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Sustainability in Pest Control


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Sustainability in Pest Control

  1. 1. Sustainability Definition For humans, sustainability is the long-term maintenance of responsibility, which has environmental, economic, and social dimensions, and encompasses the concept of stewardship , the responsible management of resource use.
  2. 2. What I won’t talk about Not an expert, not a scientist, not a tree hugger……. • Carbon tax • Global warming • Climate scientism • My opinions
  3. 3. 1. If sustainably & green pest management make business sense. 2. The difficulty in accessing what is green and what’s not. 3. The things to look at when starting to implement a green pest management offering. 4. How to build a basic model of a green pest management service. This presentation will discuss
  4. 4. Make business sense. "Business is the only mechanism on the planet today powerful enough to produce the changes necessary to reverse global environmental and social degradation." -Paul Hawken - • Data on consumer attitudes is murky but the trend in this data offers a compelling reason to adopt green programs. • 15 % more consumers are now aware of the term “sustainability” compared to three years ago (69 percent in 2010 vs. 54 percent in 2007). - Hartman Group
  5. 5. Types of consumers The four Green segments are: Behavioural Greens: This group of people thinks and acts green. They have negative attitudes towards products that pollute and incorporate green practices into their lives on a regular basis. Think Greens: This group of consumers think green, but don’t always act green. Potential Greens: This group neither behaves, nor thinks along particularly environmentally conscious lines and remains on the fence about key green issues. True Browns: They are not environmentally conscious, and may in fact have negative attitudes about environmental issues.
  6. 6. Reaching behavioural greens 7.5 million Australians • Hold negative attitudes towards products that pollute • Incorporate Green practices regularly and include Green as one of their purchasing criteria • Likely to buy from an eco friendly company How to reach them - This group tends to be more receptive to traditional advertising than any of the other segments. Behavioural Greens maintain that they remember ads when shopping, that advertising can help them learn about available products and that they expect advertising to be interesting. Segment snapshot • Mature adults and retirees • University graduate or higher degree • Above average income • Typically own their own home
  7. 7. The difficulty in accessing what is green and what’s not. Greenwashing If you don’t believe in it and don’t truly change you will be caught out. Where to start 1. Motor Vehicles 2. General business practices 3. Pest control service offering
  8. 8. Vehicle choice Gives comparison of vehicle on green and air pollution Motor vehicle Tesla Roadster BMW Hydrogen 7 Companies Using Electric Vehicle • Domino’s Pizza – new electric scooters in QLD • UPS in California • Cairns taxi fleet Mitsubishi i-MiEVUPS – electric vans 1950 Global Population 2.6 Billion - Cars 53 Million (1 car for every 50 people) 1999 Global Population 6 Billion - Cars 500 Million (1 car for every 12 people)
  9. 9. Vehicle Comparison Overall CO2 Greenhouse Rating Air Rating g/km (10 = Best) Pollution Comb Urban Extra Comb Rating (10 = Best) Holden VE Utility 3.0L 6cyl, Auto 6 Utility, 2 seats, 2WD Volkswagen 2.0L 4cyl (T), Man 6 Utility, 5 seats, 2WD Great Wall V240 2.4L 4cyl, Man 5 Utility, 5 seats, 2WD Toyota Hilux 4X2 2.7L 4cyl, Man 5 Utility, 6 seats, 2WD Holden RG 2.8L 4cyl (T), Auto 6 Cab-chassis, 2 Fuel Consumption L/100kmVehicle Details Fuel Type Petrol 91RON 9.6 12.9 7.7 229 Diesel 7.4 9.2 6.5 194 Petrol 95RON 10.7 13.8 8.9 251 Petrol 91RON 11 14.6 8.9 262 Diesel 9.1 11.3 7.9 245
  10. 10. General business practices “sustainability in now a permanent part of 70% of corporate agenda.” “Most companies now also consider green practices vital to remaining competitive and many affirm these practices are contribution to profits.” - 2011 MIT study Easy, cost effective green efforts for business • Recycling • Reducing paper waste • Water audit • Buying Green Energy • Managing Computer Power • Employee engagement Coca-Cola Estimated Cost Savings: $60,000 per year
  11. 11. Employee engagement Investing in employees, the most valuable resource of any company, always pays dividends. Environmentally-conscious business practices help attract and retain the best employees by increasing satisfaction and pride in the workplace. Without buy in to your green practices they won’t work Many potential employee will not work in Pest control due to perceived environmental issues with the job.
  12. 12. Things to look at when starting to implement a green pest management offering. Aim: 1. Implement a program that results in measurable and verifiable risk reduction to the environment. 2. It is equally important that the company be able to clearly communicate the value of it’s green service program to both employee and customers.
