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The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use

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The importance of collaboration on PGRFA conservation and use

  1. 1. The Global Crop Diversity Trust<br />PGR conservation and use for climate change adaptationThe importance of collaboration<br />
  2. 2. Observed changes in growing season temperature for crop growing regions, 1980-2008. <br />Lobell et al (2011) <br />Thanks to Andy Jarvis for the slide<br />% Yield impact for wheat<br />
  3. 3. Averageprojected % change in suitability for 50 crops, to 2050<br />Thanks to Andy Jarvis for the slide<br />
  4. 4.<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6.<br />
  7. 7.<br />30% increase in climatic interdependence between countries<br />98% of countries more similar to others in 2050 than they currently are<br />
  8. 8. Conservation<br />Use<br />
  9. 9. Conservation<br />Svalbard Global Seed Vault<br />Safety backup<br />Long-term collections (e.g. CG Centres etc., regional genebanks etc.)<br />Active national collections<br />Breeding/working collections<br />Use<br />Farmers/on farm conservation<br />
  10. 10. A rational global system<br />for the efficient and effective<br />ex situ conservation and use<br />of PGRFA<br />
  11. 11. Building a global system<br />The Trust established under international law Oct. 2004<br />Jointly founded by FAO and Bioversity (on behalf of CGIAR)<br />Endowment fund<br />Long-term grants ($1.8 mill/year)<br />+ project funds (e.g. Gates Foundation)<br />Essential element of funding strategy of ITPGRFA<br />Technical framework is Global Plan of Action<br />
  12. 12. Building a global system<br />Regenerating accessions at risk in priority collections<br />22 Annex 1 crops, 67 countries, 101 institutes, 214 collections, 81,000 accessions <br />identified by experts, regional/crop strategies, regional networks<br />multilingual regeneration guidelines<br />Duplication in Svalbard Global Seed Vault <br />from the regeneration projects on seed crops<br />other deposits from developing countries<br />in-trust seed collections held by CGIAR Centres<br />
  13. 13. Regeneration in CAC<br />Tajikistan – RNCGR<br />Wheat, barley<br />Uzbekistan – UzRIPI<br />Sorghum, maize, wheat, barley<br />Armenia – ASAU (ECPGR)<br />Barley, wheat<br />Azerbaijan – IGR (+ECPGR)<br />Wheat, barley, pulses<br />Georgia – GIF & GSAU (ECPGR)<br />Maize, sorghum, wheat, pulses<br />
  14. 14. Building a global system contd.<br />Information and information systems<br />GRIN-Global: data management system for genebanks<br /><br />Genesys: global accession-level information portal<br />SINGER<br />EURISCO<br />GRIN<br />Others: Do you have data you’d like to share with the rest of the world?<br />
  15. 15.<br />
  16. 16. Building a global system contd.<br />A global initiative to collect and use crop wild relatives<br />Norway-funded<br />Partnership with Millennium Seed Bank, Kew<br />Collaboration with national programmes, CGIAR Centres<br />
  17. 17. Targeting “missing” diversity<br /><br />
  18. 18. Targeting threatened diversity<br />Of approx. 80,000 total accessions of annual Cicerspecies<br />There are 572 accessions of wild annual species<br />Only 124 of which are unique and distinct<br />
  19. 19. Targeting threatened diversity<br />Source: Jarvis A. 2009. personal communication.<br />
  20. 20. Not just conservation<br />Project includes a use component<br />Genotyping<br />Phenotyping<br />Pre-breeding<br />Aims<br />Specific traits<br />Base broadening<br />For climate change adaptation<br />
  21. 21. How to be a good global citizen<br />Ratify the ITPGRFA<br />SMTA<br />Share data<br />NISM (FAO)<br />Genesys<br />Share responsibilities at national, regional level<br />Collaborate on research to solve common problems<br />Safety duplicate (at CGIAR Centres, Svalbard)<br />Communicate<br />
  22. 22. Thank you<br /><br />