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Hazards and risks in the workplace


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Hazards and risks in the workplace

  1. 1. Hazards and Risks in the Workplace Types of Workplace Hazards
  2. 2. Hazard • is a term used to describe something that has the potential to cause harm or adverse effects to individuals, organizations property or equipment.
  3. 3. Safety hazards: • Inadequate and insufficient machine guards, unsafe workplace conditions, unsafe work practices.
  4. 4. Biological hazards: • Caused by organisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
  5. 5. Chemical hazards: • Solid, liquid, vapor or gaseous substances, dust, fume or mist
  6. 6. Ergonomic hazards: • Anatomical, physiological, and psychological demands on the worker, such as repetitive and forceful movements, vibration, extreme temperatures, and awkward postures arising from improper work methods and improperly designed workstations, tools, and equipment.
  7. 7. Physical hazards: • Noise, vibration, energy, weather, electricity, radiation and pressure.
  8. 8. Psychological hazards: • Those that are basically causing stress to a worker.This kind of hazard troubles an individual very much to an extent that his general wellbeing is affected
  9. 9. What are examples of hazards?
  10. 10. Risk • is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect caused by a hazard.
  11. 11. Factors that influence the degree of risk include: • how much a person is exposed to a hazardous thing or condition; and • how the person is exposed (e.g., breathing in a vapor, skin contact), and how severe are the effects under the conditions of exposure.
  12. 12. Risk assessment Risk assessment is the process where you: 1. identify hazards; 2. analyze or evaluate the risk associated with that hazard; and 3. determine appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazard.
  13. 13. Adverse health effect • any change in body function or the structures of cells that can lead to disease or health problems
  14. 14. Adverse health effects • Bodily injury • Disease • Change in the way the body functions, grows, or develops • Effects on a developing fetus • Effects on children, grandchildren, etc. • Decrease in life span solvents • Effects on the ability to accommodate additional stress