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Water conservation


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this presentation is on water conservation

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Water conservation

  1. 1. WATER CONSERVATION By Hans Kaushik 137511
  3. 3. WATER… • “A colourless, transparent, odourless, liquid which forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain, and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms.”
  4. 4. Characteristics of Water  Water is a transparent fluid.  It forms the world's streams, lakes, oceans and rain, and is the major constituent of the fluids of living things.  A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds.  It often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice; and gaseous state, steam (water vapour).
  5. 5.  It covers 71% of the Earth's surface.  On Earth, 96.5% : in seas and oceans 1.7% :in groundwater 1.7% :in glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland. 0.001% :in the air as vapour clouds. A small fraction in other large water bodies.
  6. 6. • Only 2.5% of the Earth's water is fresh water and 98.8% of that water is in ice and groundwater. • Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere, and an even smaller amount of the Earth's freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products. • Pure H2O is tasteless and odourless. • contains about 3.5% salt on average, plus smaller amounts of other substances.
  7. 7. WATER POLLUTION • There are some problems which causes the water pollution . Like, Untreated sewage.
  8. 8. Discharge of waste materials or chemicals by industries.
  9. 9. It is estimated that around 2,00,000 people ritually bath daily in river Ganga.
  10. 10. WATER CONSERVATION Water conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities to manage fresh water as a sustainable resource, to protect the water environment, and to meet current and future human demand. Population, household size and growth all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation.
  11. 11. CGWB Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), a subordinate office of the Ministry of Water Resources, Go I, is the National Apex Agency entrusted with the responsibilities of providing scientific inputs for management, exploration, monitoring, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water resources of the country. It was established in 1970 by renaming the Exploratory Tube wells Organization under the Ministry of Agriculture, Go I. It was merged with the Ground Water Wing of the Geological Survey of India during 1972.
  12. 12. • There is a great need to protect life, and water is the life. A person can live without food for about a week but not a day without water. • It has an essential role to play for all living beings involving human, animals, birds and plants.
  13. 13. The goals of water conservation efforts include as follows: • To ensure availability for future generations. • ENERGY CONSERVATION: Water pumping, delivery and waste water treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy. In some regions of the world over 15% of total electricity consumption is devoted to water management. • HABITAT CONSERVATION: Minimizing human water use helps to preserve fresh water habitats for local wildlife and migrating waterfowl, as well as reducing the need to build new dams and other water diversion infrastructures.
  14. 14. STRATEGIES • In implementing water conservation principles there are a number of key activities that may be beneficial. 1.Any beneficial reduction in water loss, use and waste of resources. 2.Avoiding any damage to water quality. 3.Improving water management practices that reduce or enhance the beneficial use of water.
  15. 15. METHODS FOR PROTECTING • Use bucket for bathing. • If you see any water pipe leakage then immediately call the plumber. • Close the tap when it is not used. • Adopt RAIN WATER HARVESTING methodology. • Use alarms which give you alerts when your water tank is filled.
  16. 16. Conclusion • This is the matter on which the discussion must be started not to conclude. We have to join hands to save water and save life. “JAL HI JEEWAN HAI, JAL KI RAKSHA KAREN. JAI GANGA !”