  13. 13. How to build a basic model of a green pest management service. A structural IPM program must be implemented, which emphasises three fundamental elements: 1. Pest prevention 2. Multiple management strategies & tools 3. System approach
  14. 14. The Pest Manager should adopt the following practices for each site 1. Establish a partnership 2. Record a detailed history about the pest problem for the customer 3. Thoroughly inspect the property (Including Identify pests, prepare maps and lists) 4. Discuss inspection findings with customers including pest/problems, location and severity 5. Discuss management strategies with the customer, including the relationship needed between Pest manager and customer to solve the problem and provide information about the green service options been used. 6. Develop a written plan that integrates a number of treatment strategies 7. Provide customer with records and recommendations 8. Establish a continual monitoring program appropriate for the site 9. Maintain written records .
  15. 15. Treatment Strategies Treatment Step 1 – i. Sanitation ii. harbourage reduction iii. Physical, mechanical, cultural & biological control Treatment Step 2 – i. Use of well contained bait products and revisit step 1 Treatment Step 3 – i. Use pesticides if necessary (choose green options) and use as needed not on a predetermined schedule ii. Limit application to Crack & Crevices & Spot treatments only.
  16. 16. Selecting a pesticide product 1. Toxicity a. Acute Effects b. Chronic or Delayed Effects c. Allergic Affects 2. Potential Environmental Impact 3. Potential for exposure 4. Sensitivity of site Glyphosate accounts for 25% of global herbicide market between 2004 & 8 growth was running at 27% and has reached 600 000 tonnes per annum.
  17. 17. Consumers opinions differ to ours While heavy duty chemicals are an option, they should be seen as a last resort. Some of the many chemical compounds used specifically for cockroaches and their impact on the environment include: Indoxocarb - developed by Dupont, indoxocarb is toxic to mammals, birds, fish, and aquatic invertebrates. It has a half life ranging from 3 to 693 days. Hydramethylnon - highly to very highly toxic to fish in laboratory studies and has a half-life of 10 to 11 days in an aquatic environment Fipronil - highly toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates. Toxic to bees. Half-life of 20 to 200+ days.
  18. 18. Toxicity - Acute Effects Substance Animal, Route LD50-mg/kg Substance Animal, Route LD50-mg/kg Water rat, oral 90,000 Paracetamol rat, oral 1944 Sucrose (table sugar) rat, oral 29700 THC rat, oral 1270 Cislin 25 rat, oral 15000 Maxforce gel rat, oral 1131 Dragnet Dust rat, oral 12000 Temprid rat, oral 1044 Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) rat, oral 11900 Biflex Ultra rat, oral 531 Py Fog rat, oral 6150 Biflex Aquamax rat, oral 505 Ditrac Wax Block rat, oral 5000 Optem Duo rat, oral 409 Nemisis Termite bait rat, oral 5000 Caffeine rat, oral 192 Contrac Wax Blox rat, oral 5000 Ficam W rat, oral 179 Sumilarv rat, oral 5000 Nicotine rat, oral 50 Altriset Termiticide rat, oral 5000 Arsenic trioxide rat, oral 14 Advion Cockroach Gel rat, oral 5000 Strychnine human, oral 1 Optigard - Ant Gel rat, oral 5000 Sarin mouse, 17.23 µg/kg Goliath Gel rat, oral 4400 VX (nerve agent) human, oral 2.3 µg/kg Table Salt rat, oral 3000 Batrachotoxin ( poison dart frog) human 2-7 µg/kg Rodilon Paste rat, oral 2500 Venom of Belcher's Sea Snake mouse 0.25 µg/kg Termidor 100SC rat, oral 1,999 Botulinum toxin (Botox) human 1 ng/kg
  19. 19. Potential Environmental Impact The environmental impact of pesticides is often greater than what is intended by those who use them. • Over 98% of sprayed insecticides and 95% of herbicides reach a destination other than their target species • Air, water, bottom sediments, and food. A METHOD TO MEASURE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PESTICIDES (400 pesticides listed) • Environmental impact quota • Applicator Component- toxicity • Consumer Component – Direct and water table • Ecological Component – Aquatic(fish and ½ life) & terrestrial (Bees, Birds & Anthrapods)
  20. 20. Potential for exposure Risk = Toxicity + Exposure • With most pesticides, the longer you are exposed the greater the chance of harm • Some people are more at risk than others, depending on their age, gender, individual sensitivity, or other factors. How are people exposed to pesticides? People can be exposed to pesticides in three ways: • Breathing (inhalation exposure). • Getting it into the mouth or digestive tract (oral exposure). • Contact with the skin or eyes (dermal exposure).
  21. 21. Sensitivity of site • Barrow Island – where Gorgon will be located – is an internationally significant nature reserve and the site of Australia's largest onshore operating oil field for the past 45 years. (Chevron Australia) • Industrial city site
  22. 22. 1. Employ a comprehensive, environmentally friendly approach when treating a property. 2. Investigate the source of the problem – and eliminate it – before applying pesticides. 3. Apply pesticides only when necessary.
  23. 23. THANK YOU