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Open mapping for health and humanitarian action using OpenStreetMap

Presented by Tyler Radford, Executive Director for Humanitarian OpenStreetMap, at the 2017 GIS Working Group Annual Meeting.

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Open mapping for health and humanitarian action using OpenStreetMap

  1. 1. OpenStreetMap: Open geodata for health and development programs @TylerSRadford Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT)
  2. 2. Typical “best available” map: Zwedru, Liberia
  3. 3. Hananasif, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania January 2015
  4. 4. Mapping for flood resilience in Dar es Salaam 4 Urban flooding, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  5. 5. Hananasif, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania January 2017
  6. 6. Believe it or not, much of our world’s complexity isn’t mapped
  7. 7. Huge areas of the world have been mapped in detail… …But lots left to do
  8. 8. Working together to create global base data in most vulnerable areas of the world
  9. 9. Missing Maps: Global
  10. 10. Remote mapping: Aerial imagery
  11. 11. Remote mapping: Digitization
  12. 12. Remote mapping: Vector data
  13. 13. Missing Maps: Local
  14. 14. 45k Volunteers | Hundreds of communities all over the world
  15. 15. Moving forward: YOUTH • Minimapathons etc YouthMappers at Texas Tech University Photo: YouthMappers at Texas Tech University
  16. 16. Indonesia HOT / OSM Community
  17. 17. OpenStreetMap: 3 million+ registered users
  18. 18. They want to help. They work quickly!
  19. 19. Gueckedou March 26, 2014 (OpenStreetMap)
  20. 20. Within 5 days, 244 volunteers mapped 90,000+ buildings Before After
  21. 21. Mamou, Guinea 29 hours 68 contributors 20,105 buildings
  22. 22. Vaccination planning and fumigation 22 OK Great. So how can I actually use this in my country / program? (Some ideas) Photo: MSF
  23. 23. Vaccination planning and fumigation Photo: MSF American Red Cross: Identifying Measles vaccine success and follow-up locations in Malawi
  24. 24. Vaccination planning and fumigation 24 Kinshasa, DRC: August 2016 Yellow Fever – 10 million vaccinated Photo: MSF
  25. 25. Data viz – malaria Mapping for Malaria Elimination: As of today 600,000 km2 | 4.5M buildings | 4000 volunteers
  26. 26. Validate physical enumeration Plan + execute spray campaigns with less time and resources Guide bednet distribution and spray teams efficiently Visualise progress / exceed minimum coverage Identify breeding sites + sprayable vs. non-sprayable structures Visualise program activities e.g. refusal rates across regions Enable active surveillance, not just passive As malaria incidence goes down maps are critical to identify foci locations and drivers Malaria elimination: OpenStreetMap use cases for M&E and intervention planning
  27. 27. CHAI is using data from OpenStreetMap to: ● Plan bednet distribution in Cambodia and Laos ● Plan spray campaigns in Botswana ● Define community boundaries in countries where there are no spatial files, and identify communities which may benefit from malaria control programs in Guatemala and Honduras ● Understand population size in areas where civil registration is low ● Increase active surveillance to communities they did not know existed ● Conduct village level sampling Abt + Presidents Malaria Initiative are using OSM data to: ● Ensure coverage: validate physical household enumeration studies to ensure their operations team visit all households, that they would otherwise miss ● Build a mobile data collection application for spray campaign Team Leaders, so Spray Operators can enter data on houses they visit, view structures on a map that have been sprayed, have been visited but not sprayed, and have yet to be visited, in real-time based on a color coding scheme. ● Filter map views of the enumerated households based on the spray data collected, such as refusal rates in different regions, can help drive management decisions to ensure we achieve optimal spray coverage. Malaria elimination: Recent case studies
  28. 28. Case Management Diagnosis and Treatment LLIN IRS Vector Control Supporting OSM Data Operational data derived from OSM * health facility locations * marketplace and population centers * health facility locations * marketplace and population centers * roads and other infrastructure information * lakes/rivers/streams * health facility catchment area / access maps * risk mapping * health facility placement maps * health facility catchment areas * risk mapping * LLIN coverage maps * risk maps * campaign coverage maps * structure prioritization maps * marketplace and population centers * sprayable structures (building footprints and attribute information) * roads and other infrastructure information * lakes/rivers/streams
  29. 29. Vaccination planning and fumigation 29 Six tips and tricks for getting your hands dirty Photo: MSF
  30. 30. 30Photo: MSF ArcGIS Editor for OpenStreetMap plugin QGIS: Built-in Tip #1 – Use OSM as a base layer in your maps
  31. 31. 31Photo: MSF Tip #2 – Grab sector-specific data for your program:
  32. 32. great for health facility data sets
  33. 33. Vaccination planning and fumigation 33 What do I do if there are data gaps where I’m working? Photo: MSF
  34. 34. Tip #3: Task the HOT global community
  35. 35. HOT Global Impact Map Come find us!
  36. 36. Tip #4: Offline maps on your phone / quickly add map points
  37. 37. User friendly mobile tools 37 Tip #5: Survey tools for baseline data / indicator monitoring
  38. 38. OpenMapKit (OMK) 38 OpenMapKit – Add detail attributes to buildings, points
  39. 39. OpenMapKit (OMK) 39 OpenMapKit – Custom forms for each use case
  40. 40. Field papers 40 for dividing and walking a survey area
  41. 41. Tip #6: Drone imagery!
  42. 42. Get OpenStreetMap data QGIS / ArcGIS editor for OSM plugin Get open drone/satellite imagery: OSM in the field & on your phone: / / Photo: MSF Recap: free and open source tools! Tyler Radford @TylerSRadford