Schema describes both mental and
physical actions involved in understanding
and knowing. Schemas are knowledge that
help us to interpret the world.
The term schema was introduced by
Piaget in 1926.
The concept was introduced by British
Psychologist Frederic Bartlett.
Studies were carried out on reconstructive
memory and participants found that
previous or existing schema influenced
how they recalled information.
He proposed that people cannot perform
certain tasks until they are mentally mature
enough to do so.
And that children's’ thinking moves to new
capabilities at some points.
So before certain ages, no matter how
clever a child is, he will not be able to
understand things in certain ways.
Person schema about attributes of a
Event schema for practices and tasks
caused by stimuli.
Role schema, how we expect people
performing a certain role to perform.
Self-schema, memories of past
experiences and present situations.
For fast continuous movements
Decisions are made in the brain
The information for one movement is sent
The message is received by the muscles
in order for them to perform the movement
Usually there is no feedback
For slow movements.
Again, decisions are made in the brain.
Information is sent in segments.
Information is received by muscles for the
Feedback is available and is needed to
correct movement patterns.