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Schema theory


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Schema theory

  1. 1. Schema describes both mental and physical actions involved in understanding and knowing. Schemas are knowledge that help us to interpret the world.
  2. 2. The term schema was introduced by Piaget in 1926. The concept was introduced by British Psychologist Frederic Bartlett. Studies were carried out on reconstructive memory and participants found that previous or existing schema influenced how they recalled information.
  3. 3. He proposed that people cannot perform certain tasks until they are mentally mature enough to do so. And that children's’ thinking moves to new capabilities at some points. So before certain ages, no matter how clever a child is, he will not be able to understand things in certain ways.
  4. 4. Person schema about attributes of a particular individual. Event schema for practices and tasks caused by stimuli. Role schema, how we expect people performing a certain role to perform. Self-schema, memories of past experiences and present situations.  93S2s
  5. 5. For fast continuous movements Decisions are made in the brain The information for one movement is sent The message is received by the muscles in order for them to perform the movement Usually there is no feedback
  6. 6. For slow movements. Again, decisions are made in the brain. Information is sent in segments. Information is received by muscles for the movement. Feedback is available and is needed to correct movement patterns.