Top of the Mornin! 3/17/15
EQ: How did Latin America gain their Independence?
#1. Update TOC and glue handout on to page 71
#2. What does Independence mean to you?
Quietly discuss with a person sitting next to you.
DateDate ## TitleTitle
3-17 71 LA Independence Leaders
3-17 72 LA Liberator Action Figure Project
Directions- PIG OUT Notes
1. Pair- Individual- Group (no more than 3)
2. Get BYOT/iPad- Go to mspardee.weebly.com
(link on edmodo) OR use coachbook pgs 99-102
3. Complete your graphic organizer using
4. You will have 12 minutes and then we will go
over it as a class
*If you finish early,
come get your project
from the Blue tray on my
• Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are
the lowest class
• Native Americans begin to die because of
• Introduction of Slavery
• New ethnicities- Mestizo, Mulatto, Criollo
• More money from Triangle Trade = more slaves
• Slaves are unhappy= more rebellions
• former slave in Haitiformer slave in Haiti; freed in 1777
• Plantation owner allowed him to learn
how to read and write
• Read books about freedom and equality
• 1789- French revolution occurs, and
they free all blacks and mulattoes
• This made plantation owners MAD- so
France took it back
• 1791: led a huge slave revolthuge slave revolt against
the FrenchFrench in Hispanola
• 1793- French government abolishes slavery
• 1801: L’Ouverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony &
freed all slavesfreed all slaves there
• Six months later, he became “governor general of Haiti for life.”
• 1802: Napoleon sends Large French army lands in Haiti wanted
to restore old French government & regain control of sugar trade
• L’Ouverture was asked to attend a peace treaty in France
• French tricked and arrested L’Ouverture and sent him to prisonprison
in Francein France
• L’Ouverture died in prisondied in prison
• L’Ouverture’s army was outraged; it took up arms
again against France.
• November 1803: defeated last of the French forces
• 1804: declared Haiti independent of French rule
• HaitiHaiti became the 1st country in Latin America1st country in Latin America
to break freefree of European imperialism.
• wealthy Venezuelan criollocriollo who spent
many years traveling Europe
• While in Italy, he discovered his life’s
purpose: to liberate his homeland from
• 1810: Bolivar’s army kicks Spanishkicks Spanish governor
out of VenezuelaVenezuela
• 1811: new constitution proclaimed Venezuela’s
independent of Spanish rule
• Soon after, Spanish royalists defeated the
new country’s army & Bolivar was forced
to flee to New Granada (Colombia).
• Bolivar organized a bigger armybigger army
& marched back into Venezuela.
• 1813: Bolivar’s army won & took controlwon & took control
of Venezuela’s capital, Caracas
• Bolivar was nicknamed El Libertador.El Libertador.
• Over the next few years, Bolivar liberated
New Granada (now Colombia),New Granada (now Colombia),
Ecuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper PeruEcuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper Peru
(now Bolivia).(now Bolivia).
• Catholic priestCatholic priest in the town of Dolores
• began the struggle for Mexico’sMexico’s
independence in 1810
• September 16th, 1810September 16th, 1810: “Cry ofCry of
DoloresDolores” was his call for revolution; rang
church bells and shouted, “Long live our
Lady of Guadalupe! Death to bad
government! Death to the Spaniards!”
• an army of mestizos & Nativemestizos & Native
Americans rallied behind HidalgoAmericans rallied behind Hidalgo
• 80,000 people joined the fight, but the
army was soon defeated by the SpanishSpanish.
• Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811
• Mexicans continued to fight for
independence over the next decade.
• 1821: Mexico gained independence1821: Mexico gained independence
from Spain.from Spain.
• Mexico celebrates September 16th
• The president rings a bell in Mexico city and
repeats Hidalgo’s “Cry of Dolores.”