Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
COURT
WHAT IS COURT?



A tribunal presided over by a judge,
 judges, or a magistrate in civil and
           criminal cases.
FACTS ABOUT COURTS.


        • Over 95% of criminal cases are in magistrates courts.
  • Magistrates are not lawyers but ...
FACTS ABOUT LAWYERS


 • Solicitors are the main lawyers in magistrate courts. Most solicitors are
                 white ...
FUNCTIONALISTS


   Argue that the legal system in countries like Britain is fair and equal. All
      defendants are allo...
MARXIST


  Jury may be all middle class and of people who are of higher status and
therefore means that its unfair judgem...
FEMINIST


Courts mainly ruled by men and are therfore women are opressed.
INTERACTIONISTS.


  They take a different perspective on courts. They are more interested in the
interaction in courts – ...
METHODS IN CONTEXT


Courts are one of the easiest areas for a sociologist to conduct research. There
  are many advantage...
PLEA BARGAINING


   This has been studied by internationalists like sudnow. This is where the
  prosecution and defence n...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

Courts Slide 1 Courts Slide 2 Courts Slide 3 Courts Slide 4 Courts Slide 5 Courts Slide 6 Courts Slide 7 Courts Slide 8 Courts Slide 9 Courts Slide 10
Upcoming SlideShare
Prisons
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

0 Likes

Share

Download to read offline

Courts

Download to read offline

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

Courts

  1. 1. COURT
  2. 2. WHAT IS COURT? A tribunal presided over by a judge, judges, or a magistrate in civil and criminal cases.
  3. 3. FACTS ABOUT COURTS. • Over 95% of criminal cases are in magistrates courts. • Magistrates are not lawyers but drawn “respected members” of the community • There is no jury in magistrates courts • Most serious cases go to the crowns courts where there is a jury of the 12 members of the public • The jury decides on guilt or innocence but the judge advices them on the law. • The judge decides on the sentence (if convicted) • Court proceedings are public expect for jury decisions or private briefings of lawyers.
  4. 4. FACTS ABOUT LAWYERS • Solicitors are the main lawyers in magistrate courts. Most solicitors are white middle class men often privately educated. • Only barristers appear in the crown courts. Their backgrounds are even narrower than the solicitors. • Judges have the most exclusive backgrounds, almost all have been to private schools and ox-bridge. They are usually aged over 50. • Poorer defendants can get legal help via legal aid. Legal aid lawyers are usually less experienced or less able. Wealthier defendants can pay for more expensive lawyers.
  5. 5. FUNCTIONALISTS Argue that the legal system in countries like Britain is fair and equal. All defendants are allowed a lawyer and lawyers are highly trained and professional. The judge is completely impartial and advises the jury on the law which is the same for everyone; Rich or poor, male or female and ethnicity. A jury of 12 ordinary people decide if the defendant is guilty, the judge decides the sentence based on the interests of society.
  6. 6. MARXIST Jury may be all middle class and of people who are of higher status and therefore means that its unfair judgement. Also judge is of higher authority and therefore again shows that the conviction wont be fair. Lawyers are middle class and therefore can result in not understanding the language code.
  7. 7. FEMINIST Courts mainly ruled by men and are therfore women are opressed.
  8. 8. INTERACTIONISTS. They take a different perspective on courts. They are more interested in the interaction in courts – how justice is „negotiated‟ or decided in the discussions and debates between judges, lawyers and defendants.
  9. 9. METHODS IN CONTEXT Courts are one of the easiest areas for a sociologist to conduct research. There are many advantages and disadvantages of conducting research in a court. + Observer can study court processes as they unfold. + Observer can see and hear lawyers, witnesses and defendants in action. +observer can make notes openly +court is a public place, so no need for a covert observation, could just freely enter and watch. - Recordings and photos are not allowed during trials. - Cannot observe private briefings of lawyers, or witnesses. - Court proceedings may take a long time. - cannot observe jury deliberations. - Sensitive trials are held in secret.
  10. 10. PLEA BARGAINING This has been studied by internationalists like sudnow. This is where the prosecution and defence negotiate to get a guilty plea to a lesser offence in order to ensure a conviction and avoid a trail. E.g.: murder could be reduced to manslaughter and rape to indecent assault. Providing a defendant guilty of murder could be difficult. The defendant could be worried that if they pleaded guilty of murder and then are convicted, they could get a heavier sentence. Both sides may strike a deal where the defendant admits to manslaughter- the prosecution gets a conviction and the defendant avoids a longer sentence. Plea bargaining is a common tactic and occurs private away from the public.

Views

Total views

671

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

2

Actions

Downloads

4

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×