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REMBANG REGENCY AS THE CENTRAL DEVELOPMENT                     ON EASTERN CENTRAL JAVAI.   Introduction     1.1   Overview...
industry, an integrated maritime area or known as “Kawasan Bahari Terpadu” (KBT) aswell as central of fishery industries. ...
1.2 Economic Profile       Regarding to Local Regulation number 10 year 2010 about Medium Term PlanningDevelopment (RPJMD)...
2008 namely Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Forestry and Fishery (54.13%), Trade   Hotel and Restaurant (58.43%), and Servi...
which can be used to finance their expenditure such as building infrastructure, publicfacilities and other government expe...
Since Rembang Regency desire to develop its coastal area, it needs support fromother institutions such as central governme...
community. It also wants to give a significant contribution to economy growth to thenational level by utilizing its charac...
2008 target was IDR 1.45 billion, while the result was IDR 1.77 billion (Dinas Perikanan   dan Kelautan, 2009). Although t...
This cross-province cooperation inaugurated on 21 September 2010 in governmentoffice of Bojonegoro regency tends to endors...
Next facet to be considered is availability of human resources as potential workforceto support this development. Although...
8    Optimization of land use                                                            Source: RPJMD Rembang 2010-20153...
 Economic growth increases steadily due to development of infrastructures which is        mostly implemented in real sect...
References:ADB, Japan Bank, World Bank. "Connecting East Asia: A New Framework for Infrastructure." World Bank.March 16, 2...
—. Rembang Rintis Politeknik Perikanan. November 15, 2011.http://suaramerdeka.com/v1/index.php/read/news/2011/11/15/101880...
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Rembang (assignment in MPWK)

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Hopefully it will be useful to who want to know about my hometown.

Regards,
Aziz

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Rembang (assignment in MPWK)

  1. 1. REMBANG REGENCY AS THE CENTRAL DEVELOPMENT ON EASTERN CENTRAL JAVAI. Introduction 1.1 Overview of Rembang Regency Rembang Regency, located on northeast of Central Java Province, has been legitimate to become part of this province according to Act number 13 year 1950 which concerns about regencies established under Central Java Province region. The area of Rembang Regency has special characteristics. Thus, it has differences in physical condition between northern and southern parts. On the whole, the northern part is coastal areas while limestone mountains stretching on the southern part. Meanwhile, this regency has total area 101,408 ha (1,014.10 km²), in which it consists of 14 sub-districts, 287 villages and 7 kelurahan. In 2010, its total population reached 611,886 people with density of population 587.730/km2. The border regions of Rembang Regency are: Northern : The Java Sea Eastern : Tuban (East Java Province) Southern : Blora Regency Western : Pati Regency Furthermore, Rembang Regency has 65.11 km coastline along the northern part of the regency from Kaliori sub-district in the west to Salang sub-district in the east. Owing to the fact, this regency livelihoods rely on its location, thus dwellers living in the northern part make a living on fisheries and marine resources, whereas settlers on the southern part depend on mining and agriculture sectors. The number of fisherman amounted to 19,703 people, which is nearly 3% from the total population of Rembang Regency. Another strategic advantage is that along the northern part of the region is passed by North Java Main Road which is generally called Pantura. This busy road gives economic benefit. As a result, it would trigger the development of business in the area and other potential activities for future growth. Since last decade, Rembang government tried to boost development on this regency by planning several programs in order to empower the local source. It also has purpose to reduce dependency on Tuban Regency East Java Province, because Rembang Regency does not have sufficient facilities. In this case, the local government wants to build many construction projects such as Sea Front City, steam power plant, national port, cement 1
  2. 2. industry, an integrated maritime area or known as “Kawasan Bahari Terpadu” (KBT) aswell as central of fishery industries. Particularly, KBT is a mega project which theinfrastructure and facilities and have been constructed since 2006 and this has purpose tointegrate all facilities in one area such as harbor, jetty, auction facilities, gasoline pumpand administration office. All those projects will support Rembang as the centraldevelopment on eastern of Central Java, In addition, it also reduce dependency ofRembang Regency to Tuban Regency facilities, and it will reduce the cost and increaserevenue for Rembang Regency. Rembang has long history related to its establishment and growth. Thus, Rembangwas known as the marine region in the past. The history of Rembang Regency can bedivided into five periods, which are: a. Majapahit Period (1293 M – 1478 M), Rembang was under Lasem authority. b. Islamic Empire Period (1478 M – 1619 M), Rembang was under Tuban authority, part of East Java Province. c. Colonial Period (1619 M – 1942 M), Rembang became Regency and Lasem was under Rembang Regency. d. Japanese Occupation Period (1942 M – 1945 M) e. Present era When central government applied decentralization in 1999, the local governmentmanaged to promote economic development of Rembang by harnessing local resources aswell to attract local or international investors to make business in the region. Rembang has strong potential economic in fisheries, mining, agriculture, trade andservice. This can be evidenced on Gross Regional Domestic Product of Rembang Regencyby Industrial Origin at Current Price between 2005 and 2009. It is noticeable that totalGRDP in 2005 was only IDR 2.77 trillion and it increased significantly to IDR 4.45 trillionin 2009, which is 62,20% higher than that in 2005. Agriculture was the dominant both in2005 and 2009 and followed by Trade, Hotel and Restaurant as the second contributor ineconomics of Rembang. Meanwhile Electricity, Gas, and Water Supply were the least bothin 2005 and 2009. Nevertheless, Trade, hotel and Restaurant have shown a steadyincrease during the same period. Moreover, GRDP per capita increased considerably fromIDR 4.70 trillion in 2005 became IDR 7.30 trillion in four years later (Rembang in Figures,2010). This paper aims to review and explore about concepts and theories of local andregional development of Rembang Regency. 2
  3. 3. 1.2 Economic Profile Regarding to Local Regulation number 10 year 2010 about Medium Term PlanningDevelopment (RPJMD) of Rembang Regency 2010-2015 in which it has vision to makeRembang more prosperous, autonomous, advance and dynamic. Besides that, this regencyalso encourages investment, supports small scale industry, increases local revenue,provides infrastructure and increases social facilities such as health and educationfacilities. Accompanying its vision, Rembang regency set up several strategies namelyattracting investor to come, giving fund for small scale industries, increasing efficiencyand effectiveness in local revenue, providing means for education and health services. Itwill generate quality human resources, strong local economy, and competitive, democraticand good governance as well as sustainable natural resources. Since central government conducted autonomy in 1999 with Act No. 22/1999 aboutLocal Governance and it revised with Act No. 32/2004, the authority of Rembangattempts to encourage their development which is clearly stated in RPJMD 2010-2015.Fortunately, the local government has opportunity from central and province governmentto participate in huge project that will be implemented in Rembang Regency such as steampower plant, national port, integrated maritime area and cement industry(Rembangkab.go.id 2011). Rembang also has excellent program to become central growthon eastern of Java. The project applied in Rembang Regency has potency to support development, inwhich this sector has relatively large contribution in GRDP and the value of production.Based on Rembang in figures 2010, productivity tends to increase during the last 5-yearperiod, it is evidenced that this sector has strength in providing employment as well as Figure 1. GRDP of Rembang 2005-2009 increasing local resident’s income especially in rural areas. From the figure, it is obvious that the increasing of three sectors was significant Source : Bappeda and BPS Kab. Rembang, 2010 between 2005 and 3
  4. 4. 2008 namely Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Forestry and Fishery (54.13%), Trade Hotel and Restaurant (58.43%), and Services (79.40%). (Bappeda and BPS Kab. Rembang, 2010). The achievement of Rembang regency is higher than Pati Regency, its adjacent regency. Thus, three sectors in Pati regency during the same period are 49.77%, 49.31% and 42.03% respectively (BPS Kab. Pati, 2011). Moreover, total GRDP of Rembang Regency between 2008 and 2009 increased considerably to 9.60% larger than that in Central Java province which is only 8.27% from IDR 362.94 trillion rupiah to IDR 392.98 trillion (BPS Prop. Jateng, 2010). Related to the location Rembang Regency has potency to became central growth on Central Java, because Rembang has natural resources of limestone, in which the area is 10,735 ha and it can produce volume of approximately 2.2 billion m3 limestone (www.kppt.rembangkab.go.id). Besides that, Rembang which has area about 1,014 km2 and coastline 63 km, 35% from all area is coast line and it has coast area 355.95 km2. From 14 sub-districts, 6 of them are close to the sea. Meanwhile, people involving in fishery sectors almost 3 % of total population which is only 19,703 people. It will boost Rembang regency as marine city and encourage local economic growth, if this regency can capture that opportunity. Similar to other regions, Rembang has weakness to improve its region. This is related with budget provided by the authority of Rembang, human resources and inadequate infrastructure. Generally, building infrastructure in Rembang depends on the central government through public allocation fund (DAU), and the level of employee in Rembang Regency is quite low. Threat of economic growth is that Rembang regency should compete with other region, especially Tuban in East Java province. Thus, Tuban has national harbor and cement factory. Therefore, it triggers local government of Rembang to construct national port and cement industry as well which would offer revenue to the authority of Rembang rather than spend revenue to other region.II. Government Role and Intervention 2. 1 Central Government Since the Act 32/2004 about Local Government is legitimated, local government or municipalities have rights to run the administration by themselves. They have authorization to make some policies, rules, programs and activities as long they are not contradictive to the law and other higher level policies. They have rights and obligations to manage and their sources (capital, natural and human) in order to gain revenue from 4
