who did not go to work did 83% of the housework and wives who worked part time did 82%  Wives who worked full time did 73% of the housework, the longer the wife had been in paid work the more likely the husband was to help out.  Gershuny explains this trend towards greater equality in terms of a gradual change in social values.  How do you think social values have changed overtime?
  13. 13.  Reject the MOP view  They argue little has changed and that women still most of the work!  Ann Oakley (1974) found that only 15% of husbands had a high participation in housework  And later Boulton (1983) found that fewer than 20% of husbands had a major role in childcare
  14. 14.  Explain what is meant by ‘expressive role’(2)  Explain what is meant by ‘instrumental role’ (2)  Suggest 3 reasons why the symmetrical family may have become common over the last century (6)  Now peer assess…
  15. 15.  Define the Sociological concepts, ‘commercialisation of housework’ ‘dual burden’ ‘triple burden’  Outline the ways in which housework has changed due to it’s commercialisation  Assess different sociological perspectives views on changes in housework and it’s impact on women
  16. 16.  Silverand Schor (1993) argue that roles have become more symmetrical because of 2 factors: 1. Housework has become more ‘commercialised’ – In a society of consumers, there are may products which make housework easier, the things that housewives previously had to produce are now readily available 2. Women are working
  17. 17.  Makea list of all the products you can think of which make housework easier
  18. 18.  Duethe products you identified Sliver and Schor argue that housework is no longer such a burden
  19. 19.  How does these products make housework easier?  What might be the negative consequences of these products?
  20. 20.  Feminists argue that despite women working there is little evidence of a ‘new man’  They argue women have simply acquired a ‘dual burden’ of paid work and housework
  21. 21.  Thisterm describes work whose main feature is the management of one’s own and other’s emotions. Hochschild argued that women tend to work in jobs which involve ‘emotional’ labour.  Activity 3 List all the jobs that you associate with women
  22. 22.  Some feminist sociologists argue that women are actually ‘tripled burdened.’
  23. 23.  Dunne (1999) argues that the division of labour continues because of ‘gender scripts’ these are expectations and norms that set out the different expectations of men and women in heterosexual couples
  24. 24.  Edgell (1980)  Very Important decisions – Changing job or moving house, made by husband or husband has final say  Important decisions – Holidays, education taken jointly  Less Important decisions – Clothing, food made by wife.
  25. 25.  British Crime Survey (2007) Accounts for almost a 6th of all violent crime.  Follows striking social patterns, mainly conducted by men against women.  Coleman et al (2007) Women more likely to have experienced ‘initiate violence’ across all 4 types of abuse. Partner abuse, family abuse, sexual assault and stalking.  Mirrlees-lack  99% of all incidents against women are conducted by men  Dobash and Dobash (1979) Violent incidents could be set off by what men saw as a challenge to their authority such the wife asking why the husband why he is late.
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division of labour AQA SCLY1

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