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National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Charles Ballinger Executive Director Emeritus Email:  i [email_address...
<ul><li>Children might be on differing schedules. </li></ul><ul><li>Child care might not be available. </li></ul><ul><li>S...
<ul><li>Modified, balanced calendars can effectively maintain student interest in learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Students, le...
School Year Flexibility 365  Days per calendar year <ul><li>180  Days of legislatively-mandated instruction annually </li>...
45-15 Single Track Model 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 Sch...
45-15 Single-Track Calendar
Dual Plan - 45-15 and Traditional
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Track 1 Student Holiday Weekend
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3 Track 4
National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track
60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 60-20 Singl...
60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School D...
90-30 Single-Track Calendar
3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks Flexible All-Year Model – ...
Personalized Continuous Model  Single Track
Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
Short List of Common Intersession Classes Elementary Remedial Classes English Grade 3 Language Arts Grade 4 Mathematics Gr...
Short List of Common Intersession Classes High School Remedial Classes English 9 English 10 Second Language Learners Algeb...
Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 - Canada
Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05  Countries Other than the U.S. and Canada
Comparison of Calendars – US, Canada, Great Britain
Calendar Reform Research Research Generate new knowledge; resolve contradictions and inconsistencies. Attempt to control v...
Research/Evaluation Results Bottom Line No studies demonstrate effectiveness of traditional calendar No studies demonstrat...
National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Email:  i [email_address] Web:  www.nayre.org Fax:  (858)  571 - 5754 ...
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Charles Ballinger 2007

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Charles Ballinger 2007

  1. 1. National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Charles Ballinger Executive Director Emeritus Email: i [email_address] Web: www.nayre.org Fax: ( 858) 571-5754 Phone: (619) 276-5296 San Diego CA 92171-1386 PO Box 711386
  2. 2. <ul><li>Children might be on differing schedules. </li></ul><ul><li>Child care might not be available. </li></ul><ul><li>Students might not find and hold jobs after calendar modification. </li></ul><ul><li>Students might not be able to be involved in out-of-school activities, extracurricular activities, and sports. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no air-conditioning during warm weather. </li></ul><ul><li>Facility cleaning and maintenance will be disrupted. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers will have difficulty with in-service and graduate work. </li></ul><ul><li>Family vacations will be difficult to schedule. </li></ul>Eight Reasons Given to Avoid Calendar Modification
  3. 3. <ul><li>Modified, balanced calendars can effectively maintain student interest in learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Students, learning differently, require different time configurations. </li></ul><ul><li>Intersession classes provide faster remediation and advanced enrichment. </li></ul><ul><li>Students learning a second language can benefit from the balanced calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>Co-curricular and extracurricular activities can take place throughout the year and can reinforce previous learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can take advantage of year-long opportunities for staff development. </li></ul>Six Generalized Reasons for Calendar Modification
  4. 4. School Year Flexibility 365 Days per calendar year <ul><li>180 Days of legislatively-mandated instruction annually </li></ul><ul><li>-104 Weekend days (Saturday and Sunday) </li></ul><ul><li>10 Winter Holidays (Christmas and New Year’s) </li></ul><ul><li>11 Other Legal Holidays </li></ul>60 Remaining optional/flexible days
  5. 5. 45-15 Single Track Model 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 45 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off
  6. 6. 45-15 Single-Track Calendar
  7. 7. Dual Plan - 45-15 and Traditional
  8. 8. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Track 1 Student Holiday Weekend
  9. 9. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2
  10. 10. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3
  11. 11. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track Student Holiday Weekend Track 1 Track 2 Track 3 Track 4
  12. 12. National Association for Year-Round Education Multi-Track
  13. 13. 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 20 School Days Off 60-20 Single-Track Calendar
  14. 14. 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 60 Classroom Days 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 15 School Days Off 60-15 Single-Track Calendar
  15. 15. 90-30 Single-Track Calendar
  16. 16. 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks 3 Wks Flexible All-Year Model – Single Track
  17. 17. Personalized Continuous Model Single Track
  18. 18. Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
  19. 19. Instructional Considerations of Common Year-Round Calendars
  20. 20. Short List of Common Intersession Classes Elementary Remedial Classes English Grade 3 Language Arts Grade 4 Mathematics Grade 5 Language Arts grade 5 Science Grade 6 Enrichment Classes Discovering Dinosaurs Learning About the Ocean Young Poets Science in the Laboratory Exploring the Nation’s Capital
  21. 21. Short List of Common Intersession Classes High School Remedial Classes English 9 English 10 Second Language Learners Algebra I Algebra II American History Enrichment Classes Astronomy Music Appreciation Psychology History of Art Science Fair Geology
  22. 22. Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 - Canada
  23. 23. Length of School Year/Vacation 2004-05 Countries Other than the U.S. and Canada
  24. 24. Comparison of Calendars – US, Canada, Great Britain
  25. 25. Calendar Reform Research Research Generate new knowledge; resolve contradictions and inconsistencies. Attempt to control variables Evaluation Collect systematic information to determine the extent to which educational objectives are actually realized. Initiated to guide and facilitate decision making and to determine effectiveness NOTE: School Districts in Large Part Utilize Evaluation Methodology
  26. 26. Research/Evaluation Results Bottom Line No studies demonstrate effectiveness of traditional calendar No studies demonstrate academic harm in any of the modified/balanced calendars Results Meta-analyses to date suggest a slight gain for all students Gain of one month each year for 12 years equals 1.33 additional years on instruction. More significant gains noticeable in specific student populations known as educationally-challenged
  27. 27. National Association for Year-Round Education NAYRE Email: i [email_address] Web: www.nayre.org Fax: (858) 571 - 5754 Phone: (619) 276 - 5296 San Diego CA 92171-1386 PO Box 711386

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