  5. 5. which can be used to finance their expenditure such as building infrastructure, publicfacilities and other government expenditures. Generally, the municipalities have biggeropportunities to determine their own destiny. Municipalities also have chances to achieve higher direct income compared toincome from central government through bureaucracy. Thus, they have more budgets indeveloping their region. Through autonomy, the municipalities could make suitablepolicies for the citizens because they understand their condition and situation they haveand the potential sources for improving the region. However, there are several drawbacks of the autonomy. Firstly, sometimes themunicipalities make some policies which against with central government or provincegovernment policies because they often misinterpret the law and policies. Secondly, thereare more chances in corruption, collusion and nepotism activities in running theadministration which are not good in formatting good governance. Third, it can impact tocompetition with other local government which can lead to conflict. Nevertheless, thecompetition can be useful to push themselves in term of innovation and technology.Finally, in some cases, the municipalities have spatial conflicts among each others in termof the administrative boundaries. Obviously, every municipality wants to have biggerterritory and have more resources. Thus, they could exploit the resources for increasingtheir community welfare. In fact, the wider the territory a municipal has, the moreinefficiency of the services to the community (Harmantyo, 2007). Due to these facts,intervention for central government is still needed to overcome the problems. The main purpose of decentralization is to increase the prosperity and to givecontribution economically in national level. Economy growth and reducing unemploymentare the major issue in the early decentralization. Nevertheless, the facts show that around80% the municipalities become burden for national government, particularly in budgeting(Harmantyo, 2007). However, in the early formation of municipalities, they do not have sufficient budgetto run the governance because they needs huge amount of finance, particularly in payingthe wage of their officer. Consequently, the municipalities have not fully released fromcentral government role. They still need central or province government intervention,especially in budgeting. For instance, Rembang Regency received around IDR 552.1 billionfrom central and province government in 2009. Meanwhile, the local income was aboutIDR 56.8 billion at the same period. It means that Rembang Regency needs budgetapproximately half of the total from central and province. 5
  6. 6. Since Rembang Regency desire to develop its coastal area, it needs support fromother institutions such as central government, province government and public-privatesectors. Integrated Maritim Area Program (Program Kawasan Bahari Terpadu) is aprogram which the main purpose is to develop coastal area in increasing communitywelfare. Obviously, Rembang which is located on northern part of Java Island has massivepotential on fisheries and other sea products. One of the most important parts of this program is the port. It is expected that theport could give significant contribution in developing the region. Rembang Regency is ableto develop its sea products through processing industry which can give value added to theproducts. The port also can contribute in transportation which gives local income throughcustom of commodities export-import.2. 2 Province Government Decentralization make the province government delivers some of the authorities.Indirectly, municipalities are still connected with province government. According to Act32/2004 article 13, Province government has authority in municipal aspects: social aspect,labor and human resources, small and middle level of business, and land services sectors.Province government has right to be involved on those aspects, from planning tomonitoring and evaluating. On the other hand, the government province also has obligation toward themunicipalities such as infrastructure provision and budgeting. There are also someauthority delegations from province to municipalities, especially for the services sector inorder to service the community simpler such as land administration, healthy and otherpublic facilities services. In planning, the province government makes a master plan that is integrated withseveral sectors by involving all the sectors and municipalities. Spatial planning or land use,for example, will be implemented on the municipality level. Meanwhile, the provincegovernment will control and monitor the progress of the program. Any obstacles in theprogress should be consulted to the province government and discussed together with allstakeholders in order to find some solutions of the problem. In brief, all the problems thatcould not be solved in municipal level will be brought to province or national level.2. 3 Local Government Rembang Regency as one of municipalities in Central Java Province tries to developits region by empowering all the resources in order to improve the welfare of the 6
