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Centre for blinds and visually impaired

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B.Arch. thesis project on Centre for blinds and visually impaired children proposed in Indore, M.P.

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Centre for blinds and visually impaired

  1. 1. MAYUR KARODIA EN. NO. 10110036 Centre for blinds and Visually impaired Indore
  2. 2. • Name: School For Visually Impaired • Type: Institutional • Location: Indore • Client: Indore Development Authority Site Area: 7.5 Acres Ground Coverage: 35% FAR : 1.5 Max. No. of Floors: 4 Setbacks: Front: 12m Sides and rear: 4.5m
  3. 3. AIM • To design educational infrastructure for blind to facilitate them to be the part of mainstream society. • to educate the blind so as to make them independent • To rehabilitate the blind so that they can earn for their livelihood and be the part of society • To help them emotionally, mentally, physically, psychologically and economically. ARCHITECTURAL CHALLENGES OF THE PROJECT: • To explore the ways in which the design could be made barrier free. • To study of senses used by the blinds. • To provide simple and free circulation in an around building to make movement easy and negotiable • To give a rich environment in sensory stimulation such as texture, smell, sound, shapes, sizes and colors. • To segregate pedestrian and vehicular traffic within the campus to ensure extra safety.
  4. 4. Indore: Indore is a major city and commercial center of the state of Madhya Pradesh,located 190km west of the state capital Bhopal. It is also the commercial capital of the state and has both an IIM and IIT located in the city. It has a rich history and various historical buildings. LOCATION: Indore, MP POPULATION: It has a populationof 25,24,912. It is the largest city in MP, the 15th largest city in india and the 147th largest city in the world. INDORE MASTERPLAN
  5. 5. SITE N
  6. 6. MP TOURISM OFFICE VIEW 1- AGRICULTURE COLLEGE VIEW 2- ROBERT NURSING HOME RED CHURCH N
  7. 7. SWOT ANALYSIS Strength: Location: Located in one of the prime institutional areas with several colleges and schools in close proximity Access Roads: Lies at the two (major and minor ) cross roads which make it easily accessible by the blinds. Moreover the frontage and visibility is ample. Approach: Easy accessibility through the developed road network via car, bus, taxis. Weakness: Heavy traffic during morning and evening due to schools and colleges. Far from the main city.
  8. 8. Opportunities • As surrounded by other institutes, good possibility of developing a community space through it. • Site lies on a corner plot having ample frontage hence good views can be provided. • With the inclusion of ultra modern technologies and design, have a scope to be the best blind school in the whole Indore district. Threats • Increased residential settlements may cause problem of encroachments.
  9. 9. CASE STUDIES National Association for the Blind (NAB)- New Delhi National Association for the Blind (NAB)- Mumbai NAB Rehabilitation Center - Mumbai
  10. 10. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE BLIND - DELHI The Delhi center is the head of all the NAB centers in India. An example wherein the form of the building challenges its workability for a blind institute. SITE SPECIFICATIONS Location: Sector 5, RK Puram, Delhi Client: NAB Site area: 3456 𝑚2 Orientation: East-West Orientation Climate : Hot and Dry Climate Topography : Flat land Ground coverage : 1053 sq.m Built up area : 1912.5 sq.m Circulation area : 20%
  11. 11. ZONING • The institution exists in 2 zones: South and north which are the Admin and School respectively. • Open areas for playing provided on the south side adjacent to administrative block. • Separate access for vehicles and pedestrians. • Parking spaces have been provided right at the entrance itself. Thus vehicular movement within the site ends right at the start of the site.
  12. 12. KEY OBSERVATIONS: •Circular planning , easy to understand. • Courtyards, also serving as play area. •Well seperated residential and school block. •Introvert planning, children under constant vigil. CASE STUDY: NAB, DELHI LEGENDS: 1. Lobby 7. Toilet 2. Principle office 8. Open Court 3. Office 9. Ramp 4. Classroom 5. Toilet 6. Library LEGENDS: 1. Office (warden) 2. Dormitory 3. Entertainment room 4. Kitchen 5. Toilet 6. Dining
  13. 13. INFERENCES : • Separate vehicular and pedestrian entries. • Parking restricted at the entrance. • Efficient zoning of different blocks. • Planning: Simple circular planning, easily understandable. • Central court for physical training and other activities • Non-parallel walls, good for acoustics. • Service area easily reachable, textured tile provided before any service area. • Guiding textures tiles provided both inside and outside the service area. • Guide rails with Contrasting colors , easily identifiable. • Funrniture with contrasting colors
  14. 14. INFERENCES : • Column in between passages create obstructions. • Furniture not designed according to the circular plan. • Cross ventilation is difficult due to disorganized arrangement of the furniture.
