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The Old Stone Age

Part 1 of the Stone Ages.
Covers early man through Mesolithic Era.
Concentrates on hunter-gatherers and early migration.
All images were found using google search. I do not own any of them.

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The Old Stone Age

  1. 1. Paleolithic Era 10,000 years ago 59 sec video
  2. 2. Prehistoric people learned to adapt to their environments, to make simple tools, to use fire, and to use language.
  3. 3.  Homo Habilis  Appeared in Africa 2.4 million years ago  Known as “Handy Man”  First to make tools out of stone  Brain was half the size of modern humans KNM-ER 1813 OH 24 OH 8
  4. 4. Click picture for Stone Age Tools commercial
  5. 5.  Homo Erectus  Appeared in Africa 2 to 1.5 million years ago  Used early stone tools like hand ax  Learned to control fire  Migrated out of Africa to Asia and Europe
  6. 6.  Homo Sapiens  Appeared in Africa about 200,000 years ago  Migrated around the world  We are the same species (modern humans)  Learned to create fire and use a wide variety of tools  Developed language Click for Homo Sapiens vs Neanderthals
  7. 7.  What are hunter-gathers?  People who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive.  They migrate to where the food sources are located and the climate is suitable during seasonal changes
  8. 8.  Men hunted in groups  Often chased entire herds over cliffs  This was productive and safer than hunting alone
  9. 9.  Women gathered plants, fruits, seeds, and nuts to eat near camp  They also took care of the children.
  10. 10.  Climate patterns changed across the world resulting in the ice ages  Read textbook page 36- The Ice Ages  Terms to know:  Migrate  Ice Ages  Land Bridge
  11. 11. Textbook page 37
  12. 12. Your tribe of hunter-gatherers has lived in one place as long as anyone can remember. But now there are not enough animals to hunt. Whenever you find fruits & roots you have to share them with people from other tribes. Your leaders think it is time to find a new home in the lands far beyond the mountains. But no one has ever traveled there, and many people are afraid. Q: How do you feel about moving to a new home? Discuss the question along with the pros (for moving) and the cons (against moving). Create an organizer for the pros & cons.
  13. 13.  Climate was cooler than in Africa  New animals and plants  Learned to sew animal skins together to make clothes  Lived in caves or built shelters called “pit houses”  Later homes were built above ground  Tents made out of animal skins  Permanent structures out of wood, stone, and clay  Mammoth bones were used as structure supports  Textbook page 39: A Mammoth House
  14. 14.  Lasted from 10,000 -5,000 years ago in some places  Called the Middle Stone Ages  New Technologies:  Bone & stone: hooks & spears and bow & arrows for hunting  Tree logs: canoes for traveling  Clay: pottery to hold and store water, food, ect  First pets: dogs were used to help in hunting Click for video
  15. 15. Explain why did early humans build shelters? Recall what types of shelters did early people use? Elaborate how did new techniques change the daily lives of Middle Stone Age people? Views of Migration to the Americas-textbook page 38 -Which theory to you think is more logical? Back up your opinion with supporting reasons.