  7. 7. community. It also wants to give a significant contribution to economy growth to thenational level by utilizing its characteristic and all the resources. According to Badan Pusat Statistik (2009), agriculture sector contributedaround 47% on employment. However, this sector has not yet given a significantcontribution on community prosperity which was only IDR 3.4 million per capita. Itmeans that the personal income on Rembang people is still under poverty line based onWorld Bank version (Salim, 2010). Consequently, this sector must be optimized. Thegovernment should make some programs in order to achieve higher income of the peoplethrough agriculture diversity and intensity. Based on its position, Rembang Regency is located close to coastal line on thenorthern side of Java Island. It has several potential sectors to be developed such asfishery products, sea transportation, and tourism. However, it needs an integratedplanning to exploit those potential to something that can contribute to regional economygrowth, particularly in increasing community prosperity and reducing unemployment. There are some alternative ways to develop those potential sectors by buildingand improving several infrastructures. Building a larger harbor, perhaps, can affect to thegrowing number of fisheries because bigger ships are able to dock there. Consequently,fisheries processing industry also will be developed which they can give value added to thefish products (Sosiawan, 2008). They also can absorb employment from around the region.So, they could give contribution the welfare of community and reduce the unemployment. The harbor also can be utilized to transport local commodities (freight) fromRembang to other places. Directly, it has positive externalities in regional economy growth.The economy activities in the region become more active. Thus, it can attract investors toinvest their fund to Rembang. To achieve the goals, local government should make a good planning toaccommodate all sectors. Fisheries and sea transportation as the leading sector should beprovided with a bigger harbor in which is integrated with the industry. For this reason, thegovernment built Integrated Maritime Area in 2001. The local government set up policies and instruments for this program, such asestablishing Fisheries and Maritime Agency and rearranging the fish bidding system byreducing the tax and bureaucracy. Hopefully, it can attract people to do trading in thisregion. In fact, the result of this policy is satisfying. It can be seen from the target that hasbeen determined by the government and the production result that has been achieved. The 7
  8. 8. 2008 target was IDR 1.45 billion, while the result was IDR 1.77 billion (Dinas Perikanan dan Kelautan, 2009). Although this sector only contributed around 4% of GDP, with all the achievements and the efforts, it is predicted that this sector will overtake the agriculture sector as the leading sector in the next few years for Rembang Regency. In addition, infrastructures are also the key of the regional development. Roads, markets, housing, health, education and other public facilities should be concerned as well by the local authority in order to give good services to the societies. These provisions, of course, are essential for the communities for their daily lives. Some revenues gained from retribution and tax should be used for community welfare improvement.III. Planning Development 3. 1 Plan-Making Process Implementation of development in Rembang regency has been adjusted with existing spatial arrangements so that in compiling RPJMD of Rembang regency 2010- 2015 – local regulation No. 10/2010, local government takes notice on Spatial Plan (RTRW) of Rembang regency. This plan-making process started from lower administrative level to accommodate citizens’ aspirations in regard to RTRW of Rembang regency. Their aspirations are then brought to head of Kelurahan to collect main points of planning in local communities. After assembling all information, head of Kelurahan gives draft of local development planning to Sub-District. In this stage, head of Sub-district then invites local council to make hearings to local people for further detail about the draft submitted. Next thing to do is delivering each draft from Sub-Districts which has been adjusted to Local Development Planning Agency (BAPPEDA) in order to make shortlists and concept of local development planning. BAPPEDA as representative of local government proposes the concept to local council to be discussed. During the dialogue, local council also invites community leaders and Non-Government Organizations to craft deeper adjustment. The final draft produced in the meeting then approved by local council after several adjustment through debate and argument from all stakeholders. 3. 2 Regional Cooperation Actually, Rembang regency does not have specific cooperation with other regions. The recent regional cooperation pioneered by Blora regency in the form of collaboration among four regions in Central Java and East Java province namely Rembang regency, Blora regency, Tuban regency, and Bojonegoro regency. 8
