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21st Century Research Landscape


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The needs of researchers in key disciplines are changing rapidly and this has important implications for the library’s role in enhancing research productivity and impact.

Librarians can build a roadmap for supporting 21st Century research needs that draws on both published research sources and institution-specific user research. Several key trends from recent studies and ideas for institution-specific user research tools are highlighted within.

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21st Century Research Landscape

  1. 1. Understanding the 21st Century Research Landscape: Emerging Trends and Needs Within and Across Disciplines Charleston Conference 2011 Mike Diaz, Executive Director, Marketing
  2. 2. Session Objectives  Spark a conversation that surfaces current and emerging research needs across disciplines  Identify strategies for translating this insight into better support for research-intensive users.
  3. 3. Agenda  Studies and key themes relating to researcher needs  Specific insights on research needs from our expert panel  Trends in research needs across disciplines  Broad subject area and discipline-specific trends  Recommendations for librarians  Q&A
  4. 4. Related Research
  5. 5. Research Information Network  Patterns of Information Use and Exchange Across Disciplines (Presentation From Fiesole Collection Devt Retreat)  Reinventing Research – Information Practices in the Humanities  Case Studies of Researchers in the Life Sciences (In conjunction with British Library)
  6. 6. Ithaka  Faculty Survey  Discipline Reports  Education  Economics  History  Biosciences  New Discipline Studies/Reports Just Announced  Chemistry with JISC  History with NEH
  7. 7. Other Notable Reports  OCLC/JISC/RIN – The Digital Information Seeker (key insights from 12 separate user studies)  OCLC - Scholarly Information Practices in the Online Environment  CIBER/UCL/Emerald - Social Media and Research Workflow
  8. 8. Trends in Research Needs
  9. 9. Assessment and the Research Process Assessment demands drive a heavy emphasis on journal citation metrics which are easily accessible Faculty incentives favor traditional channels for dissemination of findings and use of journal citation chains remains critical for research Implications for humanities scholars – metrics do not offer comprehensive coverage for academic monographs and other modes of research E-books could start to play a more important role in scholarship with e-delivery and greater accessibility via large indexes
  10. 10. Central Role of Data/Data Management Data has been critical for serving researcher needs for a long time New applications mean that researchers aren’t just crunching numbers (eg. datamining, visualization) Demand for external data sources and support for selecting, accessing, and using the data Researchers need better tools for managing their own data. Value of open data for society – think Genomics Openness constrained by competitive concerns in some disciplines and legal/privacy considerations
  11. 11. Range of Digital Source Types is Important  Video  Audio  Datasets  Primary sources  Documents  Manuscripts  Historical News  Text becomes a dataset via text mining
  12. 12. Emerging Modes of Collaboration Key external factors driving need for continued expansion of academic collaboration Academic collaboration often involves email and does not fully leverage latest technologies and tools Very little incentive for communication beyond traditional channels (journals, conf proceedings) Sciences more advanced in collaboration than the humanities. Long tradition of multi-author articles in life sciences and physics and use of social media in computer science
  13. 13. Need for simple and fast access Researchers looking for a few convenient, trusted tools with 24x7 access Gateway services play critical role as a starting place (esp. Google/Scholar and cross-discipline indexes) Often researchers want their research experience to be familiar - like tools they use outside of work – Yahoo, YouTube, Amazon, Kayak Excellent opportunity for publishers, technology providers and libraries to work together.
  14. 14. Significant Variations by Institution, Department… Combine trends information with “local” insight  LibQual  Zoomerang/Survey Monkey  Focus Groups  Interviews  Website Survey Tools such as ForeSee Results
  15. 15. Some Questions for Interviews/Focus Groups  What key factors come into play for your research productivity reporting?  How are requirements of funders changing in your field?  How can the library help you to be more effective with your research?  What types of information sources are most critical for your research and how do you access them today?  Tell me about how you use datasets, multimedia, etc…?  To what extent do you collaborate with other researchers?  If so, what approaches and tools are you using to ensure that you can manage these collaborations effectively?  How do you stay organized and manage your research efforts?
  16. 16. Panel of Experts  Audrey Powers, Collection Development and Research Librarian for College of the Arts, University of South Florida  Jason B. Phillips, Librarian for Sociology, Psychology, Gender & Sexuality Studies and American Studies and Coordinator, Data Service Studio, New York University Library  Corey Seeman, Director, Kresge Business Administration Library, University of Michigan  Dennis Brunning, Humanities Development Librarian and Librarian for the Herberger Institute Arizona State University