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Congenital anomalies

Congenital anomalies

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Congenital anomalies

  1. 1. Congenital Anomalies
  2. 2. Congenital Anomalies: • Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys. • Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter. • Congenital Anomalies of The Urinary Bladder and Urethra.
  3. 3. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys.
  4. 4. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number. 2. Size and Development. 3. Position (Renal Ectopia). 4. Rotation (Malrotated Kidney). 5. Fusion.
  5. 5. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number: Renal Agenesis. IVU
  6. 6. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number: Renal Agenesis. US
  7. 7. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number: Renal Agenesis. DOPPLER
  8. 8. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number: Renal Agenesis. CT
  9. 9. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number: Renal Agenesis. MRI
  10. 10. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 1. Number: Renal Agenesis. ISOTOPE
  11. 11. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: i. Renal Hypoplasia. ii. Renal Dysplasia. iii. Cystic Renal Diseases.
  12. 12. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: i. Renal Hypoplasia
  13. 13. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: ii. Renal Dysplasia (Multicystic dysplastic Kidney). IVU
  14. 14. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: ii. Renal Dysplasia (Multicystic dysplastic Kidney). US
  15. 15. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iii. Rotation (Malrotated Kidney).
  16. 16. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Location.
  17. 17. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Crossed fused. Crossed non-fused.
  18. 18. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Crossed fused.
  19. 19. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Crossed fused.
  20. 20. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Crossed fused.
  21. 21. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Horse-Shoe Kidney
  22. 22. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Horse-Shoe Kidney
  23. 23. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Horse-Shoe Kidney
  24. 24. Congenital Anomalies of The kidneys: 2. Size and Development: iv. Fusion: Horse-Shoe Kidney
  25. 25. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter
  26. 26. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 1. Pelvi-Ureteric Obstruction (PUJ Obstruction). 2. Ureteric Duplication. 3. Ureterocele. 4. Congenital Vesicoureteric reflux. 5. Megaureter. 6. Retro-caval Ureter (circumcaval ureter ). 7. Ectopic Ureter.
  27. 27. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 1. Pelvi-Ureteric Obstruction (PUJ Obstruction).
  28. 28. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 1. Pelvi-Ureteric Obstruction (PUJ Obstruction).
  29. 29. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 2. Ureteric Duplication: i. Complete. ii. Incomplete.
  30. 30. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 2. Ureteric Duplication: i. Complete.
  31. 31. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 2. Ureteric Duplication: i. Complete.
  32. 32. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 2. Ureteric Duplication: i. Complete.
  33. 33. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 2. Ureteric Duplication: i. Incomplete.
  34. 34. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 2. Ureteric Duplication: i. Incomplete.
  35. 35. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 3. Ureterocele:
  36. 36. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 3. Ureterocele:
  37. 37. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 3. Ureterocele:
  38. 38. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 3. Ureterocele:
  39. 39. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 4. Congenital Vesicoureteric reflux.
  40. 40. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 4. Congenital Vesicoureteric reflux. Grade I represents reflux into the ureter. Grade II represents reflux into a nondilated ureter and nondilated pelvicaliceal system. Grade III represents reflux into a mildly dilated ureter and pelvicaliceal system. The forniceal angles and papillary impressions remain distinct. Grade IV represents reflux into a tortuous ureter and dilated pelvicaliceal system. The forniceal angles become blunted while the papillary impressions remain distinct. Grade V represents reflux into a markedly dilated and tortuous ureter and marked dilation of the pelvicaliceal system. Both the forniceal angles and the papillary impressions are obliterated.
  41. 41. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 4. Congenital Vesicoureteric reflux.
  42. 42. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 5. Megaureter.
  43. 43. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 5. Megaureter.
  44. 44. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 6. Retro-caval Ureter.
  45. 45. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 6. Retro-caval Ureter.
  46. 46. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 7. Ectopic Ureter.
  47. 47. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 7. Ectopic Ureter.
  48. 48. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 7. Ectopic Ureter.
  49. 49. Congenital Anomalies of The Urinary Bladder and Urethra.
  50. 50. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: 1. Ectopia Vesicae (Bladder Extrophy). 2. Posterior Urethral Valve. 3. Congenital Diverticula.
  51. 51. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: Posterior Urethral Valve.
  52. 52. Congenital Anomalies of The Renal Pelvis and Ureter: Congenital Diverticula.

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