  9. 9. This cross-province cooperation inaugurated on 21 September 2010 in governmentoffice of Bojonegoro regency tends to endorse regional development of Ratubangnegoro(stands for Blora, Tuban, Rembang, and Bojonegoro) in infrastructure, economy,education, health and other fields. The purposes of this cooperation are to overcomeeconomic and live problems, to reduce regional inequalities, and to enhance economicgrowth (Government of Blora 2010). However, regional cooperation among regions is not very promising thus some areasare still expecting more success evidences in implementing inter-regional cooperation.This perception has to be changed with other optimistic approach. Communities shouldunderstand inter-regional cooperation in different way. It is appointed to cover limitedability of the region to develop its policies through the concept of inter-regionalcooperation. Due to the fact that capabilities of each region are so diverse that theshortcomings and limitations of other regions can be complemented in mutualcooperation among regions (Biro Administrasi Kerjasama Provinsi Jawa Timur 2010).3. 3 Approaches to Development In RJPMD, it is noticeable that local government has programs to encourage localdevelopment and it applies many theories which related to Local and RegionalDevelopment. Therefore, Rembang local government realizes that they have to applyseveral approaches or theories in order to reach a goal.3.3. 1 Neo-Classical Growth Perspective Making a steady economic growth rate can be achieved by increasing capital stock,labor force and technical progress. Strategic issues in RPJMD 2010-2015 try toaccommodate the importance of building infrastructure in the region to increase thosefacets. Research found that infrastructure plays a central role to promote economic growth,to share the benefits of growth with poorer groups and communities, and to connectcountries within the region and with the rest of the world (ADB, Japan Bank, World Bank2005). Incorporating its strategic purposes, local government plans to build severalinfrastructure projects such as integrated maritime area so called “Kawasan BahariTerpadu” or KBT, steam power plant, Sea Front City, and Cement Industry. Theseprojects show that investment in Rembang grows rapidly in the last decade thus thisregency has gained confidence from investors as well as central government to this megaprojects (Suara Merdeka 2004, 2011). Consequently, this circumstance would attract otherstakeholders to invest their capital to this regency. 9
  10. 10. Next facet to be considered is availability of human resources as potential workforceto support this development. Although the value of Human Development Index (HDI) inRembang is below than that achieved by Central Java province, Rembang’s HDI is stillhigher than other regency in the region such as Blora and Pati (Bappeda Rembang 2010). Moreover, Central Bureau of Statistics of Rembang noted that rate of populationgrowth in this regency during 2000-2010 amounted to 0.49% which is above the rate ofpopulation growth on average in Central Java province which is only 0.37% (ANTARAJateng 2010). However, population density in Rembang is still low at the same range withBlora which only 570.19 per km2 and 467.10 per km2 respectively compared with otheradjacent regencies such as Pati (788.11 per km2) and Jepara (1,103.38 per km2). Another significant aspect is progress in technology. In fisheries and marine area,the authority of Rembang encourages local fishermen to utilize new technology inincreasing production of fish and pioneers to establish Polytechnic of Marine andFisheries. There are three decent courses would be opened in the Polytechnic namely Seedand Feed Technology, Technology of Fisheries, and Technology of Aquaculture (SuaraMerdeka 2011).3.3. 2 Sustainable Development Generally, there are aspects of sustainable development which can be categorizedinto three main principles namely economic, environmental, and social (Harris 2000).Vision and mission of RPJMD 2010-2015 reveal a considerable policy direction andstrategy in order to adopt sustainable development. The local government wants toendorse management of sustainable natural resources by implementing several policies(Bappeda Rembang 2010). Table 1. Sustainable Development Policies of Local Government Policies Economic Environmental Social 1 The rehabilitation and restoration of environmental  carrying capacity 2 Preservation of environmental support and have a    social responsibility towards the welfare of local communities 3 Various mitigation and conservation of land and water  4 Diversification of primary energy and renewable energy    for energy distribution and fulfillment distribution 5 Increase in added value and benefits of mining  6 Increase community participation in forest   conservation 7 Marine resource management and preservation of  ecosystem-based environmental carrying capacity 10
