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Mass transit system(UTS)

This PPT is based on urban transportation system. Name of this ppt is Urban mass transit system. Different types of mass transportation system are described in this powerpoint presentation.

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Mass transit system(UTS)

  1. 1. Sal Institute Of Technology & Engineering Research Tital : Urban Mass Transportation Systems Prepared by: Guided by: Babariya Yash Ms. Megha Shah
  2. 2. Index  Introduction to Urban Mass Transportation System  Concept of Travel demand  Aspects in travel demand  Factors affecting travel demand  Sequential and simultaneous models  Aggregate & Disaggregate approach  Types of Mass transit system - Road based transit - Rail based transit  Advantages of mass transit system
  3. 3. Introduction to Urban Mass Transportation System  Urbanization + Transport = Urban Mass Transportation  Cities (Urban Areas) play a vital role in promoting economic growth and prosperity of a nation.  The development of cities largely depends upon their physical, social, and institutional infrastructure. Transport demand in most Indian cities has increased substantially, due to increases in population as a result of both natural increase and migrationfrom rural areas and smaller towns.
  4. 4. Urbanization Trend : India Parameter 1951 2001 2011 Population (million) 361 1027 1210 Urban Population (million) (Level of Urbanisation) 62.4 (17.2%) 285 (27.7%) 377 (31.1%) Metropolitan Cities (Population in million) 5 (11.9) 35 (107.88) 53 (160.70) Metro Population (% of Total Population) 3.3% 10.5% 13.3% Metro Population (% of Urban Population) 18.8% 37.8% 42.6% Ave. Population / 2.35 mill. 3.08 mill. 3.03 mill.
  5. 5. Concept of Travel Demand  Travel Demand refers to the amount and type of travel people would choose under specific conditions,considering factors such as the quality of transport options available and their prices.  Travel demand(transportation demand), simply stated, is the demand for trips that exists in any area. All of these demand, however, may or may not materialize into physical trips and some of it generally remains latent and is referred to as hidden demand.  Transportation demand is concentrated at specific times that are related to the current activity pattern of the society. The demand is temporal as well as spatial.Transportation demand, unlike the demand for other commodities, such as housing, clothing, wheat, coffee, etc. is a derived demand.
  6. 6. Aspects in travel demand Two major aspects in travel demand analysis are : (i) Land use (ii) Trip purpose  Land use : It refers to pattern of land usage in an area. Land use affects the transportation demand through generation and distribution of trips.  Trip purpose : It refers to purpose for which the trip is being undertaken. A trip is a movement from origin to destination, the distance between origin and destination is called trip length. and the time taken is known as trip time.
  7. 7. Factors affecting travel demand  Socio-economic factors  Location factors  Public transport accessibility factors
  8. 8. Socio-economic factors Household income Occupation status Family size and composition of household Cultural aspects Number of cars per household
  9. 9. Location factors Population Residential density Distance of household from town centre(CBD)
  10. 10. Public transport accessibility factors Nearness of public transport facility Efficiency and reliability of public transport Fare structure, routing etc. Factors affecting choice of travel mode :  Purpose of the trip  The distance traveled  The income of the traveler  Occupational status of the traveler
  11. 11. Sequential and simultaneous models The trip making behaviour consists of four discriptors : 1. Trip frequency 2. Destination 3. Mode 4. Route and other choice
  12. 12. S E Q U E N T I A L M O D E L
  13. 13. Aggregate & Disaggregate approach  Aggregate approach : This develops relationships between trip production and attraction with appropriate independent variable, at zone level, using regression analysis, zonal basis is its principal advantage and it is simple.  Disaggregate approach : This is based on development of equations describing independent variable on the trip making as a basic unit. For trip production analysis ‘Household’ usually are considered as basic source of travel. Regression analysis or category analysis are used for development of aggregate models.
  14. 14. Urban mass transit system It is based on two types and they are as follows :- 1. Road based transit 2. Rail based transit
  15. 15. Road based transit Buses and coach City buses / commuter buses BRTS
  16. 16. Buses and coach
  17. 17. City buses / commuter buses
  18. 18. BRTS
  19. 19. Rail based transit Trains Commuter rails & suburban rails Metro trains Mono rail Light rail transit system(LRTS) Sky rail
  20. 20. Trains
  21. 21. Commuter rails & suburban rails
  22. 22. Metro trains
  23. 23. Mono rail
  24. 24. Light rail transit system(LRTS)
  25. 25. Sky rail
  26. 26. Advantages of mass transit system  Environmental impacts  Social impacts  Fuel saving  Economic impacts  Freight impacts  Reduces congestion  Save time  Cost effective
  27. 27. THANK YOU