Appeared in Africa 2 to
1.5 million years ago
Used early stone tools
like hand ax
Learned to control fire
Migrated out of Africa to
Asia and Europe
Appeared in Africa about
200,000 years ago
Migrated around the
We are the same species
Learned to create fire
and use a wide variety of
Click for Homo Sapiens vs Neanderthals
What are hunter-gathers?
People who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds,
fruits, and nuts to survive.
They migrate to where the food sources are located and the
climate is suitable during seasonal changes
Men hunted in groups
Often chased entire herds over cliffs
This was productive and safer than hunting alone
Women gathered plants, fruits, seeds, and nuts to eat
They also took care of the children.
Climate patterns changed across the world resulting in
the ice ages
Read textbook page 36- The Ice Ages
Terms to know:
Your tribe of hunter-gatherers has lived in one place as long
as anyone can remember. But now there are not enough
animals to hunt. Whenever you find fruits & roots you have
to share them with people from other tribes. Your leaders
think it is time to find a new home in the lands far beyond
the mountains. But no one has ever traveled there, and
many people are afraid.
Q: How do you feel about moving to a new home?
Discuss the question along with the pros (for moving) and
the cons (against moving). Create an organizer for the pros
Climate was cooler than in Africa
New animals and plants
Learned to sew animal skins together to make clothes
Lived in caves or built shelters called “pit houses”
Later homes were built above ground
Tents made out of animal skins
Permanent structures out of wood, stone, and clay
Mammoth bones were used as structure supports
Textbook page 39: A Mammoth House
Lasted from 10,000 -5,000
years ago in some places
Called the Middle Stone
Bone & stone: hooks &
spears and bow & arrows
Tree logs: canoes for
Clay: pottery to hold and
store water, food, ect
First pets: dogs were used
to help in hunting Click for video
Explain why did early humans build shelters?
Recall what types of shelters did early people use?
Elaborate how did new techniques change the daily
lives of Middle Stone Age people?
Views of Migration to the Americas-textbook page 38
-Which theory to you think is more logical? Back up
your opinion with supporting reasons.