  11. 11. 8 Optimization of land use Source: RPJMD Rembang 2010-20153.3. 3 Export Base Implementation Rembang regency has several advantages from its strategic location and knowledge-based products such as fisheries, furniture, and textiles which is demanded by manyenthusiasts from both local and international communities. The authority of Rembangconducts some policies to gain maximum benefit such as providing facilities to increaseexport of fishery and marine areas, facilitating the provision of land mines especially C Figure 2. Total Export of Rembang Regency 2005-2008 class (material for cement industries), and supporting local products to find opportunities in local or regional market. By doing so, Rembang regency has achieved significant progress in exporting goods other regions or Source: RPJMD Rembang 2010-2015 countries. During periodof 2005-2008, on the whole, total export of this regency tends to grow albeit there is aslight drop in 2006 due to declining demand from several countries.3.3. 4 Institution and Socio-economics The growth and development of localities and regions promoted by institutionalorganization and regional cooperation are to develop indigenous assets and resources.These purposes are then formed into four policies:  Developing coordination and communication among local governments (Ratubangnegoro) and coordination with province and central government  Encourage and facilitate export-oriented products.  Improve institution and infrastructure for business, health and education  Applying good governance.There are some achievements in response of these policies: 11
  12. 12.  Economic growth increases steadily due to development of infrastructures which is mostly implemented in real sectors such as integrated maritime area (KBT) and Steam power plant.  Several mega projects executed in Rembang regency offer direct job opportunities and indirectly foster the welfare of society.  Coordination among local, province, and central government tends to be harmonious  Easy of access and transportation of goods and servicesIV. Conclusion 1. Authority of Rembang regency conducts several theories to boost its local development. 2. Massive scale projects have significant impact to encourage local development and it increases employment and GRDP . 3. Fisheries and marine sector influence development of Rembang regency, and it becomes excellent sector. 4. Improvement and innovation are needed to diminish the dependency to Province or Central government 5. Good governance and accountability are required to support local development. 12
  13. 13. References:ADB, Japan Bank, World Bank. "Connecting East Asia: A New Framework for Infrastructure." World Bank.March 16, 2005. http://siteresources.worldbank.org (accessed November 2011).Andy Pike, Andreas Rodriguez-Pose, John Tomaney. Local and Regional Development. New York:Routledge, 2006.ANTARA Jateng. Pertumbuhan Penduduk Rembang di Atas Jateng. August 27, 2010.http://www.antarajateng.com/detail/index.php?id=33814 (accessed December 2011).Badan, Pusat Statistik. Kabupaten Rembang Dalam Angka. Rembang: Badan Pusat Statistik, 2009.Bappeda Rembang. RPJMD Rembang 2010-2015. Rembang: Government of Rembang, 2010.Biro Administrasi Kerjasama Provinsi Jawa Timur. Fasilitasi Pemprov. Jatim Dalam KerjasamaRegionalisasi RATUBANGNEGORO. September 30, 2010.http://pusatdata.jatimprov.go.id/eis/content.php?dept=495&post=297 (accessed December 2011).Dinas, Perikanan dan Kelautan Kabupaten Rembang. Laporan Tahun 2008. Rembang: Dinas Perikanandan Kelautan Kabupaten Rembang, 2009.Government of Blora. RATUBANGNEGORO Adakan Kesepakatan Bersama. September 21, 2010.http://www.blorakab.go.id/?fn_mode=fullnews&fn_incl=0&fn_id=178 (accessed December 2011).Harmantyo, Djoko. "PEMEKARAN DAERAH DAN KONFLIK KERUANGAN." Depok: Departemen Geografi,FMIPA, Universitas Indonesia, April 16, 2007.Harris, Jonathan M. "Basic Principles of Sustainable Development." GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT ANDENVIRONMENT INSTITUTE. Medford MA: Tufts University, 2000.Rembangkab.go.id. Rembang, Gerbang Timur Jawa Tengah. January 18, 2011.http://rembangkab.go.id/index.php/component/content/article/67-newsflash/764-rembang-gerbang-timur-jawa-tengah (accessed December 2011).Salim, Moch. Dinamika Kebijakan Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Rembang pada Masa Reformasidan Otonomi Daerah Tahun 1998-2008. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro, 2010.Sosiawan, Kurniadi. Peran Kawasan Terpadu Rembang Terhadap Ekonomi Lokal di Desa Tasik AgungRembang. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro, 2008.Suara Merdeka. DKP Rembang Gagas Jaring Terapung. January 31, 2011.http://suaramerdeka.com/v1/index.php/read/news/2011/01/31/76771 (accessed December 2011).—. Niat Kuat Membangun Kawasan Bahari Terpadu. February 18, 2004.www.suaramerdeka.com/harian/0402/18/dar19.htm (accessed December 2011). 13
  14. 14. —. Rembang Rintis Politeknik Perikanan. November 15, 2011.http://suaramerdeka.com/v1/index.php/read/news/2011/11/15/101880/Rembang-Rintis-Politeknik-Perikanan (accessed December 2011).—. Swasta Bangun Pelabuhan Batu Bara di Rembang. November 11, 2011.http://suaramerdeka.com/v1/index.php/read/cetak/2011/11/11/166046/Swasta-Bangun-Pelabuhan-Batu-Bara-di-Rembang (accessed December 2011).Essay outline: I. Introduction a. Overview b. Brief History c. Economic Profile II. Government Role and Intervention a. Central Government b. Province Government c. Local Government III. Planning Development a. Plan-Making Process b. Cooperation Rembang with other regions c. Development Planning According Theories IV. Conclusion 14

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