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C Provisions Sc St Bc W&C

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C Provisions Sc St Bc W&C

  1. 1. THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA and PROFESSIONAL ETHICS CIP 81 Constitutional Provisions for Scheduled Castes & Tribes Women & Children & backward classes C lass # 12 Week :Apr 01-06
  2. 2. SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES [Art.330 to Art.342] <ul><li>Part XVI </li></ul><ul><li>Pluralistic society, composite population, Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Religion, Language, Caste—Sc, ST, Anglo-Indian, Muslim, Parse, Sikh, Jain, Hindu, Christian etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>Protect against discrimination, Safeguard interest, </li></ul><ul><li>To create a egalitarian Society </li></ul><ul><li>Equal, Open, free, classless </li></ul><ul><li>Articles Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>15(3) Special provision for women & Children </li></ul><ul><li>21A. Fundamental Rights to Primary Education </li></ul><ul><li>23 & 24 Right against Exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>39(f) Development of Children </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Fundamental Duty of a parent or guardian to </li></ul><ul><li>Duty 51A(k) provide opportunities for education to his child </li></ul>
  3. 3. SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES [Art.330 to Art.342] Part XVI <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>15(4) & </li></ul><ul><li>29(2) </li></ul><ul><li>16(4) </li></ul><ul><li>330 </li></ul><ul><li>332 </li></ul><ul><li>335 </li></ul><ul><li>338 & </li></ul><ul><li>338A </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Special provision for BC including SC/ST </li></ul><ul><li>Special provision for Backward Classes </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation of seats for SC & STs in the Lok Sabha </li></ul><ul><li>Reservation of seats for SC & STs in the Legislative Assemblies of the State </li></ul><ul><li>Claims of SC’s & ST’s in Services & post </li></ul><ul><li>National commission for SCs and </li></ul><ul><li>National commission for STs </li></ul>
  4. 4. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR PROTECTION OF WOMEN & CHILDREN <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>15(3) </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>in this </li></ul><ul><li>article </li></ul><ul><li>shall </li></ul><ul><li>prevent </li></ul><ul><li>the State </li></ul><ul><li>from </li></ul><ul><li>making </li></ul><ul><li>Any </li></ul><ul><li>special </li></ul><ul><li>provision </li></ul><ul><li>for </li></ul><ul><li>women </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>children . </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Neither considered minority nor BC; </li></ul><ul><li>Gender inequality in Indian society is a major problem. Female infanticide – girl ≠boy. </li></ul><ul><li>Women socially & economically handicapped. Unable to to participate in socio-economic programs of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary to create such conditions to uplift such un-privileged women as a class. </li></ul><ul><li>15(3) is to eliminate this socio-economic backwardness—to achieve equality betn man & woman. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence Reservation of seats for women in local bodies or in educational Institutions are valid. </li></ul>
  5. 5. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR PROTECTION OF WOMEN & CHILDREN <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>21A </li></ul><ul><li>Right to </li></ul><ul><li>Educati </li></ul><ul><li>on </li></ul><ul><li>23 </li></ul><ul><li>selling </li></ul><ul><li>Buying </li></ul><ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Like </li></ul><ul><li>goods </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>In such a manner as the state may, by law, determine. </li></ul><ul><li>Trafic in human being and begar & other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited ……an offence punishable by law. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous employment… rehabilitation…..Rs.20,000 from employer.. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult member employment </li></ul>
  6. 6. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR PROTECTION OF WOMEN & CHILDREN <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>24 </li></ul><ul><li>51A(k) </li></ul><ul><li>39(f) </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Of </li></ul><ul><li>children </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Child below 14 years not to work in Hazardous employment… Factory/mine rehabilitation…..Rs.20,000 from employer.. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult member employment– Govt. has made law to abolish child labour. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child /ward between the age 6 – 14 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Give opportunities & facilities to children to develop in a healthy manner & in conditions of freedom and dignity. Childhood & youth are protected from exploitation. Against moral & material abandonment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR PROTECTION OF WOMEN & CHILDREN <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>39(f) </li></ul><ul><li>Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>S Court directed the State to </li></ul><ul><li>release Children below 16 years from jail </li></ul><ul><li>Establish remand homes. </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Special homes etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>Duty of the State to look after the child </li></ul><ul><li>-ensure fullest development of its personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile justice Act 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956 </li></ul>
  8. 8. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR PROTECTION OF WOMEN & CHILDREN <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>Commission </li></ul><ul><li>For women </li></ul><ul><li>Act.1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory body </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews provision relating to safeguards for women under the constitution & other laws. Takes petitions from women for redressal of grievances and does promotional research for advancement of women. </li></ul>
  9. 9. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR Scheduled casts and scheduled Tribes <ul><li>16.48% SCs & STs (Census 2001) provisional </li></ul><ul><li>Weaker & marginalized class of Society </li></ul><ul><li>Art 14 guarantees equality before law to all citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Art.15(4): Right to education </li></ul><ul><li>Art.16(4): Reservation in Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Art.46 economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Right of political rep in Parliament, LA, Panchayat Raj </li></ul>
  10. 10. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR BACKWARD CLASSES <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>Commission </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>backward </li></ul><ul><li>classes </li></ul><ul><li>Act.1993 </li></ul><ul><li>SC/HC judge </li></ul><ul><li>As Chairman </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist, 2 </li></ul><ul><li>BC experts; </li></ul><ul><li>Member </li></ul><ul><li>secretary </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Enacted on direction from Supreme court -- to setup a permanent body for entertaining, examining & advising the GOI </li></ul><ul><li>on request for inclusion and </li></ul><ul><li>complaints of over-inclusion & </li></ul><ul><li>under-inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>in the lists of OBCs of citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Per provision of the Act. The commission’s advice is binding on the Govt. </li></ul>
  11. 11. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS FOR Scheduled casts and scheduled Tribes <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>Commission </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled </li></ul><ul><li>Castes </li></ul><ul><li>Art.338 </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Chair Person, Vice-CP& members </li></ul><ul><li>Art.338(5) duties of Commission </li></ul><ul><li>To investigate, monitor & evaluate– safeguards provided by C, or any law by govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Enquire into sp. Complaints </li></ul><ul><li>Participate & advice on Plan socio-economic program of SCs, Union & State </li></ul><ul><li>Report to President(-> House) annually and periodically </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend measures </li></ul><ul><li>Discharge per President’ directives. </li></ul>
  12. 12. CONSTITUTIONSL PROVISIONS FOR Scheduled casts and scheduled Tribes <ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>Commission </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Art.338A:89 th </li></ul><ul><li>amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Act.2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Powers & fns same as SC commission </li></ul><ul><li>A.330 & A.332: : reservation in Lok Sabha & LA in each State & UT – population-basis </li></ul><ul><li>Originally for 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Extended many io years </li></ul><ul><li>Art 334(A): 79 th amend Act,1999– till25th Jan 2101. </li></ul><ul><li>A.335 : Duty of State – consider SC, ST claims – appointments in cpnnection with affairs of centre & state. </li></ul>

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