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barri gotic, ciutadella, placa espanya
The Parc de la Ciutadella is Barcelona's most central park. The park includes a zoo, a lake, a large fountain and several museums. The Catalan Parliament is seated at a building in the center of the park.
The much-hated symbol of central government was demolished between 1869 and 1878 after the Catalan general Prim handed over the citadel to the city. Only three buildings survived: the chapel, the Governor's palace and the arsenal, now home to the Catalan Parliament. A New Park Already in 1872 works to convert the area into a central urban park had started, but it progressed slowly. In 1885 the terrain was designated as the site of the 1888 Universal Exhibition, giving a boost to the development of the park. Many buildings were constructed, several of which have survived. The 'Castel dels Tres Dragons' is the most notable of these. It was built to resemble a medieval castle and served as a restaurant during the 1888 exhibition. It currently houses the zoological and geology collections of the Museu de Ciències Naturals (Natural Science Museum).
Some Attractions The 30ha (74acre) large park is also home to the Parc Zoologic, the Barcelona Zoo. About 7.500 animals representing 400 different species can be found here in the zoo, which occupies about 13 hectare of the park. Some of the zoo's most famous animals include gorillas, orang-utans, dolphins, cheetas, wolves, snow leopards, crocodiles and alligators. The zoo's former star attraction, an albino gorilla known as Snow Flake, died in 2004. The park also features a small lake, a popular spot where you can hire a rowing boat. There are several statues in the park, the ones that stand out most are a large stone mammoth and a metallic cat. A more conventional statue commemorates General Prim, who made the demolition of the citadel possible.
BARCELONA Metropola coastei estice a Peninsulei Iberice este al doilea oraş important al Spaniei şi capitală a Catalaniei Barcelona is the capital and the most populous city of Catalonia and the second largest city in Spain, after Madrid. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1256609-barcelona5/
Palau de la Generalitat Palatul a fost construit în mai multe etape, începând din secolul XV, pentru a adăposti Diputaci ó n (Parlamentul Cataloniei) şi Casa de la Ciutat (Primăria) Faţada principală a palatului este construită în stil Renaştere Pla ç a de Sant Jaume The Palau de la Generalitat is the seat of the Catalan presidency and government. In 1400, the buildings on the current site were purchased and the Palau became the permanent seat of the Catalan government. The main façade (1597-1619), by Pere Blai, is the most outstanding example of Renaissance civil architecture in Catalonia.
Carrer del Bisbe Irurita, cu graţiosul său pasaj suspendat este un exemplu tipic de arhitectură în Barri G ò tic, cartierul Catedralei, singura parte care mai există din Barcelona medievală Neogothic-style bridge by architect Joan Rubió over Carrer del Bisbe (Bishop's Street) in Barcelona, linking the Palau de la Generalitat (Catalan Government Seat) with the Casa dels Canonges (residence of the President).
La Ciutadella Parcul Municipal îşi datorează numele citadelei construite între anii 1715-1718 de Filip V de Bourbon, care câştigase războiul de succesiune la tronul Spaniei şi voia să-i pedepsească pe locuitorii Barcelonei care luptaseră de partea adversarilor săi După ce a cucerit oraşul în 1714 noul suveran a dizolvat Parlamentul Catalan, a interzis limba catalană şi a dărâmat cartierul rezidenţial Ribera (unde trăiau peste 10.000 de locuitori) pentru a construi bastioanele fortificate ale Ciutadellei În 1869 terenul a fost restituit oraşului după ce a fost demolată citadela In 1714, after a 13 month long siege, Barcelona fell to the army of Philips V during the war of the Spanish Succession. In order to keep firm control over Barcelona, King Philips V built the largest fortress in Europe, a star-shaped citadel or 'Ciutadella'. A large part of the Ribera district was demolished to make way for this fortress. Only 30 years later was the neighborhood rebuilt at another location as the 'Barceloneta'.
Parcul a fost amenajat de arhitecţii Josep Fontser şi Josep Vilaseca cu ocazia Expoziţiei Universale din anul 1888 La Cascada Monumentală a participat şi Antonio Gaud í , tânăr student pe atunci The Parc de la Ciutadella is Barcelona's most central park. The park includes a zoo, a lake, a large fountain and several museums. The Catalan Parliament is seated at a building in the center of the park. Look out for the Cascade and Aurora's Chariot. The former is an ornamental fountain designed by Josep Fonterès. Aurora's Chariot sits atop the Cascade. At the time of its design, Gaudí was one of Fonterès' assistants, and thus some aspects of the fountain are attributed to him.
Muzeul de Artă Modernă Vechiul Arsenal al oraşului a fost modificat dealungul secolelor. A fost transformat în Palat Regal şi a adăpostit apoi Parlamentul Catalan. Astăzi această clădire neoclasică este sediul Muzeului de Artă Modernă. The old arsenal is headquarters of the Catalan Parliament and the Museu d'Art Modern. The governor's palace is a school; and the old chapel occasionally hosts event. The area was designated as a green space under the dictatorship of the general Prim, and in 1888 the EXPO took place here.
Barcelona ♦ Spania - Emmanuel Chabrier - National Philharmonic Orchestra ♦ Maria - Göran Söllscher Fotografii: Mara Chinţa Prezentare: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda