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Art Elements and Principles


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Art Elements and Principles

  1. 1. ElementsofArt&Design<br />Adapted from Project ARTiculate’s Elements & Principles of Art<br /><br />
  2. 2. Line<br />The path of a point moving through space is a line. Lines may be explicit (right, Matisse) or implied (left, Hopper)<br />
  3. 3. Shape & Form<br />Shape implies form and is perceived as 2-dimensional (below, Twombly), while form implies depth, length, and width and is perceived as 3-dimensional (right, Michelangelo)<br />
  4. 4. Color <br />All of the colors are derived from the three primary colors (red, blue, and yellow) and black and white. Color has three properties: hue, value, and intensity (right, Ojibwe beadwork)<br />
  5. 5. Value<br />Value refers to the relative level or darkness or lightness of a color in terms of contrast (left, Raphael) <br />
  6. 6. Texture<br />The tactile (touchable) qualities of an object, actual or implied (right, Bernini and left, Rauschenberg) <br />
  7. 7. Space & Perspective<br />Space is the area in which art is organized. Perspective is representative of volume of space or a 3-D object on a flat surface (above, Escher, right, Da Vinci)<br />
  8. 8. PrinciplesofArt&Design<br />Adapted from Project ARTiculate’s Elements & Principles of Art<br /><br />
  9. 9. Pattern<br />Pattern is the repetition or reoccurrence of a design element, exact or varied, that establishes a visual beat (left, Warhol and above, Klimt)<br />
  10. 10. Rhythm & Movement<br />Rhythm or movement is the suggestion of motion through the use of various elements (above, Pollock, and right, an unknown artist, India)<br />
  11. 11. Proportion & Scale<br />Proportion is the size relationship of parts to a whole and to one another. Scale is to relate size to a constant, such as a human body (left, Serra, below, a woman adds tiny details to a Pueblo plate).<br />
  12. 12. Balance<br />Balance is the impression of equilibrium in a pictorial or sculptural composition. Balance is often referred to as symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial (above, a photo of a flower, and to the right, Copley)<br />
  13. 13. Unity <br />Unity is achieved when the components of a work of art are perceived as harmonious, giving the work a sense of completion (left, Hokusai, below, Manet)<br />
  14. 14. Emphasis<br />Emphasis is the created center of interest, the place in an artwork where your eye first lands (left, Toulouse-Lautrec, above, O’Keeffe)<br />