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Jawahar kala kendra Case study

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Jawahar kala kendra,Jaipur Case study

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Jawahar kala kendra Case study

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION • Jawahar Kala Kendra is an arts and crafts centre located in the city of Jaipur. • The centre is important not because of the nomenclature but its close association with the city of Jaipur itself. • The centre was built in the year 1986 and the construction completed in 1991. • The centre was launched by the state government to provide space to the cultural and spiritual values of India and display the rich craft heritage. • The centre is dedicated to the late prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. • This cultural centre for the city of Jaipur, is dedicated to the memory of India's great leader Jawaharlal Nehru. • Ideas for the building, sited in an open field near the university in a new part of the city, formed in Correa's mind; but it was not until 1986 that the concept for the building was finalized. SITE LOCATION: ARCHITECT’S SKETCH OF THE ENTRANCE FACADE Architect :Charles Correa Construction time :6 years Constructed by :PWD Site area :9.5 acres • The centre is an analogue of the original city pIan of Jaipur drawn up by the Maharaja, a scholar, mathematician and astronomer, Jai Singh the Second, in the mid-17th century. • His city plan, guided by the Shipla Shastras, was based on the ancient Vedic madala of nine squares or houses which represent the nine planets (including two imaginary ones Ketu and Rahu). • Due to the presence of a hill one of the squares was transposed to the east and two of the squares were amalgamated to house the palace. CONCEPT: MAP OF JAIPUR AS PRECEDENT KETU BUDH CHANDRA RAHU GURU SHUKRA MANGALSHANI TYPICAL PLAN • Correa's plan for the kendra invokes directly the original navagraha or nine house rnandala. • One of the squares is pivoted to recall the original city plan and also to create the entrance. • The plan of jaipur city based on the nine square yantra in which one square is displaced and two central squares combined. • The squares is defined by 8m high wall, symbolic of the fortification wall along the jaipur old city 1
  2. 2. • A volumetric model each dimension is 30x30x8m AA PLANNING: • Defined space according to usage Museum/ gallery Learning space Administration Recreational spaces • Library • Print making studio • Scupture studio • Alankar museum • Sudhershan terracotta gallery • Chaturdik gallery, running wall space 485 ft • Sukriti gallery running wall space 160 ft • Surekh gallery running wall space 160 ft • Parijat-1 gallery running wall space 60 ft • Parijat-2 gallery running wall space 88ft • Srajan workshops • Satkar cafeteria • Guest house and dormitory • Madhyavarthi-open theatre • Rangayan,krishnayan,director theatre • Shilpgram FACILITIES: Madhyavarthi Entrance plazaAlankar museum Art galleries SECTION-AA Dome over the entrance plaza The ceiling which depicts animals , mountains , rivers and animals in a traditional Indian cosmology, it shows how well Correa was able to meld the traditional with the contemporary. The central courtyard can be viewed from all the galleries • Material:red sand stone and white marble • Vastu symbols on façade of each unit • Small punctures on walls for ventillations. • Light shafts have step profiles with marble capping • Smaller openings • Light shafts at corner of each unit • Central courtyard bring in light and air RESPONSE TO CLIMATE: 2
  3. 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ENTRANCE PLAN 1.SANDARBH LIBRARY/DIR.DOCUMENT –G.F AUDIO VISUAL READING -F.F 2.SPHATIC ART GALLERY -G.F DIR.MUSIC AND DANCE -G.F SPHATIC ART GALLERY -F.F 3.PARIJAT-1 -G.F PARIJAT-2 -G.F SRAJAN WORKSHOPS -G.F SRAJAN PHOTO WORKSHOP -F.F 4.ALANKAR MUSEUM -G.F CURATOR -F.F INDEX: 5.SUDARSHAN SUKRATHI -G.F SUREKH -G,F CHATURDIC ART GALLERY -F.F 6.SATKAR CAFETERIA -G.F GUEST HOUSE AND DORMITORY -F.F 7.ADMIN BLOCK RECEPTION -G.F CONFERENCE,CASHIER -G.F 8.MADHYAVARTHI OPENTHEATRE 9.RANGAYAN KRISHNAYAN -G.F DIRECTOR THEATRE -F.F CIRCULATION: Internal circulation External circulation • Grid iron planning • Central courtyard • Inward looking • 2 major axis 3
  4. 4. SHILPGRAM COMPLEX: POND CANTEEN DURGAPUR HUT WELL JAIPUR HUT TOILETS KOTA HUT SIKAR HUT BHARATPUR HUT BARMER HUT • Adjoining the main building of the jawahar kala kendra is shilpgram- a rural complex with six huts symbolizing the rural ambience of various regions of Rajasthan. • These are - marwar, braj, shekhawati, tribal, desert land and hadoti from the districts namely bharatpur , kota , durgapur , barmer , sikar and Jaipur • Apart from routine based art-culture oriented activities a mega annual festival named “lokrang" is held in the month of october – november to celebrate the enigmatic and vivacious folk art and cultural tradition of India. • The ‘‘lok rang’’ or say ‘‘national folk festival’’ comprises national handicraft fair and national dance festival. CANTEEN PLAN EXTERIORINTERIOR • Rectangular mud house with central courtyard and raised platform around. • The central court was used for dining and the raised platform had preparation area. • Country tile roof DURGAPUR HUT PLAN • Rectangular mud hut with atone foundation • Façade painted with white limestone • Roofing-clay plates and pots. KOTA HUT: PLAN ELEVATION JAIPUR HUT: PLAN VIEW PLAN BHARATHPUR HUT: ELEVATION SIKAR HUT ELEVATIONPLAN 4
  5. 5. BARMER HUT PLAN ELEVATION CRITICALANALYSIS: • Response to program: A volumetric module which is very well defined • Response to context: going with traditions • Circulation and planning: grid iron planning with connectivity • Density :specially even, programmatic density varies • Hierarchy :well defined, based on programme it occupies • Community space: mixture of formal and informal space • Response to climate: central court, small openings • Scale of unit relatable to humans as it does not overpower us and also makes the ground spaces feel larger and not claustrophobic. • Negligence in maintenance of the entire complex leading to detrioration of spaces eg:shilpgram had lot of commercial activites going on and the huts were occupied by workers MORE ACTIVE LESS ACTIVE PROGRAMMATIC DENSITY: The planning as a whole was in monumental scale and it was like a no man’s land . The two active spaces were central courtyard and cafteria. 5

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