  15. 15. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE BLIND- MUMBAI The institute is a combination of a training, schooling and a residential centre. Being a state centre, it comprises a braille printing press and a talking library which is a unique feature of the institute along with its school and training centre. SITE SPECIFICATIONS Site area- 3240 𝑚2 Orientation- North-East and South- West Climate - Humid Topography - Slightly Sloping Ground coverage- 1242.93 𝑚2 Built up area - 3671.63 𝑚2 Circulation area - 183 𝑚2 Architect - I.M. Kadri Renovation / additions - Kapadia associates
  16. 16. ZONING ZONING: • Divided among 2 wings, A & B with different functions on different floors. • Connected on 1st floor through skywalk. ACCESS: • Single access point used by both vehicles and pedestrians( 6 m wide entrance) • There is a distance of about 15 - 18 mts which has to covered to reach the built mass. CIRCULATION WITHIN THE SITE: • The architect has tried to maintain a similar circulation pattern (linear) throughout the site and the built mass. VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT: • Parking for vehicles is provided all around the built form and is taken deeper inside the site- disadvantage for visually impaired.
  17. 17. Ground Floor Plan- Wing A Ground floor plan- Wing B SERVICES PUBLIC AREAS PRIVATE AREAS CIRCULATION
  18. 18. Ground floor plan- Wing A Ground floor plan- Wing B SERVICES PUBLIC AREAS PRIVATE AREAS CIRCULATION First Floor Plan- Wing A First Floor Plan- Wing B
  19. 19. • Access to site is linear without obstructions. • Inside the building also circulation is linear and simple. • Braille printing machines at basement utilizing the slopy site and also cant disturb the other department. • The passage width is the same on every floor and there is a lobby space (slightly wider than the passage) at the start of each passage area. • The arrangements of the rooms is also done in a linear pattern. • Braille signings are installed outside every room/ area, Helping the blind to recognize the room. INFERENCES :
  20. 20. • Important areas like studio etc. are not easily accessible • No special wall or floor finishes used. • The design is very simple. • No color contrast provided for visually impaired people. • Not enough storage for Braille papers. • No guide rails provided with the staircases. • No indicators or beepers at the entrance or near the lifts. INFERENCES :
  21. 21. NAB REHABILITATION CENTRE- MUMBAI • The center trains both the blind and visually impaired for a normal life. • This has been done by addressing the issue at the psychological, social and vocational level SITE SPECIFICATION Site Area: 1580 Orientation: North East- South West Climate: Humid Topography: Slightly Sloping Ground Coverage: 1500 Built Up Area: 1500 Circulation Area: 20% Architect: Ar. Arvind Mamania
  22. 22. ZONING Court Landscape Passage Wall Circulation LEGENDS: N
  23. 23. ZONING Court Landscape Passage Wall Circulation LEGENDS: N
  24. 24. OBSERVATIONS (+) • Planning and Circulation: Simple and linear, easy to understand. • Guide rails used for passages. • Textured tiles used at change of spaces. • Landscaping provided to help the blinds to differentiate between different foliage. • Raised Braille print plates used. • Color marks are used on glass for visually impaired.
  25. 25. OBSERVATIONS (-) • Due to less space as compared to the number of occupants bunk beds have been used • Unable to assign different rooms for different activities of vocational training, like, physical training.
  26. 26. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
  27. 27. COMPARATIVE AREA STATEMENTS
  28. 28. PUBLIC Restaurant: 120 Kitchen: 30 Store: 15 TOTAL: 245 Conference room(2 in no.): 100 Administration(2 in no.): 120 Waiting room: 25 Director's room: 30 Exhibition area: 100 Entrance lobby: 50 TOTAL: 547 ADMINISTRATION Reception + waiting area : 50 Toilets (4 in no.): 120 Dining area(Boys) : 175 Kitchen (Total): 120 DORMITORY Playgrounds (2 in no.): Staff-room: 100 Principal's cabin: 30 Toilet (boys, 3 in no.): 90 Toilet (girls, 3 in no.): 90 Store (2 in no.): 40 Computer lab (school area): 120 Braille library: 250 Classrooms (15 in no.): 525 TOTAL: 2205 SCHOOL Candle making workshop: 60 Cane making workshop: 60 H.O.D training wing: 35 Staff Room: 50 Tailoring room: 60 Loom weaving workshop: 75 Toilet (gents): 30 Toilet (ladies): 30 Classrooms (3 in no.): 120 TOTAL: 970 TRAINING GRAND TOTAL: 5900 CIRCULATION AND WALLS: (~40%) 2400 TOTAL BUILT UP AREA: 8300 Store (Total): 30 Common Room: 80 Total: 2015 Dormitories (Total) 900 Dining area(Girls) : 130 Guest Rooms (Total) 150 Shops (4 in no.): 80 Store 20 Interactive classrooms(2 in no.): 60 Talking book library 180 Listening booth 90 Recording studio 180 900 Pantry 30 Computer lab 30 Library 50 Store 12 Warden’s residence (2 in no.) 170 Caretaker’s residence (2 in no.) 90 AREASTATEMENT
  29. 29. DESIGN CONCEPT
  30. 30. DESIGN CONCEPT
  31. 31. CONTEXTUAL INSPIRATION DOME- GANDHI HALL ARCADE- KRISHNAPURA CHHATRIS
  32. 32. SITE PLAN PEDESTRIAN ENTRY N
  33. 33. GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  34. 34. ADMIN BLOCK GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  35. 35. ADMIN BLOCK FIRST FLOOR PLAN N
  36. 36. GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  37. 37. TRAINING BLOCK GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  38. 38. N
  39. 39. GROUND FLOOR PLAN CORRIDOR 3MWIDE N
  40. 40. N
  41. 41. SECONDARY SCHOOL BLOCK GROUND FLOOR PLAN CORRIDOR 3MWIDE N
  42. 42. GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  43. 43. CORRIDOR 3MWIDE N
  44. 44. GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  45. 45. BOYS HOSTEL GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  46. 46. BOYS HOSTEL FIRST FLOOR PLAN N
  47. 47. GROUND FLOOR PLAN N
  48. 48. N GIRLS HOSTEL GROUND FLOOR PLAN
  49. 49. GIRLS HOSTEL FIRST FLOOR PLAN N
  50. 50. ELEVATIONS
  51. 51. ELEVATIONS
  52. 52. SECTIONS
  53. 53. SECTIONS
  54. 54. ELEVATIONS
  55. 55. PERSPECTIVE VIEWS
  56. 56. PERSPECTIVE VIEWS
  57. 57. ADVANCED OBJECTIVE: LANDSCAPE
  58. 58. ADVANCED OBJECTIVE: LANDSCAPE
  59. 59. SENSORY GARDEN
  60. 60. ADVANCED OBJECTIVE: LANDSCAPE
  61. 61. • Gardenia Latifolia (Cape jasmine –Doodh mogra) - Small deciduous tree - Tree- leafless in March – April. - Flowering-April - Flowers make the night atmosphere charming with their fragrance during summer. • Eucalyptus Maculata (Nilgiri) - Deciduous in patches giving trunk a spotted appearance. - Flowers appears in April- July. • Azadirachta Indica (Neemtree) - Deciduous tree - Flowering season – March – April - Gives dense shade - Gives smell VEGETATION STUDY
  62. 62. VEGETATION STUDY SHRUBS: • Nyctanthes abor-tristis (Night Jasmine – parijatak) - Large shrub or small tree - Tree flowers profusely in autumn, which open at night and fall before sunrise - Forms a white carpet below in the morning - Gives sweet smell • Millintonia Hortensis(Indian cork tree) - Evergreen, columnar. - Flowering – Autumn and spring. - Flowers open during night and fall down in early part of the day • Murraya Exotica (Chinese box – Madhumalati) - Evergreen shrub - Numerous clusters of flowers appear at intervals in summer and rains.
  63. 63. THANK YOU

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